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Thomas Shadwell’in The Libertine Oyununda Abartılan Libertinizmin Bir Eleştirisi

Year 2023, Volume: 3 Issue: 2, 119 - 132, 31.10.2023

Abstract

Bu makale, Restorasyon dönemi komedilerinin ilk örneklerinden biri olan Thomas Shadwell’in The Libertine (Çapkın) adlı eserinin, dönemin saraylılarının felsefesi olan libertinizmi tasvir etmede öncü rollerden birine sahip olduğunu ileri sürmektedir. Shadwell’in Don Juan uyarlaması olan bu oyununda libertinizmin özelliklerinin tamamen doğru bir şekilde verilmediği, daha ziyade abartılı ve kriminalize edilmiş bir şekilde yansıtıldığı açıkça görülmektedir. Bu bağlamda, makalede ilk olarak II. Charles’ın tahta çıkış dönemi sırasında oyun yazarının sosyo-politik konumu tartışılacaktır. Ardından, töre komedisi türündeki ilk örneklerden biri olması açısından oyunun tür içindeki konumu değerlendirilecektir. Son olarak, libertinizm ve özellikleri, oyundaki erkek karakterler, özellikle de başkarakter Don John üzerinden oyundaki tasvirler kullanılarak incelenecektir.

Ethical Statement

Etik izin gerektirmemektedir. Belge yükledim.

References

  • Barnard, John. Introduction. The Man of Mode, by George Etherege, edited by Barnard, A & C Black, 1979, pp. 1–34. Birdsall, Virginia Ogden. Wild Civility: The English Comic Spirit on the Restoration Stage. Indiana UP, 1970.
  • Bozer, A. Deniz. “The Eclectic Nature of Restoration Libertinism.” Hacettepe University Journal of Faculty of Letters, vol. 5, no. 2, 1987, pp. 225–232.
  • Browne, Wm. Hand. “Thomas Shadwell.” The Sewanee Review, vol. 21, no. 3, 1913, pp. 257–276.
  • Canfield, J. Douglas. “Restoration Comedy.” A Companion to Restoration Drama, edited by Susan J. Owen, Blackwell, 2008, pp. 211–227.
  • Cannan, Paul D. “Restoration Dramatic Theory and Criticism.” A Companion to Restoration Drama, edited by Susan J. Owen, Blackwell, 2008, pp. 19–35.
  • Chernaik, Warren. Sexual Freedom in Restoration Literature. Cambridge UP, 1995.
  • Clark, Barrett Harper, and Henry Popkin. European Theories of the Drama. Crown, 1965.
  • Corman, Brian. “Comedy.” The Cambridge Companion to English Restoration Theatre, edited by Deborah Payne Fisk, Cambridge UP, 2005, pp. 52–69.
  • Cryle, Peter, and Lisa O’Connell. “Sex, Liberty and Licence in the Eighteenth Century.” Libertine Enlightenment: Sex, Liberty, and Licence in the Eighteenth Century, edited by Cryle and O’Connell, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, pp. 1–14.
  • Fisk, Deborah Payne. Introduction and Explanatory Notes. Four Restoration Libertine Plays, edited by Fisk, Oxford UP, 2005, pp. xi+.
  • Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan, or The Matter, Forme, and Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiastical and Civill. Edited by J. C. A. Gaskin, Oxford UP, 1996.
  • Hughes, Derek. “Restoration and Settlement: 1660 and 1688.” The Cambridge Companion to English Restoration Theatre, edited by Deborah Payne Fisk, Cambridge UP, 2005, pp. 127–141.
  • Hume, Robert D. The Development of English Drama in the Late Seventeenth Century. Clarendon, 1976.
  • Jaffe, Aaron. “Seditious Appetites and Creeds: Shadwell’s Libertine and Hobbes’s Foole.” Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660–1700, vol. 24, no. 2, 2000, pp. 55–74.
  • Karabulut, Tuğba. “An Intertextual Analysis of the Proto-Feminist Narrator’s Gaze in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko: or, the Royal Slave.” Postmodern Trends in Literature and Arts, edited by M. Zafer Ayar, Kriter, 2022, pp. 97–120.
  • Mintz, Samuel. The Hunting of Leviathan: Seventeenth-Century Reactions to the Materialism and Moral Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes. Cambridge UP, 1962.
  • Montgomery, Diane Turner. The Rakes of George Etherege’s and William Wycherley’s Comedies of Manners: A Social and Dramaturgical Analysis Based on the Experiences of Elite Restoration Royalist Men. 2007. Union Institute & U, PhD dissertation.
  • Mulcahy, Elizabeth. God’s Plenty: The Drama of Thomas Shadwell. 1988. U of Miami, PhD dissertation.
  • Neill, Michael. “Heroic Heads and Humble Tails: Sex, Politics, and the Restoration Comic Rake.” The Eighteenth Century, vol. 24, no. 2, 1983, pp. 115–139.
  • Novak, Maximillian E. “Libertinism and Sexuality.” A Companion to Restoration Drama, edited by Susan J. Owen, Blackwell, 2008, pp. 53–68.
  • Owen, Susan J. “Restoration Drama and Politics: An Overview.” A Companion to Restoration Drama, edited by Owen, Blackwell, 2008, pp. 126–139.
  • Rosenthal, Laura J. Playwrights and Plagiarists in Early Modern England: Gender, Authorship, Literary Property. Cornell UP, 1996.
  • Shadwell, Thomas. The Libertine. 1675. Four Restoration Libertine Plays, edited by Deborah Payne Fisk, Oxford UP, 2005, pp. 1–84.
  • Thompson, E. P. “Patrician Society, Plebeian Culture.” Journal of Social History, vol. 7, no. 4, 1974, pp. 382–405.
  • Thorndike, Ashley H. English Comedy. Cambridge UP, 1929.
  • Turner, James G. “The Properties of Libertinism.” Eighteenth-Century Life, vol. 9, 1985, pp. 76–87.
  • Underwood, Dale. Etherege and the Seventeenth-Century Comedy of Manners. Yale UP, 1957.
  • Ungerer, Gustav. “Thomas Shadwell’s The Libertine (1675): A Forgotten Restoration Don Juan Play.” SEDERI: Yearbook of the Spanish and Portuguese Society for English Renaissance Studies, vol. 1, 1990, pp. 222–239.
  • Webster, Jeremy W. Performing Libertinism in Charles II’s Court: Politics, Drama, Sexuality. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
  • ---. “This Gaudy, Gilded Stage”: Rhetorics of Libertinism in the Drama of the Court Wits, 1671–1678. 1999. U of Tennessee, PhD dissertation.
  • Wentworth de Witt, Norman. Epicurus and His Philosophy. Oxford UP, 1964.
  • Wheatley, Christopher J., editor. Drama in English from the Middle Ages to the Early Twentieth Century: An Anthology of Plays with Old Spelling. The Catholic U of America P, 2016.
  • ---. “‘Who Vices Dare Explode’: Thomas Shadwell, Thomas Durfey and Didactic Drama of the Restoration.” A Companion to Restoration Drama, edited by Susan J. Owen, Blackwell, 2008, pp. 340–354.
  • Wilcoxin, Reba. “Rochester’s Philosophical Premises: A Case for Consistency.” Eighteenth-Century Studies, vol. 8, 1974–75, pp. 183–201.
  • Wilmot, John. “Horace’s Tenth Satire of the First Book, Imitated.” The Works of the Earls of Rochester, Roscomon, Dorset, etc. Vol. 1, London, 1718, pp. 10–14.
  • Zimbardo, Rose A. At Zero Point: Discourse, Culture, and Satire in Restoration England. UP of Kentucky, 1998.

A Critique of Exaggerated Libertinism in Thomas Shadwell’s The Libertine

Year 2023, Volume: 3 Issue: 2, 119 - 132, 31.10.2023

Abstract

This article argues that The Libertine by Thomas Shadwell, one of the earliest examples of the Restoration comedies, has one of the pioneering roles in portraying the philosophy of the time’s courtiers, libertinism. It is obviously seen in Shadwell’s play that the characteristics of libertinism are not given entirely truly in this Don Juan adaptation, but rather in an exaggerated and criminalised way. In this light, the paper will first discuss the playwright’s socio-political position during the upheaval of the Restoration of Charles II. Secondly, it will set out to explore the play’s position in terms of its exemplary nature in the genre of comedy of manners. Last but not least, libertinism and its characteristics will be analysed through their illustration in the play by means of male characters, particularly Don John, the protagonist.

References

  • Barnard, John. Introduction. The Man of Mode, by George Etherege, edited by Barnard, A & C Black, 1979, pp. 1–34. Birdsall, Virginia Ogden. Wild Civility: The English Comic Spirit on the Restoration Stage. Indiana UP, 1970.
  • Bozer, A. Deniz. “The Eclectic Nature of Restoration Libertinism.” Hacettepe University Journal of Faculty of Letters, vol. 5, no. 2, 1987, pp. 225–232.
  • Browne, Wm. Hand. “Thomas Shadwell.” The Sewanee Review, vol. 21, no. 3, 1913, pp. 257–276.
  • Canfield, J. Douglas. “Restoration Comedy.” A Companion to Restoration Drama, edited by Susan J. Owen, Blackwell, 2008, pp. 211–227.
  • Cannan, Paul D. “Restoration Dramatic Theory and Criticism.” A Companion to Restoration Drama, edited by Susan J. Owen, Blackwell, 2008, pp. 19–35.
  • Chernaik, Warren. Sexual Freedom in Restoration Literature. Cambridge UP, 1995.
  • Clark, Barrett Harper, and Henry Popkin. European Theories of the Drama. Crown, 1965.
  • Corman, Brian. “Comedy.” The Cambridge Companion to English Restoration Theatre, edited by Deborah Payne Fisk, Cambridge UP, 2005, pp. 52–69.
  • Cryle, Peter, and Lisa O’Connell. “Sex, Liberty and Licence in the Eighteenth Century.” Libertine Enlightenment: Sex, Liberty, and Licence in the Eighteenth Century, edited by Cryle and O’Connell, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, pp. 1–14.
  • Fisk, Deborah Payne. Introduction and Explanatory Notes. Four Restoration Libertine Plays, edited by Fisk, Oxford UP, 2005, pp. xi+.
  • Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan, or The Matter, Forme, and Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiastical and Civill. Edited by J. C. A. Gaskin, Oxford UP, 1996.
  • Hughes, Derek. “Restoration and Settlement: 1660 and 1688.” The Cambridge Companion to English Restoration Theatre, edited by Deborah Payne Fisk, Cambridge UP, 2005, pp. 127–141.
  • Hume, Robert D. The Development of English Drama in the Late Seventeenth Century. Clarendon, 1976.
  • Jaffe, Aaron. “Seditious Appetites and Creeds: Shadwell’s Libertine and Hobbes’s Foole.” Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660–1700, vol. 24, no. 2, 2000, pp. 55–74.
  • Karabulut, Tuğba. “An Intertextual Analysis of the Proto-Feminist Narrator’s Gaze in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko: or, the Royal Slave.” Postmodern Trends in Literature and Arts, edited by M. Zafer Ayar, Kriter, 2022, pp. 97–120.
  • Mintz, Samuel. The Hunting of Leviathan: Seventeenth-Century Reactions to the Materialism and Moral Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes. Cambridge UP, 1962.
  • Montgomery, Diane Turner. The Rakes of George Etherege’s and William Wycherley’s Comedies of Manners: A Social and Dramaturgical Analysis Based on the Experiences of Elite Restoration Royalist Men. 2007. Union Institute & U, PhD dissertation.
  • Mulcahy, Elizabeth. God’s Plenty: The Drama of Thomas Shadwell. 1988. U of Miami, PhD dissertation.
  • Neill, Michael. “Heroic Heads and Humble Tails: Sex, Politics, and the Restoration Comic Rake.” The Eighteenth Century, vol. 24, no. 2, 1983, pp. 115–139.
  • Novak, Maximillian E. “Libertinism and Sexuality.” A Companion to Restoration Drama, edited by Susan J. Owen, Blackwell, 2008, pp. 53–68.
  • Owen, Susan J. “Restoration Drama and Politics: An Overview.” A Companion to Restoration Drama, edited by Owen, Blackwell, 2008, pp. 126–139.
  • Rosenthal, Laura J. Playwrights and Plagiarists in Early Modern England: Gender, Authorship, Literary Property. Cornell UP, 1996.
  • Shadwell, Thomas. The Libertine. 1675. Four Restoration Libertine Plays, edited by Deborah Payne Fisk, Oxford UP, 2005, pp. 1–84.
  • Thompson, E. P. “Patrician Society, Plebeian Culture.” Journal of Social History, vol. 7, no. 4, 1974, pp. 382–405.
  • Thorndike, Ashley H. English Comedy. Cambridge UP, 1929.
  • Turner, James G. “The Properties of Libertinism.” Eighteenth-Century Life, vol. 9, 1985, pp. 76–87.
  • Underwood, Dale. Etherege and the Seventeenth-Century Comedy of Manners. Yale UP, 1957.
  • Ungerer, Gustav. “Thomas Shadwell’s The Libertine (1675): A Forgotten Restoration Don Juan Play.” SEDERI: Yearbook of the Spanish and Portuguese Society for English Renaissance Studies, vol. 1, 1990, pp. 222–239.
  • Webster, Jeremy W. Performing Libertinism in Charles II’s Court: Politics, Drama, Sexuality. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
  • ---. “This Gaudy, Gilded Stage”: Rhetorics of Libertinism in the Drama of the Court Wits, 1671–1678. 1999. U of Tennessee, PhD dissertation.
  • Wentworth de Witt, Norman. Epicurus and His Philosophy. Oxford UP, 1964.
  • Wheatley, Christopher J., editor. Drama in English from the Middle Ages to the Early Twentieth Century: An Anthology of Plays with Old Spelling. The Catholic U of America P, 2016.
  • ---. “‘Who Vices Dare Explode’: Thomas Shadwell, Thomas Durfey and Didactic Drama of the Restoration.” A Companion to Restoration Drama, edited by Susan J. Owen, Blackwell, 2008, pp. 340–354.
  • Wilcoxin, Reba. “Rochester’s Philosophical Premises: A Case for Consistency.” Eighteenth-Century Studies, vol. 8, 1974–75, pp. 183–201.
  • Wilmot, John. “Horace’s Tenth Satire of the First Book, Imitated.” The Works of the Earls of Rochester, Roscomon, Dorset, etc. Vol. 1, London, 1718, pp. 10–14.
  • Zimbardo, Rose A. At Zero Point: Discourse, Culture, and Satire in Restoration England. UP of Kentucky, 1998.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects British and Irish Language, Literature and Culture
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Şafak HORZUM 0000-0003-4114-0387

Early Pub Date October 31, 2023
Publication Date October 31, 2023
Submission Date August 30, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 3 Issue: 2

Cite

MLA HORZUM, Şafak. “A Critique of Exaggerated Libertinism in Thomas Shadwell’s The Libertine”. IDEAS: Journal of English Literary Studies, vol. 3, no. 2, 2023, pp. 119-32.

IDEAS: Journal of English Literary Studies is published by The English Language and Literature Research Association of Türkiye (IDEA).