Year 2020, Volume 6 , Issue 3, Pages 193 - 199 2020-05-04

The relation between preschool children’s language development and their mothers’ depression and anxiety symptoms: a cross-sectional study

Zeynep GÖKER [1] , Havva ESER [2] , Arzu YILMAZ [3]

Objectives: In this study, the relationship between preschool age group children’s language development and depression/anxiety symptoms of their mothers was investigated.

Methods: Children aged 13-75 months and their mothers were included. Denver-II test and Beck Depression and anxiety scales were utilized. SPSS 17.0 program was used and p < 0.05 was considered as significant.

Results: Of the 58 patients, 74.1% were male, with the mean age of 53.3 months. The mean maternal age was 31.5 years. The mean education level was 8.3 years for mothers. According to the Denver-II of language development, 53.4% of the cases were found to be "delayed" whereas 46.6% of all were “normal”, with significantly lower in “delayed” children (47.4 vs. 60 months; t (56) = -3.431, p = 0.001). Delayed language was significantly associated with lower mothers’ education level (7.4 vs. 9.3 years; t (56) = -2.466, p = 0.017). The median score of depression scale was significantly higher in the delayed language (18 vs. 13; z = -2.218, p = 0.027). Positive correlation was found between the mothers’ education and the language development (r = .324, p = 0.013). The anxiety symptom levels of the mothers were not associated with language development (p > 0.05).

Conclusions: The level of education of mother seems to affect language development. There is a relationship between the depressive symptoms of the mother and the delay in language development. It seems important that the mothers of the cases whose children had language development to be directed to psychiatric evaluation. 

language development, child, mother’s depression, mother’s anxiety
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Primary Language en
Subjects Neurosciences, Psychiatry
Journal Section Original Articles

Orcid: 0000-0002-6489-3800
Author: Zeynep GÖKER (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Child Psychiatry, University of Health Sciences, Ankara Child Health and Diseases Hematology and Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Country: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0003-1823-0050
Author: Havva ESER
Institution: Department of Child Development and Education, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Country: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0003-2550-9324
Author: Arzu YILMAZ
Institution: Department of Child Neurology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Application Date : October 29, 2018
Acceptance Date : December 27, 2018
Publication Date : May 4, 2020

EndNote %0 The European Research Journal The relation between preschool children’s language development and their mothers’ depression and anxiety symptoms: a cross-sectional study %A Zeynep Göker , Havva Eser , Arzu Yılmaz %T The relation between preschool children’s language development and their mothers’ depression and anxiety symptoms: a cross-sectional study %D 2020 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 6 %N 3 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.475930 %U 10.18621/eurj.475930