Review
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Year 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, 233 - 240, 29.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000233

Abstract

References

  • Mastalerz, M., A. Drobniak, and A.B. Stankiewicz, Origin, properties, and implications of solid bitumen in source-rock reservoirs: A review. International Journal of Coal Geology. 195, 14-36, 2018.
  • Cui, J. and K. Wu, Equivalent permeability of shale rocks: Simple and accurate empirical coupling of organic and inorganic matter. Chemical Engineering Science. 216, 115491, 2020.
  • Estrada, J.M. and R. Bhamidimarri, A review of the issues and treatment options for wastewater from shale gas extraction by hydraulic fracturing. Fuel. 182, 292-303, 2016.
  • Hackley, P.C. and B.J. Cardott, Application of organic petrography in North American shale petroleum systems: A review. International Journal of Coal Geology. 163, 8-51, 2016.
  • Sovacool, B.K., Cornucopia or curse? Reviewing the costs and benefits of shale gas hydraulic fracturing (fracking). Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 37, 249-264, 2014.
  • Davies, R.J., et al., Oil and gas wells and their integrity: Implications for shale and unconventional resource exploitation. Marine and Petroleum Geology. 56, 239-254, 2014.
  • Chan, P., J.R. Etherington, and R. Aguilera, A Process to Evaluate Unconventional Resources. Paper presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence, Italy, September 2010.
  • Wang, H., et al., Modeling of multi-scale transport phenomena in shale gas production — A critical review. Applied Energy. 262, 114575, 2020.
  • Gale, J.F.W., et al., Natural fractures in shale: A review and new observations. Aapg Bulletin. 98(11), 2165-2216, 2014.
  • Ross, D.J.K. and R. Marc Bustin, The importance of shale composition and pore structure upon gas storage potential of shale gas reservoirs. Marine and Petroleum Geology. 26(6), 916-927, 2009.
  • Dang, W., et al., Investigation of gas content of organic-rich shale: A case study from Lower Permian shale in southern North China Basin, central China. Geoscience Frontiers. 9(2), 559-575, 2018.
  • Korpyś, M., J. Wójcik, and P. Synowiec, Methods for sweetening natural and shale gas. Chemik Science-Technique-Market. 68, 213-215, 2014.
  • Stephanie, M.R., et al., Hybrid membrane bio-systems for sustainable treatment of oil and gas produced water and fracturing flowback water. Separation and Purification Technology. 171, 297-311, 2016.
  • Chang, H.Q., et al., Potential and implemented membrane-based technologies for the treatment and reuse of flowback and produced water from shale gas and oil plays: A review. Desalination. 455, 34-57, 2019.
  • Ground Water Protection Council, Modern Shale Gas Development In The United States: A Primer, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Oklahoma City, OK, 2009.
  • Gregory, K.B., R.D. Vidic, and D.A. Dzombak, Water Management Challenges Associated with the Production of Shale Gas by Hydraulic Fracturing. Elements. 7(3), 181-186, 2011.
  • Chen, D., Z. Pan, and Z. Ye, Dependence of gas shale fracture permeability on effective stress and reservoir pressure: Model match and insights. Fuel. 139, 383-392, 2015.
  • Agrawal, V. and S. Sharma, Are we modeling the properties of unconventional shales correctly? Fuel. 267, 117316, 2020.
  • Javadpour, F., D. Fisher, and M. Unsworth, Nanoscale Gas Flow in Shale Gas Sediments. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology. 46(10), 2007.
  • Iddphonce, R., J.J. Wang, and L. Zhao, Review of CO2 injection techniques for enhanced shale gas recovery: Prospect and challenges. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. 77, 12, 2020.
  • Liu, J., et al., Numerical evaluation on multiphase flow and heat transfer during thermal stimulation enhanced shale gas recovery. Applied Thermal Engineering. 178, 16, 2020.
  • Huang, L., et al., Effect of organic type and moisture on CO2/CH4 competitive adsorption in kerogen with implications for CO2 sequestration and enhanced CH4 recovery. Applied Energy. 210, 28-43, 2018.
  • Rani, S., E. Padmanabhan, and B.K. Prusty, Review of gas adsorption in shales for enhanced methane recovery and CO2 storage. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. 175, 634-643, 2019.
  • Hu, X., et al., Thermodynamic effects of cycling carbon dioxide injectivity in shale reservoirs. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. 195, 7, 2020.
  • Deutch, J., The Good News About Gas: The Natural Gas Revolution and Its Consequences. Foreign Affairs. 90(1), 82-93, 2011.
  • Tuğan, M.F., Assessing Uncertainties And Managing Risks In Shale Gas Projects, PhD thesis in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Department. Middle East Technical University, Ankara, 2017.
  • House, E.J., Fractured Fairytales: The Failed Social License for Unconventional Oil and Gas Development. Wyoming Law Review. 13, 2013.
  • Wei, L.J. and P. Geng, A review on natural gas/diesel dual fuel combustion, emissions and performance. Fuel Processing Technology. 142, 264-278, 2016.
  • Burnham, A., et al., Life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of shale gas, natural gas, coal, and petroleum. Environ Sci Technol. 46(2), 619-27, 2012.
  • Adgate, J.L., B.D. Goldstein, and L.M. McKenzie, Potential Public Health Hazards, Exposures and Health Effects from Unconventional Natural Gas Development. Environmental Science & Technology. 48(15), 8307-8320, 2014.
  • Vengosh, A., et al., A Critical Review of the Risks to Water Resources from Unconventional Shale Gas Development and Hydraulic Fracturing in the United States. Environmental Science & Technology. 48(15), 8334-8348, 2014.
  • Nicot, J.P. and B.R. Scanlon, Water use for Shale-gas production in Texas, U.S. Environ Sci Technol. 46(6), 3580-6, 2012.
  • Stringfellow, W.T., et al., Physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of compounds used in hydraulic fracturing. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 275, 37-54, 2014.
  • Howarth, R.W., A. Ingraffea, and T. Engelder, Natural gas: Should fracking stop? Nature. 477(7364), 271-5, 2011.
  • Kahrilas, G.A., et al., Biocides in Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids: A Critical Review of Their Usage, Mobility, Degradation, and Toxicity. Environmental Science & Technology. 49(1), 16-32, 2015.
  • Warner, N.R., et al., Impacts of Shale Gas Wastewater Disposal on Water Quality in Western Pennsylvania. Environmental Science & Technology. 47(20), 11849-11857, 2013.
  • Al-Ghouti, M.A., et al., Produced water characteristics, treatment and reuse: A review. Journal of Water Process Engineering. 28, 222-239, 2019.
  • Shaffer, D.L., et al., Desalination and Reuse of High-Salinity Shale Gas Produced Water: Drivers, Technologies, and Future Directions. Environmental Science & Technology. 47(17), 9569-9583, 2013.
  • Li, L., et al., A review of the current status of induced seismicity monitoring for hydraulic fracturing in unconventional tight oil and gas reservoirs. Fuel. 242, 195-210, 2019.
  • Costa, D., et al., Extensive review of shale gas environmental impacts from scientific literature (2010–2015). Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 24(17), 14579-14594, 2017.
  • Ellsworth, W.L., Injection-Induced Earthquakes. Science. 341(6142), 2013.
  • U.S. Energy Information Administration, Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources: An Assessment of 137 Shale Formations in 41 Countries Outside the United States. U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC, 2013.
  • U.S. Energy Information Administration, Proved Reserves of Crude Oil and Natural Gas in the United States, Year-End 2019. U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC, 2021.
  • Hao, F., H. Zou, and Y. Lu, Mechanisms of shale gas storage: Implications for shale gas exploration in China. AAPG Bulletin. 97, 1325-1346, 2013.
  • Derman, A., Unconventional Resources in Turkey: Myth or Reality? Energy Policy Turkey. (3), 75 - 87, 2017.
  • Anatolia Energy, Unlocking Turkey’s Shale Resources. March, 2013.
  • Karsli, S.l., Shale Gas in Turkey According to the Latest Developments. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology. 5(3), 2015.
  • Raj, N.T., S. Iniyan, and G. Ranko, A review of renewable energy based cogeneration technologies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 15(8), 3640-3648, 2011.
  • Ayşegül, A., S. Demir, and M. Kanoğlu, Biyogaz Beslemeli Gaz Motorlu Bir Kojenerasyon Sisteminin Termoekonomik Analizi. Isı Bilimi ve Tekniği Dergisi. 33(2), 9-21, 2013.
  • Michele, B., B. Lisa, and Andrea, Combining waste-to-energy steam cycle with gas turbine units. Applied Energy. 130, 764-773, 2014.
  • Mehmet, K.l., Süleyman, and A.l. Ayşegül, Performance characteristics of a Diesel engine power plant. Energy Conversion and Management. 46(11), 1692-1702, 2005.
  • Duc Luong, C., H. Guang, and L. Anh Tuan, Applying chemical heat storage to saving exhaust gas energy in diesel engines: Principle, design and experiment. Journal of Energy Storage. 28, 101311, 2020.
  • Ting, H. and L. Wensheng, Energy saving research of natural gas liquefaction plant based on waste heat utilization of gas turbine exhaust. Energy Conversion and Management. 225, 113468, 2020.
  • Dmitry, P., Energy optimization analysis of a thermochemical exhaust gas recuperation system of a gas turbine unit. Energy Conversion and Management. 171, 917-924, 2018.
  • Junjiang, B. and Z. Li, A review of working fluid and expander selections for organic Rankine cycle. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 24, 325-342, 2013.
  • Olumide, O., W. Meihong, and K. Greg, Closed-cycle gas turbine for power generation: A state-of-the-art review. Fuel. 180, 694-717, 2016.
  • Wood, D.A., C. Nwaoha, and B.F. Towler, Gas-to-liquids (GTL): A review of an industry offering several routes for monetizing natural gas. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. 9, 196-208, 2012.
  • Yeşilyurt, M.K., An Experimental Study On The Performance And Exhaust Emission Characteristics Of A CI Engine Powered By Alcohol/Biodiesel/Diesel Fuel Blends Containing Different Types Of Alcohol (Isopropanol-C3, 1-Butanol-C4, And Isopentanol-C5). Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 7(2), 135-148, 2020.
  • Zhen, X.D. and Y. Wang, An overview of methanol as an internal combustion engine fuel. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews. 52, 477-493, 2015.
  • Thomson, H., J.J. Corbett, and J.J. Winebrake, Natural gas as a marine fuel. Energy Policy. 87, 153-167, 2015.
  • Emrah, Ö. and T. Alperen, Optimization of an adapted Kalina cycle to an actual municipal solid waste power plant by using NSGA-II method. Renewable Energy. 149, 1146-1156, 2020.
  • Özahi, E., A. Tozlu, and A. Abusoglu, Organik Rankine çevrimi entegre edilmiş S-CO2 kullanılan bir gaz türbin çevriminin termodinamik ve termoekonomik analizi. Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik-Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, 33(3), 2018.
  • Alperen, T., A. Ayşegül, and Ö. Emrah, Thermoeconomic analysis and optimization of a Re-compression supercritical CO2 cycle using waste heat of Gaziantep Municipal Solid Waste Power Plant. Energy. 143, 168-180, 2018.
  • Emrah, Ö., T. Alperen, and A. Ayşegül, Thermoeconomic multi-objective optimization of an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) adapted to an existing solid waste power plant. Energy Conversion and Management. 168, 308-319, 2018.
  • Emrah, O., A. Aysegul, and T. Alperen, A comparative thermoeconomic analysis and optimization of two different combined cycles by utilizing waste heat source of an MSWPP. Energy Conversion and Management. 228, 113583, 2021.
  • Aysegul, A., T. Alperen, and A.-M. Amjad, District heating and electricity production based on biogas produced from municipal WWTPs in Turkey: A comprehensive case study. Energy. 223, 119904, 2021.
  • Tozlu, A., Y. Büyükmurat, and E. Özahi, Thermoeconomic analyses of an actual power plant. Turkish Journal of Electromechanics & Energy. 5(1), 2020.
  • Bertrand, M. Pétrissans, and G. Papadakis, Heat resources and organic Rankine cycle machines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 39, 1185-1199, 2014.
  • Karaali, R. and İ.T. Öztürk, Analysis of Steam Injection into Combustion Chamber of Gas Turbine Cogeneration Cycles Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 5, 2018.
  • Kilicarslan, A. and M. Kiris, Exergy Destruction Analysis of a Gas Turbine Power Plant. Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 5(4), 339-346, 2018.
  • Sarac, B. and T. Ayhan, Exergy Thermodynamic Analysis of Effects of the Inlet Air Cooling on Cycle Performance in Combined Brayton-Diesel Cycle. Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 7(1), 2020.
  • Balku, S., Thermal Efficiency Optimization for A Natural-Gas Power Plant. Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 4(2), 151-157, 2017.
  • Yılmaz, A. Enerji Atlası. Access time: 13 March 2021. Available from: https://www.enerjiatlasi.com/.

Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey

Year 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, 233 - 240, 29.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000233

Abstract

Shale gas reserves, which is globally accepted as unconventional gas resource, scattered around the world and can be used in order to meet the growing energy needs due to limited amounts of conventional resources. Since notable effort has to be put in order to investigate and drill shale gas resources the early decision has to be made carefully, especially considering the economic benefits. Several factors must be considered including the known technically recoverable shale gas amount at the selected region, current technology to drill the shale source and the amount of investment before the extraction of shale gas. In this study, global underground shale gas amount and recent discoveries as well as the potential shale gas areas in Turkey are presented. Benefits of using shale gas for electricity generation and common methods being used during shale gas extraction are studied along with gas and liquid flow mechanisms. At the end, general overview of separation and utilization of shale gas components is schematically presented. In the case study, the potential of electricity generation in the SE Anatolia region in Turkey is estimated with only using methane obtained from the shale gas purification process at the power generation step. According to the estimations, 3337.8 MW electric power may be generated for 50~55 years, at the appropriate gas engine by using 8.5 billion cubic meter shale gas annually.

References

  • Mastalerz, M., A. Drobniak, and A.B. Stankiewicz, Origin, properties, and implications of solid bitumen in source-rock reservoirs: A review. International Journal of Coal Geology. 195, 14-36, 2018.
  • Cui, J. and K. Wu, Equivalent permeability of shale rocks: Simple and accurate empirical coupling of organic and inorganic matter. Chemical Engineering Science. 216, 115491, 2020.
  • Estrada, J.M. and R. Bhamidimarri, A review of the issues and treatment options for wastewater from shale gas extraction by hydraulic fracturing. Fuel. 182, 292-303, 2016.
  • Hackley, P.C. and B.J. Cardott, Application of organic petrography in North American shale petroleum systems: A review. International Journal of Coal Geology. 163, 8-51, 2016.
  • Sovacool, B.K., Cornucopia or curse? Reviewing the costs and benefits of shale gas hydraulic fracturing (fracking). Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 37, 249-264, 2014.
  • Davies, R.J., et al., Oil and gas wells and their integrity: Implications for shale and unconventional resource exploitation. Marine and Petroleum Geology. 56, 239-254, 2014.
  • Chan, P., J.R. Etherington, and R. Aguilera, A Process to Evaluate Unconventional Resources. Paper presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence, Italy, September 2010.
  • Wang, H., et al., Modeling of multi-scale transport phenomena in shale gas production — A critical review. Applied Energy. 262, 114575, 2020.
  • Gale, J.F.W., et al., Natural fractures in shale: A review and new observations. Aapg Bulletin. 98(11), 2165-2216, 2014.
  • Ross, D.J.K. and R. Marc Bustin, The importance of shale composition and pore structure upon gas storage potential of shale gas reservoirs. Marine and Petroleum Geology. 26(6), 916-927, 2009.
  • Dang, W., et al., Investigation of gas content of organic-rich shale: A case study from Lower Permian shale in southern North China Basin, central China. Geoscience Frontiers. 9(2), 559-575, 2018.
  • Korpyś, M., J. Wójcik, and P. Synowiec, Methods for sweetening natural and shale gas. Chemik Science-Technique-Market. 68, 213-215, 2014.
  • Stephanie, M.R., et al., Hybrid membrane bio-systems for sustainable treatment of oil and gas produced water and fracturing flowback water. Separation and Purification Technology. 171, 297-311, 2016.
  • Chang, H.Q., et al., Potential and implemented membrane-based technologies for the treatment and reuse of flowback and produced water from shale gas and oil plays: A review. Desalination. 455, 34-57, 2019.
  • Ground Water Protection Council, Modern Shale Gas Development In The United States: A Primer, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Oklahoma City, OK, 2009.
  • Gregory, K.B., R.D. Vidic, and D.A. Dzombak, Water Management Challenges Associated with the Production of Shale Gas by Hydraulic Fracturing. Elements. 7(3), 181-186, 2011.
  • Chen, D., Z. Pan, and Z. Ye, Dependence of gas shale fracture permeability on effective stress and reservoir pressure: Model match and insights. Fuel. 139, 383-392, 2015.
  • Agrawal, V. and S. Sharma, Are we modeling the properties of unconventional shales correctly? Fuel. 267, 117316, 2020.
  • Javadpour, F., D. Fisher, and M. Unsworth, Nanoscale Gas Flow in Shale Gas Sediments. Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology. 46(10), 2007.
  • Iddphonce, R., J.J. Wang, and L. Zhao, Review of CO2 injection techniques for enhanced shale gas recovery: Prospect and challenges. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. 77, 12, 2020.
  • Liu, J., et al., Numerical evaluation on multiphase flow and heat transfer during thermal stimulation enhanced shale gas recovery. Applied Thermal Engineering. 178, 16, 2020.
  • Huang, L., et al., Effect of organic type and moisture on CO2/CH4 competitive adsorption in kerogen with implications for CO2 sequestration and enhanced CH4 recovery. Applied Energy. 210, 28-43, 2018.
  • Rani, S., E. Padmanabhan, and B.K. Prusty, Review of gas adsorption in shales for enhanced methane recovery and CO2 storage. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. 175, 634-643, 2019.
  • Hu, X., et al., Thermodynamic effects of cycling carbon dioxide injectivity in shale reservoirs. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. 195, 7, 2020.
  • Deutch, J., The Good News About Gas: The Natural Gas Revolution and Its Consequences. Foreign Affairs. 90(1), 82-93, 2011.
  • Tuğan, M.F., Assessing Uncertainties And Managing Risks In Shale Gas Projects, PhD thesis in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Department. Middle East Technical University, Ankara, 2017.
  • House, E.J., Fractured Fairytales: The Failed Social License for Unconventional Oil and Gas Development. Wyoming Law Review. 13, 2013.
  • Wei, L.J. and P. Geng, A review on natural gas/diesel dual fuel combustion, emissions and performance. Fuel Processing Technology. 142, 264-278, 2016.
  • Burnham, A., et al., Life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of shale gas, natural gas, coal, and petroleum. Environ Sci Technol. 46(2), 619-27, 2012.
  • Adgate, J.L., B.D. Goldstein, and L.M. McKenzie, Potential Public Health Hazards, Exposures and Health Effects from Unconventional Natural Gas Development. Environmental Science & Technology. 48(15), 8307-8320, 2014.
  • Vengosh, A., et al., A Critical Review of the Risks to Water Resources from Unconventional Shale Gas Development and Hydraulic Fracturing in the United States. Environmental Science & Technology. 48(15), 8334-8348, 2014.
  • Nicot, J.P. and B.R. Scanlon, Water use for Shale-gas production in Texas, U.S. Environ Sci Technol. 46(6), 3580-6, 2012.
  • Stringfellow, W.T., et al., Physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of compounds used in hydraulic fracturing. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 275, 37-54, 2014.
  • Howarth, R.W., A. Ingraffea, and T. Engelder, Natural gas: Should fracking stop? Nature. 477(7364), 271-5, 2011.
  • Kahrilas, G.A., et al., Biocides in Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids: A Critical Review of Their Usage, Mobility, Degradation, and Toxicity. Environmental Science & Technology. 49(1), 16-32, 2015.
  • Warner, N.R., et al., Impacts of Shale Gas Wastewater Disposal on Water Quality in Western Pennsylvania. Environmental Science & Technology. 47(20), 11849-11857, 2013.
  • Al-Ghouti, M.A., et al., Produced water characteristics, treatment and reuse: A review. Journal of Water Process Engineering. 28, 222-239, 2019.
  • Shaffer, D.L., et al., Desalination and Reuse of High-Salinity Shale Gas Produced Water: Drivers, Technologies, and Future Directions. Environmental Science & Technology. 47(17), 9569-9583, 2013.
  • Li, L., et al., A review of the current status of induced seismicity monitoring for hydraulic fracturing in unconventional tight oil and gas reservoirs. Fuel. 242, 195-210, 2019.
  • Costa, D., et al., Extensive review of shale gas environmental impacts from scientific literature (2010–2015). Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 24(17), 14579-14594, 2017.
  • Ellsworth, W.L., Injection-Induced Earthquakes. Science. 341(6142), 2013.
  • U.S. Energy Information Administration, Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources: An Assessment of 137 Shale Formations in 41 Countries Outside the United States. U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC, 2013.
  • U.S. Energy Information Administration, Proved Reserves of Crude Oil and Natural Gas in the United States, Year-End 2019. U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC, 2021.
  • Hao, F., H. Zou, and Y. Lu, Mechanisms of shale gas storage: Implications for shale gas exploration in China. AAPG Bulletin. 97, 1325-1346, 2013.
  • Derman, A., Unconventional Resources in Turkey: Myth or Reality? Energy Policy Turkey. (3), 75 - 87, 2017.
  • Anatolia Energy, Unlocking Turkey’s Shale Resources. March, 2013.
  • Karsli, S.l., Shale Gas in Turkey According to the Latest Developments. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology. 5(3), 2015.
  • Raj, N.T., S. Iniyan, and G. Ranko, A review of renewable energy based cogeneration technologies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 15(8), 3640-3648, 2011.
  • Ayşegül, A., S. Demir, and M. Kanoğlu, Biyogaz Beslemeli Gaz Motorlu Bir Kojenerasyon Sisteminin Termoekonomik Analizi. Isı Bilimi ve Tekniği Dergisi. 33(2), 9-21, 2013.
  • Michele, B., B. Lisa, and Andrea, Combining waste-to-energy steam cycle with gas turbine units. Applied Energy. 130, 764-773, 2014.
  • Mehmet, K.l., Süleyman, and A.l. Ayşegül, Performance characteristics of a Diesel engine power plant. Energy Conversion and Management. 46(11), 1692-1702, 2005.
  • Duc Luong, C., H. Guang, and L. Anh Tuan, Applying chemical heat storage to saving exhaust gas energy in diesel engines: Principle, design and experiment. Journal of Energy Storage. 28, 101311, 2020.
  • Ting, H. and L. Wensheng, Energy saving research of natural gas liquefaction plant based on waste heat utilization of gas turbine exhaust. Energy Conversion and Management. 225, 113468, 2020.
  • Dmitry, P., Energy optimization analysis of a thermochemical exhaust gas recuperation system of a gas turbine unit. Energy Conversion and Management. 171, 917-924, 2018.
  • Junjiang, B. and Z. Li, A review of working fluid and expander selections for organic Rankine cycle. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 24, 325-342, 2013.
  • Olumide, O., W. Meihong, and K. Greg, Closed-cycle gas turbine for power generation: A state-of-the-art review. Fuel. 180, 694-717, 2016.
  • Wood, D.A., C. Nwaoha, and B.F. Towler, Gas-to-liquids (GTL): A review of an industry offering several routes for monetizing natural gas. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. 9, 196-208, 2012.
  • Yeşilyurt, M.K., An Experimental Study On The Performance And Exhaust Emission Characteristics Of A CI Engine Powered By Alcohol/Biodiesel/Diesel Fuel Blends Containing Different Types Of Alcohol (Isopropanol-C3, 1-Butanol-C4, And Isopentanol-C5). Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 7(2), 135-148, 2020.
  • Zhen, X.D. and Y. Wang, An overview of methanol as an internal combustion engine fuel. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews. 52, 477-493, 2015.
  • Thomson, H., J.J. Corbett, and J.J. Winebrake, Natural gas as a marine fuel. Energy Policy. 87, 153-167, 2015.
  • Emrah, Ö. and T. Alperen, Optimization of an adapted Kalina cycle to an actual municipal solid waste power plant by using NSGA-II method. Renewable Energy. 149, 1146-1156, 2020.
  • Özahi, E., A. Tozlu, and A. Abusoglu, Organik Rankine çevrimi entegre edilmiş S-CO2 kullanılan bir gaz türbin çevriminin termodinamik ve termoekonomik analizi. Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik-Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, 33(3), 2018.
  • Alperen, T., A. Ayşegül, and Ö. Emrah, Thermoeconomic analysis and optimization of a Re-compression supercritical CO2 cycle using waste heat of Gaziantep Municipal Solid Waste Power Plant. Energy. 143, 168-180, 2018.
  • Emrah, Ö., T. Alperen, and A. Ayşegül, Thermoeconomic multi-objective optimization of an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) adapted to an existing solid waste power plant. Energy Conversion and Management. 168, 308-319, 2018.
  • Emrah, O., A. Aysegul, and T. Alperen, A comparative thermoeconomic analysis and optimization of two different combined cycles by utilizing waste heat source of an MSWPP. Energy Conversion and Management. 228, 113583, 2021.
  • Aysegul, A., T. Alperen, and A.-M. Amjad, District heating and electricity production based on biogas produced from municipal WWTPs in Turkey: A comprehensive case study. Energy. 223, 119904, 2021.
  • Tozlu, A., Y. Büyükmurat, and E. Özahi, Thermoeconomic analyses of an actual power plant. Turkish Journal of Electromechanics & Energy. 5(1), 2020.
  • Bertrand, M. Pétrissans, and G. Papadakis, Heat resources and organic Rankine cycle machines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 39, 1185-1199, 2014.
  • Karaali, R. and İ.T. Öztürk, Analysis of Steam Injection into Combustion Chamber of Gas Turbine Cogeneration Cycles Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 5, 2018.
  • Kilicarslan, A. and M. Kiris, Exergy Destruction Analysis of a Gas Turbine Power Plant. Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 5(4), 339-346, 2018.
  • Sarac, B. and T. Ayhan, Exergy Thermodynamic Analysis of Effects of the Inlet Air Cooling on Cycle Performance in Combined Brayton-Diesel Cycle. Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 7(1), 2020.
  • Balku, S., Thermal Efficiency Optimization for A Natural-Gas Power Plant. Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 4(2), 151-157, 2017.
  • Yılmaz, A. Enerji Atlası. Access time: 13 March 2021. Available from: https://www.enerjiatlasi.com/.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Erman Kadir ÖZTEKİN (Primary Author)
BAYBURT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-8036-7659
Türkiye


Alperen TOZLU
BAYBURT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-2610-5279
Türkiye

Publication Date September 29, 2021
Application Date April 25, 2021
Acceptance Date August 18, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @review { hjse927549, journal = {Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-4171}, address = {Hitit Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Kuzey Kampüsü Çevre Yolu Bulvarı 19030 Çorum / TÜRKİYE}, publisher = {Hitit University}, year = {2021}, volume = {8}, pages = {233 - 240}, doi = {10.17350/HJSE19030000233}, title = {Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Öztekin, Erman Kadir and Tozlu, Alperen} }
APA Öztekin, E. K. & Tozlu, A. (2021). Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey . Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering , 8 (3) , 233-240 . DOI: 10.17350/HJSE19030000233
MLA Öztekin, E. K. , Tozlu, A. "Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey" . Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 8 (2021 ): 233-240 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/hjse/issue/65166/927549>
Chicago Öztekin, E. K. , Tozlu, A. "Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey". Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 8 (2021 ): 233-240
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey AU - Erman Kadir Öztekin , Alperen Tozlu Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000233 DO - 10.17350/HJSE19030000233 T2 - Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 233 EP - 240 VL - 8 IS - 3 SN - -2148-4171 M3 - doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000233 UR - https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000233 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey %A Erman Kadir Öztekin , Alperen Tozlu %T Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey %D 2021 %J Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering %P -2148-4171 %V 8 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000233 %U 10.17350/HJSE19030000233
ISNAD Öztekin, Erman Kadir , Tozlu, Alperen . "Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey". Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 8 / 3 (September 2021): 233-240 . https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000233
AMA Öztekin E. K. , Tozlu A. Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey. Hittite J Sci Eng. 2021; 8(3): 233-240.
Vancouver Öztekin E. K. , Tozlu A. Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey. Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 2021; 8(3): 233-240.
IEEE E. K. Öztekin and A. Tozlu , "Investigation of Shale Gas Reserves in The World and A Case Study for Electricity Production from Shale Gas in Turkey", Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 233-240, Sep. 2021, doi:10.17350/HJSE19030000233