Year 2019, Volume 5 , Issue 6, Pages 1007 - 1013 2019-11-04

The relation between performance and oral health in male athletes

Hakan Yapıcı [1] , Oğuz Eroğlu [2] , Sinan Ayan [3] , Serdar Bağlar [4] , Uğur Altay Memiş [5] , Ali Ahmet Doğan [6]


Objectives: Oral health is as important to an athlete’s sporting successas regular exercise and adequate nutrition. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between oral health and sporting performance.

Methods: This prospective study was carried out with male athletes. Athletes' demographic characteristics, dental care habits, number of decayed, missing or filled teeth, and sporting performance data were recorded. The Decayed Missing Filled Teeth (DMFT) index, Significant Caries index (SCI) and Plaque index (PI) were used to assess oral health. The T-Drill, Zig-Zag, Lateral Change of Direction (LCD) and 505 tests to assess agility, and 10-, 20- and 30-m short sprint tests were used to assess speed. The results were analyzed on SPSS software, and p values < 0.05 were regarded as significant.

Results: Ninety-six athletes were included in the study. Active caries was determined in 70.8%. The mean DMFT index value was 3.9 ± 3.7, mean SCI 10.2, and mean PI 0.9 ± 0.4. DMFT was  ≥ 4 in 45.8% of athletes and < 4 in 57.2%. No difference was determined between subjects with DMFT < 4 and DMFT ≥ 4 in terms of age, height, body weight, or years engaged in sports. Agility and speed tests results were superior in subjects with DMFT<4 than in those with DMFT ≥ 4, and times to completion of performance tests were shorter (p < 0.05). Pearson correlation analysis revealed that DMFT was positively correlated with agility tests [T-Drill test (r = 0.428), Zig-Zag test (r = 0.428), LCD test (r = 0.286) and 505 test (r = 0.529)], and speed tests [short sprint, 10-m (r = 0.309), 20-m (r = 0.336), 30-m (r = 0.449)] (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Impairment of oral health has an adverse effect on sporting performance, and this can lead to poorer results in performance tests such as agility and speed. 

Athletes, athletic performance, oral health, tooth
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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7029-1910
Author: Hakan Yapıcı
Institution: 1Kırıkkale University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Kırıkkale, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7033-8566
Author: Oğuz Eroğlu (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Emergency Medicine, Kırıkkale University School of Medicine, Kırıkkale, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9223-7969
Author: Sinan Ayan
Institution: Kırıkkale University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Kırıkkale, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4250-3469
Author: Serdar Bağlar
Institution: Department of Operative Dentistry, Kırıkkale University, Faculty of Dentistry, Kırıkkale, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6129-2786
Author: Uğur Altay Memiş
Institution: Bülent Ecevit University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Zonguldak, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7015-8271
Author: Ali Ahmet Doğan
Institution: Kırıkkale University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Kırıkkale, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : November 4, 2019

EndNote %0 The European Research Journal The relation between performance and oral health in male athletes %A Hakan Yapıcı , Oğuz Eroğlu , Sinan Ayan , Serdar Bağlar , Uğur Altay Memiş , Ali Ahmet Doğan %T The relation between performance and oral health in male athletes %D 2019 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 5 %N 6 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.432272 %U 10.18621/eurj.432272