Year 2021, Volume 5 , Issue 1, Pages 21 - 28 2021-06-30

Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach

Ifeanyı Moses KANU [1] , Austine Chukwukere OKEZİE [2]


The project probed the pattern of income distribution and poverty status among Cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria using Lorenze curve and the mean per capita household expenditure (MPCHE) approach. Graph of the Lorenze curve and calculation of the Gini coefficient from the MPCHE of the Cocoa farmers shows that income was unequally distributed among the Cocoa farmers in Abia State; hence, there was an increasing gap between the poor and the rich Cocoa farmers in the study area. The Pearson correlation analysis between income and poverty of the Cocoa farmers was positive, with a correlation coefficient of 0.676; implying that a one-unit decrease in income inequality will result in a 67.6% decrease in poverty level. Since there was a high level of income inequality among the Cocoa farmers, the bottom 20% of the poor farmers should be encouraged to form cooperatives in order to access credit facilities from the government and other institutions. The government should also provide subsidies and grants to the bottom poor farmers to boost their production causing decreased income inequality and poverty level.
Income distribution, Poverty status, Pearson correlation coefficient, Gini coefficient, Cocoa farmers
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture, Agricultural Economics And Policy, Agriculture, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Original Papers
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5766-193X
Author: Ifeanyı Moses KANU (Primary Author)
Institution: Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State
Country: Nigeria


Orcid: 0000-0002-5625-8508
Author: Austine Chukwukere OKEZİE
Institution: Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State
Country: Nigeria


Thanks I sincerely appreciate the authors whose research writings and publications helped to make this work a success, thank you all. No amount of words/thank you will be enough to express my gratitude to my project supervisor; Professor C. A. Okezie for his selfless effort, guidance and direction throughout the research activities. He has shown profound and dedicated concern to this research by making invaluable suggestions and guidance through reading the manuscript at all stages, improving the organization, style and clarity of the study; deep down in my heart, I say may Almighty God reward and continue to bless you – Amen.
Dates

Application Date : January 5, 2021
Acceptance Date : February 1, 2021
Publication Date : June 30, 2021

Bibtex @research article { ijafls854254, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-4381}, address = {}, publisher = {Volkan OKATAN}, year = {2021}, volume = {5}, pages = {21 - 28}, doi = {}, title = {Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach}, key = {cite}, author = {Kanu, Ifeanyı Moses and Okezie, Austine Chukwukere} }
APA Kanu, I , Okezie, A . (2021). Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach . International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences , 5 (1) , 21-28 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijafls/issue/60445/854254
MLA Kanu, I , Okezie, A . "Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach" . International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences 5 (2021 ): 21-28 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijafls/issue/60445/854254>
Chicago Kanu, I , Okezie, A . "Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach". International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences 5 (2021 ): 21-28
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach AU - Ifeanyı Moses Kanu , Austine Chukwukere Okezie Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 21 EP - 28 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - -2602-4381 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach %A Ifeanyı Moses Kanu , Austine Chukwukere Okezie %T Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach %D 2021 %J International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences %P -2602-4381 %V 5 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Kanu, Ifeanyı Moses , Okezie, Austine Chukwukere . "Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach". International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences 5 / 1 (June 2021): 21-28 .
AMA Kanu I , Okezie A . Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach. Int J Agric For Life Sci. 2021; 5(1): 21-28.
Vancouver Kanu I , Okezie A . Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach. International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences. 2021; 5(1): 21-28.
IEEE I. Kanu and A. Okezie , "Income distribution pattern among cocoa farmers in Abia State, Nigeria: The lorenze curve and mean per capita household expenditure approach", International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 21-28, Jun. 2021