Research Article
PDF BibTex RIS Cite

Evaluation of the distance between the central teeth after frenectomy: a randomized clinical study

Year 2021, Volume: 55 Issue: 2, 99 - 103, 28.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20210030

Abstract

Purpose
The present study aimed to evaluate the periodontal status and the distance between the teeth one year after frenectomy in patients with abnormal frenums in the maxillary and mandibular midline.
Materials and Methods
This study included 50 patients (24 men and 26 women) between the ages of 13 and 53 who have frenum-induced diastemas between the incisors. The abnormal frenums were removed via conventional frenectomy. The distances between the teeth before and one year after the surgery were measured with a caliper. To determine the periodontal status, the pocket depth, plaque index, and bleeding on probing were measured from four surfaces. In addition, the amount of attached gingiva and degree of gingival recession were recorded and were statistically analysed.
Results
A significant decrease in the distance between teeth before and after frenectomy was observed (p<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in the amount of gingival attachment, pocket depth, degree of gingival recession, plaque index, and bleeding on probing (p<0.05).
Conclusion
The removal of abnormal frenums with frenectomy can contribute to the reduction in the distance between the teeth. In addition, frenectomy increases the amount of gingiva and decreases the depth of the pocket, gingival recession, amount of plaque, and bleeding.

References

  • 1. Haytac MC, Ozcelik O. Evaluation of patient perceptions after frenectomy operations: a comparison of carbon dioxide laser and scalpel techniques. Journal of periodontology 2006; 77:1815-19. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 2. Fiorotti RC, Bertolini MM, Nicola JH, Nicola EM. Early lingual frenectomy assisted by CO2 laser helps prevention and treatment of functional alterations caused by ankyloglossia. Int J Orofacial Myology 2004;30:64-71. google scholar
  • 3. Takei HH, Azzi RA. Periodontal plastic and esthetic surgery. In: Newman MG, Takei HH, Carranza FA, editors. Carranza’s Clinical Periodontology. London: W.B. Saunders, 2002, p. 870-871. google scholar
  • 4. Abullais SS, Dani N, Ningappa P, Golvankar K, Chavan A, Malgaonkar N, Gore A. Paralleling technique for frenectomy and oral hygiene evaluation after frenectomy. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology 2016;20:28-31. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 5. Taylor JE. Clinical observation relating to the normal and abnormal frenum labii superioris. Am J Orthod Oral Surg 1939;25:646-50. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 6. Gass JR, Valiathan M, Tiwari HK, Hans MG, Elston RC. Familial correlations and heritability of maxillary midline diastema. American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics 2003;123:35-9. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 7. Goldman HM, Cohen DW. Periodontal therapy, 4th Ed. St. Louis, CV Mosby Co, 1968, p.302. google scholar
  • 8. Devishree SKG, Shubhashini PV. Frenectomy: a review with the reports of surgical techniques. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research 2012;6:1587-92. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 9. Olivi G, Chaumanet G, Genovese MD, Beneduce C, Andreana S. The Er,Cr:YSGG laser labial frenectomy: a clinical retrospective evaluation of 156 consecutive cases. Gen Dent 2010;58:126-33. google scholar
  • 10. Silness P, Loe H. Periodontal disease in pregnancy. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica 1964;22:121-35. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 11. Bhatia G, Kumar A, Khatri M, Bansal M, Saxena S. Assessment of the width of attached gingiva using different methods in various age groups: A clinical study. J Indian Soc Periodontol 2015;19:199-202. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 12. Sşkowska A, Chalas R. Diastema size and type of upper lip midline frenulum attachment. Folia morphologica 2017;76:501-5. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 13. Delli K, Livas C, Sculean A, Katsaros C, Bornstein MM. Facts and myths regarding the maxillary midline frenum and its treatment: a systematic review of the literature. Quintessence international 2013;44:177-87. google scholar
  • 14. Abrahams R, Kamath G. Midline diastema and its aetiology-a review. Dental update 2014;41:457-64. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 15. Nirwal A, Chaubey KK, Arora V, Thakur RK, Zafri Z, Narula IS. Frenectomy combined with a laterally Displaced pedicle graft. Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2010;2:47-51. google scholar
  • 16. Boutsi EA, Tatakis DN. Maxillary labial frenum attachment in children. International journal of paediatric dentistry 2011;21:284-8. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 17. Suter VG, Heinzmann AE, Grossen J, Sculean A, Bornstein MM. Does the maxillary midline diastema close after frenectomy? Quintessence international 2014;45:57-66. google scholar
  • 18. Bergström K, Jensen R, Mârtensson B. The effect of superior labial frenectomy in cases with midline diastema. American journal of orthodontics 1973;63:633-8. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 19. Monnet-Corti V, Antezack A, Moll V. Vestibular frenectomy in periodontal plastic surgery. Journal of Dentofacial Anomalies and Orthodontics 2018;21:205-17. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 20. Huang WJ, Creath CJ. The midline diastema: a review of its etiology and treatment. Pediatric dentistry 1995;17:171-9. google scholar
  • 21. Whinston GJ. The frenectomy and mucobuccal fold resection utilized in periodontal therapy. NY State Dent J 1956;22:495-9. google scholar

Year 2021, Volume: 55 Issue: 2, 99 - 103, 28.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.26650/eor.20210030

Abstract

References

  • 1. Haytac MC, Ozcelik O. Evaluation of patient perceptions after frenectomy operations: a comparison of carbon dioxide laser and scalpel techniques. Journal of periodontology 2006; 77:1815-19. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 2. Fiorotti RC, Bertolini MM, Nicola JH, Nicola EM. Early lingual frenectomy assisted by CO2 laser helps prevention and treatment of functional alterations caused by ankyloglossia. Int J Orofacial Myology 2004;30:64-71. google scholar
  • 3. Takei HH, Azzi RA. Periodontal plastic and esthetic surgery. In: Newman MG, Takei HH, Carranza FA, editors. Carranza’s Clinical Periodontology. London: W.B. Saunders, 2002, p. 870-871. google scholar
  • 4. Abullais SS, Dani N, Ningappa P, Golvankar K, Chavan A, Malgaonkar N, Gore A. Paralleling technique for frenectomy and oral hygiene evaluation after frenectomy. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology 2016;20:28-31. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 5. Taylor JE. Clinical observation relating to the normal and abnormal frenum labii superioris. Am J Orthod Oral Surg 1939;25:646-50. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 6. Gass JR, Valiathan M, Tiwari HK, Hans MG, Elston RC. Familial correlations and heritability of maxillary midline diastema. American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics 2003;123:35-9. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 7. Goldman HM, Cohen DW. Periodontal therapy, 4th Ed. St. Louis, CV Mosby Co, 1968, p.302. google scholar
  • 8. Devishree SKG, Shubhashini PV. Frenectomy: a review with the reports of surgical techniques. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research 2012;6:1587-92. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 9. Olivi G, Chaumanet G, Genovese MD, Beneduce C, Andreana S. The Er,Cr:YSGG laser labial frenectomy: a clinical retrospective evaluation of 156 consecutive cases. Gen Dent 2010;58:126-33. google scholar
  • 10. Silness P, Loe H. Periodontal disease in pregnancy. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica 1964;22:121-35. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 11. Bhatia G, Kumar A, Khatri M, Bansal M, Saxena S. Assessment of the width of attached gingiva using different methods in various age groups: A clinical study. J Indian Soc Periodontol 2015;19:199-202. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 12. Sşkowska A, Chalas R. Diastema size and type of upper lip midline frenulum attachment. Folia morphologica 2017;76:501-5. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 13. Delli K, Livas C, Sculean A, Katsaros C, Bornstein MM. Facts and myths regarding the maxillary midline frenum and its treatment: a systematic review of the literature. Quintessence international 2013;44:177-87. google scholar
  • 14. Abrahams R, Kamath G. Midline diastema and its aetiology-a review. Dental update 2014;41:457-64. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 15. Nirwal A, Chaubey KK, Arora V, Thakur RK, Zafri Z, Narula IS. Frenectomy combined with a laterally Displaced pedicle graft. Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2010;2:47-51. google scholar
  • 16. Boutsi EA, Tatakis DN. Maxillary labial frenum attachment in children. International journal of paediatric dentistry 2011;21:284-8. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 17. Suter VG, Heinzmann AE, Grossen J, Sculean A, Bornstein MM. Does the maxillary midline diastema close after frenectomy? Quintessence international 2014;45:57-66. google scholar
  • 18. Bergström K, Jensen R, Mârtensson B. The effect of superior labial frenectomy in cases with midline diastema. American journal of orthodontics 1973;63:633-8. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 19. Monnet-Corti V, Antezack A, Moll V. Vestibular frenectomy in periodontal plastic surgery. Journal of Dentofacial Anomalies and Orthodontics 2018;21:205-17. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • 20. Huang WJ, Creath CJ. The midline diastema: a review of its etiology and treatment. Pediatric dentistry 1995;17:171-9. google scholar
  • 21. Whinston GJ. The frenectomy and mucobuccal fold resection utilized in periodontal therapy. NY State Dent J 1956;22:495-9. google scholar

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Dentistry
Journal Section Original Research Articles
Authors

Abdulsamet TANIK This is me
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Adıyaman University, Adıyaman, Turkey
0000-0002-4430-2196
Türkiye


Yasin ÇİÇEK This is me
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Adıyaman University, Adıyaman, Turkey
0000-0002-8207-8148
Türkiye

Publication Date June 28, 2021
Submission Date September 11, 2020
Acceptance Date January 10, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021 Volume: 55 Issue: 2

Cite

EndNote %0 European Oral Research Evaluation of the distance between the central teeth after frenectomy: a randomized clinical study %A Abdulsamet Tanık , Yasin Çiçek %T Evaluation of the distance between the central teeth after frenectomy: a randomized clinical study %D 2021 %J European Oral Research %P 2630-6158-2651-2823 %V 55 %N 2 %R doi: 10.26650/eor.20210030 %U 10.26650/eor.20210030