Research Article
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Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, 117 - 123, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000262

Abstract

There has been an increase in the general spending and consumption habit of people, the consequence of which is an increase in the quantity of municipal solid wastes (MSW) being generated particularly in urban areas. Yola, the capital of Adamawa State in the northeast region of Nigeria an urban area also has its share of problems associated with solid wastes management. In addition, the city like most other cities in Nigeria experiences inadequate electricity supply. Hence the need for this research - to assess the technical and economic potentials of recovering energy from the MSW generated in Yola using incineration as the technology of choice. The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) method (ASTM D5231) was used to sample and characterise the waste disposed of in the city’s dumpsites. It was found that the average calorific value of the MSW disposed of in the city’s dumpsite is 1,515.67 kcal/kg. It was also found that if incineration is used as the preferred waste-to-energy technology, a total of 3,748.60 kW of electrical energy could be recovered from the three dumpsites studied. The economic analysis conducted showed that energy recovery via incineration has an average internal rate of return (IRR) of 252%. The following conclusions were drawn from the results obtained: The quantity and composition of MSW disposed of at dumpsites in Yola is suitable for energy generation via incineration; from an economic perspective, incineration of MSW is a viable waste-to-energy technology for Yola.

References

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  • [15] Daura LA. Electricity generation potential of municipal solid waste in Kano metropolis. Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research 4 (2016) 157–61.
  • [16] Mshelia RB, Onuigbo MC, Yusuf R. Energy recovery potential and greenhouse gas emissions from municipal solid waste in Gombe, Nigeria. Techno-Science 3 (2020) 110–117.
  • [17] Roberts D. Characterisation of chemical composition and energy content of green waste and municipal solid waste from Greater Brisbane, Australia. Waste management 41 (2015) 12–19. DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.03.039
  • [18] Mshelia RB, Onuigbo MC. Thermochemical energy recovery potential from municipal solid waste in Gombe, Nigeria. Annals of the Faculty of Engineering Hunedoara-International Journal of Engineering 4 (2020) 139–143.
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  • [20] Aderoju O, Ombe Gemusse U, Guerner Dias A. An optimization of the municipal solid waste in Abuja, Nigeria for electrical power generation. International Journal of Energy Production and Management 4 (2019) 63–74.
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  • [23] Belel ZA, Mahmoud H. Survey of municipal solid waste in Jimeta-Yola, Northeastern Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research 1 (2013) 1–4.
  • [24] Barrera EL, Hertel T. Global food waste across the income spectrum: Implications for food prices, production and resource use. Food Policy 98 (2021) 1-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.101874
  • [25] Zhou H, Long Y, Meng A, Li Q, Zhang Y. Classification of municipal solid waste components for thermal conversion in waste-to-energy research. Fuel 145 (2015) 151–157. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2014.12.015
  • [26] Olisa Y, Ajoko T. Gross calorific value of combustible solid waste in a mass burn incineration plant, Benin City, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management 9 (2018) 1377–1380. DOI: 10.4314/jasem.v22i9.02
  • [27] Lawal A, Garba I. Study of the energy potential of solid waste in Bauchi Town. International Journal of Computational Engineering Research 5 (2013) 1–7.
  • [28] Oumarou MB, Shodiya S, Ngala G, Aviara N. Statistical modelling of the energy content of municipal solid wastes in Northern Nigeria. Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment 12 (2016) 103–109.
  • [29] Tsunatu D, Tickson T, Sam K, Namo J. Municipal solid waste as alternative source of energy generation: a case study of Jalingo Metropolis–Taraba State. International Journal of Engineering and Technology 3 (2015) 185–193.
  • [30] Akut Y, Adebayo A. The determinants of household energy consumption in Jimeta, Adamawa State. ATBU Journal of Science, Technology and Education 4 (2017) 69–74.
  • [31] Olaniyan K, McLellan BC, Ogata S, Tezuka T. Estimating residential electricity consumption in Nigeria to support energy transitions. Sustainability 10 (2018) 1440-1458. DOI: 10.3390/su10051440
  • [32] Amoo OM, Fagbenle RL. Renewable municipal solid waste pathways for energy generation and sustainable development in the Nigerian context. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering 1 (2013) 1–17. DOI: 10.1186/2251-6832-4-42

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, 117 - 123, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000262

Abstract

References

  • [1] Grazhdani D. Assessing the variables affecting on the rate of solid waste generation and recycling: An empirical analysis in Prespa Park. Waste Management 48 (2016) 3–13. DOI: 10.1016/j. wasman.2015.09.028
  • [2] Stafford WHL. WtE Best Practices and Perspectives in Africa. In: Coelho ST, Sanches Pereira A, Bouille DH, Mani SK, Recalde MY, Savino AA, et al., editors. Municipal Solid Waste Energy Conversion in Developing Countries (2020) 185–217. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-813419-1.00006-1
  • [3] Abdel-Shafy HI, Mansour MSM. Sources, composition, disposal, recycling, and valorization. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum 27 (2018) 1275–90. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpe.2018.07.003
  • [4] Charrette Y. Waste to energy background Paper. Paper presented at California Energy Conference, California, pp. 48-54, 2011.
  • [5] Palacio J, Santos J, Reno M, Júnior JCF, Carvalho M, Reyes AMM, et al. Municipal solid waste management and energy recovery. In: Energy Conversion–Current Technologies and Future Trends. Intech Open (2019) 127–46. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.79235
  • [6] Maisarah M, Bong CPC, Ho WS, Lim JS, Ab Muis Z, Hashim H, et al. Review on the suitability of waste for appropriate waste-to-energy technology. Chemical Engineering Transactions 63 (2018) 187–92. DOI: 10.3303/CET1863032
  • [7] Ferronato N, Torretta V. Waste mismanagement in developing countries: A review of global issues. International journal of environmental research and public health 16 (2019) 1-28. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16061060.
  • [8] Korai MS, Mahar RB, Uqaili MA. Assessment of power generation potential from municipal solid wastes: A case study of Hyderabad city, Sindh, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry 15 (2014) 18-27.
  • [9] 9. Ibikunle R, Titiladunayo I, Dahunsi S, Akeju E, Osueke C. Characterization and projection of dry season municipal solid waste for energy production in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria. Waste Management & Research (2021) 1–10. DOI: 10.1177/0734242X20985599
  • [10] Mshelia RB. Evaluation of greenhouse gas emissions from solid waste management practices in state capitals of north eastern Nigeria 26 (2020) 40–46. DOI: 10.29081/jesr.v26i4.234
  • [11] Mohan S, Joseph CP. Potential Hazards due to Municipal Solid Waste Open Dumping in India. Journal of the Indian Institute of Science 101 (2021) 523–536. DOI: 10.1007/s41745-021-00242-4
  • [12] Baba MT, Abubakar A, Abdurrahman MB. Estimation of moisture content of household solid waste in some selected areas of Jimeta Town. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research 5 (2014) 430–433.
  • [13] Abba A, Babagana U, Atiku A, Burmamu B. Evaluation of energy potentials from municipal solid waste: A case study of Yola, Nigeria. FUTY Journal of the Environment 1 (2019) 36–45.
  • [14] 1Adebayo A, Zemba A, Ray H, Dayya S. Climate change in Adamawa state, Nigeria: evidence from Agro climatic Parametersld. Adamawa State University Journal of Scientific Research 2 (2012) 1–19.
  • [15] Daura LA. Electricity generation potential of municipal solid waste in Kano metropolis. Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research 4 (2016) 157–61.
  • [16] Mshelia RB, Onuigbo MC, Yusuf R. Energy recovery potential and greenhouse gas emissions from municipal solid waste in Gombe, Nigeria. Techno-Science 3 (2020) 110–117.
  • [17] Roberts D. Characterisation of chemical composition and energy content of green waste and municipal solid waste from Greater Brisbane, Australia. Waste management 41 (2015) 12–19. DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.03.039
  • [18] Mshelia RB, Onuigbo MC. Thermochemical energy recovery potential from municipal solid waste in Gombe, Nigeria. Annals of the Faculty of Engineering Hunedoara-International Journal of Engineering 4 (2020) 139–143.
  • [19] Ogwueleka. Municipal solid waste characteristics and management in Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering 6 (2009) 173–80.
  • [20] Aderoju O, Ombe Gemusse U, Guerner Dias A. An optimization of the municipal solid waste in Abuja, Nigeria for electrical power generation. International Journal of Energy Production and Management 4 (2019) 63–74.
  • [21] Ouda OKM, Raza SA, Nizami AS, Rehan M, Al-Waked R, Korres NE. Waste to energy potential: A case study of Saudi Arabia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16 (2016) 328–340. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.04.005
  • [22] Abdallah M, Shanableh A, Shabib A, Adghim M. Financial feasibility of waste to energy strategies in the United Arab Emirates. Waste Management 18 (2018) 207–219. DOI: 10.1016/j. wasman.2018.10.029
  • [23] Belel ZA, Mahmoud H. Survey of municipal solid waste in Jimeta-Yola, Northeastern Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research 1 (2013) 1–4.
  • [24] Barrera EL, Hertel T. Global food waste across the income spectrum: Implications for food prices, production and resource use. Food Policy 98 (2021) 1-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.101874
  • [25] Zhou H, Long Y, Meng A, Li Q, Zhang Y. Classification of municipal solid waste components for thermal conversion in waste-to-energy research. Fuel 145 (2015) 151–157. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2014.12.015
  • [26] Olisa Y, Ajoko T. Gross calorific value of combustible solid waste in a mass burn incineration plant, Benin City, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management 9 (2018) 1377–1380. DOI: 10.4314/jasem.v22i9.02
  • [27] Lawal A, Garba I. Study of the energy potential of solid waste in Bauchi Town. International Journal of Computational Engineering Research 5 (2013) 1–7.
  • [28] Oumarou MB, Shodiya S, Ngala G, Aviara N. Statistical modelling of the energy content of municipal solid wastes in Northern Nigeria. Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment 12 (2016) 103–109.
  • [29] Tsunatu D, Tickson T, Sam K, Namo J. Municipal solid waste as alternative source of energy generation: a case study of Jalingo Metropolis–Taraba State. International Journal of Engineering and Technology 3 (2015) 185–193.
  • [30] Akut Y, Adebayo A. The determinants of household energy consumption in Jimeta, Adamawa State. ATBU Journal of Science, Technology and Education 4 (2017) 69–74.
  • [31] Olaniyan K, McLellan BC, Ogata S, Tezuka T. Estimating residential electricity consumption in Nigeria to support energy transitions. Sustainability 10 (2018) 1440-1458. DOI: 10.3390/su10051440
  • [32] Amoo OM, Fagbenle RL. Renewable municipal solid waste pathways for energy generation and sustainable development in the Nigerian context. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering 1 (2013) 1–17. DOI: 10.1186/2251-6832-4-42

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Richard BALTHI MSHELİA> (Primary Author)
Bayero University, Kano
0000-0001-6739-2270
Nigeria


İbraheem SHEHU DİSO>
Bayero University Kano
0000-0003-1771-2162
Nigeria


Abdullahi AUDU ADAMU>
Bayero University Kano
0000-0002-7654-0631
Nigeria

Publication Date June 30, 2022
Application Date February 18, 2022
Acceptance Date May 17, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { hjse1071691, journal = {Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering}, eissn = {2148-4171}, address = {Hitit Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Kuzey Kampüsü Çevre Yolu Bulvarı 19030 Çorum / TÜRKİYE}, publisher = {Hitit University}, year = {2022}, volume = {9}, number = {2}, pages = {117 - 123}, doi = {10.17350/HJSE19030000262}, title = {Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria}, key = {cite}, author = {Balthı Mshelia, Richard and Shehu Diso, İbraheem and Audu Adamu, Abdullahi} }
APA Balthı Mshelia, R. , Shehu Diso, İ. & Audu Adamu, A. (2022). Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria . Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering , 9 (2) , 117-123 . DOI: 10.17350/HJSE19030000262
MLA Balthı Mshelia, R. , Shehu Diso, İ. , Audu Adamu, A. "Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria" . Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 9 (2022 ): 117-123 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/hjse/issue/70658/1071691>
Chicago Balthı Mshelia, R. , Shehu Diso, İ. , Audu Adamu, A. "Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria". Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 9 (2022 ): 117-123
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria AU - Richard Balthı Mshelia , İbraheem Shehu Diso , Abdullahi Audu Adamu Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000262 DO - 10.17350/HJSE19030000262 T2 - Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 117 EP - 123 VL - 9 IS - 2 SN - -2148-4171 M3 - doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000262 UR - https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000262 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria %A Richard Balthı Mshelia , İbraheem Shehu Diso , Abdullahi Audu Adamu %T Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria %D 2022 %J Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering %P -2148-4171 %V 9 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17350/HJSE19030000262 %U 10.17350/HJSE19030000262
ISNAD Balthı Mshelia, Richard , Shehu Diso, İbraheem , Audu Adamu, Abdullahi . "Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria". Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering 9 / 2 (June 2022): 117-123 . https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000262
AMA Balthı Mshelia R. , Shehu Diso İ. , Audu Adamu A. Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Hittite J Sci Eng. 2022; 9(2): 117-123.
Vancouver Balthı Mshelia R. , Shehu Diso İ. , Audu Adamu A. Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering. 2022; 9(2): 117-123.
IEEE R. Balthı Mshelia , İ. Shehu Diso and A. Audu Adamu , "Technical and Economic Analysis of Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Yola Metropolis, Adamawa State, Nigeria", Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 117-123, Jun. 2022, doi:10.17350/HJSE19030000262