Writing Rules


General Information

European Journal of Research in Dentistry (ERD) is the Official Publication of the Marmara University, Faculty of Dentistry. ERD accepts original and review articles, case reports, technical notes, short communications and letter to editor concerning topics of general dentistry.
ERD accepts articles in English and Turkish, and the Editorial Board encourages submission from international authors. Submitting a paper to ERD is free of charges. In addition, ERD does not charge for article processing.

Publication Frequency
ERD is published triannually: in April, August and December.

Publication Model
ERD is published using an open access publication model, meaning that all interested readers are able to freely access the journal online. To ensure an unbiased evaluation process, manuscripts will be reviewed by the editors (including editorial reviews for pre-writing and language) and at least two reviewers who are experts in their fields.

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES which do NOT have Ethics Committee institution name, decision date and ID number will not be considered for publication in ERD.
The authors must mention obtaining signed informed consent for all CASE REPORTS and all included studies.
The authors must report using Ethics statement including ETHICS COMMITTEE Institute name, decision date and id number in the Materials and Methods section. For all included studies, authors must add the statement regarding obtaining signed consent from all participants.

For case reports or case photographs, it is the authors’ responsibility to protect the patients’ anonymity. If there is a chance that the identity of the patient may be revealed, authors are required to obtain publication consents from their patients or the parents/legal guardians of the patients. In animal studies the measures that were taken to prevent pain and suffering of the animals should be added to the manuscript.

Review Process
ERD uses double-blind review, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process. Within this aim, the authors need to ensure that their manuscripts are prepared in a way that does not give away their identity. Editors will send selected Reviewers the title and abstract of the submission, as well as an invitation to log into the journal web site to complete the review. Reviewers enter to the Journal’s web site to accept the invitation, to download submissions, submit their comments, and select a recommendation.
The typical period of time allowed for reviews is 8 weeks. However, this period may vary depending on the editorial process.
Reviewers will have access to related documents only after agreeing to review it.
Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editors can manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process.


The publication languages are Turkish and English. Authors whose native language is not English should consider to obtain the assistance of an expert in English and scientific writing before submitting their manuscripts. Manuscripts that do not meet basic language standards will be returned during editorial reviews for pre-writing and language.

Manuscript Format and Style
Manuscript length depends on manuscript type. Paper dimensions should be 8.5 × 11 inches with 2.5 cm margins on all sides. Please use normal, plain font (12-point Times New Roman), justified and number all pages consecutively. Double space should be used. For paragraphs please use Indent settings. Main titles of the manuscript (e.g. INTRODUCTION) should be capitalized. 

Manuscript Submission
Authors are requested to submit their original manuscript and related files (figures, tables, pictures etc.) via the online submission and editorial system for European Journal of Research in Dentistry. The web site address for this system: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/erd. Via this online system, authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress.
Full instructions and support are available on the website. For further support please use dhf.journal@marmara.edu.tr e-mail address.
For manuscript submission, the authors should sign-in to the Journal’s web site (https://dergipark.org.tr). User ID and password can be obtained without any fee. All parts of the manuscript (Main Document, Tables, Figures and Supplemental Information) must be uploaded in an electronic format: Microsoft Word or generic RTF are recommended for text and tables; and JPEG, TIFF or EPS for graphics (see under Figures).
All figures (including pictures) must be uploaded to the system separately without being included in the manuscript file. Tables can be included in the file.

Accepted Manuscript Types
Original Article: This type of article provides new information based on original research. Statistical analyses must be done and reported in accordance with international statistical reporting standards (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93). Units should be prepared in accordance with the International System of Units (SI).

Maximum length of the manuscript should be 3.500 words; abstract maximum 250 words, 50 references, normally no more than 6 figures or tables.

The article should consist of following headings: Title, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, References, Tables and Figure Legends.

Review Articles: Reviews should describe, discuss, and evaluate the current level of knowledge on a relevant topic in a way to guide future studies.
Maximum length of the manuscript should be 5.000 words; abstract maximum 250 words, unlimited references, no more than 6 figures or tables.
Although a Review article (particularly following a systematic review) may adhere to the format of the Original Research Article, both Review and Focus Articles need not contain Materials and Methods, Results or Discussion sections, and may instead employ other headings as relevant for the topic addressed.

Case Report: This type of article should report on rare or challenging cases which would be interesting for the readers. Maximum length of the manuscript should be 2.000 words; abstract maximum of 250 words, 30 references, 10 figures or tables.
Consist of following headings: Title, Abstract, Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, References, Tables and Figure Legends.

Technical Notes: Maximum length 500 words, 5 references, 4 figures or tables, no abstract, no introduction or discussion.

Letters to Editor: Maximum length 500 words, 5 references, 2 figures or tables. Letters about a published paper should be headed with the full reference to that paper. Original letters should have their own heading.

Type of Manuscript

Word Limit (Main Text Only)

Abstract Word Limit

Reference Limit

Table and Figure Limit

Original Article


6 figures or tables

Review Article

1006 tables-10 figures

Case Report


10 figures or tables

Technical Note


4 figures or tables

Letter to the Editor




No figures- no tables

Table 1 Limitations for each manuscript type

Elements of a Manuscript

1. Title Page

a. Title page must be uploaded apart from manuscript and should include;

i. Title (All principal words are capitalized) e.g. Investigation of the Molecular Profile of Granular Cell Tumours and Schwannomas of the Oral Cavity
ii. Authors (first name, middle initial, surname) e.g. Korkut Ulucan
iii. Authors' addresses (with authors academic title) e.g. Prof. Dr. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
iv. ALL AUTHORS’ ORCID NUMBERS must be included
v. Running title, not exceeding 50 letters and spaces
vi. Please write up to 5 keywords should be supplied according to MESH. (Turkish authors must add Turkish keywords via http://www.bilimterimleri.com/
vii. Corresponding Author details including name, complete address, phone, fax, and e-mail must be added
viii. Turkish authors should also add Turkish title, running title and keywords.

Main Document
The main document includes, in a single electronic file (Word/text file, not pdf).

2. Title and Abstract

Should not exceed 250 words and should be presented under the following subheadings:
Research Articles: Objectives, Materials and Methods; Results; Conclusions (Turkish authors should also add Turkish abstract as follows: Amaç, Gereç ve Yöntemler, Bulgular ve Sonuçl)
Reviews and Case Reports: Provide a short, nonstructured, 1-paragraph abstract that briefly summarizes the study. Turkish authors should also add abstract Turkish.

3. Keywords
Up to 5 keywords should be supplied according to MESH. (Turkish authors must also add Turkish keywords via http://www.bilimterimleri.com)

4. Abbreviations

Where a term/definition will be continually referred to, it must be written in full when it first appears in the text, followed by the subsequent abbreviation in parentheses (even if it was previously defined in the abstract). Thereafter, the abbreviation may be used. An abbreviation should not be first defined in any section heading; if an abbreviation has previously been defined in the text, then the abbreviation may be used in a subsequent section heading. Restrict the number of abbreviations to those that are absolutely necessary and ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article. Ensure that an abbreviation so defined does actually appear later in the text (excluding in figures/tables), otherwise, it should be deleted. Author-invented abbreviations should be avoided.

5. Introduction
This must be presented in a structured format, covering the following subjects, although not under subheadings: succinct statements of the issue in question; the essence of existing knowledge and understanding pertinent to the issue; and the aims and objectives of the research being reported. All acronyms and abbreviations should be defined at first use, both in the abstract and in the main text by using parentheses following the definition.

6. Materials and methods
The authors should describe the procedures and analytical techniques and identify names and sources of all commercial products e.g. PureLink DNA isolation kit (Invitrogen, Van Allen Way Carlsbad, Calif., USA)
Please add ETHICS statement and add decision number if any.

7. Results
The authors should refer to appropriate tables and figures and report statistical findings.

8. Discussion
The authors should discuss the results of the study also state the agreement with other studies and identify the limitations of the present study, and suggest areas for future research.

9. Conclusion
The authors should concisely list conclusions that may be drawn from the research and do not simply restate the results.

10. Acknowledgements
If the work was supported by a grant or any other kind of funding, supply the name of the supporting organization and the grant number.

11. Conflicts of Interest statement
Specify any potential conflict of interests, or state no conflicts of interest.

12. References
Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references. Journal titles should be abbreviated in accordance with the journal abbreviations in Index Medicus / MEDLINE / PubMed. All authors of the cited articles should be listed at the references section. Each listed reference should be cited in text (Name.Year style). References section sould be placed in the main text of the manuscript and start on a separate page. Only references cited in the text should appear in the reference list. References in the reference list should be listed in alphabetical order.

a. In-text citations
• For two or fewer authors, list all author names (e.g. Idman & Gumru, 2018). For three or more authors, abbreviate with ‘first author’ et al. (e.g. Akpinaroglu et al., 2019). 
• Multiple references to the same item should be separated with a semicolon (;) and ordered chronologically. References by the same author in the same year should be differentiated by letters (Sirma, 2001a; Sirma, 2001b).
• Cite articles that have been accepted for publication as 'in press', include in the reference list.
• Cite unpublished work, work in preparation, or work under review as 'unpublished data' using the author's initials and surname in the text only; do not include in the reference section
• List references in alphabetical order. The reference styles for different types of publications are presented in the following examples.

Journal Article: Alsafadi A, Cobo JL, Menendez I, Muriel JD, Cobo T. Evaluation of the anterior meniscal displacement with reduction by High-Resolution Ultrasonography pulsed wave Doppler mode (PWD). A pilot study. Eur. J. Res. Dent. (ERD). 2020;4(1):1-6.

Book Section: Evren B, Kulak Ozkan Y. Anterior Tooth Selection and Arrangement. Kulak Ozkan Y, editors. Complete Denture Prosthodontics. Switzerland: Springer; 2018 .p.3-29.

Books: Kulak Ozkan Y. Complete Denture Prosthodontics Switzerland: Springer; 2018.

Conference Proceedings: Kahramanoglu E. Halmedov M. Keskin Ozyer E. Akmansoy SC. Ozkan Y. Estetik Bölge İmplant Destekli Protezde Karşılaşılan Komplikasyon ve Çözümü: Olgu Raporu. In: Ulucan K, editors. Marmara Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi 2. Uluslararası Diş Hekimliği Sempozyumu Bildiri Özet ve Tam Metin Bildiri Kitabı; 2019 Nisan 29-30; İstanbul, Türkiye; 2019. pp.128-133

Scientific or Technical Report: Cusick M, Chew EY, Hoogwerf B, Agrón E, Wu L, Lindley A, et al. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group. Risk factors for renal replacement therapy in the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS), Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Kidney Int: 2004. Report No: 26.

Thesis: Yılmaz B. Ankara Üniversitesindeki Öğrencilerin Beslenme Durumları, Fiziksel Aktiviteleri ve Beden Kitle İndeksleri Kan Lipidleri Arasındaki Ilişkiler. Hacettepe Üniversitesi. Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi. 2007.

Epub Ahead of Print Articles: Cai L, Yeh BM, Westphalen AC, Roberts JP, Wang ZJ. Adult living donor liver imaging. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2016 Feb 24. doi: 10.5152/dir.2016.15323. [Epub ahead of print].

13. Tables
Tables should not be a repetition of the main text, but should be supporting it. All tables must be thoroughly discussed in the text of the manuscript. The authors should include the tables in the main manuscript after the reference list.
They should be arranged so that every table is put to a page, each with a descriptive title. Tables should be numbered in the order of mention using Arabic numerals.
For explanatory footnotes, symbols (*, #,**,##) must be used.

14. Figures
The authors must not embed the figures into the text and should be saved in jpeg format as separate files.
All graphs, drawings, and photographs are considered Figures and should be numbered in sequence with Arabic numerals.
Figures should be planned to fit the proportions of the printed page (width 17 cm) or one column (width 8 cm) and be legible at this size.
Figures grouped together should have similar dimensions and be labeled "A, B, C", etc.
Color and black-and-white photographs should be created and saved at a minimum of 300 dots per inch (dpi).
Please name each electronic image file to match the figure number. For example, a Figure 1 in jpeg format should be named fig 1. Multipart figures must be clearly identifiable by the file names: fig 1A, fig 1B, fig 1C, etc.

15. Figure legends
The authors should list together on a separate page and include key for symbols or abbreviations used in Figures.

Last Update Time: 3/6/24, 3:30:13 PM