Year 2018, Volume 19 , Issue 3, Pages 704 - 720 2018-09-01

entrDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODSDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS

İbrahim Ethem AYHAN [1] , Berkan YILMAZ [2] , Oguzhan KARAMAN [3] , Yunus Emre SİMSEK [4] , Levent Değirmenci [5]


Pretreatment of biomass prior to use for ethanol production is considered as an important step in increasing efficiency of process. Among various procedures treatment with NH3 is an effective and facile method for delignification of biomass with high lignin content. Solid cake, utilized in this study is a lignocellulosic biomass with rich organic content. Alternative use of solid cake as a biomass source in ethanol production would be beneficial in reducing the costs of olive oil production. Efficient use of this biomass depend on degradation of its high lignin content and the decrease in its cellulose crystallinity. Hence determination of optimum conditions utilized in NH3 pretreatment is crucial to achieve economic production ethanol. The pathway in NH3 treatment of olive oil cake was presented with this study. Solid cake was treated at varying times, NH3 amounts and temperatures and the changes in biomass structure were determined in terms of lignin content and cellulose crystallinity. Effect of parameters was statistically validated and interpreted in accordance with FT-IR and TGA analyses. Chemical treatment of solid cake resulted in lignin degradation which was followed by consecutive hemicellulose decomposition. Cellulose crystallinity decreased at elevated time intervals due to detoriation of its structure. Results indicated the significance of time especially in decreasing cellulose crystallinity. Lignin degradation was stable in investigated regions and it was concluded that mildest conditions such as low temperature and ammonia (NH3) (%) would have been sufficient to achieve successful treatment provided that the procedure be maintained for long time intervals.
biomass, lignin, cellulose crystallinity, solid cake
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Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: İbrahim Ethem AYHAN

Author: Berkan YILMAZ

Author: Oguzhan KARAMAN

Author: Yunus Emre SİMSEK

Author: Levent Değirmenci

Dates

Publication Date : September 1, 2018

Bibtex @ { estubtda502791, journal = {Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering}, issn = {2667-4211}, address = {btda@anadolu.edu.tr}, publisher = {Eskisehir Technical University}, year = {2018}, volume = {19}, pages = {704 - 720}, doi = {}, title = {entrDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODSDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS}, key = {cite}, author = {Ayhan, İbrahim Ethem and Yılmaz, Berkan and Karaman, Oguzhan and Si̇msek, Yunus Emre and Değirmenci, Levent} }
APA Ayhan, İ , Yılmaz, B , Karaman, O , Si̇msek, Y , Değirmenci, L . (2018). entrDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODSDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS . Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering , 19 (3) , 704-720 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/estubtda/issue/41619/502791
MLA Ayhan, İ , Yılmaz, B , Karaman, O , Si̇msek, Y , Değirmenci, L . "entrDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODSDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS" . Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 19 (2018 ): 704-720 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/estubtda/issue/41619/502791>
Chicago Ayhan, İ , Yılmaz, B , Karaman, O , Si̇msek, Y , Değirmenci, L . "entrDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODSDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS". Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 19 (2018 ): 704-720
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - entrDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODSDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS AU - İbrahim Ethem Ayhan , Berkan Yılmaz , Oguzhan Karaman , Yunus Emre Si̇msek , Levent Değirmenci Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 704 EP - 720 VL - 19 IS - 3 SN - 2667-4211- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering entrDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODSDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS %A İbrahim Ethem Ayhan , Berkan Yılmaz , Oguzhan Karaman , Yunus Emre Si̇msek , Levent Değirmenci %T entrDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODSDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS %D 2018 %J Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering %P 2667-4211- %V 19 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Ayhan, İbrahim Ethem , Yılmaz, Berkan , Karaman, Oguzhan , Si̇msek, Yunus Emre , Değirmenci, Levent . "entrDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODSDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS". Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 19 / 3 (September 2018): 704-720 .
AMA Ayhan İ , Yılmaz B , Karaman O , Si̇msek Y , Değirmenci L . entrDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODSDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS. Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering. 2018; 19(3): 704-720.
Vancouver Ayhan İ , Yılmaz B , Karaman O , Si̇msek Y , Değirmenci L . entrDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODSDETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA PRETREATMENT ON THE STRUCTURE OF SOLID CAKE VIA STATISTICAL ANALYSES AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS. Eskişehir Technical University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering. 2018; 19(3): 704-720.

Authors of the Article
İbrahim Ethem AYHAN [1]
Berkan YILMAZ [2]
Oguzhan KARAMAN [3]
Yunus Emre SİMSEK [4]
Levent Değirmenci [5]