Year 2021, Volume 7 , Issue 1, Pages 29 - 31 2021-01-04

Is the fear of malignancy in large adrenal masses realistic?

Bartu BADAK [1] , Erhan ASLANER [2]


Objectives: Adrenal masses are more frequently detected in autopsy series in recent years and are more frequently detected in clinical practice due to the development of radiological examinations. After the detection of an adrenal mass, the first two important questions come to mind. Does the mass hormonally active (functionally) or not active (non-functional), and this mass is a benign formation or is it malignant? The answer to these two questions is the obligatory questions that clinicians must answer in order to make an operation decision. The decision of operation in non-functioning adrenal masses is directly proportional to the mass's neoplastic potential. If a preoperative histopathological diagnosis is not available; this potential is predicted by the size of the mass in radiological imaging. It is shown that the malignancy rate in adrenal masses is higher in lesions 6 cm and above. In this study, we aimed to determine whether the rate of malignancy is really high in histopathological examination as a result of adrenalectomy operations performed in our clinic between the years of 2010-2012.

Methods: Fourteen women and 4 men with 6 cm or higher adrenal masses patients which performed adrenalectomy by Eskişehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine Department of General Surgery between 2010-2012 were included in this study. The results of the final histopathological analysis were classified retrospectively.

Results: The rate of malignancy in adrenal masses of 6 cm or more supported by the literature was found to be high in our clinical series.

Conclusions: As a result of our clinical retrospective study, we think that the extent of the formation in the related gland is highly effective and significant in making an operation decision before adrenalectomy. 

Adrenal, mass, surgery
  • 1. Adler JT, Meyer-Rochow GY, Chen H, Benn DE, Robinson BG, Sippel RS et al. Pheochromocytoma: current approaches and future directions. Oncologist 2008;13:779-93.
  • 2. Asari R, Koperek O, Niederle B. Endoscopic adrenalectomy in large adrenal tumors. Surgery 2012;152:41-9.
  • 3. Favia G, Lumachi F, Basso S, D’Amico DF. Management of incidentally discovered adrenal masses and risk of malignancy. Surgery 2000;128:918-24.
  • 4. Mantero F, Terzolo M, Arnaldi G. A survey on adrenal incidentiloma in Italy. Study group on adrenal tumors of the Italian Society of Endocrinology. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2000;85:637-644.
  • 5. Moreira SG Jr, Pow-Sang JM. Evaluation and management of adrenal masses. Cancer Control 2002;9:326-34.
  • 6. Nieman LK. Approach to the patient with an adrenal incidentiloma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2010;95:4106-13.
  • 7. Fassina AS, Borsato S, Fedeli U. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of adrenal masses. Cytopathology 2000;11:302-11.
  • 8. Erbil Y, Barbaros U, Aral F, Özbey N, İşsever H, Bozbora H, et al. [Transabdominal laparoscopic adrenalectomy: our clinical experience in 62 procedures]. Endokrinolojide Diyalog Dergisi 2008;4:181-7. [Article in Turkish]
  • 9. Abdel-Aziz TE, Rajeev P, Sadler G, Weaver A, Mihai R. Risk of adrenocorticalcarcinoma in adrenal tumours greater than 8 cm. World J Surg 2015;39:1268-73.
  • 10. Linos DA, Stylopoulos N, Raptis SA. Adrenaloma: a call for more aggressive management. World J Surg 1996;20:788-93.
Primary Language en
Subjects Surgery
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3465-8719
Author: Bartu BADAK (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of General Surgery, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0646-0951
Author: Erhan ASLANER
Institution: Department of General Surgery, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : December 30, 2019
Acceptance Date : March 23, 2020
Publication Date : January 4, 2021

EndNote %0 The European Research Journal Is the fear of malignancy in large adrenal masses realistic? %A Bartu Badak , Erhan Aslaner %T Is the fear of malignancy in large adrenal masses realistic? %D 2021 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 7 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.667596 %U 10.18621/eurj.667596