Research Article
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Investigation of The Relationship Between Strength and Endurance of The Trunk Muscle With Functional Parameters in Young Individuals

Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, 296 - 309, 31.12.2020

Abstract

Objectives: Low strength and endurance of the muscles in the core region cause excessive physiological stress on the passive structures of the spine, which can cause pain and decrease functional performance throughout the other structures of the body. The hypothesis of this study was to investigate the relationship between strength and endurance of core muscles and functional parameters in young individuals. Materials and Methods: 123 healthy young individuals with mean age of 21.04±1.691 years were included in the study to investigate the relationship between muscle strength and endurance of the trunk region and functional parameters. in this study, demographic information, core muscles strength and endurance evaluations, functional parameters evaluating performance were recorded. Core muscles endurance evaluations included lateral bridge, Sorenson, trunk flexor endurance tests; core muscles strength assessment modified push-up, sit-up tests; the evaluation of lower extremity functionality vertical jump, bilateral squat, step down, forward jump tests on one leg. Results: As a result of the statistical analysis, it was determined that the modified push-up test, which is one of the core force tests, was positively significantly associated with the performance tests (r = 0.188-0.50p <0.05), while the sit-up test from the core force tests did not correlate with the performance tests (p>0.05). As a result of statistical analysis, it was found that core endurance tests were positively correlate with vertical jump test, squat test and step down test(p<0.05). Conclusion: A result of our study, a weakly significant relationship was found between the strength, endurance of the core muscles and functional parameters viewing performance. We think that strength and endurance exercises of core muscles should be taken into consideration increasing functional parameters.

References

  • Akuthota, M.D., Nadler, S.F. (2004). Core Strengthening. Archieve of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 85(3), 86-92.
  • Aly, S. M. A., El-Mohsen, A. M. A., El Hafez, S. M. (2017). Effect of six weeks of core stability exercises on trunk and hip muscles strength in college students. International Journal of Therapies Rehabilitation Research, 6(2), 9-15.
  • Baker, D. (2000) Overuse of Swiss ball training to develop Core stability or improve sports performance. Strength and Conditioning Coach, 8(2), 5-9.
  • Baltacı, G., Tunay, V.B., Tuncer, A., Ergun, N. (2006). Spor Yaralanmalarında Egzersiz Tedavisi. Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Yüksekokulu, (2. Baskı bs.). Alp Yayınları.
  • Bliss, L. S., Teeple, P. (2005). Core stability: the centerpiece of any training program. Currets Sports Medicine Reports, 4 (3), 179-183.
  • Bouisset, S. (1991). Relationship between postural support and intentional it, biomechanical approach. Archieves Internationals de Physiologie, de Biochimie et de Biophysique, 99(5), 77-92.
  • Chok, B., Raymond. L., Latimer, J., Seang Beng, T. (1999). Endurance training of the trunk extensor muscles in people with sub acute low back pain. Physical Therapy, 79(11), 1032-1042.
  • Cuğ, M., Ak, E., Özdemir, R. A., Korkusuz, F., Behm, D. G. (2012). The effect of instability training on knee joint proprioception and core strength. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 11(3), 468.
  • Dendas, A. M. (2010). The relationship between core stability and athletic performance, A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of Kinesiology, Humboldt State University.
  • Dupeyron, A., Hertzog, M., Micallef, J.-P., Perrey, S. (2013). Does an abdominal strengthening program influence leg stiffness during hopping tasks? The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 27(8), 2129-2133.
  • Ergun, N., Baltacı, G. (1997). Spor yaralanmalarında fizyoterapi ve rehabilitasyon prensipleri. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Yüksekokulu Yayınları:20, Ankara, 36–112.
  • Essendrop, M., Maul, I., Laubli, T., Riihimaki, H., Schibye, B. (2002), Measures of low back function: a review of reproducibility studies. Clinical Biomechanics (Bristol, Avon), 17(4), 235-49.
  • Hill, J., Leiszler, M. (2011). Review and role of plyometrics and core rehabilitation in competitive sport, Currents Sports Medicine Reports, 10(6), 345-351.
  • Kibler, W. B., Press, J., Sciascia, A. (2006). The role of core stability in athletic function. Sports Medicine, 36(3), 189-98.
  • Kisner, C., Colby, L.A., (2007) Therapeutic exercises and Techniques, 2007. (Fifth Edition bs.), Philedelphia, F. A. Davis Company 4, 299-300.
  • Leetun, D.T., Ireland, M.L., Willson, J.D., Ballantyne, B.T., Davis, I.M. (2004). Core stability measures as risk factors for lower extremity injury in athletes, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(6), 926-34.
  • McGill, S.M., Childs A., Liebenson C. (1999). Endurance times for low back stabilization exercises: clinical targets for testing and training from a normal database. Archieve of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 80(8), 941-4.
  • Mills, J. D., Taunton, J. E., Mills, W. A. (2005). The effect of a 10 week training regimen on lumbopelvic stability and athletic performance in female athletes: A randomized-controlled trial. Physical Therapy in Sport, 6(2), 60-66.
  • Moreau, C. E., Green, B. N., Johnson, C. D., Moreau, S. R. (2001). Isometric back extension endurance tests: a review of the literature. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 24(2), 110-22.
  • Myer, G. D., Ford, K. R., Palumbo, O. P., Hewett, T. E. (2005). Neuromuscular training improves performance and lower-extremity biomechanics in female athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 19(1), 51-60.
  • Rahmat, A., Naser, H., Belal, M., Hasan, D. (2014). The effect of core stabilization exercises on the physical fitness in children 9-12 years. Journal of Romanian Sports Medicine Society, 10(3), 2401-2405.
  • Reed, C., Ford, K., Myer, G. & Hewett, T. (2012). The effects of isolated and integrated core stability training on athletic performance measures: a systematic review. Sports Medicine, 42(8), 697-706.
  • Risberg, M. A., Holm, I., Ekeland, A. (1995). Reliability of functional knee tests in normal athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 5(5),24–8.
  • Sato, K., Mokha, M. (2009). Does core strength training influence running kinetics, lower-extremity stability, and 5000-m performance in runners? The Jorunal of Strength Conditioning Research, 23(1), 133-40.
  • Scibek, J., Guskiewicz, W., Prentice, W., Mays, S., & Davis, J. (2001). The effect of core stabilization training on functional performance in swimming. Thesis (PhD), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
  • Sever, O. (2016). Comparison of static and dynamic core exercises effects on speed and agility performance in soccerplayers. Doktora tezi, Gazi Universitesi.
  • Sharma, A, Geovinson, S. G., Singh Sandhu, J. (2012). Effects of a nine-week core strengthening exercise program on vertical jump performances and static balance in volleyball players withtrunk instability. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 52(6), 606-15.
  • Stanton, R., Reaburn, P., Humphries, B. (2004). The effect of short-term swiss balltraining on core stability and running economy. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(3), 522-528.
  • Suni, J. H., Miilunpalo, S.I., Asikainem, T.M. (1998). Safety and feasibility of a health-related fitness test battery for adults. Physical Therapy, 78(2), 134-148.
  • Tate, A., Harrington, S., Buness, M., Murray, S., Trout, C., Meisel, C. (2015). Investigation of in-waterand dry-land training programs for competitive swimmers in the United States, Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 24(4), 353-62.
  • Tse, M., McManus, A., & Masters, R. (2005). Development and validation of a core endurance intervention program: implications for performance in college-age rowers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(3), 547-552.
  • Vergili Ö. (2012). Sağlıklı Sedanter Bayanlarda Kalistenik – Pilates Egzersizlerinin Sağlıkla İlişkili Fiziksel Uygunluk ve Yaşam Kalitesi Üzerindeki Etkileri. Doktora tezi, İstanbul Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü.

Genç Bireylerde Kor Kasları Kuvvetinin ve Enduransının Fonksiyonel Parametrelerle İlişkisinin İncelenmesi

Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, 296 - 309, 31.12.2020

Abstract

Amaç: Kor bölgesindeki kasların kuvvetinin ve enduransının düşük olması, omurganın pasif yapıları üzerinde aşırı bir fizyolojik strese neden olmaktadır. Bu durum vücudun diğer yapıları boyunca ağrı oluşturabilmekte ve fonksiyonel performansı azaltabilmektedir. Bu çalışmanın hipotezi genç bireylerde kor kasları kuvvetinin ve enduransının fonksiyonel parametrelerle ilişkisinin incelenmesidir.
Gereç ve Yöntem: Gövde kas kuvveti ve enduransının fonksiyonel parametrelerle ilişkisinin incelenmesi amacıyla çalışmaya yaş ortalaması 21,04±1,691 yıl olan 123 sağlıklı genç birey dahil edilmiştir. Çalışmada bireylerin demografik bilgileri kaydedilmiştir. Ayrıca kor kaslarının kuvvet değerlendirmesi modifiye push-up testi, sit-up testlerini; endurans değerlendirmesi lateral köprü testi, Sorenson testi ve gövde fleksörleri endurans testlerini içermektedir. Fonksiyonel parametreleri ise dikey sıçrama testi, bilateral çömelme (squat) testi, basamak inme testi ve tek bacak üzerinde öne zıplama testi ile değerlendirilmiştir.
Bulgular: İstatiksel analiz sonucunda kor kuvvet testlerinden modifiye push-up testinin fonksiyonel performans testleri ile pozitif yönde anlamlı olarak ilişkili olduğu görülürken (r=0,188-0,50, p<0,05), kor kuvvet testlerinden sit-up testi ile fonksiyonel performans testlerinin korelasyon içerisinde olmadığı tespit edilmiştir (p>0,05). Kor endurans testleri ile fonksiyonel performans testlerinden dikey sıçrama testi, bilateral çömelme (squat) testi, basamak inme testlerinin pozitif yönde anlamlı olarak ilişkili olduğu görülmüştür (r=0,166-0,385, p<0,05).
Sonuç: Çalışmanın sonucunda kor kaslarının kuvvet ve enduransı ile performansı inceleyen fonksiyonel parametreler arasında zayıf düzeyde anlamlı bir ilişki bulunmuştur. Fonksiyonel parametrelerin artırılmasında kor kaslarının kuvvet ve enduransına yönelik egzersizlerin göz önüne alınması gerektiğini düşünmekteyiz.

References

  • Akuthota, M.D., Nadler, S.F. (2004). Core Strengthening. Archieve of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 85(3), 86-92.
  • Aly, S. M. A., El-Mohsen, A. M. A., El Hafez, S. M. (2017). Effect of six weeks of core stability exercises on trunk and hip muscles strength in college students. International Journal of Therapies Rehabilitation Research, 6(2), 9-15.
  • Baker, D. (2000) Overuse of Swiss ball training to develop Core stability or improve sports performance. Strength and Conditioning Coach, 8(2), 5-9.
  • Baltacı, G., Tunay, V.B., Tuncer, A., Ergun, N. (2006). Spor Yaralanmalarında Egzersiz Tedavisi. Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Yüksekokulu, (2. Baskı bs.). Alp Yayınları.
  • Bliss, L. S., Teeple, P. (2005). Core stability: the centerpiece of any training program. Currets Sports Medicine Reports, 4 (3), 179-183.
  • Bouisset, S. (1991). Relationship between postural support and intentional it, biomechanical approach. Archieves Internationals de Physiologie, de Biochimie et de Biophysique, 99(5), 77-92.
  • Chok, B., Raymond. L., Latimer, J., Seang Beng, T. (1999). Endurance training of the trunk extensor muscles in people with sub acute low back pain. Physical Therapy, 79(11), 1032-1042.
  • Cuğ, M., Ak, E., Özdemir, R. A., Korkusuz, F., Behm, D. G. (2012). The effect of instability training on knee joint proprioception and core strength. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 11(3), 468.
  • Dendas, A. M. (2010). The relationship between core stability and athletic performance, A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of Kinesiology, Humboldt State University.
  • Dupeyron, A., Hertzog, M., Micallef, J.-P., Perrey, S. (2013). Does an abdominal strengthening program influence leg stiffness during hopping tasks? The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 27(8), 2129-2133.
  • Ergun, N., Baltacı, G. (1997). Spor yaralanmalarında fizyoterapi ve rehabilitasyon prensipleri. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Yüksekokulu Yayınları:20, Ankara, 36–112.
  • Essendrop, M., Maul, I., Laubli, T., Riihimaki, H., Schibye, B. (2002), Measures of low back function: a review of reproducibility studies. Clinical Biomechanics (Bristol, Avon), 17(4), 235-49.
  • Hill, J., Leiszler, M. (2011). Review and role of plyometrics and core rehabilitation in competitive sport, Currents Sports Medicine Reports, 10(6), 345-351.
  • Kibler, W. B., Press, J., Sciascia, A. (2006). The role of core stability in athletic function. Sports Medicine, 36(3), 189-98.
  • Kisner, C., Colby, L.A., (2007) Therapeutic exercises and Techniques, 2007. (Fifth Edition bs.), Philedelphia, F. A. Davis Company 4, 299-300.
  • Leetun, D.T., Ireland, M.L., Willson, J.D., Ballantyne, B.T., Davis, I.M. (2004). Core stability measures as risk factors for lower extremity injury in athletes, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(6), 926-34.
  • McGill, S.M., Childs A., Liebenson C. (1999). Endurance times for low back stabilization exercises: clinical targets for testing and training from a normal database. Archieve of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 80(8), 941-4.
  • Mills, J. D., Taunton, J. E., Mills, W. A. (2005). The effect of a 10 week training regimen on lumbopelvic stability and athletic performance in female athletes: A randomized-controlled trial. Physical Therapy in Sport, 6(2), 60-66.
  • Moreau, C. E., Green, B. N., Johnson, C. D., Moreau, S. R. (2001). Isometric back extension endurance tests: a review of the literature. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 24(2), 110-22.
  • Myer, G. D., Ford, K. R., Palumbo, O. P., Hewett, T. E. (2005). Neuromuscular training improves performance and lower-extremity biomechanics in female athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 19(1), 51-60.
  • Rahmat, A., Naser, H., Belal, M., Hasan, D. (2014). The effect of core stabilization exercises on the physical fitness in children 9-12 years. Journal of Romanian Sports Medicine Society, 10(3), 2401-2405.
  • Reed, C., Ford, K., Myer, G. & Hewett, T. (2012). The effects of isolated and integrated core stability training on athletic performance measures: a systematic review. Sports Medicine, 42(8), 697-706.
  • Risberg, M. A., Holm, I., Ekeland, A. (1995). Reliability of functional knee tests in normal athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 5(5),24–8.
  • Sato, K., Mokha, M. (2009). Does core strength training influence running kinetics, lower-extremity stability, and 5000-m performance in runners? The Jorunal of Strength Conditioning Research, 23(1), 133-40.
  • Scibek, J., Guskiewicz, W., Prentice, W., Mays, S., & Davis, J. (2001). The effect of core stabilization training on functional performance in swimming. Thesis (PhD), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
  • Sever, O. (2016). Comparison of static and dynamic core exercises effects on speed and agility performance in soccerplayers. Doktora tezi, Gazi Universitesi.
  • Sharma, A, Geovinson, S. G., Singh Sandhu, J. (2012). Effects of a nine-week core strengthening exercise program on vertical jump performances and static balance in volleyball players withtrunk instability. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 52(6), 606-15.
  • Stanton, R., Reaburn, P., Humphries, B. (2004). The effect of short-term swiss balltraining on core stability and running economy. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(3), 522-528.
  • Suni, J. H., Miilunpalo, S.I., Asikainem, T.M. (1998). Safety and feasibility of a health-related fitness test battery for adults. Physical Therapy, 78(2), 134-148.
  • Tate, A., Harrington, S., Buness, M., Murray, S., Trout, C., Meisel, C. (2015). Investigation of in-waterand dry-land training programs for competitive swimmers in the United States, Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 24(4), 353-62.
  • Tse, M., McManus, A., & Masters, R. (2005). Development and validation of a core endurance intervention program: implications for performance in college-age rowers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(3), 547-552.
  • Vergili Ö. (2012). Sağlıklı Sedanter Bayanlarda Kalistenik – Pilates Egzersizlerinin Sağlıkla İlişkili Fiziksel Uygunluk ve Yaşam Kalitesi Üzerindeki Etkileri. Doktora tezi, İstanbul Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Şafak YUMUŞAK
AHİ EVRAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0145-3565
Türkiye


Buket BÜYÜKTURAN (Primary Author)
AHİ EVRAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-5898-1698
Türkiye


Caner KARARTI
AHİ EVRAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4655-0986
Türkiye


Öznur BÜYÜKTURAN
AHİ EVRAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1163-9972
Türkiye

Supporting Institution -
Project Number -
Thanks -
Publication Date December 31, 2020
Application Date September 10, 2019
Acceptance Date November 3, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3

Cite

APA Yumuşak, Ş. , Büyükturan, B. , Karartı, C. & Büyükturan, Ö. (2020). Genç Bireylerde Kor Kasları Kuvvetinin ve Enduransının Fonksiyonel Parametrelerle İlişkisinin İncelenmesi . Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal , 7 (3) , 296-309 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/husbfd/issue/58415/618320