Year 2021, Volume 5 , Issue 1, Pages 80 - 86 2021-06-30

Plants, one of the biotic factors of the ecosystem, secrete a number of chemical compounds that can change environmental factors as well as they are affected by environmental changes. These compounds, called allelochemicals, most of which are secondary metabolites, are produced as a sub-branch of their primary metabolic pathways. Besides the direct effect of allelochemicals on growth and development of other plants, they are released from decomposed plant residues and cause indirect allelopathic effects by changing the activity of microorganisms in the environment. It also has indirect environmental impacts on soil bioavailability by preventing microbial symbiosis activities in the soil, preventing nitrogen fixation, nutrient uptake and changing nutrients in the soil. It can affect the plant species and variety in the environment and cause significant changes in natural vegetation and plant communities in the long term. Over time, plant succession occurs, which is defined as the dominant species replacing other species. As a result, allelopathy is a complex phenomenon that causes clear changes at many subsystem levels of the ecosystem. Therefore, allelopathic interactions should be analyzed at the ecosystem level rather than at the population level and their multi-directional effects should be evaluated with a holistic approach.
Allelochemical, Mycorrhizae, Plant biodiversity, Plant succession
  • Amb, M.K. and Ahluwalia, A.S. (2016). Allelopathy: potential role to achieve new milestones in rice cultivation. Rice Science, 23(4), 165-183. Doi:
  • Appel, H.M. (1993). Phenolics in ecological interactions: the importance of oxidation. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 19(7), 1521-1552. Doi:
  • Bazzaz, F.A. (1979). The physiological ecology of plant succession. Annual review of Ecology and Systematics, 10(1), 351-371. Doi:
  • Bhadoria, P.B.S. (2011). Allelopathy: a natural way towards weed management. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 7-20. Doi:
  • Bhakat, R. K., & Maiti, P. P., 2012. Invasiveness and allelopathy as a threat to biodiversity. In Proceedings of the International Seminar on Multidisciplinary Approaches in Angiosperm Systematics (pp. 748-751). Kalyani: University of Kalyani., (Erişim Tarihi, 01/03/2021).
  • Blanco, J.A. (2007). The representation of allelopathy in ecosystem-level forest models. Ecological Modelling, 209(2-4), 65-77. Doi:
  • Chengxu, W., Mingxing, Z., Xuhui, C., Bo, Q., (2011). Review on allelopathy of exotic invasive plants. Procedia Engineering, 18, 240-246. Doi:
  • Chou, C.H. (1999). Roles of allelopathy in plant biodiversity and sustainable agriculture. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 18(5), 609-636. Doi:
  • Cowles, H.C. (1911). The causes of vegetative cycles. Botanical Gazette, 51(3), 161-183. (Erişim Tarihi, 01/03/2021).
  • Dakshini, K.M.M. (1994). Allelopathic effect of Pluchea lanceolata (Asteraceae) on characteristics of four soils and tomato and mustard growth. American journal of botany, 81(7), 799-804. Doi:
  • Ferguson, J.J. and Rathinasabapathi, B. (2003). Allelopathy: How plants suppress other plants. EDIS, 2003(18). (Erişim Tarihi, 05/03/2021).
  • Foy, C.L. (2001). Understanding the role of allelopathy in weed interference and declining plant diversity. Weed Technology, 15(4), 873-878. Doi:[0873:UTROAI]2.0.CO;2
  • Gniazdowska, A. and Bogatek, R. (2005). Allelopathic interactions between plants. Multi site action of allelochemicals. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 27(3), 395-407. (Erişim Tarihi: 03/03/2021).
  • Grove, S., Haubensak, K.A., Parker, I.M. (2012). Direct and indirect effects of allelopathy in the soil legacy of an exotic plant invasion. Plant Ecology, 213(12), 1869-1882. Doi:
  • Hock, B., and Elstner, E.F. (2004). Plant toxicology. Fourth Edition, CRC Press.
  • Inderjit (1998). Influence of Pluchea lanceolata (Asteraceae) on selected soil properties. American Journal of Botany, 85(1), 64-69. Doi:
  • Inderjit, Weiner, J., 2001. Plant allelochemical interference or soil chemical ecology?. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 4(1), 3-12. Doi:
  • International Allelopathy Society (IAS) (2015). Journal of Allelochemical Interactions Volume 1(1). (Erişim Tarihi, 01.03.2021).
  • Kohli, R.H., Batish, D.R., Singh, H.P. (2006). Allelopathic interactions in agroecosystems. In Allelopathy (pp. 465-493). Springer, Dordrecht. Doi:
  • Koocheki, A., Lalegani, B., Hosseini, S.A. (2013). Ecological consequences of allelopathy. In Allelopathy (pp. 23-38). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Doi:
  • Kruse, M., Strandberg, M., Strandberg, B. (2000). Ecological effects of allelopathic plants-a review. NERI Technical Report, 315. Doi:
  • Lawrence, J.G., Colwell, A., Sexton, O.J. (1991). The ecological impact of allelopathy in Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae). American journal of Botany, 78(7), 948-958. Doi:
  • Malinowski, D.P., Belesky, D.P., Fedders, J.M. (1999). Endophyte infection may affect the competitive ability of tall fescue grown with red clover. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 183(2), 91-101. Doi:
  • Ni, G.Y., Zhao, P., Huang, Q.Q., Hou, Y.P., Zhou, C.M., Cao, Q.P., Peng, S.L. (2012). Exploring the novel weapons hypothesis with invasive plant species in China. Allelopathy Journal, 29(2), 199-214. (Erişim Tarihi, 04/03/2021).
  • Nilsson, M.C., Högberg, P., Zackrisson, O., Fengyou, W. (1993). Allelopathic effects by Empetrum hermaphroditum on development and nitrogen uptake by roots and mycorrhizae of Pinus silvestris. Canadian Journal of Botany, 71(4), 620-628. Doi:
  • Nissanka, S.P., Mohotti, K.M., Wijetunga, A.S.T.B. (2005). Alleopathic influences of Pinus caribea on vegetation regeneration and soil biodiversity. In Fourth World Congress in Allelopathy. NSW, Australia: Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga. (Erişim Tarihi, 01/03/2021)
  • Qin, F., Liu, S., Yu, S. (2018). Effects of allelopathy and competition for water and nutrients on survival and growth of tree species in Eucalyptus urophylla plantations. Forest ecology and management, 424, 387-395. Doi:
  • Reigosa, M.J., Sánchez-Moreiras, A., González, L. (1999). Ecophysiological approach in allelopathy. Critical reviews in plant sciences, 18(5), 577-608. Doi:
  • Rice, E.L. (1984). Allelopathy 2nd Ed. Acad. Press. Inc. Orlando, Florida, 422. (Erişim Tarihi, 21/02/2021).
  • Rizvi, S.J.H., Haque, H., Singh, V.K., Rizvi, V. (1992). A discipline called allelopathy. In Allelopathy (pp. 1-10). Springer, Dordrecht. Doi:
  • Singh, H.P., Batish, D.R., Kohli, R.K. (2001). Allelopathy in agroecosystems: an overview. Journal of Crop Production, 4(2), 1-41. Doi:
  • Sinkkonen, A. (2006). Ecological relationships and allelopathy. In Allelopathy (pp. 373-393). Springer, Dordrecht. Doi:
  • Stamp, N. (2003). Out of the quagmire of plant defense hypotheses. The Quarterly review of biology, 78(1), 23-55.
  • Verdeguer Sancho, M.M., Blazquez, M.A., Boira Tortajada, H. (2018). Phytotoxic potential of Lantana camara, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Eriocephalus africanus, Cistus ladanifer and Artemisia gallica aqueous extracts to control weeds. Journal of Allelochemical Interactions, 4(2), 17-26. (Erişim Tarihi: 01/03/2021)
  • Wardle, D.A., Nilsson, M.C., Gallet, C., Zackrisson, O. (1998). An ecosystem‐level perspective of allelopathy. Biological Reviews, 73(3), 305-319. Doi: Weston, L.A. and Putnam, A.R. (1985). Inhibition of growth, nodulation, and nitrogen fixation of legumes by quackgrass 1. Crop Science, 25(3), 561-565.Doi:
  • Willis, R.J. (2007). Allelopathy in the Classical World–Greece and Rome. The History of Allelopathy, 15-37. Doi:
  • Whittaker, R.H. and Feeny, P.P. (1971). Allelochemics: chemical interactions between species. Science, 171(3973), 757-770. (Erişim Tarihi, 04/03/2021)
  • Yamasaki, S.H., Fyles, J.W., Egger, K.N., Titus, B.D. (1998). The effect of Kalmia angustifolia on the growth, nutrition, and ectomycorrhizal symbiont community of black spruce. Forest Ecology and Management, 105(1-3), 197-207. Doi:
Primary Language en
Subjects Agronomy, Plant Science, Agriculture, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Review Papers

Orcid: 0000-0002-7381-9215
Author: Fulya BAŞARAN (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Application Date : April 1, 2021
Acceptance Date : May 27, 2021
Publication Date : June 30, 2021

Bibtex @review { ijafls907726, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-4381}, address = {}, publisher = {Volkan OKATAN}, year = {2021}, volume = {5}, pages = {80 - 86}, doi = {}, title = {Ecological Aspects of Allelopathy}, key = {cite}, author = {Başaran, Fulya} }
APA Başaran, F . (2021). Ecological Aspects of Allelopathy . International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences , 5 (1) , 80-86 . Retrieved from
MLA Başaran, F . "Ecological Aspects of Allelopathy" . International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences 5 (2021 ): 80-86 <>
Chicago Başaran, F . "Ecological Aspects of Allelopathy". International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences 5 (2021 ): 80-86
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Ecological Aspects of Allelopathy AU - Fulya Başaran Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 80 EP - 86 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - -2602-4381 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences Ecological Aspects of Allelopathy %A Fulya Başaran %T Ecological Aspects of Allelopathy %D 2021 %J International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences %P -2602-4381 %V 5 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Başaran, Fulya . "Ecological Aspects of Allelopathy". International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences 5 / 1 (June 2021): 80-86 .
AMA Başaran F . Ecological Aspects of Allelopathy. Int J Agric For Life Sci. 2021; 5(1): 80-86.
Vancouver Başaran F . Ecological Aspects of Allelopathy. International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences. 2021; 5(1): 80-86.
IEEE F. Başaran , "Ecological Aspects of Allelopathy", International Journal of Agriculture Forestry and Life Sciences, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 80-86, Jun. 2021