Year 2021, Volume 7 , Issue 3, Pages 312 - 318 2021-05-04

Investigation of the situations affecting vocational school students' anxiety levels and academic achievements

Muhammet BAYRAKTAR [1] , Mehmet DOĞAN [2]

Objectives: In this study, we aim to determine the prevalence of anxiety and evaluate its relationship with academic performance in a vocational school of health services students, which causes significant disability and loss of labor and is frequently seen with mood disorders in the society.

Methods: A sample was not selected for the research, it was aimed to reach all students. Of the 1093 students who are attending the school, 849 (77.7%) students participated in the study. In order to determine the level of anxiety in students, a questionnaire form consisting of the Beck Anxiety Inventory and descriptive features were applied by the online survey method.

Results: Of the students; 80.1% are female, 98.1% are single, 57.1% are in their first year, and the average age is 20.25 ± 1.81. The total scale score was found 9.42 ± 8.65 and it was 9.90 ± 8.69 for female students and 7.49 ± 8.24 for male students. Variable levels of anxiety were detected in 38.8% of the participants. There was no statistically significant relation found between anxiety level and academic performance, but both anxiety levels and academic performances were affected by the gender of participants.

Conclusions: Making psychological evaluations of students while they are starting their higher education and checking their statuses periodically using standard self-report tools by using technological instruments; would make it possible to make necessary interventions by noticing the situations that may adversely affect their academic success, social life, mental and cognitive development in the early stages.

vocational school, students, anxiety, grades
  • 1. Öztürk MO, Uluşahin A. Ruh Sağlığı ve Bozuklukları. 13. Baskı, Ankara: Nobel Tıp Kitapevleri; 2015.
  • 2. Özcan M, Uğuz F, Çilli AS. [The prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder and comorbidity among psychiatric outpatients]. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi 2006;17:276-85. [Article in Turkish]
  • 3. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013.
  • 4. Türker E. Koroner Anjiyografi Yapılan Hastaların ve Eşlerinin Anksiyeteleri, Ankara Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Hemşirelik Ana Bilim Dalı, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Ankara, 2015.
  • 5. Junaid M, Auf A, Shaikh K, Khan N, Abdelrahim S. Correlation between academic performance and anxiety in medical students of Majmaah University - KSA. J Pak Med Assoc 2020;70:865-8.
  • 6. Beck AT, Epstein N, Brown G, Steer RA. An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. J Consult Clin Psychol 1988;56:893-7.
  • 7. Beck AT, Steer RA. Beck Anxiety Inventory Manual. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.; 1990.
  • 8. Creamer M, Foran J, Bell R. The Beck Anxiety Inventory in a non-clinical sample. Behav Res Ther 1995;33:477-85.
  • 9. Ulusoy M, Şahin NH, Erkmen H. The Beck anxiety inventory: psychometric properties. J Cogn Psychother 1998;12:163-72.
  • 10. Beasley TM, Schumacker RE. Multiple regression approach to analyzing contingency tables: Post hoc and planned comparison procedures. J Exp Educ 1995;64:79-93.
  • 11. Garcia-Perez MA, Nunez-Anton V. Cellwise residual analysis in two-way contingency tables. Educ Psychol Meas 2003;63:825-39.
  • 12. Inam SNB, Saqib A, Alam E. Prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical students of private university. J Pak Med Assoc 2003;53:44-6.
  • 13. Mehanna Z, Richa S. [Prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders in medical students. Transversal study in medical students in the Saint-Joseph University of Beirut]. Encephale 2006;32(6Pt1):976-82. [Article in French]
  • 14. Yusoff MSB, Rahim AFA, Baba AA, Ismail SB, Pa MNM, Esa AR. Prevalence and associated factors of stress, anxiety and depression among prospective medical students. Asian J Psychiatr 2013;6:128-33.
  • 15. Singh I, Jha A. Anxiety, optimism and academic achievement among students of private medical and engineering colleges: a comparative study. J Educ Dev Psychol 2013;3:222-33.
  • 16. Saravanan C, Wilks R. Medical students’ experience of and reaction to stress: the role of depression and anxiety. ScientificWorldJournal 2014;2014:737382.
  • 17. Manchevska S, Pluncevic-Gligoroska J. The prevalence of high anxiety and substance Use in university students in the republic of Macedonia. Prilozi 2014;35:67-74.
  • 18. Wahed WY, Hassan SK. Prevalence and associated factors of stress, anxiety and depression among medical Fayoum University students. Alexandria J Med 2017;53:77-84.
  • 19. Kars V, Arslan N, Erik L, Avcı N, Bucaktepe PG, Celepkolu T, Şahin HA. [The problems during choice of profession and comparison of these problems with anxiety and depression in final year of high school students]. Dicle Med J 2014;41:187-90. [Article in Turkish]
  • 20. Ayaz E, Varol G. [Examination of factors related to dental anxiety level in 1st grade students in health high school of Namık Kemal University vocational school of health services]. Namık Kemal Tıp Dergisi 2018;6:96-103. [Article in Turkish]
  • 21. Gümüş F, Zengin L. [Anxiety, depressive symptom frequency and related factors in nursing students]. Van Med J 2018;25:527-34. [Article in Turkish]
  • 22. Ölçücü B, Vatansever Ş, Özcan G, Çelik A, Paktaş Y. [The relationship between depression, anxiety and physical activity level among university students]. Uluslararası Türk Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi 2015;April 2015:294-303. [Article in Turkish]
  • 23. Bilgel N, Bayram N. Turkish version of the depression anxiety stress scale (DASS-42): psychometric properties. Arch Neuropsychiatry 2010;47:118-26.
  • 24. Vernon SW, Roberts RE, Sul Lee EUN. Ethnic status and participation in longitudinal health surveys. Am J Epidemiol 1984;119:99-113.
  • 25. Rosenthal JM, Okie S. White Coat, Mood indigo - depression in medical school. N Eng J Med 2005;353:1085-8.
Primary Language en
Subjects Public Environmental and Occupational Health
Journal Section Original Articles

Orcid: 0000-0002-2242-8046
Author: Muhammet BAYRAKTAR (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Public Health, Niğde Ömer Halis University of School of Medicine, Niğde, Turkey
Country: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0002-2971-7246
Author: Mehmet DOĞAN
Institution: Department of Medical Services and Tecniques, Erciyes University, Halil Bayraktar Health Services Vocational School, Kayseri, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Application Date : July 4, 2020
Acceptance Date : October 11, 2020
Publication Date : May 4, 2021

EndNote %0 The European Research Journal Investigation of the situations affecting vocational school students' anxiety levels and academic achievements %A Muhammet Bayraktar , Mehmet Doğan %T Investigation of the situations affecting vocational school students' anxiety levels and academic achievements %D 2021 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 7 %N 3 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.737946 %U 10.18621/eurj.737946