Research Article
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Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments

Year 2018, Volume: 7 Issue: 4, 318 - 325, 01.10.2018
https://doi.org/10.18393/ejss.454506

Abstract

We
investigated the dynamics of different earthworm species through the soil
profile, which had received short-term amendments of either organic or
inorganic fertilizer in an orchard during the spring of 2016. Earthworm
populations were sampled at two consecutive depths of soil on 20 and 60 days
after addition of fertilizers. The dominant earthworm species were Eisenia fetida
(Savigny, 1826), Dendrobaena veneta (Rosa, 1886), Dendrobaena hortensis (Michaelsen,
1890),
Lumbricus terrestris
(Linnaeus, 1758) and
Aporrectodea longa
(Ude, 1885). Seven different types of fertilizers including Urea, Ammonium
sulfate (AS), Diammonium phosphate (DAP), Solupotas, NPK (15-5-25), (NPK+OM)
and organic manure (OM) as experimental treatments were studied. Fluctuations
in earthworm numbers and biomass were attributed to changes in time and depth
of sampling, in addition to the types of fertilizers. The results of the means
comparison showed that on the 20th day, at 0-20 cm soil depth,
E. fetida species abundance was
decreased significantly in AS and Urea treatments compared to the control plot
(p˂0.05). We highlighted that from epigeic group,
D. hortensis species had a better chance to survive and its
population in AS treatment was more than that of Urea treatment. Results also
showed that the anecic
L. terrestris,
had a greater tolerance to chemical fertilizers compared to the
A. Longa species. The results of this
study outline more clear horizons in managing the use of chemical fertilizers
while simultaneously maintaining the biodiversity of soil organisms.

References

  • Anderson, JR., 1978. Pesticide effects on non-target soil microorganisms. In: Pesticides Microbiology, Hill, I.R., Wright, S.J.L. (Eds.). Academic Press, London, UK. pp. 313-33.
  • Bhattacharya, A., Sahu, SK., 2014. Lethal effect of urea on soil biota: a laboratory study on earthworm (Drawida willsi). Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 4(6): 64-72.
  • Blair, J.M., Parmelee, R.W., Lavelle, P., 1995. Influences of earthworms on biogeochemistry. In: Hendrix, P.F. (Ed.), Earthworm Ecology and Biogeography in North America. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, USA. pp. 128–154.
  • Blakemore, R. J., 2008. Cosmopolitan Earthworms –an Eco-Taxonomic Guide to the Species. (3rd Edition). VermEcology, Yokohama, Japan. 757p.
  • Brown, G.G., Pashanasi, B., Villenave, C., Patron, J.C., Senapti, B.K., Giri, S., Barois, I., Lavelle, P., Blanchart, E., Blakemore, R.J., Spain, A.V., Boyer, J., 1999. Effects of earthworms on plant production in the tropics. In: Lavelle P., Brussaard, L., Hendrix, P. (Eds), Earthworm Management in Tropical agroecosystems. CABI Publishing, New York, USA. pp. 87-147.
  • Bunemann, E.K., Schwenke, G.D., Van Zwieten, L., 2006. Impacts of agricultural inputs on soil organisms - a review. Australian Journal of Soil Research 44(4): 379-406.
  • Curry, J.P., 1976. Some effects of animal manures on earthworms in grassland. Pedobiologica 16: 425-438.
  • Curry, J.P., 2004. Factors affecting the abundance of earthworms in soils. In: Earthworm Ecology. Edwards, C.A. (Ed.), CRC press LLC, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. pp. 91–114.
  • Curry, J.P., Doherty, P., Purvis, G., Schmidt, O., 2008. Relationships between earthworm populations and management intensity in cattle-grazed pastures in Ireland. Applied Soil Ecology 39(1): 58-64.
  • Edwards, C.A., Bohlen, P.J., 1992. The effects of toxic chemicals on earthworms. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 125: 23-99.
  • Edwards, C.A., Bohlen, P.J., 1996. Biology and Ecology of Earthworms. Chapman & Hall, London, UK. 426p.
  • Edwards, C.A., Bohlen, P.J., Linden, D.R., Subler, S., 1995. Earthworms and sustainable land use. In: Earthworm Ecology and Biogeography in North America. Hendrix, P.F. (Ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. pp. 215–231.
  • Edwards, C.A., Lofty, J.R., 1982. Nitrogenous fertilizers and earthworm populations in agricultural soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 14(5): 515-521.
  • Eijsackers, H., 2004. Earthworms in environmental research. In: Earthworms Ecology, C.A. Edwards (Ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. pp. 103-122.
  • Ernst, G., Emmerling, C., 2009. Impact of five different tillage systems on soil organic carbon content and the density, biomass and community composition of earthworms after a ten-year period. European Journal of Soil Biology 45(3): 247-251.
  • Estevez, B., N’Dayegamiye, A., Coderre, D., 1996. The effect on earthworm abundance and selected soil properties after 14 years of solid cattle manure and NPKMg fertilizer application. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 76(3): 351-355.
  • Gerard, B.M., Hay, R.K.M., 1979. The effect on earthworms of ploughing, tined cultivation, direct drilling and nitrogen in a barley monoculture system. The Journal of Agricultural Science 93(1): 147-155.
  • Guo, L., Wu, G., Li, Y., Li, C., Liu, W., Meng, J., Liu, H., Yu, X., Jiang, G., 2016. Effects of cattle manure compost combined with chemical fertilizer on topsoil organic matter, bulk density and earthworm activity in a wheat–maize rotation system in Eastern China. Soil and Tillage Research 156: 140–147.
  • Hendrix, P.F., Mueller, B.R., Bruce, R.R., Langdale, G.W., Parmelee, R.W., 1992. Abundance and distribution of earthworms in relation to landscape factors on the Georgia Piedmont, USA. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 24(12): 1357–1361.
  • Iordache, M., Borza, I., 2010. Relation between chemical indices of soil and earthworm abundance under chemical fertilization. Plant, Soil and Environment 56(9): 401-407.
  • Jordan, D., Miles, R.J., Hubbard, V.C., Lorenz, T., 2004. Effect of management practices and cropping systems on earthworm abundance and microbial activity in Sanborn Field: a 115-year-old agricultural field. Pedobiologia 48(2): 99–110.
  • Lee, K.E., 1985. Earthworms: Their ecology and relationships with soils and land use. Academic Press, Sydney, Australia. 411p.
  • Lofs-Holmin, A., 1983. Influence of agricultural practices on earthworms (Lumbricidae). Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica 33(3): 225-334.
  • Ma, W.C., Brussarrd, L., de Ridder, J.A., 1990. Long term effects of nitrogenous fertilizers on earthworms and their relation to soil acidification. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 30(1-2): 71-80.
  • Marhan, S., Scheu, S., 2005. The influence of mineral and organic fertilisers on the growth of the endogeic earthworm Octolasion tyrtaeum (Savigny). Pedobiologia 49(3): 239-249.
  • Peel, M.C., Finlayson, B.L., McMahon, T.A., 2007. Updated world map of the Koppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 11: 1633–1644.
  • Rai, N., Ashya, P., Rathore, D.S., 2014. Comparative study of the effect of chemical fertilizers and organic fertilizers on Eisenia foetida. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science Engineering and Technology 3(5): 12991-12998.
  • Romig, D.E., Garlynd, M.J., Harris, R.F., 1996. Farmer-based assessment of soil quality: a soil health scorecard. In: Methods for Assessing Soil Quality. Doran, J.W., Jones, A.J. (Eds.), Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp. 39–59.
  • Sims, R.W., Gerard, B.M., 1999. Earthworms: Notes for the Identification of British Species. Linnean Society of London and the Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association, London, USA. pp. 169.
  • Soil Survey Staff, 2010. Keys to Soil Taxonomy, 11th Edition. U.S. Department of Agriculture, USA. pp. 539–579.
  • Syers, J.K., Springett, J.A., 1984. Earthworms and soil fertility. Plant and Soil 76(1-3): 93-104.
  • Timmerman, A., Bos, D., Ouwehand, J., de Goede, R.G.M., 2006. Long-term effects of fertilisation regime on earthworm abundance in a semi-natural grassland area. Pedobiologia 50(5): 427-432.
  • Tindaon, F., Benckiser, G., Ottow, J.C.G., 2011. Side effects of nitrification inhibitors on non target microbial processes in soils. Journal of Tropical Soils 16(1): 7-16.
  • Whalen, J.K., Parmelee, R.W., Edwards C.A., 1998. Population dynamics of earthworm communities in corn agroecosystems receiving organic or inorganic fertilizer amendments. Biology and Fertility of Soils 27(4): 400–407.
  • Zajonc, I., 1975. Variation in meadow associations of earthworms caused by the influence of nitrogen fertilizers and liquid manure irrigation. In: Proceedings 5th Int. Colloquium in soil zoology, Prague, Czech Republic. pp. 497-503.
  • Zar, J.H., 1996. Biostatistical Analysis. 3rd Edition, Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA. 663p.

Year 2018, Volume: 7 Issue: 4, 318 - 325, 01.10.2018
https://doi.org/10.18393/ejss.454506

Abstract

References

  • Anderson, JR., 1978. Pesticide effects on non-target soil microorganisms. In: Pesticides Microbiology, Hill, I.R., Wright, S.J.L. (Eds.). Academic Press, London, UK. pp. 313-33.
  • Bhattacharya, A., Sahu, SK., 2014. Lethal effect of urea on soil biota: a laboratory study on earthworm (Drawida willsi). Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 4(6): 64-72.
  • Blair, J.M., Parmelee, R.W., Lavelle, P., 1995. Influences of earthworms on biogeochemistry. In: Hendrix, P.F. (Ed.), Earthworm Ecology and Biogeography in North America. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, USA. pp. 128–154.
  • Blakemore, R. J., 2008. Cosmopolitan Earthworms –an Eco-Taxonomic Guide to the Species. (3rd Edition). VermEcology, Yokohama, Japan. 757p.
  • Brown, G.G., Pashanasi, B., Villenave, C., Patron, J.C., Senapti, B.K., Giri, S., Barois, I., Lavelle, P., Blanchart, E., Blakemore, R.J., Spain, A.V., Boyer, J., 1999. Effects of earthworms on plant production in the tropics. In: Lavelle P., Brussaard, L., Hendrix, P. (Eds), Earthworm Management in Tropical agroecosystems. CABI Publishing, New York, USA. pp. 87-147.
  • Bunemann, E.K., Schwenke, G.D., Van Zwieten, L., 2006. Impacts of agricultural inputs on soil organisms - a review. Australian Journal of Soil Research 44(4): 379-406.
  • Curry, J.P., 1976. Some effects of animal manures on earthworms in grassland. Pedobiologica 16: 425-438.
  • Curry, J.P., 2004. Factors affecting the abundance of earthworms in soils. In: Earthworm Ecology. Edwards, C.A. (Ed.), CRC press LLC, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. pp. 91–114.
  • Curry, J.P., Doherty, P., Purvis, G., Schmidt, O., 2008. Relationships between earthworm populations and management intensity in cattle-grazed pastures in Ireland. Applied Soil Ecology 39(1): 58-64.
  • Edwards, C.A., Bohlen, P.J., 1992. The effects of toxic chemicals on earthworms. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 125: 23-99.
  • Edwards, C.A., Bohlen, P.J., 1996. Biology and Ecology of Earthworms. Chapman & Hall, London, UK. 426p.
  • Edwards, C.A., Bohlen, P.J., Linden, D.R., Subler, S., 1995. Earthworms and sustainable land use. In: Earthworm Ecology and Biogeography in North America. Hendrix, P.F. (Ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. pp. 215–231.
  • Edwards, C.A., Lofty, J.R., 1982. Nitrogenous fertilizers and earthworm populations in agricultural soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 14(5): 515-521.
  • Eijsackers, H., 2004. Earthworms in environmental research. In: Earthworms Ecology, C.A. Edwards (Ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. pp. 103-122.
  • Ernst, G., Emmerling, C., 2009. Impact of five different tillage systems on soil organic carbon content and the density, biomass and community composition of earthworms after a ten-year period. European Journal of Soil Biology 45(3): 247-251.
  • Estevez, B., N’Dayegamiye, A., Coderre, D., 1996. The effect on earthworm abundance and selected soil properties after 14 years of solid cattle manure and NPKMg fertilizer application. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 76(3): 351-355.
  • Gerard, B.M., Hay, R.K.M., 1979. The effect on earthworms of ploughing, tined cultivation, direct drilling and nitrogen in a barley monoculture system. The Journal of Agricultural Science 93(1): 147-155.
  • Guo, L., Wu, G., Li, Y., Li, C., Liu, W., Meng, J., Liu, H., Yu, X., Jiang, G., 2016. Effects of cattle manure compost combined with chemical fertilizer on topsoil organic matter, bulk density and earthworm activity in a wheat–maize rotation system in Eastern China. Soil and Tillage Research 156: 140–147.
  • Hendrix, P.F., Mueller, B.R., Bruce, R.R., Langdale, G.W., Parmelee, R.W., 1992. Abundance and distribution of earthworms in relation to landscape factors on the Georgia Piedmont, USA. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 24(12): 1357–1361.
  • Iordache, M., Borza, I., 2010. Relation between chemical indices of soil and earthworm abundance under chemical fertilization. Plant, Soil and Environment 56(9): 401-407.
  • Jordan, D., Miles, R.J., Hubbard, V.C., Lorenz, T., 2004. Effect of management practices and cropping systems on earthworm abundance and microbial activity in Sanborn Field: a 115-year-old agricultural field. Pedobiologia 48(2): 99–110.
  • Lee, K.E., 1985. Earthworms: Their ecology and relationships with soils and land use. Academic Press, Sydney, Australia. 411p.
  • Lofs-Holmin, A., 1983. Influence of agricultural practices on earthworms (Lumbricidae). Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica 33(3): 225-334.
  • Ma, W.C., Brussarrd, L., de Ridder, J.A., 1990. Long term effects of nitrogenous fertilizers on earthworms and their relation to soil acidification. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 30(1-2): 71-80.
  • Marhan, S., Scheu, S., 2005. The influence of mineral and organic fertilisers on the growth of the endogeic earthworm Octolasion tyrtaeum (Savigny). Pedobiologia 49(3): 239-249.
  • Peel, M.C., Finlayson, B.L., McMahon, T.A., 2007. Updated world map of the Koppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 11: 1633–1644.
  • Rai, N., Ashya, P., Rathore, D.S., 2014. Comparative study of the effect of chemical fertilizers and organic fertilizers on Eisenia foetida. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science Engineering and Technology 3(5): 12991-12998.
  • Romig, D.E., Garlynd, M.J., Harris, R.F., 1996. Farmer-based assessment of soil quality: a soil health scorecard. In: Methods for Assessing Soil Quality. Doran, J.W., Jones, A.J. (Eds.), Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp. 39–59.
  • Sims, R.W., Gerard, B.M., 1999. Earthworms: Notes for the Identification of British Species. Linnean Society of London and the Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association, London, USA. pp. 169.
  • Soil Survey Staff, 2010. Keys to Soil Taxonomy, 11th Edition. U.S. Department of Agriculture, USA. pp. 539–579.
  • Syers, J.K., Springett, J.A., 1984. Earthworms and soil fertility. Plant and Soil 76(1-3): 93-104.
  • Timmerman, A., Bos, D., Ouwehand, J., de Goede, R.G.M., 2006. Long-term effects of fertilisation regime on earthworm abundance in a semi-natural grassland area. Pedobiologia 50(5): 427-432.
  • Tindaon, F., Benckiser, G., Ottow, J.C.G., 2011. Side effects of nitrification inhibitors on non target microbial processes in soils. Journal of Tropical Soils 16(1): 7-16.
  • Whalen, J.K., Parmelee, R.W., Edwards C.A., 1998. Population dynamics of earthworm communities in corn agroecosystems receiving organic or inorganic fertilizer amendments. Biology and Fertility of Soils 27(4): 400–407.
  • Zajonc, I., 1975. Variation in meadow associations of earthworms caused by the influence of nitrogen fertilizers and liquid manure irrigation. In: Proceedings 5th Int. Colloquium in soil zoology, Prague, Czech Republic. pp. 497-503.
  • Zar, J.H., 1996. Biostatistical Analysis. 3rd Edition, Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA. 663p.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Mojtaba YAHYAABADİ This is me
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
Iran


Amir Hossein HAMİDİAN This is me
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
Iran


Sohrab ASHRAFİ This is me
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
Iran

Publication Date October 1, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018 Volume: 7 Issue: 4

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ejss454506, journal = {Eurasian Journal of Soil Science}, eissn = {2147-4249}, address = {}, publisher = {Avrasya Toprak Bilimleri Dernekleri Federasyonu}, year = {2018}, volume = {7}, number = {4}, pages = {318 - 325}, doi = {10.18393/ejss.454506}, title = {Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments}, key = {cite}, author = {Yahyaabadi, Mojtaba and Hamidian, Amir Hossein and Ashrafi, Sohrab} }
APA Yahyaabadi, M. , Hamidian, A. H. & Ashrafi, S. (2018). Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments . Eurasian Journal of Soil Science , 7 (4) , 318-325 . DOI: 10.18393/ejss.454506
MLA Yahyaabadi, M. , Hamidian, A. H. , Ashrafi, S. "Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments" . Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 7 (2018 ): 318-325 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejss/issue/37778/454506>
Chicago Yahyaabadi, M. , Hamidian, A. H. , Ashrafi, S. "Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments". Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 7 (2018 ): 318-325
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments AU - MojtabaYahyaabadi, Amir HosseinHamidian, SohrabAshrafi Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.18393/ejss.454506 DO - 10.18393/ejss.454506 T2 - Eurasian Journal of Soil Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 318 EP - 325 VL - 7 IS - 4 SN - -2147-4249 M3 - doi: 10.18393/ejss.454506 UR - https://doi.org/10.18393/ejss.454506 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Eurasian Journal of Soil Science Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments %A Mojtaba Yahyaabadi , Amir Hossein Hamidian , Sohrab Ashrafi %T Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments %D 2018 %J Eurasian Journal of Soil Science %P -2147-4249 %V 7 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18393/ejss.454506 %U 10.18393/ejss.454506
ISNAD Yahyaabadi, Mojtaba , Hamidian, Amir Hossein , Ashrafi, Sohrab . "Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments". Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 7 / 4 (October 2018): 318-325 . https://doi.org/10.18393/ejss.454506
AMA Yahyaabadi M. , Hamidian A. H. , Ashrafi S. Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments. EJSS. 2018; 7(4): 318-325.
Vancouver Yahyaabadi M. , Hamidian A. H. , Ashrafi S. Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science. 2018; 7(4): 318-325.
IEEE M. Yahyaabadi , A. H. Hamidian and S. Ashrafi , "Dynamics of earthworm species at different depths of orchard soil receiving organic or chemical fertilizer amendments", Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 318-325, Oct. 2018, doi:10.18393/ejss.454506