Year 2021, Volume 7 , Issue 4, Pages 417 - 424 2021-07-04

Acceptability of a COVID-19 vaccine and role of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs on vaccination willingness among medical students

Mehmet Onur KAYA [1] , Burkay YAKAR [2] , Esra PAMUKÇU [3] , Erhan ÖNALAN [4] , Ramazan Fazıl AKKOÇ [5] , Edibe PİRİNÇCİ [6] , Mehmet Ferit GÜRSU [7]


Objectives: Vaccination to the population is the most effective way to get rid of the COVID-19 pandemic, which currently has no effective treatment. For the high vaccine acceptance rate, it is important to determine the vaccine willingness of individuals and the barriers to vaccination. We aimed to determine the acceptability of the COVID-19 vaccine and the effect of attitudes, perception and beliefs on vaccination willingness among medical students.

Methods: In February 2020, a cross-sectional survey was conducted online among medical student. A total of 734 medical students out of 980 medical students answered the questionnaire forms (response rate: 75.4%). The online questionnaire collected socio-demographic characteristics, attitudes, risk perception and beliefs about the COVID-19 pandemic and vaccine. Vaccine hesitancy, rejection and acceptance were determined by self-report of medical students.

Results: Total of 739 medical students included study. Students declared that 60.1% (n = 444) of them to be willing to vaccinated, 14.2% (n = 105) refused and 25.7% (n = 190) were not sure. Covid-19 willingness to be vaccinated was higher in female (p = 0.005), clinical students (p < 0.001), those who ever tested for COVID-19 (p = 0.002), those who had covid-19 infection history in the family (p = 0.043), those who had COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccine education (p = 0.001). Positive attitudes skor and higher knowledge scores were related with highly willingness to be vaccinated. High beliefs score (positive beliefs) was found to be associated with a higher willingness to be vaccinated (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Although the majority of the study population willingness to be vaccinated, one-third of medical students are hesitant about vaccination. Education, positive attitude and beliefs are related to higher willingness to vaccination.The COVID-19 pandemic immunization programs should be designed to remove barriers to negative vaccine beliefs and perception.

COVID-19 Vaccines, medical students, vaccination awareness, perception, beliefs
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Primary Language en
Subjects Public Environmental and Occupational Health
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-8052-0484
Author: Mehmet Onur KAYA
Institution: Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-2745-6561
Author: Burkay YAKAR (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Family Medicine, Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5778-9626
Author: Esra PAMUKÇU
Institution: Department of Statistics, Fırat University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Elazığ, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5395-0390
Author: Erhan ÖNALAN
Institution: Department of Internal Medicine, Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0559-8932
Author: Ramazan Fazıl AKKOÇ
Institution: Department of Public Health, Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1344-4562
Author: Edibe PİRİNÇCİ
Institution: Department of Anatomy, Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3552-7315
Author: Mehmet Ferit GÜRSU
Institution: Department of Biochemistry, Fırat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : March 31, 2021
Acceptance Date : April 25, 2021
Publication Date : July 4, 2021

EndNote %0 The European Research Journal Acceptability of a COVID-19 vaccine and role of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs on vaccination willingness among medical students %A Mehmet Onur Kaya , Burkay Yakar , Esra Pamukçu , Erhan Önalan , Ramazan Fazıl Akkoç , Edibe Pirinçci , Mehmet Ferit Gürsu %T Acceptability of a COVID-19 vaccine and role of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs on vaccination willingness among medical students %D 2021 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 7 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.907213 %U 10.18621/eurj.907213