Research Article
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University students' perception of animal welfare and opinions on consumption of milk and dairy products

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, 149 - 158, 30.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.30704/http-www-jivs-net.993653

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine the opinions of university students on the consumption of milk and dairy products within the scope of animal welfare. The research was carried out with 361 randomly selected students from Samsun Ondokuz Mayıs University, Turkey, using a face-to-face questionnaire. In the study, the rate of students who think that, they do not have information about the presence and amount of cholesterol in milk and dairy products was 77.35%, milk and dairy products contain all the nutritional elements was 35.62%, UHT milk is not spoiled for a long time due to heat treatment was 28.90%, milk, cheese, yoghurt prices are normal were 63.34%, 40.41%, 68.31%, respectively, there was a welfare problem in farm animals was 56.00%. Also, the rate of students who want label information about milk and dairy products produced from animals raised under welfare conditions was 75.43%. The rates of students who can pay up to 10%, 11-25%, and more than 25% for milk and dairy products because they are suitable for animal welfare were determined as 64.74%, 26.14% and 9.12%, respectively. As a result, it was determined that university students' perceptions of animal welfare and their views on milk and dairy products consumption were generally at an acceptable level. However, more information and necessary training support should be provided to bring them to the desired level.

References

  • Akgül, A. (2005). Tıbbi araştırmalarda istatistiksel analiz teknikleri. 3 ed. Ankara. Turkey: Emek Ofset Ltd Şti.
  • Anonymous. (2020, October 16). Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi. Retrieved from https://www.omu.edu.tr.
  • Averós, X., Aparicio, M. A., Ferrari, P., Guy, J. H., Hubbard, C., Schmid, O., Ilieski, V., & Spoolder, H. A. M. (2013). The effect of steps to promote higher levels of farm animal welfare across the EU. Societal versus animal scientists’ perceptions of animal welfare. Animals, 3, 786-807.
  • Bozkurt, Z., & Koçak, K. (2017). Gıdalarda hayvan refahı etiketlemesi. Kocatepe Veteriner Dergisi, 10 (4), 337-349.
  • Campmans-Kuijpers, M. J. E., Singh-Povel, C., Steijns, J., & Beulens, J. W. J. (2016). The association of dairy intake of children and adolescents with different food and nutrient intakes in the Netherlands. BMC Pediatrics, 16, 2.
  • Carlsson, F. R. C.; Rykblom, P. E. F.; & Lagerkvist, C. J. (2007). Consumer benefits of labels and bans on genetically modified food - An empirical analysis using choice experiments. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 89, 152–161.
  • Cornish, A., Raubenheimer, D., & McGreevy, P. (2016). What we know about the public’s level of concern for farm animal welfare in food production in developed countries. Animals, 6, 74.
  • Demirel, A. F., & Çak, B. (2016). The importance of animal welfare applications in food safety in terms of the relevant legislation in Turkey and the European Union. Van Veterinary Journal, 27 (2), 111-116.
  • Durmaz, H, Sağun, E, & Tarakçı, Z. (2002). Yüksekokul öğrencilerinin içme sütü tüketim alışkanlıkları. Van Veterinary Journal, 13 (2), 69-73.
  • Erdoğan, N., & Çiçek, H. (2015). Hayvansal gıdaların tüketim yapısı ve tüketici tercihlerinin belirlenmesi üzerine bir araştırma: üniversite personeli örneği. Kocatepe Veteriner Dergisi, 8 (1), 25-31.
  • Górska-Warsewicz, H., Rejman, K., Laskowski, W., & Czeczotko, M. (2019). Milk and dairy products and their nutritional contribution to the average polish diet. Nutrients, 11, 1771.
  • Harvey, D., & Hubbard, C. (2013). The supply chain’s role in improving animal welfare. Animals, 3, 767-785.
  • Huang, F., Wang, H., Wang, Z., Zhang, J., Su, C., Du, W., Jiang, H., Jia, X., Ouyang, Y., Wang Y., Li L., & Zhang, B. (2019). Knowledge, behavior and consumption types of milk and dairy products among the Chinese aged 60 and above in 15 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) in 2015. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, 48 (1), 9-15.
  • Frey, U. J., & Pirscher, F. (2018). Willingness to pay and moral stance: The case of farm animal welfare in Germany. PLoS One, 13 (8), e0202193.
  • Hoque, M. Z., Alam Md., N., & Nahid, K. A. (2018). Health consciousness and its effect on perceived knowledge, and belief in the purchase intent of liquid milk: Consumer insights from an emerging market. Foods, 7 (9), 150.
  • Ingenbleek, P. T. M., Harvey, D., Ilieski, V., Immink, V. M., de Roest, K., & Schmid, O. (2013). The European market for animal-friendly products in a societal context. Animals, 3, 808-829.
  • Karagözlü, N., Karagözlü, C., Karaca, S., & Eren, S. (2005). Üniversite öğrencilerinde süt ve ürünleri tüketim alışkanlıkları ve beslenme bilinçleri üzerine bir araştırma, Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi örneği. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 101-108.
  • Kok, C. R., & Hutkins, R. (2018). Yogurt and other fermented foods as sources of health-promoting bacteria. Nutrition Reviews, 76, 4–15. Kongerslev Thorning, T., Anne Raben, A., Tholstrup, T., Soedamah-Muthu, S. S., Givens, I., & Astrup, A. (2016). Milk and dairy products: Good or bad for human health? An assessment of the totality of scientific evidence. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 60, 32527.
  • Köseman, A., & Şeker İ. (2019). Influence of husbandry conditions on animal welfare at cattle farms in Turkey. Animal Science Papers and Reports, 37 (2), 137-147.
  • Lee, J. H., Kim, W. K., & Kim, S. H. (2019). Participation in the school milk program contributes to increased milk consumption and dietary nutrient intake by middle school students in South Korea. Nutrients, 11 (10), 2386.
  • Liu, Z., Pang, S., Li, Y., Man, Q., Li, L., & Zhang, J. (2016). Consumption status of dairy products in Chinese aged 60 and above in 2010-2012. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, 45 (5), 708-713.
  • Phillips, C. J. C., & McCulloch, S. (2005). Student attitudes on animal sentience and use of animals in society. Journal of Biological Education, 40, 1, 17-24.
  • Phillips, C., Izmirli, S., Aldavood, J., Alonso, M., Choe, B., Hanlon, A., Handziska, A., Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Kennedy, M., Lee, G., Lund, V., Mejdell, C., Pelagic, V., & Rehn, T. (2011). An international comparison of female and male students’ attitudes to the use of animals. Animals (Basel), 1 (1), 7-26.
  • Sajdakowska, M., Gebski, J., Guzek, D., Gutkowska, K., & Zakowska-Biemans, S. (2020). Dairy products quality from a consumer point of view: Study among Polish adults. Nutrients, 12, 1503.
  • Selçuk, Ş., Tarakçı, Z., Şahin, K., & Coşkun, H. (2003). Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi lisans öğrencilerinin süt ürünleri tüketim alışkanlıkları. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 13 (1), 23-31.
  • Sinclair, M., & Phillips, C. J. C. (2019). Asian livestock industry leaders’ perceptions of the importance of and solutions for animal welfare issues. Animals, 9, 319.
  • SPSS. (2015). SPSS 22.0. Statistical Package in Social Sciences for Windows. Chicago, USA.
  • Şahinöz, S., & Özdemir, M. (2017). Üniversite öğrencilerinin süt ve süt ürünleri tüketim alışkanlıkları ve etkileyen faktörler. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 6 (4), 106-112.
  • Şeker, İ., Şeker, P., Şahin, M., Özen, V. S., Akdeniz, A., Erkmen, O., Kışlalıoğlu, İ., Sargın, G., & Doğu, G. B. (2012). Elazığ ili merkez ilçede tüketicilerin süt tüketim alışkanlıkları ve bu alışkanlıkları etkileyen faktörlerin belirlenmesi. Fırat Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Veteriner Dergisi, 26 (3), 131-143.
  • Şimşek, B., & Açıkgöz, İ. (2011). Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi öğrencilerinin içme sütü tüketim alışkanlıklarının belirlenmesi. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 21 (1),12-18.
  • Tamioso, P. R., Rucinque, D. S., Miele, M., Boissy, A., & Molento, C. F. M. (2018). Perception of animal sentience by Brazilian and French citizens: The case of sheep welfare and sentience. PLoS ONE 13 (7), e0200425.
  • Tarakçı, Z, Selçuk, Ş, Şahin, K, & Coşkun, H. (2003). Üniversite öğrencilerinin içme sütü tüketim alışkanlıkları üzerine bir araştırma. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 13 (1),15-21.
  • Üstün, B. (2020 October, 5). Örnekleme yöntemleri. Retrieved from https://www.phdernegi.org/wpcontent/uploads/2016/03/%C3%B6rnekleme_yontemleri.pdf.
  • Vanga, S. K., & Raghavan, V. (2018). How well do plant based alternatives fare nutritionally compared to cow’s milk? Journal of Food Science and Technology, 55 (1), 10–20.
  • Ventura, B. A., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G., Wittman, H., & Weary, D. M. (2016). What difference does a visit make? Changes in animal welfare perceptions after interested citizens tour a dairy farm. PLoS ONE, 11 (5), e0154733.
  • You, X., Li, Y., Zhang, M., Yan, H., & Zhao, R. (2014). A survey of Chinese citizens’ perceptions on farm animal welfare. PLoS ONE, 9 (10), e109177.
  • Zhao, A., Man-Yau Szeto, I., Wang, Y., Li, C., Pan, M., Li, T., Wang, P., & Zhang, Y. (2017). Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of dairy products in Chinese urban population and the effects on dairy intake quality. Nutrients, 9, 668.
  • Zullig, L. L., Sanders, L. L., Thomas, S., Brown, J. N., Danus, S., McCant, F., & Bosworth, H. B. (2016). Health beliefs and desire to improve cholesterol levels among patients with hyperlipidemia. Patient Education and Counseling, 99 (5), 830-5.

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, 149 - 158, 30.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.30704/http-www-jivs-net.993653

Abstract

References

  • Akgül, A. (2005). Tıbbi araştırmalarda istatistiksel analiz teknikleri. 3 ed. Ankara. Turkey: Emek Ofset Ltd Şti.
  • Anonymous. (2020, October 16). Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi. Retrieved from https://www.omu.edu.tr.
  • Averós, X., Aparicio, M. A., Ferrari, P., Guy, J. H., Hubbard, C., Schmid, O., Ilieski, V., & Spoolder, H. A. M. (2013). The effect of steps to promote higher levels of farm animal welfare across the EU. Societal versus animal scientists’ perceptions of animal welfare. Animals, 3, 786-807.
  • Bozkurt, Z., & Koçak, K. (2017). Gıdalarda hayvan refahı etiketlemesi. Kocatepe Veteriner Dergisi, 10 (4), 337-349.
  • Campmans-Kuijpers, M. J. E., Singh-Povel, C., Steijns, J., & Beulens, J. W. J. (2016). The association of dairy intake of children and adolescents with different food and nutrient intakes in the Netherlands. BMC Pediatrics, 16, 2.
  • Carlsson, F. R. C.; Rykblom, P. E. F.; & Lagerkvist, C. J. (2007). Consumer benefits of labels and bans on genetically modified food - An empirical analysis using choice experiments. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 89, 152–161.
  • Cornish, A., Raubenheimer, D., & McGreevy, P. (2016). What we know about the public’s level of concern for farm animal welfare in food production in developed countries. Animals, 6, 74.
  • Demirel, A. F., & Çak, B. (2016). The importance of animal welfare applications in food safety in terms of the relevant legislation in Turkey and the European Union. Van Veterinary Journal, 27 (2), 111-116.
  • Durmaz, H, Sağun, E, & Tarakçı, Z. (2002). Yüksekokul öğrencilerinin içme sütü tüketim alışkanlıkları. Van Veterinary Journal, 13 (2), 69-73.
  • Erdoğan, N., & Çiçek, H. (2015). Hayvansal gıdaların tüketim yapısı ve tüketici tercihlerinin belirlenmesi üzerine bir araştırma: üniversite personeli örneği. Kocatepe Veteriner Dergisi, 8 (1), 25-31.
  • Górska-Warsewicz, H., Rejman, K., Laskowski, W., & Czeczotko, M. (2019). Milk and dairy products and their nutritional contribution to the average polish diet. Nutrients, 11, 1771.
  • Harvey, D., & Hubbard, C. (2013). The supply chain’s role in improving animal welfare. Animals, 3, 767-785.
  • Huang, F., Wang, H., Wang, Z., Zhang, J., Su, C., Du, W., Jiang, H., Jia, X., Ouyang, Y., Wang Y., Li L., & Zhang, B. (2019). Knowledge, behavior and consumption types of milk and dairy products among the Chinese aged 60 and above in 15 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) in 2015. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, 48 (1), 9-15.
  • Frey, U. J., & Pirscher, F. (2018). Willingness to pay and moral stance: The case of farm animal welfare in Germany. PLoS One, 13 (8), e0202193.
  • Hoque, M. Z., Alam Md., N., & Nahid, K. A. (2018). Health consciousness and its effect on perceived knowledge, and belief in the purchase intent of liquid milk: Consumer insights from an emerging market. Foods, 7 (9), 150.
  • Ingenbleek, P. T. M., Harvey, D., Ilieski, V., Immink, V. M., de Roest, K., & Schmid, O. (2013). The European market for animal-friendly products in a societal context. Animals, 3, 808-829.
  • Karagözlü, N., Karagözlü, C., Karaca, S., & Eren, S. (2005). Üniversite öğrencilerinde süt ve ürünleri tüketim alışkanlıkları ve beslenme bilinçleri üzerine bir araştırma, Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi örneği. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 101-108.
  • Kok, C. R., & Hutkins, R. (2018). Yogurt and other fermented foods as sources of health-promoting bacteria. Nutrition Reviews, 76, 4–15. Kongerslev Thorning, T., Anne Raben, A., Tholstrup, T., Soedamah-Muthu, S. S., Givens, I., & Astrup, A. (2016). Milk and dairy products: Good or bad for human health? An assessment of the totality of scientific evidence. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 60, 32527.
  • Köseman, A., & Şeker İ. (2019). Influence of husbandry conditions on animal welfare at cattle farms in Turkey. Animal Science Papers and Reports, 37 (2), 137-147.
  • Lee, J. H., Kim, W. K., & Kim, S. H. (2019). Participation in the school milk program contributes to increased milk consumption and dietary nutrient intake by middle school students in South Korea. Nutrients, 11 (10), 2386.
  • Liu, Z., Pang, S., Li, Y., Man, Q., Li, L., & Zhang, J. (2016). Consumption status of dairy products in Chinese aged 60 and above in 2010-2012. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, 45 (5), 708-713.
  • Phillips, C. J. C., & McCulloch, S. (2005). Student attitudes on animal sentience and use of animals in society. Journal of Biological Education, 40, 1, 17-24.
  • Phillips, C., Izmirli, S., Aldavood, J., Alonso, M., Choe, B., Hanlon, A., Handziska, A., Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Kennedy, M., Lee, G., Lund, V., Mejdell, C., Pelagic, V., & Rehn, T. (2011). An international comparison of female and male students’ attitudes to the use of animals. Animals (Basel), 1 (1), 7-26.
  • Sajdakowska, M., Gebski, J., Guzek, D., Gutkowska, K., & Zakowska-Biemans, S. (2020). Dairy products quality from a consumer point of view: Study among Polish adults. Nutrients, 12, 1503.
  • Selçuk, Ş., Tarakçı, Z., Şahin, K., & Coşkun, H. (2003). Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi lisans öğrencilerinin süt ürünleri tüketim alışkanlıkları. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 13 (1), 23-31.
  • Sinclair, M., & Phillips, C. J. C. (2019). Asian livestock industry leaders’ perceptions of the importance of and solutions for animal welfare issues. Animals, 9, 319.
  • SPSS. (2015). SPSS 22.0. Statistical Package in Social Sciences for Windows. Chicago, USA.
  • Şahinöz, S., & Özdemir, M. (2017). Üniversite öğrencilerinin süt ve süt ürünleri tüketim alışkanlıkları ve etkileyen faktörler. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 6 (4), 106-112.
  • Şeker, İ., Şeker, P., Şahin, M., Özen, V. S., Akdeniz, A., Erkmen, O., Kışlalıoğlu, İ., Sargın, G., & Doğu, G. B. (2012). Elazığ ili merkez ilçede tüketicilerin süt tüketim alışkanlıkları ve bu alışkanlıkları etkileyen faktörlerin belirlenmesi. Fırat Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Veteriner Dergisi, 26 (3), 131-143.
  • Şimşek, B., & Açıkgöz, İ. (2011). Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi öğrencilerinin içme sütü tüketim alışkanlıklarının belirlenmesi. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 21 (1),12-18.
  • Tamioso, P. R., Rucinque, D. S., Miele, M., Boissy, A., & Molento, C. F. M. (2018). Perception of animal sentience by Brazilian and French citizens: The case of sheep welfare and sentience. PLoS ONE 13 (7), e0200425.
  • Tarakçı, Z, Selçuk, Ş, Şahin, K, & Coşkun, H. (2003). Üniversite öğrencilerinin içme sütü tüketim alışkanlıkları üzerine bir araştırma. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 13 (1),15-21.
  • Üstün, B. (2020 October, 5). Örnekleme yöntemleri. Retrieved from https://www.phdernegi.org/wpcontent/uploads/2016/03/%C3%B6rnekleme_yontemleri.pdf.
  • Vanga, S. K., & Raghavan, V. (2018). How well do plant based alternatives fare nutritionally compared to cow’s milk? Journal of Food Science and Technology, 55 (1), 10–20.
  • Ventura, B. A., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G., Wittman, H., & Weary, D. M. (2016). What difference does a visit make? Changes in animal welfare perceptions after interested citizens tour a dairy farm. PLoS ONE, 11 (5), e0154733.
  • You, X., Li, Y., Zhang, M., Yan, H., & Zhao, R. (2014). A survey of Chinese citizens’ perceptions on farm animal welfare. PLoS ONE, 9 (10), e109177.
  • Zhao, A., Man-Yau Szeto, I., Wang, Y., Li, C., Pan, M., Li, T., Wang, P., & Zhang, Y. (2017). Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of dairy products in Chinese urban population and the effects on dairy intake quality. Nutrients, 9, 668.
  • Zullig, L. L., Sanders, L. L., Thomas, S., Brown, J. N., Danus, S., McCant, F., & Bosworth, H. B. (2016). Health beliefs and desire to improve cholesterol levels among patients with hyperlipidemia. Patient Education and Counseling, 99 (5), 830-5.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Veterinary
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Pınar ŞEKER
Elazig Provincial Directorate of Agriculture and Forestry
0000-0001-8059-5830
Türkiye


Hakan GÜLER
ONDOKUZ MAYIS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY
0000-0002-4343-6758
Türkiye


Abdurrahman KÖSEMAN (Primary Author)
MALATYA TURGUT OZAL UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-6491-9962
Türkiye


İbrahim ŞEKER
FIRAT UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
0000-0002-3114-6411
Türkiye

Publication Date December 30, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3

Cite

APA Şeker, P. , Güler, H. , Köseman, A. & Şeker, İ. (2021). University students' perception of animal welfare and opinions on consumption of milk and dairy products . Journal of Istanbul Veterinary Sciences , 5 (3) , 149-158 . DOI: 10.30704/http-www-jivs-net.993653

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