Research Article
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Year 2023, Volume: 10 Issue: 4, 317 - 322, 31.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000321

Abstract

References

  • 1. Sampathkumaran P, Seetharamu S, Thomas P, Janardhana M. A study on the effect of the type and content of filler in epoxy–glass composite system on the friction and slide wear characteristics. Wear. 2005;259(1-6):634-41.
  • 2. Omrani E, Menezes PL, Rohatgi PK. State of the art on tribological behavior of polymer matrix composites reinforced with natural fibers in the green materials world. Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal. 2016;19(2):717-36.
  • 3. Kessler MR. Polymer matrix composites: A perspective for a special issue of polymer reviews. Polymer Reviews. 2012;52(3):229-33.
  • 4. Basavarajappa S, Arun K, Davim JP. Effect of filler materials on dry sliding wear behavior of polymer matrix composites–a Taguchi approach. Journal of minerals and materials characterization and engineering. 2009;8(05):379.
  • 5. El-Tayeb N, Gadelrab R. Friction and wear properties of E-glass fiber reinforced epoxy composites under different sliding contact conditions. Wear. 1996;192(1-2):112-7.
  • 6. Kukureka S, Hooke C, Rao M, Liao P, Chen Y. The effect of fibre reinforcement on the friction and wear of polyamide 66 under dry rolling–sliding contact. Tribology International. 1999;32(2):107-16.
  • 7. Zum Gahr K-H. Microstructure and wear of materials: Elsevier;1987.
  • 8. Rajak DK, Wagh PH, Linul E. Manufacturing technologies of carbon/glass fiber-reinforced polymer composites and their properties: A review. Polymers. 2021;13(21):3721.
  • 9. Karataş MA, Gökkaya H. A review on machinability of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) and glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) composite materials. Defence Technology. 2018;14(4):318-26.
  • 10. Ho K-C, Jeng M-C. Tribological characteristics of short glass fibre reinforced polycarbonate composites. Wear. 1997;206(1-2):60-8.
  • 11. Fortin GY, Elbadry EA, Hamada H. Crashworthiness of recycled cardboard panels reinforced with hybrid columnar aluminum tube‐ GFRP rods. Polymer Composites. 2019;40(11):4215-27.
  • 12. Domun N, Hadavinia H, Zhang T, Sainsbury T, Liaghat G, Vahid S. Improving the fracture toughness and the strength of epoxy using nanomaterials–a review of the current status. Nanoscale. 2015;7(23):10294-329.
  • 13. Kaykılarlı C, Yeprem HA, Uzunsoy D. Mechanical and tribological characterization of graphene nanoplatelets/Al2O3 reinforced epoxy hybrid composites. Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures. 2023:1-13.
  • 14. Kesavulu A, Mohanty A. Compressive performance and thermal stability of alumina—graphene nanoplatelets reinforced epoxy nanocomposites. Materials Research Express. 2019;6(12):125329.
  • 15. Naous W, Yu XY, Zhang QX, Naito K, Kagawa Y. Morphology, tensile properties, and fracture toughness of epoxy/Al2O3 nanocomposites. Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics. 2006;44(10):1466-73.
  • 16. Wang ZZ, Gu P, Zhang Z, Gu L, Xu YZ. Mechanical and tribological behavior of epoxy/silica nanocomposites at the micro/nano scale. Tribology Letters. 2011;42:185-91.
  • 17. Kumar V, Sinha SK, Agarwal AK. Tribological studies of epoxy composites with solid and liquid fillers. Tribology International. 2017;105:27-36.
  • 18. Kangishwar S, Radhika N, Sheik AA, Chavali A, Hariharan S. A comprehensive review on polymer matrix composites: material selection, fabrication, and application. Polymer Bulletin. 2023;80(1):47-87.
  • 19. Yadav P, Purohit R, Kothari A. Study of friction and wear behaviour of epoxy/nano SiO2 based polymer matrix composites-a review. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2019;18:5530-9.
  • 20. Ouyang Y, Bai L, Tian H, Li X, Yuan F. Recent progress of thermal conductive ploymer composites: Al2O3 fillers, properties and applications. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2022;152:106685.
  • 21. Kesavulu A, Mohanty A. Tribological characterization of graphene nanoplatelets/alumina particles filled epoxy hybrid nanocomposites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2020;137(46):49518.
  • 22. Asi O. Mechanical properties of glass-fiber reinforced epoxy composites filled with Al 2O3 particles. Journal of reinforced plastics and composites. 2009;28(23):2861-7.
  • 23. Mohanty A, Srivastava VK, Sastry PU. Investigation of mechanical properties of alumina nanoparticle‐loaded hybrid glass/carbonfiber‐ reinforced epoxy composites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2014;131(1).
  • 24. Raju BR, Suresha B, Swamy RP, Kanthraju BSG. Investigations on mechanical and tribological behaviour of particulate filled glass fabric reinforced epoxy composites. 2013.
  • 25. Nayak RK, Dash A, Ray B. Effect of epoxy modifiers (Al2O3/SiO2/ TiO2) on mechanical performance of epoxy/glass fiber hybrid composites. Procedia materials science. 2014;6:1359-64.
  • 26. Patel G, Chaudhary V, Mehta B, Swarnkar A, editors. Effect of Al2O3 and SiC nanoparticles on tribological properties of bidirectional glass fiber reinforced composites. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering; 2021: IOP Publishing.
  • 27. Zhang X. Study on the tribological properties of carbon fabric reinforced phenolic composites filled with nano-Al2O3. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part B. 2017;56(8):568-77.
  • 28. Kaybal HB, Ulus H, Demir O, Şahin ÖS, Avcı A. Effects of alumina nanoparticles on dynamic impact responses of carbon fiber reinforced epoxy matrix nanocomposites. Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal. 2018;21(3):399-407.
  • 29. Nayak RK. Influence of seawater aging on mechanical properties of nano-Al2O3 embedded glass fiber reinforced polymer nanocomposites. Construction and Building Materials. 2019;221:12-9.
  • 30. Lewis JS, Barani Z, Magana AS, Kargar F, Balandin AA. Thermal and electrical conductivity control in hybrid composites with graphene and boron nitride fillers. Materials Research Express. 2019;6(8):085325.
  • 31. Biswas S, Satapathy A. A study on tribological behavior of aluminafilled glass–epoxy composites using Taguchi experimental design. Tribology Transactions. 2010;53(4):520-32.
  • 32. Wang Z, Huang X, Bai L, Du R, Liu Y, Zhang Y, et al. Effect of micro- Al2O3 contents on mechanical property of carbon fiber reinforced epoxy matrix composites. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2016;91:392-8.
  • 33. Gbadeyan O, Kanny K, Turup Pandurangan M. Tribological, mechanical, and microstructural of multiwalled carbon nanotubes/ short carbon fiber epoxy composites. Journal of Tribology. 2018;140(2):022002.
  • 34. Megahed M, Fathy A, Morsy D, Shehata F. Mechanical performance of glass/epoxy composites enhanced by micro-and nanosized aluminum particles. Journal of Industrial Textiles. 2021;51(1):68-92.
  • 35. Pani B, Chandrasekhar P, Singh S. Application of box‐behnken design and neural computation for tribo‐mechanical performance analysis of iron‐mud‐filled glass‐fiber/epoxy composite and parametric optimization using PSO. Polymer Composites. 2019;40(4):1433-49.
  • 36. Akçamlı N, Şenyurt B. Fabrication and characterization of in-situ Al3Ni intermetallic and CeO2 particulate-reinforced aluminum matrix composites. Ceramics International. 2021;47(15):21197-206.
  • 37. Song J, Liu T, Shi H, Yan S, Liao Z, Liu Y, et al. Time-frequency analysis of the tribological behaviors of Ti6Al4V alloy under a dry sliding condition. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2017;724:752- 62.
  • 38. Öztürk A, Ezirmik K, Kazmanlı K, Ürgen M, Eryılmaz O, Erdemir A. Comparative tribological behaviors of TiN, CrN and MoNCu nanocomposite coatings. Tribology International. 2008;41(1):49-59.

Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Carbon Fiber/Glass Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy Hybrid Composites Filled with Al2O3 Particles

Year 2023, Volume: 10 Issue: 4, 317 - 322, 31.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.17350/HJSE19030000321

Abstract

In this study, we produced Aluminum oxide (Al2O3) reinforced carbon fiber and glass fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP, GFRP) composites and investigated mechanical and tribological properties. Al2O3 was dispersed in epoxy resin using a mechanical stirrer. The composites are produced via the hand lay-up method and dried at room temperature for 48 hours. The properties of composites were determined via Archimedes’ method, flexural, impact, hardness and wear tests. The highest flexural strength and hardness were found at 946.3 MPa and 48.7 HBA for 3 wt.% Al2O3 reinforced CFRP, respectively. The highest impact strength was observed at 187.4 kJ/m2 for an un-reinforced GFRP composite. The lowest Coefficient of Friction (COF) and wear depth was found 3 wt.% Al2O3 reinforced GFRP composites.

References

  • 1. Sampathkumaran P, Seetharamu S, Thomas P, Janardhana M. A study on the effect of the type and content of filler in epoxy–glass composite system on the friction and slide wear characteristics. Wear. 2005;259(1-6):634-41.
  • 2. Omrani E, Menezes PL, Rohatgi PK. State of the art on tribological behavior of polymer matrix composites reinforced with natural fibers in the green materials world. Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal. 2016;19(2):717-36.
  • 3. Kessler MR. Polymer matrix composites: A perspective for a special issue of polymer reviews. Polymer Reviews. 2012;52(3):229-33.
  • 4. Basavarajappa S, Arun K, Davim JP. Effect of filler materials on dry sliding wear behavior of polymer matrix composites–a Taguchi approach. Journal of minerals and materials characterization and engineering. 2009;8(05):379.
  • 5. El-Tayeb N, Gadelrab R. Friction and wear properties of E-glass fiber reinforced epoxy composites under different sliding contact conditions. Wear. 1996;192(1-2):112-7.
  • 6. Kukureka S, Hooke C, Rao M, Liao P, Chen Y. The effect of fibre reinforcement on the friction and wear of polyamide 66 under dry rolling–sliding contact. Tribology International. 1999;32(2):107-16.
  • 7. Zum Gahr K-H. Microstructure and wear of materials: Elsevier;1987.
  • 8. Rajak DK, Wagh PH, Linul E. Manufacturing technologies of carbon/glass fiber-reinforced polymer composites and their properties: A review. Polymers. 2021;13(21):3721.
  • 9. Karataş MA, Gökkaya H. A review on machinability of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) and glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) composite materials. Defence Technology. 2018;14(4):318-26.
  • 10. Ho K-C, Jeng M-C. Tribological characteristics of short glass fibre reinforced polycarbonate composites. Wear. 1997;206(1-2):60-8.
  • 11. Fortin GY, Elbadry EA, Hamada H. Crashworthiness of recycled cardboard panels reinforced with hybrid columnar aluminum tube‐ GFRP rods. Polymer Composites. 2019;40(11):4215-27.
  • 12. Domun N, Hadavinia H, Zhang T, Sainsbury T, Liaghat G, Vahid S. Improving the fracture toughness and the strength of epoxy using nanomaterials–a review of the current status. Nanoscale. 2015;7(23):10294-329.
  • 13. Kaykılarlı C, Yeprem HA, Uzunsoy D. Mechanical and tribological characterization of graphene nanoplatelets/Al2O3 reinforced epoxy hybrid composites. Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures. 2023:1-13.
  • 14. Kesavulu A, Mohanty A. Compressive performance and thermal stability of alumina—graphene nanoplatelets reinforced epoxy nanocomposites. Materials Research Express. 2019;6(12):125329.
  • 15. Naous W, Yu XY, Zhang QX, Naito K, Kagawa Y. Morphology, tensile properties, and fracture toughness of epoxy/Al2O3 nanocomposites. Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics. 2006;44(10):1466-73.
  • 16. Wang ZZ, Gu P, Zhang Z, Gu L, Xu YZ. Mechanical and tribological behavior of epoxy/silica nanocomposites at the micro/nano scale. Tribology Letters. 2011;42:185-91.
  • 17. Kumar V, Sinha SK, Agarwal AK. Tribological studies of epoxy composites with solid and liquid fillers. Tribology International. 2017;105:27-36.
  • 18. Kangishwar S, Radhika N, Sheik AA, Chavali A, Hariharan S. A comprehensive review on polymer matrix composites: material selection, fabrication, and application. Polymer Bulletin. 2023;80(1):47-87.
  • 19. Yadav P, Purohit R, Kothari A. Study of friction and wear behaviour of epoxy/nano SiO2 based polymer matrix composites-a review. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2019;18:5530-9.
  • 20. Ouyang Y, Bai L, Tian H, Li X, Yuan F. Recent progress of thermal conductive ploymer composites: Al2O3 fillers, properties and applications. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2022;152:106685.
  • 21. Kesavulu A, Mohanty A. Tribological characterization of graphene nanoplatelets/alumina particles filled epoxy hybrid nanocomposites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2020;137(46):49518.
  • 22. Asi O. Mechanical properties of glass-fiber reinforced epoxy composites filled with Al 2O3 particles. Journal of reinforced plastics and composites. 2009;28(23):2861-7.
  • 23. Mohanty A, Srivastava VK, Sastry PU. Investigation of mechanical properties of alumina nanoparticle‐loaded hybrid glass/carbonfiber‐ reinforced epoxy composites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2014;131(1).
  • 24. Raju BR, Suresha B, Swamy RP, Kanthraju BSG. Investigations on mechanical and tribological behaviour of particulate filled glass fabric reinforced epoxy composites. 2013.
  • 25. Nayak RK, Dash A, Ray B. Effect of epoxy modifiers (Al2O3/SiO2/ TiO2) on mechanical performance of epoxy/glass fiber hybrid composites. Procedia materials science. 2014;6:1359-64.
  • 26. Patel G, Chaudhary V, Mehta B, Swarnkar A, editors. Effect of Al2O3 and SiC nanoparticles on tribological properties of bidirectional glass fiber reinforced composites. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering; 2021: IOP Publishing.
  • 27. Zhang X. Study on the tribological properties of carbon fabric reinforced phenolic composites filled with nano-Al2O3. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part B. 2017;56(8):568-77.
  • 28. Kaybal HB, Ulus H, Demir O, Şahin ÖS, Avcı A. Effects of alumina nanoparticles on dynamic impact responses of carbon fiber reinforced epoxy matrix nanocomposites. Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal. 2018;21(3):399-407.
  • 29. Nayak RK. Influence of seawater aging on mechanical properties of nano-Al2O3 embedded glass fiber reinforced polymer nanocomposites. Construction and Building Materials. 2019;221:12-9.
  • 30. Lewis JS, Barani Z, Magana AS, Kargar F, Balandin AA. Thermal and electrical conductivity control in hybrid composites with graphene and boron nitride fillers. Materials Research Express. 2019;6(8):085325.
  • 31. Biswas S, Satapathy A. A study on tribological behavior of aluminafilled glass–epoxy composites using Taguchi experimental design. Tribology Transactions. 2010;53(4):520-32.
  • 32. Wang Z, Huang X, Bai L, Du R, Liu Y, Zhang Y, et al. Effect of micro- Al2O3 contents on mechanical property of carbon fiber reinforced epoxy matrix composites. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2016;91:392-8.
  • 33. Gbadeyan O, Kanny K, Turup Pandurangan M. Tribological, mechanical, and microstructural of multiwalled carbon nanotubes/ short carbon fiber epoxy composites. Journal of Tribology. 2018;140(2):022002.
  • 34. Megahed M, Fathy A, Morsy D, Shehata F. Mechanical performance of glass/epoxy composites enhanced by micro-and nanosized aluminum particles. Journal of Industrial Textiles. 2021;51(1):68-92.
  • 35. Pani B, Chandrasekhar P, Singh S. Application of box‐behnken design and neural computation for tribo‐mechanical performance analysis of iron‐mud‐filled glass‐fiber/epoxy composite and parametric optimization using PSO. Polymer Composites. 2019;40(4):1433-49.
  • 36. Akçamlı N, Şenyurt B. Fabrication and characterization of in-situ Al3Ni intermetallic and CeO2 particulate-reinforced aluminum matrix composites. Ceramics International. 2021;47(15):21197-206.
  • 37. Song J, Liu T, Shi H, Yan S, Liao Z, Liu Y, et al. Time-frequency analysis of the tribological behaviors of Ti6Al4V alloy under a dry sliding condition. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2017;724:752- 62.
  • 38. Öztürk A, Ezirmik K, Kazmanlı K, Ürgen M, Eryılmaz O, Erdemir A. Comparative tribological behaviors of TiN, CrN and MoNCu nanocomposite coatings. Tribology International. 2008;41(1):49-59.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Composite and Hybrid Materials
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Cantekin KAYKILARLI 0000-0002-2380-3258

Aymurat HAYDAROV This is me 0009-0002-1610-7892

Duygu KÖSE This is me 0009-0005-9718-0128

Hasibe Aygül YEPREM This is me 0000-0001-7576-4791

Publication Date December 31, 2023
Submission Date July 18, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 10 Issue: 4

Cite

Vancouver KAYKILARLI C, HAYDAROV A, KÖSE D, YEPREM HA. Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Carbon Fiber/Glass Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy Hybrid Composites Filled with Al2O3 Particles. Hittite J Sci Eng. 2023;10(4):317-22.

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