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Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar

Year 2021, Volume , Issue 219, 6 - 58, 30.06.2021

Abstract

Su altı araçları dalmış, şnorkel ve satıh gibi birbirinden çok farklı operasyonel isterlere sahip çeşitli işletme modlarında kullanılabilirler. Dolayısı ile bu araçların hidrodinamik tasarımının birbiri ile çelişen özelliklerin bir arada sağlanmasını gerektiren bir optimizasyon problemi olarak ele alınması gereklidir. Hidrodinamik tasarım konusunun su altı araçları açısından belki de en kritik yönü manevra probleminin çözülmesidir. Düşey düzlemde sahip oldukları ilave serbestlik dereceleri ile birlikte karakteristik hızları ve akışkan özellikleri nedeniyle baskın viskoz etkilere maruz kalmaları bu problemi daha da zorlayıcı hale getirmektedir. Ayrıca karakteristik geometrik özellikleri (yelken gibi büyük bir takıntıya sahip olmaları gibi) nedeniyle ve/veya operasyon moduna bağlı olarak (şnorkel seyri gibi) oluşan düzlem dışı etkiler ve serbestlik dereceleri arası karşılıklı etkileşimler de probleminin karmaşıklık seviyesini artıran etkenlerdir. Genelde askeri amaçlar için tasarlanıp kullanılmaları nedeniyle su altı araçlarının her şart altında gizliklerini korumaları beklenir. Operasyonları sırasında hidrostatik basınca maruz kalmaları ise bu araçların çalışabilecekleri azami derinliğe bir sınırlandırma getirir. Serbest yüzeyi yarıp gizliliği ihlal etmeme ve ezilme derinliğinin altına inip aracın kaybına neden olmama zorunluluğu aracın manevra karakteristiklerinin yüksek doğrulukla tahminini gerektirir. Literatürde bu karmaşık problemi her bir operasyon modunda istenilen hassasiyet seviyesinde çözebilmek için birçok yöntem geliştirilmiştir. Bu yöntemlerin geliştirilmesi jenerik geometriler, standart manevralar, hesaplama algoritmaları vb. gibi ikincil konularda da bir çok gelişmeyi beraberinde getirmiştir. Bu durum ise toplamda azımsanmayacak miktarda bir literatür oluşmasına sebep olmuştur. Bu çalışmanın amacı hâlihazırda mevcut literatürü sınıflandırmak, her bir kategorideki çalışmalar arasında ilişkileri ve kullanılan yöntemlerin zayıf ve güçlü taraflarını ortaya koymak ve bu yöntemlerle elde edilen önemli sonuçlara değinmektir. Kapsam dahilindeki materyal miktarı göz önüne alındığında; bunun tek bir başlık altında yapılması mümkün değildir. Bu durum sınıflandırmaya konu her bir ana başlığın ayrı bir çalışma halinde bir araya getirilmesini zorunlu hale getirmiştir. Buna göre çalışmanın mevcut birinci bölümü; su altı araçlarının manevra probleminin çözümünde kullanılan yöntemlerin gruplandırılması ve ayrıca jenerik geometriler ve standart manevraların incelenmesine ayrılmıştır. Bu bölümde, dalmış durum şartları altındaki çalışmalar incelenmiştir. Aracın akışkan sınırlarına (serbest su yüzeyi gibi) yakınlığı nedeniyle oluşan sapmalar ise çalışmanın ikinci bölümünde değerlendirilmiştir. Son olarak, yakın zamanda literatürün ağırlıklı olarak hesaplamalı yöntemleri esas alacak şekilde gelişmesi nedeniyle, bu yaklaşımların kendi iç dinamiklerinin incelenmesi çalışmanın üçüncü bölümünde gerçekleştirilecektir.

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Assessment of the Maneuvering Characteristics of Underwater Vehicles-I: Approaches Used for Maneuvering Analysis

Year 2021, Volume , Issue 219, 6 - 58, 30.06.2021

Abstract

Utilizing in various operating modes (such as submerged, snorkeling and surfaced) with diverse operational requirements; the hydrodynamic design of underwater vehicles must be considered as an optimization problem that enforces a balance between conflicting features. Possibly the most critical aspect of the hydrodynamic design process is the solution of maneuvering problem. Together with the additional degrees of freedom in the vertical plane and subjecting to dominant viscous effects due to characteristic velocities and fluid properties, makes the solution of the problem even more challenging. In addition, out-of-plane effects and interactions between degrees of freedom due to characteristic geometric features (existence of a relatively big appendage such as sail) and/or mode of operation (such as snorkeling) increase the level of complexity. Generally designed and used for military purposes, underwater vehicles are expected to maintain their stealth under all circumstances. Moreover, being exposed to hydrostatic pressure during their operations restricts the maximum diving depth. The requirements of not to broach (i.e., violate the stealthiness) and not to dive below the collapse depth (i.e., cause the loss of the vehicle) necessitate a high level of accuracy for the estimation of the maneuvering characteristics of the vehicle. In literature, various methods have been developed to solve this challenging problem at the desired level of accuracy for each operation mode of the vehicle. Development of these methods brought along improvements also in secondary subjects including generic geometries, standard maneuvers, calculation algorithms etc. and led to the formation of a substantial amount of literature. This study aims to classify currently subject and chronological wise scattered literature, reveal the relationships between studies in each category, clarify the weaknesses and strength of the methods used, and mention the significant results obtained using these methods. Considering the amount of material to be covered, it is not possible to achieve above described goals in a single study. This necessitates bringing together each topic as a separate section. Accordingly, the methods -grouped under the subtopics of physical and mathematical approaches- used in solving the maneuvering problem of underwater vehicles together with the generic geometries and standard maneuvers are formed the first section of the study. The assumption of submerged state used in the studies under this section requires examining the deviations caused by the fluid boundaries under a separate title, which constitutes the second section of the study. Finally, due to the recent progress in the literature on computational methods mainly, the formation of the main topic in which the internal dynamics of these methods are examined is inevitable, which constitutes the third section of the study.

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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Issue
Authors

Oğuzhan KIRIKBAŞ (Primary Author)
İSTANBUL TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2504-8727
Türkiye


Ömer Kemal KINACI
İSTANBUL TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2956-9562
Türkiye


Şakir BAL
İSTANBUL TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-8688-8482
Türkiye

Publication Date June 30, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume , Issue 219

Cite

Bibtex @research article { gdt877594, journal = {Gemi ve Deniz Teknolojisi}, issn = {1300-1973}, eissn = {2651-530X}, address = {}, publisher = {TMMOB Gemi Mühendisleri Odası}, year = {2021}, volume = {}, pages = {6 - 58}, doi = {}, title = {Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar}, key = {cite}, author = {Kırıkbaş, Oğuzhan and Kınacı, Ömer Kemal and Bal, Şakir} }
APA Kırıkbaş, O. , Kınacı, Ö. K. & Bal, Ş. (2021). Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar . Gemi ve Deniz Teknolojisi , (219) , 6-58 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gdt/issue/63160/877594
MLA Kırıkbaş, O. , Kınacı, Ö. K. , Bal, Ş. "Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar" . Gemi ve Deniz Teknolojisi (2021 ): 6-58 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gdt/issue/63160/877594>
Chicago Kırıkbaş, O. , Kınacı, Ö. K. , Bal, Ş. "Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar". Gemi ve Deniz Teknolojisi (2021 ): 6-58
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar AU - Oğuzhan Kırıkbaş , Ömer Kemal Kınacı , Şakir Bal Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - Gemi ve Deniz Teknolojisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 6 EP - 58 VL - IS - 219 SN - 1300-1973-2651-530X M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Gemi ve Deniz Teknolojisi Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar %A Oğuzhan Kırıkbaş , Ömer Kemal Kınacı , Şakir Bal %T Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar %D 2021 %J Gemi ve Deniz Teknolojisi %P 1300-1973-2651-530X %V %N 219 %R %U
ISNAD Kırıkbaş, Oğuzhan , Kınacı, Ömer Kemal , Bal, Şakir . "Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar". Gemi ve Deniz Teknolojisi / 219 (June 2021): 6-58 .
AMA Kırıkbaş O. , Kınacı Ö. K. , Bal Ş. Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar. Gemi ve Deniz Teknolojisi. 2021; (219): 6-58.
Vancouver Kırıkbaş O. , Kınacı Ö. K. , Bal Ş. Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar. Gemi ve Deniz Teknolojisi. 2021; (219): 6-58.
IEEE O. Kırıkbaş , Ö. K. Kınacı and Ş. Bal , "Sualtı Araçlarının Manevra Karakteristiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi-I: Manevra Analizlerinde Kullanılan Yaklaşımlar", Gemi ve Deniz Teknolojisi, no. 219, pp. 6-58, Jun. 2021