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Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program

Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 2, 77 - 91, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.1038669

Abstract

Planning of forest transportation is a complex problem that requires effective and harmonious design and implementation of various forest operations including extraction, loading, and hauling of forest products. These operations constitute a significant part of the total cost of producing forest products; therefore, developing the most appropriate (minimum cost/maximum net profit) transportation plan has increasing importance for the economic aspect. Computer-aided models can be used to plan the transportation of forest products and systematically searching for the most suitable solution. In this study, a network analysis-based Network 2000 program was used to determine the optimum routes with minimum forest operation costs and maximum net profit of forest products considering two logging truck types (medium and large size). In the solution process, two farm tractors (4x2 and 4x4) for extraction operation and two loaders (tracked and rubber-tired) for loading operation were evaluated. The alternative with the minimum cost was determined using the Network 2000 program. The study was implemented in Kınık Forest Enterprise Chief (FEC) located in the city of Bursa in Turkey, while considering five landing areas where various forest products (i.e. log, mine poles, industrial wood, and paper wood) were extracted from the six harvesting units and hauled to two forest depots. In the study, the optimum solution was searched for two scenarios where only the forest depot which is commonly used in the Kınık FEC was considered in the first scenario while the forest depot of the neighboring enterprise in the region was also evaluated in the second scenario. The results obtained from the first scenario indicated that using large-size tractor reduced the hauling cost by 8% which led to over 1000 TRY reduction in the total cost of forest operations. The hauling cost and total forest operation cost obtained in the second scenario was about 16% and 2% less than that of the cost obtained in the first scenario for the case of large-size truck. On the other hand, total net profit of the forest products received in the second scenario was about 35000 TRY more than that of the net profit received in the first scenario for the case of large-size truck. The optimum farm tractor for skidding operation was successfully selected by the Network 2000 program considering terrain conditions in the harvesting unit and availability of the equipment. Likewise, optimum loader was also determined by considering distribution of the forest products on the landing areas.

References

  • Acar, H.H. 1998. Minimization to be using of transport model of transportation costs by trucks at Artvin Forest District, Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 22(2):491-497.
  • Acar, H.H., Eroğlu H. 2001. The planning of wood transport on the forest roads, Kafkas University, Artvin Faculty of Forestry Journal, 2(1):61-66.
  • Akay, A.E., Erdaş, O. 2007. Planning Transportation of Forest Products by Network Model, İstanbul University Faculty of Forestry Journal, 57(2):1-20.
  • Akay, A.E. Serin, H., Sessions, J., Bilici, E., Pak, M. 2021. Evaluating the Effects of Improving Forest Road Standards on Economic Value of Forest Products. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering. 42(2):245-258.
  • Chung, W., Sessions, J. 2001. Network 2001-Transportation Planning Under Multiple Objectives, The International Mountain Logging and 11th Pacific Northwest Skyline Symposium, December.
  • Coşkun, K., Eroğlu, H., Özkaya, M.S., Çetiner K., Bilgin F. 2010. An assessment in terms of mechanization of timber harvesting operations in artvin forest regional directorate, III National Blacksea Forestry Congress, 20-22 May, Volume II, 587-597.
  • Eker, M., Acar, H.H. 2006. Development of annual operational planning model for timber harvesting, SDÜ Journal of the Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences. 10-2:235-248.
  • Eker, R., Aydın A., Akay A.E. 2013. Optimization of Timber Transportation with Network Approach: A Case Study from Aladag Forest Enterprise. International Caucasian Forestry Symposium. Artvin Çoruh University, Faculty of Forestry, 24-26 October, Artvin. 450-455.
  • Genç, Ç.Ö., Arıcak, B. 2016. Determination of Routes as Type-A Forest Roads for Long Haulage Vehicles: Küre Forest SubDistrict Directorate, Kastamonu University, Faculty of Forestry Journal, 16(2): 474-484.
  • Sessions, J., Chung, W., Heinimann, H., R. 2001. New Algorithms for Solving Large Scale Harvesting and Transportation Problems Including Environmental Constraints, in Proc. of the FAO/ECE/ILO Workshop on New Trends in Wood Harvesting with Cable Systems for Sustainable Forest Management in Mountain Forests, Ossiach, Austria, June 18-24.

Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 2, 77 - 91, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.1038669

Abstract

References

  • Acar, H.H. 1998. Minimization to be using of transport model of transportation costs by trucks at Artvin Forest District, Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 22(2):491-497.
  • Acar, H.H., Eroğlu H. 2001. The planning of wood transport on the forest roads, Kafkas University, Artvin Faculty of Forestry Journal, 2(1):61-66.
  • Akay, A.E., Erdaş, O. 2007. Planning Transportation of Forest Products by Network Model, İstanbul University Faculty of Forestry Journal, 57(2):1-20.
  • Akay, A.E. Serin, H., Sessions, J., Bilici, E., Pak, M. 2021. Evaluating the Effects of Improving Forest Road Standards on Economic Value of Forest Products. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering. 42(2):245-258.
  • Chung, W., Sessions, J. 2001. Network 2001-Transportation Planning Under Multiple Objectives, The International Mountain Logging and 11th Pacific Northwest Skyline Symposium, December.
  • Coşkun, K., Eroğlu, H., Özkaya, M.S., Çetiner K., Bilgin F. 2010. An assessment in terms of mechanization of timber harvesting operations in artvin forest regional directorate, III National Blacksea Forestry Congress, 20-22 May, Volume II, 587-597.
  • Eker, M., Acar, H.H. 2006. Development of annual operational planning model for timber harvesting, SDÜ Journal of the Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences. 10-2:235-248.
  • Eker, R., Aydın A., Akay A.E. 2013. Optimization of Timber Transportation with Network Approach: A Case Study from Aladag Forest Enterprise. International Caucasian Forestry Symposium. Artvin Çoruh University, Faculty of Forestry, 24-26 October, Artvin. 450-455.
  • Genç, Ç.Ö., Arıcak, B. 2016. Determination of Routes as Type-A Forest Roads for Long Haulage Vehicles: Küre Forest SubDistrict Directorate, Kastamonu University, Faculty of Forestry Journal, 16(2): 474-484.
  • Sessions, J., Chung, W., Heinimann, H., R. 2001. New Algorithms for Solving Large Scale Harvesting and Transportation Problems Including Environmental Constraints, in Proc. of the FAO/ECE/ILO Workshop on New Trends in Wood Harvesting with Cable Systems for Sustainable Forest Management in Mountain Forests, Ossiach, Austria, June 18-24.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Abdullah Emin AKAY (Primary Author)
BURSA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-6558-9029
Türkiye


Nedimcan ŞEŞEN
BURSA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-9357-0069
Türkiye

Publication Date December 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ejfe1038669, journal = {European Journal of Forest Engineering}, eissn = {2149-5637}, address = {}, publisher = {Forest Engineering and Technologies Platform}, year = {2021}, volume = {7}, number = {2}, pages = {77 - 91}, doi = {10.33904/ejfe.1038669}, title = {Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program}, key = {cite}, author = {Akay, Abdullah Emin and Şeşen, Nedimcan} }
APA Akay, A. E. & Şeşen, N. (2021). Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program . European Journal of Forest Engineering , 7 (2) , 77-91 . DOI: 10.33904/ejfe.1038669
MLA Akay, A. E. , Şeşen, N. "Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program" . European Journal of Forest Engineering 7 (2021 ): 77-91 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejfe/issue/67032/1038669>
Chicago Akay, A. E. , Şeşen, N. "Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program". European Journal of Forest Engineering 7 (2021 ): 77-91
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program AU - Abdullah Emin Akay , Nedimcan Şeşen Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.33904/ejfe.1038669 DO - 10.33904/ejfe.1038669 T2 - European Journal of Forest Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 77 EP - 91 VL - 7 IS - 2 SN - -2149-5637 M3 - doi: 10.33904/ejfe.1038669 UR - https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.1038669 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 European Journal of Forest Engineering Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program %A Abdullah Emin Akay , Nedimcan Şeşen %T Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program %D 2021 %J European Journal of Forest Engineering %P -2149-5637 %V 7 %N 2 %R doi: 10.33904/ejfe.1038669 %U 10.33904/ejfe.1038669
ISNAD Akay, Abdullah Emin , Şeşen, Nedimcan . "Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program". European Journal of Forest Engineering 7 / 2 (December 2021): 77-91 . https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.1038669
AMA Akay A. E. , Şeşen N. Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program. Eur J Forest Eng. 2021; 7(2): 77-91.
Vancouver Akay A. E. , Şeşen N. Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program. European Journal of Forest Engineering. 2021; 7(2): 77-91.
IEEE A. E. Akay and N. Şeşen , "Integrated Planning of Timber Extraction and Hauling Activities by using Network 2000 Program", European Journal of Forest Engineering, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 77-91, Dec. 2021, doi:10.33904/ejfe.1038669

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