Year 2020, Volume 6 , Issue 1, Pages 14 - 22 2020-06-26

Assessing the Guidelines for Pre-Harvest Clearing Operations of Understory in First Thinnings: Preliminary Results from Stora Enso in Finland

Kalle KÄRHÄ [1] , Dan BERGSTRÖM [2]


The objective of this study was to analyze forest industry professionals’ opinions of the utility of pre-clearance work prior to the first-thinning operations. A total of 153 interviews were conducted with three groups of professionals (forest machine entrepreneurs, harvester operators and logging officers) with a response rate of 80%. In general, the respondents agreed that the occurrence of understory would hinder the cutting work if the softwood tree understory density exceeded 1,152 trees/ha and a height of 1.42 m. The corresponding values for broadleaved trees were 1,669 trees/ha and a height of 1.86 m. The respondents stated that trees eligible for logging should be pre-cleared within a circular area with a mean radius of 1.24 m, and the stump height of cleared trees should not exceed 10.8 cm. In intermediate areas (i.e., outside of the circular areas) understory trees exceeding a height of 1.96 m should be pre-cleared. Pre-harvest clearing should be conducted, on average, 9.2 months prior to the logging operation. The results indicated significant differences between the opinions of the respondents concerning the understory density, the height that would hinder cutting and the most convenient pre-harvest clearing method. As a result of this research, pre-clearance guidelines, based on the best-practice knowledge of the professionals, was launched at Stora Enso company in Finland. Because the study results were based on subjective knowledge, they should be validated by long-term empirical data collection and continuing analysis of the effect of understory trees on the efficiency of a forest machine operator.

Undergrowth, Pre-clearance, Logging, Cutting, Interview survey
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8455-2974
Author: Kalle KÄRHÄ (Primary Author)
Institution: Stora Enso
Country: Finland


Orcid: 0000-0002-5729-683X
Author: Dan BERGSTRÖM
Institution: SLU
Country: Sweden


Dates

Publication Date : June 26, 2020

Bibtex @research article { ejfe645639, journal = {European Journal of Forest Engineering}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-5637}, address = {}, publisher = {Forest Engineering and Technologies Platform}, year = {2020}, volume = {6}, pages = {14 - 22}, doi = {10.33904/ejfe.645639}, title = {Assessing the Guidelines for Pre-Harvest Clearing Operations of Understory in First Thinnings: Preliminary Results from Stora Enso in Finland}, key = {cite}, author = {Kärhä, Kalle and Bergström, Dan} }
APA Kärhä, K , Bergström, D . (2020). Assessing the Guidelines for Pre-Harvest Clearing Operations of Understory in First Thinnings: Preliminary Results from Stora Enso in Finland . European Journal of Forest Engineering , 6 (1) , 14-22 . DOI: 10.33904/ejfe.645639
MLA Kärhä, K , Bergström, D . "Assessing the Guidelines for Pre-Harvest Clearing Operations of Understory in First Thinnings: Preliminary Results from Stora Enso in Finland" . European Journal of Forest Engineering 6 (2020 ): 14-22 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejfe/issue/53754/645639>
Chicago Kärhä, K , Bergström, D . "Assessing the Guidelines for Pre-Harvest Clearing Operations of Understory in First Thinnings: Preliminary Results from Stora Enso in Finland". European Journal of Forest Engineering 6 (2020 ): 14-22
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Assessing the Guidelines for Pre-Harvest Clearing Operations of Understory in First Thinnings: Preliminary Results from Stora Enso in Finland AU - Kalle Kärhä , Dan Bergström Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33904/ejfe.645639 DO - 10.33904/ejfe.645639 T2 - European Journal of Forest Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 14 EP - 22 VL - 6 IS - 1 SN - -2149-5637 M3 - doi: 10.33904/ejfe.645639 UR - https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.645639 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 European Journal of Forest Engineering Assessing the Guidelines for Pre-Harvest Clearing Operations of Understory in First Thinnings: Preliminary Results from Stora Enso in Finland %A Kalle Kärhä , Dan Bergström %T Assessing the Guidelines for Pre-Harvest Clearing Operations of Understory in First Thinnings: Preliminary Results from Stora Enso in Finland %D 2020 %J European Journal of Forest Engineering %P -2149-5637 %V 6 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33904/ejfe.645639 %U 10.33904/ejfe.645639
ISNAD Kärhä, Kalle , Bergström, Dan . "Assessing the Guidelines for Pre-Harvest Clearing Operations of Understory in First Thinnings: Preliminary Results from Stora Enso in Finland". European Journal of Forest Engineering 6 / 1 (June 2020): 14-22 . https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.645639
AMA Kärhä K , Bergström D . Assessing the Guidelines for Pre-Harvest Clearing Operations of Understory in First Thinnings: Preliminary Results from Stora Enso in Finland. Eur J Forest Eng. 2020; 6(1): 14-22.
Vancouver Kärhä K , Bergström D . Assessing the Guidelines for Pre-Harvest Clearing Operations of Understory in First Thinnings: Preliminary Results from Stora Enso in Finland. European Journal of Forest Engineering. 2020; 6(1): 14-22.