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Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle

Year 2018, Volume 11, Issue 2, 157 - 162, 30.04.2018
https://doi.org/10.17671/gazibtd.340566

Abstract

Design and properties of an Android-based autonomous human tracking vehicle has been presented in this paper.  It has been developed by using 3G technology with a smartphone. Real time control of the vehicle and transfer of captured image are performed by connecting the smartphone on the vehicle to the user’s smartphone. The aim of this paper is the design and implementation of a solution for supplying autonomous human tracking for especially using in unmanned ground vehicle cost effectively, user friendly and real time. Object tracking was implemented with OpenCV (Open Source Computer Vision) library, introduced to the develop software on the vehicle. The vehicle tracks human autonomously when track button is switched on. It is controlled remotely by the user. A compact and cost effective system has been realized by XMPP protocol and using minimum hardware. In addition, unnecessary power consumption was prevented through the developed software with the accelerometer by detecting the vehicle condition. Performance tests have been done on command and image transmission. The commanded autonomous transmission for the control process and real time image transmission can be achieved in short time as 240 ms and 158 ms, respectively.

References

  • Referans 1. D. K. Yoon, Y. S Lee., J. T Seo, S. Gai, B.-J Yi, “Autonomous Human Tracking of Multiple Robotic Lamps”, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Minnesota, 3567–3572, 2012.
  • Referans 2. J. Songmin, Z. Liang, L. Xiuzhi, C. Wei, S. Jinbo, “Autonomous Robot Human Detecting and Tracking Based on Stereo Vision”, IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, Beijing, 640–645, 2011.
  • Referans 3. N. J. Kwak, T. S. Song, “Android-Based Human Action Recognition Alarm Service Using Action Recognition Parameter and Decision Tree”, International Journal of Security and Its Applications, 7(4), 277–286, 2013.
  • Referans 4. J. Fan, W. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Gong, “Human Tracking Using Convolutional Neural Networks”, IEEE Trans Neural Netw, 21(10), 1610–1623, 2010.
  • Referans 5. Y. Lu, S. Payandeh, “Cooperative Hybrid Multi-Camera Tracking for People Surveillance”, Can J Elect Comput E, 33(3), 145–152, 2008.
  • Referans 6. R. Gupta, B. V. R. Reddy, “GPS and GPRS Based Cost Effective Human Tracking System Using Mobile Phones”, Viewpoint, 2(1), 39–45, 2011.
  • Referans 7. P. Dong, G. Bilbro, M. Y. Chow, “Controlling a Path-Tracking Unmanned Ground Vehicle with a Field-Programmable Analog Array”, IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, California,.1263–1268, 2005.
  • Referans 8. J. L. Paillat, P. Lucidarme, L. Hardouin, “Original Design of an Unmanned Ground Vehicle for Exploration in Rough Terrain”, Advanced Robotics, 24, 255–276, 2010.
  • Referans 9. M. Şimşek, M. Yoldaş, A. Bulut, İ. A. Doğru, M. A. Akçayol, “3G Tabanlı Uzaktan Kontrol Edilebilen Araç Geliştirilmesi”, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 27(1), 135–142, 2012.
  • Referans 10. A.S.M.A. Ahmed, L. Alamgir, A. Nayeem, D. Sharma, B. B. Pathik, Devising a Solar Powered Standalone Vehicle Using GSM Communication Network, International Conference on Electrical Information and Communication Technology, Bangladesh, 2014.
  • Referans 11. E. Bekiroglu, N. Daldal, “Remote Control of an Ultrasonic Motor by Using a GSM Mobile Phone”, Sens. Actuators, A, 120, 536–542, 2005.
  • Referans 12. R. Bayindir, S. Vadi, “Real-Time Monitoring and Control of the Parameters of an Induction Motor”, Elektronika Ir Elektrotechnika, 19(10), 145–150, 2013.
  • Referans 13. N. Batarliene, A. Baublys, “Mobile Solutions in Road Transport”, Transport, 22(1), 55–60, 2007..
  • Referans 14. S. Lee, G. Tewolde, J. Kwon, “Design and Implementation of Vehicle Tracking System Using GPS/GSM/GPRS Technology and Smartphone Application”, IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things, Seoul, 353–358, 2014.
  • Referans 15. S. Qin, X. Yao, “An Intelligent Parking System Based on GSM Module”, Appl Math Inf Sci, 7(1), 55–59, 2013.
  • Referans 16. Z. Huang, Y. Lu, “Wireless Monitoring and Control System via Android Tablet PC”, 2nd International Symposium on Computer, Communication, Control and Automation, Singapore, 449–452, 2013.
  • Referans 17. R.A. Ramlee, M.A. Othman, M.H. Leong, M.M. Ismail, S.S.S. Ranjit, “ Smart Home System Using Android Application”, International Conference of Information and Communication Technology, Bandung, 277–280, 2013.
  • Referans 18. Z.W Siew, C.H. Wong, S.E. Tan, H.P. Yoong, K.T.K. Teo, “Design and Development of a Tablet Based Real Time Wireless Data Logger”, IEEE Global High Tech Congress on Electronics, Shenzhen, 111–116, 2012..
  • Referans 19. F.J. Mesas-Carrascosa, I.L. Castillejo-Gonzalez, M.S. de la Orden, A. Garda-Ferrer, “Real-Time Mobile Phone Application to Support Land Policy”, Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 85, 109–111, 2012.
  • Referans 20. G.M. Jeong, C. W Park, S. You,S.H. Ji, “A Study on the Education Assistant System Using Smartphones and Service Robots for Children”, Int J Adv Robot Syst, 11(71), 1–9, 2014.
  • Referans 21. J. Axselson, “USB Complete: The Developer's Guide”, Lakeview Reasearch LLC, United States of America, 2009.
  • Referans 22. P.C. Dhande, P. Bhople, T. Dorage, N. Patil, S. Daundkar, “Follower Robot Using Android Programming”, International Journal of Computer Science and Network, 3(6), 545–553, 2014.

Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle

Year 2018, Volume 11, Issue 2, 157 - 162, 30.04.2018
https://doi.org/10.17671/gazibtd.340566

Abstract

Design and properties of an Android-based autonomous human tracking vehicle has been presented in this paper.  It has been developed by using 3G technology with a smartphone. Real time control of the vehicle and transfer of captured image are performed by connecting the smartphone on the vehicle to the user’s smartphone. The aim of this paper is the design and implementation of a solution for supplying autonomous human tracking for especially using in unmanned ground vehicle cost effectively, user friendly and real time. Object tracking was implemented with OpenCV (Open Source Computer Vision) library, introduced to the develop software on the vehicle. The vehicle tracks human autonomously when track button is switched on. It is controlled remotely by the user. A compact and cost effective system has been realized by XMPP protocol and using minimum hardware. In addition, unnecessary power consumption was prevented through the developed software with the accelerometer by detecting the vehicle condition. Performance tests have been done on command and image transmission. The commanded autonomous transmission for the control process and real time image transmission can be achieved in short time as 240 ms and 158 ms, respectively.

References

  • Referans 1. D. K. Yoon, Y. S Lee., J. T Seo, S. Gai, B.-J Yi, “Autonomous Human Tracking of Multiple Robotic Lamps”, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Minnesota, 3567–3572, 2012.
  • Referans 2. J. Songmin, Z. Liang, L. Xiuzhi, C. Wei, S. Jinbo, “Autonomous Robot Human Detecting and Tracking Based on Stereo Vision”, IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, Beijing, 640–645, 2011.
  • Referans 3. N. J. Kwak, T. S. Song, “Android-Based Human Action Recognition Alarm Service Using Action Recognition Parameter and Decision Tree”, International Journal of Security and Its Applications, 7(4), 277–286, 2013.
  • Referans 4. J. Fan, W. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Gong, “Human Tracking Using Convolutional Neural Networks”, IEEE Trans Neural Netw, 21(10), 1610–1623, 2010.
  • Referans 5. Y. Lu, S. Payandeh, “Cooperative Hybrid Multi-Camera Tracking for People Surveillance”, Can J Elect Comput E, 33(3), 145–152, 2008.
  • Referans 6. R. Gupta, B. V. R. Reddy, “GPS and GPRS Based Cost Effective Human Tracking System Using Mobile Phones”, Viewpoint, 2(1), 39–45, 2011.
  • Referans 7. P. Dong, G. Bilbro, M. Y. Chow, “Controlling a Path-Tracking Unmanned Ground Vehicle with a Field-Programmable Analog Array”, IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, California,.1263–1268, 2005.
  • Referans 8. J. L. Paillat, P. Lucidarme, L. Hardouin, “Original Design of an Unmanned Ground Vehicle for Exploration in Rough Terrain”, Advanced Robotics, 24, 255–276, 2010.
  • Referans 9. M. Şimşek, M. Yoldaş, A. Bulut, İ. A. Doğru, M. A. Akçayol, “3G Tabanlı Uzaktan Kontrol Edilebilen Araç Geliştirilmesi”, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 27(1), 135–142, 2012.
  • Referans 10. A.S.M.A. Ahmed, L. Alamgir, A. Nayeem, D. Sharma, B. B. Pathik, Devising a Solar Powered Standalone Vehicle Using GSM Communication Network, International Conference on Electrical Information and Communication Technology, Bangladesh, 2014.
  • Referans 11. E. Bekiroglu, N. Daldal, “Remote Control of an Ultrasonic Motor by Using a GSM Mobile Phone”, Sens. Actuators, A, 120, 536–542, 2005.
  • Referans 12. R. Bayindir, S. Vadi, “Real-Time Monitoring and Control of the Parameters of an Induction Motor”, Elektronika Ir Elektrotechnika, 19(10), 145–150, 2013.
  • Referans 13. N. Batarliene, A. Baublys, “Mobile Solutions in Road Transport”, Transport, 22(1), 55–60, 2007..
  • Referans 14. S. Lee, G. Tewolde, J. Kwon, “Design and Implementation of Vehicle Tracking System Using GPS/GSM/GPRS Technology and Smartphone Application”, IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things, Seoul, 353–358, 2014.
  • Referans 15. S. Qin, X. Yao, “An Intelligent Parking System Based on GSM Module”, Appl Math Inf Sci, 7(1), 55–59, 2013.
  • Referans 16. Z. Huang, Y. Lu, “Wireless Monitoring and Control System via Android Tablet PC”, 2nd International Symposium on Computer, Communication, Control and Automation, Singapore, 449–452, 2013.
  • Referans 17. R.A. Ramlee, M.A. Othman, M.H. Leong, M.M. Ismail, S.S.S. Ranjit, “ Smart Home System Using Android Application”, International Conference of Information and Communication Technology, Bandung, 277–280, 2013.
  • Referans 18. Z.W Siew, C.H. Wong, S.E. Tan, H.P. Yoong, K.T.K. Teo, “Design and Development of a Tablet Based Real Time Wireless Data Logger”, IEEE Global High Tech Congress on Electronics, Shenzhen, 111–116, 2012..
  • Referans 19. F.J. Mesas-Carrascosa, I.L. Castillejo-Gonzalez, M.S. de la Orden, A. Garda-Ferrer, “Real-Time Mobile Phone Application to Support Land Policy”, Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 85, 109–111, 2012.
  • Referans 20. G.M. Jeong, C. W Park, S. You,S.H. Ji, “A Study on the Education Assistant System Using Smartphones and Service Robots for Children”, Int J Adv Robot Syst, 11(71), 1–9, 2014.
  • Referans 21. J. Axselson, “USB Complete: The Developer's Guide”, Lakeview Reasearch LLC, United States of America, 2009.
  • Referans 22. P.C. Dhande, P. Bhople, T. Dorage, N. Patil, S. Daundkar, “Follower Robot Using Android Programming”, International Journal of Computer Science and Network, 3(6), 545–553, 2014.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Meral ÖZARSLAN YATAK
0000-0002-1091-1647


Batuhan GÖKTAŞ
0000-0002-1091-1647
Türkiye


Fecir DURAN
0000-0001-7256-5471

Publication Date April 30, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018, Volume 11, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @other { gazibtd340566, journal = {Bilişim Teknolojileri Dergisi}, issn = {1307-9697}, eissn = {2147-0715}, address = {}, publisher = {Gazi University}, year = {2018}, volume = {11}, pages = {157 - 162}, doi = {10.17671/gazibtd.340566}, title = {Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle}, key = {cite}, author = {Özarslan Yatak, Meral and Göktaş, Batuhan and Duran, Fecir} }
APA Özarslan Yatak, M. , Göktaş, B. & Duran, F. (2018). Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle . Bilişim Teknolojileri Dergisi , 11 (2) , 157-162 . DOI: 10.17671/gazibtd.340566
MLA Özarslan Yatak, M. , Göktaş, B. , Duran, F. "Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle" . Bilişim Teknolojileri Dergisi 11 (2018 ): 157-162 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gazibtd/issue/36840/340566>
Chicago Özarslan Yatak, M. , Göktaş, B. , Duran, F. "Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle". Bilişim Teknolojileri Dergisi 11 (2018 ): 157-162
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle AU - Meral Özarslan Yatak , Batuhan Göktaş , Fecir Duran Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.17671/gazibtd.340566 DO - 10.17671/gazibtd.340566 T2 - Bilişim Teknolojileri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 157 EP - 162 VL - 11 IS - 2 SN - 1307-9697-2147-0715 M3 - doi: 10.17671/gazibtd.340566 UR - https://doi.org/10.17671/gazibtd.340566 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Information Technologies Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle %A Meral Özarslan Yatak , Batuhan Göktaş , Fecir Duran %T Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle %D 2018 %J Bilişim Teknolojileri Dergisi %P 1307-9697-2147-0715 %V 11 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17671/gazibtd.340566 %U 10.17671/gazibtd.340566
ISNAD Özarslan Yatak, Meral , Göktaş, Batuhan , Duran, Fecir . "Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle". Bilişim Teknolojileri Dergisi 11 / 2 (April 2018): 157-162 . https://doi.org/10.17671/gazibtd.340566
AMA Özarslan Yatak M. , Göktaş B. , Duran F. Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle. Bilişim Teknolojileri Dergisi. 2018; 11(2): 157-162.
Vancouver Özarslan Yatak M. , Göktaş B. , Duran F. Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle. Bilişim Teknolojileri Dergisi. 2018; 11(2): 157-162.
IEEE M. Özarslan Yatak , B. Göktaş and F. Duran , "Design and Implementation of Android-Based Autonomous Human Tracking Vehicle", Bilişim Teknolojileri Dergisi, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 157-162, Apr. 2018, doi:10.17671/gazibtd.340566