Research Article
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Money Recognition and Using Methods in Visually Impaired Individuals

Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, 191 - 205, 28.08.2020

Abstract

Objective: One of the biggest problems faced by visually impaired individuals is distinguishing and using money. This situation significantly affects the quality of life of individuals. For this reason, methods of recognizing the money of the visually impaired and the problems they face were examined. Material and Method: It is a qualitative study and 35 volunteers with visual impairment were included. Structured interview method was used to and when the data reached saturation, the study was terminated. The data are analyzed with descriptive and content analysis methods and shown as X, SS and%. Results: In the study, it was observed that the most problematic area were money recognition (57.0%), money counting (34.2%) and taking over money (34.2%). Three methods are used in activities that require money use; use of paper money, coins and credit cards. In paper money recognition, visually impaired individuals stated that they use methods of recognition from braille (8.5%), recognition from size (22.9%), with money recognition ruler (25.7%), getting help from family and friends (37.1%), getting help from foreign environment (17.2%), adjusting the amount and location of money in advance (25.7%), recognizing money by color (25.7%), and recognizing money itself (22.9%). Conclusion: It was observed that the problems experienced by visually impaired individuals in money use activities are not only in physical dimension (such as vision loss level), but also activity change and environmental factors are effective. Therefore, while determining the problems, not only the personal dimension of the event, but also the environmental and activity dimension should be examined.

References

  • Bourne, R. R., Flaxman, S. R., Braithwaite, T., Cicinelli, M. V., Das, A., Jonas, J. B., & Naidoo, K. (2017). Magnitude, Temporal Trends, and Projections of the Global Prevalence of Blindness and Distance and Near Vision Impairment: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The Lancet Global Health, 5(9), 888-897.
  • Berger, S., McAteer, J., Schreier, K., & Kaldenberg, J. (2013). Occupational Therapy Interventions to Improve Leisure and Social Participation for Older Adults With Low Vision: A Systematic Review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67(3), 303-311.
  • Brown, J., Goldstein, J., Chan, T. ve diğerleri. (2014). Characterizing Functional Complaints in Patients Seeking Outpatient Low Vision Services in the United States. Opthalmology, 121(8): 1655–1662.
  • Girdler, S., Packer, T., & Boldy, D. (2008). The Impact of Agerelated Vision Loss: A Focus Group Study. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health, 28(3), 110–120.
  • McGrath C and Rudman D (2013) Factors That Influence the Occupational Engagement of Older Adults With Low Vision: A Scoping Review. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76(5): 234–241.
  • Schillmeier, M. (2007). Dis/abling Spaces of Calculation: Blindness and Money in Everyday Life. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 25(4), 594-609).
  • Mohamed, A., Ishak, M. I., & Buniyamin, N. (2012, May). Development of a Malaysian Currency Note Recognizer for the Vision Impaired. In Engineering and Technology (S-CET), 2012 Spring Congress on (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
  • Costa, C. M., Veiga, G., & Sousa, A. (2016, May). Recognition of Banknotes in Multiple Perspectives Using Selective Feature Matching and Shape Analysis. In Autonomous Robot Systems and Competitions (ICARSC), International Conference on (pp. 235-240). IEEE.
  • Türk Telekom’dan Görme Engelliler için Bir İlk: Türkiye’nin İlk Para Tanıma Teknolojisi. (2017). https://medya.turktelekom.com.tr/turk-telekomdan-gorme-engelliler-icin-bir-ilk-turkiyenin-ilk-para-tanima-teknolojisi/).
  • Yıldırım, A. ve Şimşek, H. (2006). Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.
  • Lee, J.-K., Seong-Goo Jeon, Il-Hwan K. (2004). Distinctive Point Extraction and Recognition Algorithm for Various Kinds of Euro Banknotes. International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems 2(2): p. 201-206
  • Solymár, Z., Stubendek, A., Radványi, M., & Karacs, K. (2011, August). Banknote Recognition for Visually Impaired. In 2011 20th European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design (ECCTD) (pp. 841-844). IEEE.
  • Mohamed, A., Ishak, M. I., & Buniyamin, N. (2012, May). Development of a Malaysian Currency Note Recognizer for the Vision Impaired. In 2012 Spring Congress on Engineering and Technology (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
  • Grijalva, F., Rodriguez, J. C., Larco, J., & Orozco, L. (2010, September). Smartphone Recognition of the US Banknotes' Denomination, for Visually Impaired People. In 2010 IEEE ANDESCON (pp. 1-6). IEEE
  • Semary, N. A., Fadl, S. M., Essa, M. S., & Gad, A. F. (2015, December). Currency Recognition System for Visually İmpaired: Egyptian Banknote as a Study Case. (2015). 5th International Conference on Information & Communication Technology and Accessibility, 1-6). IEEE.
  • Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Merkez Bankası (2019). Türk Lirasının Banknot Ölçüleri, https://www.tcmb.gov.tr/wps/wcm/connect/TR/TCMB+TR/Main+Menu/Banknotlar/Dolasimdaki+Banknotlar.
  • Copolillo, A., & Gentry, T. (2015). Low Vision Intervention: Decision Making for Acquiring and Integrating Assistive Technology. In International Handbook of Occupational Therapy Interventions, 323-338.
  • Berger, S., & Porell, F. (2008). The Association between Low Vision and Function. Journal of Aging and Health, 20(5), 504-525.
  • Sanders, M. (2018). Feasibility Study on the Impact of Home Lighting on Visual Performance and Quality of Life for Older Adults With Low Vision. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 72(1).
  • West, S. K., Rubin, G. S., Broman, A. T., Munoz, B., Bandeen-Roche, K., & Turano, K. (2002). How does Visual Impairment Affect Performance on Tasks of Everyday Life? The SEE Project. Salisbury Eye Evaluation. Arch Ophthalmol, 120(6), 774-780.
  • Duquette, J., Loiselle, J., Fréchette, C., Déry, L., & Senécal, M. J. (2018). Occupational Performance in the Basic and İnstrumental Daily Activities of Persons with Low Vision Who Received Rehabilitation Services. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 11, 1-22.
  • McGrath, C. E., & Rudman, D. L. (2013). Factors That Influence the Occupational Engagement of Older Adults With Low Vision: A Scoping Review. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76(5), 234-241.

Görme Engelli Bireylerde Para Tanıma ve Kullanma Yöntemleri

Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, 191 - 205, 28.08.2020

Abstract

Amaç: Görme engelli bireylerin karşılaştıkları en büyük sorunlardan birisi de parayı ayırt edebilme ve kullanımına ilişkin problemlerdir. Bu durum bireylerin yaşam kalitesini önemli ölçüde etkilemektedir. Bu nedenle çalışmamızda görme engellilerin parayı tanıma yöntemleri ve karşılaştıkları sorunlar incelenmiştir.
Gereç ve Yöntem: Çalışmamız nitel dizaynda olup, çalışmamıza 35 gönüllü görme engelli birey dâhil edilmiştir. Verilerin toplanmasında yapılandırılmış görüşme yöntemi kullanılmış, veriler doygunluğa ulaştığında çalışma sonlandırılmıştır. Elde edilen veriler betimsel ve içerik analizi yöntemleriyle analiz edilerek, X,SS ve % olarak gösterilmiştir.
Bulgular: Araştırmada en çok sorun yaşanan alanların para tanıma (%57,0), para sayımı (%34,2) ve para üstü alma (%34,2) olduğu gözlemlenmiştir. Para kullanımı gerektiren aktivitelerde üç yönteme başvurulduğu saptanmıştır; kâğıt para, bozuk para ve kredi kartı kullanımı. Kâğıt para tanıma da görme engelli bireyler, kabartıdan tanıma (%8,5), büyüklüğünden tanıma (%22,9), para tanıma cetveli ile tanıma (%25,7), aile ve yakın çevreden yardım alma (%37,1), yabancı çevreden yardım alma (%17,2), önceden para miktarı ve yerini ayarlama (%25,7), parayı renginden tanıma (%25,7) ve parayı yazılardan tanıma (%22,9) yöntemlerini kullandıklarını ifade etmişlerdir.
Sonuç: Görme engelli bireylerin para kullanımı ile ilgili aktivitelerinde yaşadığı problemin sadece fiziksel boyutta olmadığı (görme kaybı seviyesi gibi), aktivite değişimi ve çevresel faktörlerin de etken olduğu görülmüştür. Bu nedenle problemler belirlenirken olayın sadece kişisel boyutu değil, çevre ve aktivite boyutu da incelenmelidir.

References

  • Bourne, R. R., Flaxman, S. R., Braithwaite, T., Cicinelli, M. V., Das, A., Jonas, J. B., & Naidoo, K. (2017). Magnitude, Temporal Trends, and Projections of the Global Prevalence of Blindness and Distance and Near Vision Impairment: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The Lancet Global Health, 5(9), 888-897.
  • Berger, S., McAteer, J., Schreier, K., & Kaldenberg, J. (2013). Occupational Therapy Interventions to Improve Leisure and Social Participation for Older Adults With Low Vision: A Systematic Review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67(3), 303-311.
  • Brown, J., Goldstein, J., Chan, T. ve diğerleri. (2014). Characterizing Functional Complaints in Patients Seeking Outpatient Low Vision Services in the United States. Opthalmology, 121(8): 1655–1662.
  • Girdler, S., Packer, T., & Boldy, D. (2008). The Impact of Agerelated Vision Loss: A Focus Group Study. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health, 28(3), 110–120.
  • McGrath C and Rudman D (2013) Factors That Influence the Occupational Engagement of Older Adults With Low Vision: A Scoping Review. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76(5): 234–241.
  • Schillmeier, M. (2007). Dis/abling Spaces of Calculation: Blindness and Money in Everyday Life. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 25(4), 594-609).
  • Mohamed, A., Ishak, M. I., & Buniyamin, N. (2012, May). Development of a Malaysian Currency Note Recognizer for the Vision Impaired. In Engineering and Technology (S-CET), 2012 Spring Congress on (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
  • Costa, C. M., Veiga, G., & Sousa, A. (2016, May). Recognition of Banknotes in Multiple Perspectives Using Selective Feature Matching and Shape Analysis. In Autonomous Robot Systems and Competitions (ICARSC), International Conference on (pp. 235-240). IEEE.
  • Türk Telekom’dan Görme Engelliler için Bir İlk: Türkiye’nin İlk Para Tanıma Teknolojisi. (2017). https://medya.turktelekom.com.tr/turk-telekomdan-gorme-engelliler-icin-bir-ilk-turkiyenin-ilk-para-tanima-teknolojisi/).
  • Yıldırım, A. ve Şimşek, H. (2006). Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.
  • Lee, J.-K., Seong-Goo Jeon, Il-Hwan K. (2004). Distinctive Point Extraction and Recognition Algorithm for Various Kinds of Euro Banknotes. International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems 2(2): p. 201-206
  • Solymár, Z., Stubendek, A., Radványi, M., & Karacs, K. (2011, August). Banknote Recognition for Visually Impaired. In 2011 20th European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design (ECCTD) (pp. 841-844). IEEE.
  • Mohamed, A., Ishak, M. I., & Buniyamin, N. (2012, May). Development of a Malaysian Currency Note Recognizer for the Vision Impaired. In 2012 Spring Congress on Engineering and Technology (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
  • Grijalva, F., Rodriguez, J. C., Larco, J., & Orozco, L. (2010, September). Smartphone Recognition of the US Banknotes' Denomination, for Visually Impaired People. In 2010 IEEE ANDESCON (pp. 1-6). IEEE
  • Semary, N. A., Fadl, S. M., Essa, M. S., & Gad, A. F. (2015, December). Currency Recognition System for Visually İmpaired: Egyptian Banknote as a Study Case. (2015). 5th International Conference on Information & Communication Technology and Accessibility, 1-6). IEEE.
  • Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Merkez Bankası (2019). Türk Lirasının Banknot Ölçüleri, https://www.tcmb.gov.tr/wps/wcm/connect/TR/TCMB+TR/Main+Menu/Banknotlar/Dolasimdaki+Banknotlar.
  • Copolillo, A., & Gentry, T. (2015). Low Vision Intervention: Decision Making for Acquiring and Integrating Assistive Technology. In International Handbook of Occupational Therapy Interventions, 323-338.
  • Berger, S., & Porell, F. (2008). The Association between Low Vision and Function. Journal of Aging and Health, 20(5), 504-525.
  • Sanders, M. (2018). Feasibility Study on the Impact of Home Lighting on Visual Performance and Quality of Life for Older Adults With Low Vision. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 72(1).
  • West, S. K., Rubin, G. S., Broman, A. T., Munoz, B., Bandeen-Roche, K., & Turano, K. (2002). How does Visual Impairment Affect Performance on Tasks of Everyday Life? The SEE Project. Salisbury Eye Evaluation. Arch Ophthalmol, 120(6), 774-780.
  • Duquette, J., Loiselle, J., Fréchette, C., Déry, L., & Senécal, M. J. (2018). Occupational Performance in the Basic and İnstrumental Daily Activities of Persons with Low Vision Who Received Rehabilitation Services. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 11, 1-22.
  • McGrath, C. E., & Rudman, D. L. (2013). Factors That Influence the Occupational Engagement of Older Adults With Low Vision: A Scoping Review. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76(5), 234-241.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Sevgi KARA (Primary Author)
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, PHYSIOTHERAPY AND REHABILITATION PR.
0000-0002-5026-0519
Türkiye


Özgü İNAL
TRAKYA UNIVERSITY
Türkiye


Berkan TORPİL
SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Mustafa CEMALİ This is me
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY
Türkiye


İbrahim Yavuz TATLI
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY
Türkiye


Esra AKI
HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY
Türkiye

Supporting Institution yok
Project Number GO 19/289
Publication Date August 28, 2020
Application Date February 7, 2020
Acceptance Date June 10, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2

Cite

APA Kara, S. , İnal, Ö. , Torpil, B. , Cemali, M. , Tatlı, İ. Y. & Akı, E. (2020). Görme Engelli Bireylerde Para Tanıma ve Kullanma Yöntemleri . Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal , 7 (2) , 191-205 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/husbfd/issue/54381/686183