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Why Should We Do Physical Activity? More Active People for a Healthier World

Year 2018, Volume: 1 Issue: 2, 1 - 14, 25.12.2018
https://doi.org/10.33438/ijdshs.488292

Abstract

Regular physical activity is one of the most important activities you can do for your health. Because you're afraid of being harmed, moderate-intensity aerobic activities, such as brisk walking, are generally safe for people if you're not sure you're activated or increased your physical activity. This study; why we should do physical activity, risks of ınactive behavior, frequency of physical activity, benefits of physical activity and suggestions for physical activity, aims to create more active people. A high level overview of the reviews of published literature. A systematic search of Web of Science, Medline, Pub-Med, and SPORTDiscus, Physical Education Index was employed to find all relevant studies focusing on human participants. Search terms included “Active People ”, “inactivity”, " Prevalence of Physical Activity " and “physical activity”. It has been suggested that regular PA health-related diseases have an effective primary and secondary preventive strategy against at least 25 chronic medical conditions with 20-30% risk reduction. Approximately 75% of adults act according to the recommended PA guidelines, while women, adolescents, and older adults have been found to have lower levels of PA-making than men. It was found that there were consistent relationships between PA and motivation, self-efficacy and self-regulation. The PA interventions show that small changes in the PA show a major impact on young people and adults. İn conclusion: In studies related to PA, mechanisms that directly affect health and cause positive results should be determined. The PA dose, scope and validity, which may lead to clinically significant changes in the health status of individuals, should continue to examine innovative behavior modification techniques and also improve the access and duration of PA interventions.

References

  • American College of Sports Medicine (2013) ACSM’s guidelines for exercise testing and prescription, 9th edn. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.

  • American College of Sports Medicine, Chodzko- Zajko WJ, Proctor DN, Fiatarone Singh MA, Minson CT, Nigg CR, Salem GJ, Skinner JS (2009). American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and physical activity for older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc; 41: 1510–1530.
  • Chronic disease risk factor atlas. Public Health Agency of Canada 2013. Accessed 15 January 2015. www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ cd-mc/atlas/index-eng.php
  • Colcombe SJ, Kramer AF (2003). Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: a metaanalytic study. Psychol Sci 2003; 14: 125–130.
  • Committee DG (2010). Report of the dietary guidelines advisory committee on the dietary guidelines for Americans, to the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Health and Human Services. Agricultural Research Service.
  • Cox E.P., O’Dwyer N., Cook R., Vetter M., Cheng H. L., Rooney K & O’Connor H. (2016). Relationship between physical activity and cognitive function in apparently healthy young to middle-aged adults: A systematic review. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19, 616–628.
  • González K, Fuentes J, Márquez JL (2017). physical ınactivity, sedentary behavior and chronic diseases. Korean J Fam Med;38:111-115.
  • James McKinney, MD, MSc, Daniel J. Lithwick, MHA, Barbara N. Morrison, BHK, Hamed Nazzari, MD, PhD, Saul H. Isserow, MBBCh, Brett Heilbron, MB ChB, Andrew D. Krahn, MD (2016). The health benefits of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness. bc medical journal vol. 58 no. 3, april
  • Kohl HW, Craig CL, Lambert EV et al., (2012). The pandemic of physical inactivity: Global action for public health. Lancet; 380(9838):294-305.
  • Labrique AB, Vasudevan L, Kochi E, Fabricant R, Mehl G (2013). Health innovations as health system strengthening tools: 12 common applications and a visual framework. Glob Health Sci Pract;6;1(2):160–71.
  • Langsetmo L, Hitchcock C, Kingwell EJ, Davison KS, Berger C, Forsmo S, Zhou W, Kreiger N, Prior JC (2012). Physical activity, body mass index and bone mineral density – associations in a prospective population-based cohort of women and men: the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaMos). Bone; 50: 401–408.
  • Lee IM, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F, Puska P, Blair SN, Katzmarzyk PT (2012). Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group: Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet; 380: 219–229.
  • Leitzman, MF, Park, Y. Blair, A. (2007) Physical activity recommendations and decreased risk of mortality. Archives of Internal Medicine, 167: 999-1008.
  • Morris JN, Hardman AE (1997). Walking to health. Sports Med; 23: 306–332.
  • Nelson, M.E., Rejeski, W.J., Blair, S.N., Duncan, P.W., Judge, J.O., King, A.C., Macera, C.A., Castaneda-Sceppa, C (2007). Physical activity and public health in older adults, Recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association, Circulation, 116:pp. 1094-1105.
  • New Urban Agenda adopted by the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III), 2016; endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly in Resolution 71/256 http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/NUA-English-With-Index-1.pdfNotthoff
  • N, Reisch P, Gerstorf D (2017). Individual Characteristics And Physical Activity İn Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Gerontology;63:443–459.
  • O’Donovan G, Blazevich AJ, Boreham C, Cooper AR, Crank H, Ekelund U, Fox KR, Gately P, Giles-Corti B, Gill JMR, Hamer M, McDermott I, Murphy M, Mutrie N, Reilly JJ, Saxton JM, Stamatakis E (2010). The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: a consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences. J Sports Sci; 28: 573–591.
  • Oja, P., Titze, S (2011). Physical activity recommendations for public health: development and policy context. EPMA J. Review Article, 2(3): pp. 253-259.
  • Paterson, D. H., & Warburton, D. E. (2010). Physical activity and functional limitations in older adults: A systematic review related to Canada’s physical activity guidelines. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7, 38.
  • Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report (PAGACR) (2018). Washington, DC: U.S.Department of Health and Human Services. .https://health.gov/paguidelines/second.edition/report/pdf/PAG_Advisory_Committee_Report.pdf November 23.2018
  • Rebar A., Stanton R., Geard D., Short C. E., Duncan M., & Vandelanotte C. (2015). A metameta- analysis of the effect of physical activity on depression and anxiety in non-clinical adult populations. Health Psychology Review, 9, 366–378.
  • Reddigan JI, Ardern CI, Riddell MC, Kuk JL (2011). Relation of physical activity to cardiovascular disease mortality and the influence of cardiometabolic risk factors. Am J Cardiol;108:1426-31.
  • ReinerM., Niermann C., Jekauc D & Woll A (2013). Long-term health benefits of physical activity–A systematic review of longitudinal studies. BMC Public Health, 13, 209.
  • Rhodes RE, IJanssen I, Bredin SSD, Warburton ERD & Bauman A (2017). Physical activity: Health impact, prevalence, correlates and interventions. Psychology & Health, 32:8, 942-975
  • Sattelmair, J., Pertman, J., Ding, E. L., Kohl, H. W., 3rd, Haskell, W., & Lee, I. M. (2011). Dose response between physical activity and risk of coronary heart disease: A meta-analysis. Circulation, 124, 789–795.
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. (2014). The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health.
  • Uz Tunçay S, Yeldan İ (2013). Kas İskelet Sistemi Rahatsızlıklarıyla Fiziksel İnaktivite ilişkili midir? Ağrı;25(4):147-155.
  • Vural Ö, Eler S, Atalay Güzel N (2010). Masa Başı Çalışanlarda Fiziksel Aktivite Düzeyi ve Yaşam Kalitesi ilişkisi. Spormetre Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi ;8(2):69-75.
  • Warburton, D. E., Charlesworth, S., Ivey, A., Nettlefold, L., & Bredin, S. S. (2010). A systematic review of the evidence for Canada’s physical activity guidelines for adults. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7, 39. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-7-39
  • Warburton, D. E., Nicol, C., & Bredin, S. S. (2006a). Health benefits of physical activity: The evidence. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 174, 801–809.
  • Warburton, D. E., Nicol, C., & Bredin, S. S. (2006b). Prescribing exercise as preventive therapy. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 174, 961–974.
  • Warburton, D. E. R., Taunton, J., Bredin, S. S. D., & Isserow, S. (2016). The risk-benefit paradox of exercise. BC Medical Association Journal, 58, 210–218.
  • Withall J, Stathi A, Davis M, Coulson J, Thompson JL, Fox KR (2014). Objective physical activity and sedentary time and associations with subjective well-being in adults aged 70 and over. Int J Environ Res Public Health; 11: 643–656.
  • World Health Organization. 2008-2013 Action plan for the global strategy for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases.2008. Accessed 22 January 2016. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/pub lications/2009/9789241597418_eng.pdf.
  • World Health Organization (2010). Global Recommendatıons on Physical Activity for Health. Chapter 4: Recommended population levels of physical activity for health, pp.15-33,
  • World Health Organization (2011). Health: new horizons for health through mobile technologies. Geneva: World Health Organization; (http://www.who.int/goe/ publications/goe_mhealth_web.pdf).
  • World Health Organization (2014). Global status report on violence prevention 2014. Geneva:,https://www.google.com.tr/search?q=Global+status+report+on+violence+prevention+2014.+Geneva%3A+World+Health+Organization%3B2014&rlz=1C1NHXL_tr
  • World Health Organization (2015). Regional Office for Europe. Health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) policy audit tool (PAT) - version.
  • World Health Organization (2017). Montevideo roadmap 2018–2030 on NCDs as sustainable development priority. Geneva:.
  • World Health Organization (2018). Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Scientific Report, February 2018, Part D: Integrating the Evidence. Visit https://health.gov/paguidelines/second-edition/ report.aspx to access the entire report.WHO and United Nations. Global plan for the decade of action for road safety 2011–2020. Geneva:
  • World Health Organization; 2011 (http://www.who.int/ roadsafety/decade_of_action/plan/en/).
Year 2018, Volume: 1 Issue: 2, 1 - 14, 25.12.2018
https://doi.org/10.33438/ijdshs.488292

Abstract

References

  • American College of Sports Medicine (2013) ACSM’s guidelines for exercise testing and prescription, 9th edn. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.

  • American College of Sports Medicine, Chodzko- Zajko WJ, Proctor DN, Fiatarone Singh MA, Minson CT, Nigg CR, Salem GJ, Skinner JS (2009). American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and physical activity for older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc; 41: 1510–1530.
  • Chronic disease risk factor atlas. Public Health Agency of Canada 2013. Accessed 15 January 2015. www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ cd-mc/atlas/index-eng.php
  • Colcombe SJ, Kramer AF (2003). Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: a metaanalytic study. Psychol Sci 2003; 14: 125–130.
  • Committee DG (2010). Report of the dietary guidelines advisory committee on the dietary guidelines for Americans, to the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Health and Human Services. Agricultural Research Service.
  • Cox E.P., O’Dwyer N., Cook R., Vetter M., Cheng H. L., Rooney K & O’Connor H. (2016). Relationship between physical activity and cognitive function in apparently healthy young to middle-aged adults: A systematic review. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19, 616–628.
  • González K, Fuentes J, Márquez JL (2017). physical ınactivity, sedentary behavior and chronic diseases. Korean J Fam Med;38:111-115.
  • James McKinney, MD, MSc, Daniel J. Lithwick, MHA, Barbara N. Morrison, BHK, Hamed Nazzari, MD, PhD, Saul H. Isserow, MBBCh, Brett Heilbron, MB ChB, Andrew D. Krahn, MD (2016). The health benefits of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness. bc medical journal vol. 58 no. 3, april
  • Kohl HW, Craig CL, Lambert EV et al., (2012). The pandemic of physical inactivity: Global action for public health. Lancet; 380(9838):294-305.
  • Labrique AB, Vasudevan L, Kochi E, Fabricant R, Mehl G (2013). Health innovations as health system strengthening tools: 12 common applications and a visual framework. Glob Health Sci Pract;6;1(2):160–71.
  • Langsetmo L, Hitchcock C, Kingwell EJ, Davison KS, Berger C, Forsmo S, Zhou W, Kreiger N, Prior JC (2012). Physical activity, body mass index and bone mineral density – associations in a prospective population-based cohort of women and men: the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaMos). Bone; 50: 401–408.
  • Lee IM, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F, Puska P, Blair SN, Katzmarzyk PT (2012). Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group: Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet; 380: 219–229.
  • Leitzman, MF, Park, Y. Blair, A. (2007) Physical activity recommendations and decreased risk of mortality. Archives of Internal Medicine, 167: 999-1008.
  • Morris JN, Hardman AE (1997). Walking to health. Sports Med; 23: 306–332.
  • Nelson, M.E., Rejeski, W.J., Blair, S.N., Duncan, P.W., Judge, J.O., King, A.C., Macera, C.A., Castaneda-Sceppa, C (2007). Physical activity and public health in older adults, Recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association, Circulation, 116:pp. 1094-1105.
  • New Urban Agenda adopted by the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III), 2016; endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly in Resolution 71/256 http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/NUA-English-With-Index-1.pdfNotthoff
  • N, Reisch P, Gerstorf D (2017). Individual Characteristics And Physical Activity İn Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Gerontology;63:443–459.
  • O’Donovan G, Blazevich AJ, Boreham C, Cooper AR, Crank H, Ekelund U, Fox KR, Gately P, Giles-Corti B, Gill JMR, Hamer M, McDermott I, Murphy M, Mutrie N, Reilly JJ, Saxton JM, Stamatakis E (2010). The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: a consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences. J Sports Sci; 28: 573–591.
  • Oja, P., Titze, S (2011). Physical activity recommendations for public health: development and policy context. EPMA J. Review Article, 2(3): pp. 253-259.
  • Paterson, D. H., & Warburton, D. E. (2010). Physical activity and functional limitations in older adults: A systematic review related to Canada’s physical activity guidelines. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7, 38.
  • Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report (PAGACR) (2018). Washington, DC: U.S.Department of Health and Human Services. .https://health.gov/paguidelines/second.edition/report/pdf/PAG_Advisory_Committee_Report.pdf November 23.2018
  • Rebar A., Stanton R., Geard D., Short C. E., Duncan M., & Vandelanotte C. (2015). A metameta- analysis of the effect of physical activity on depression and anxiety in non-clinical adult populations. Health Psychology Review, 9, 366–378.
  • Reddigan JI, Ardern CI, Riddell MC, Kuk JL (2011). Relation of physical activity to cardiovascular disease mortality and the influence of cardiometabolic risk factors. Am J Cardiol;108:1426-31.
  • ReinerM., Niermann C., Jekauc D & Woll A (2013). Long-term health benefits of physical activity–A systematic review of longitudinal studies. BMC Public Health, 13, 209.
  • Rhodes RE, IJanssen I, Bredin SSD, Warburton ERD & Bauman A (2017). Physical activity: Health impact, prevalence, correlates and interventions. Psychology & Health, 32:8, 942-975
  • Sattelmair, J., Pertman, J., Ding, E. L., Kohl, H. W., 3rd, Haskell, W., & Lee, I. M. (2011). Dose response between physical activity and risk of coronary heart disease: A meta-analysis. Circulation, 124, 789–795.
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. (2014). The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health.
  • Uz Tunçay S, Yeldan İ (2013). Kas İskelet Sistemi Rahatsızlıklarıyla Fiziksel İnaktivite ilişkili midir? Ağrı;25(4):147-155.
  • Vural Ö, Eler S, Atalay Güzel N (2010). Masa Başı Çalışanlarda Fiziksel Aktivite Düzeyi ve Yaşam Kalitesi ilişkisi. Spormetre Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi ;8(2):69-75.
  • Warburton, D. E., Charlesworth, S., Ivey, A., Nettlefold, L., & Bredin, S. S. (2010). A systematic review of the evidence for Canada’s physical activity guidelines for adults. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7, 39. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-7-39
  • Warburton, D. E., Nicol, C., & Bredin, S. S. (2006a). Health benefits of physical activity: The evidence. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 174, 801–809.
  • Warburton, D. E., Nicol, C., & Bredin, S. S. (2006b). Prescribing exercise as preventive therapy. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 174, 961–974.
  • Warburton, D. E. R., Taunton, J., Bredin, S. S. D., & Isserow, S. (2016). The risk-benefit paradox of exercise. BC Medical Association Journal, 58, 210–218.
  • Withall J, Stathi A, Davis M, Coulson J, Thompson JL, Fox KR (2014). Objective physical activity and sedentary time and associations with subjective well-being in adults aged 70 and over. Int J Environ Res Public Health; 11: 643–656.
  • World Health Organization. 2008-2013 Action plan for the global strategy for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases.2008. Accessed 22 January 2016. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/pub lications/2009/9789241597418_eng.pdf.
  • World Health Organization (2010). Global Recommendatıons on Physical Activity for Health. Chapter 4: Recommended population levels of physical activity for health, pp.15-33,
  • World Health Organization (2011). Health: new horizons for health through mobile technologies. Geneva: World Health Organization; (http://www.who.int/goe/ publications/goe_mhealth_web.pdf).
  • World Health Organization (2014). Global status report on violence prevention 2014. Geneva:,https://www.google.com.tr/search?q=Global+status+report+on+violence+prevention+2014.+Geneva%3A+World+Health+Organization%3B2014&rlz=1C1NHXL_tr
  • World Health Organization (2015). Regional Office for Europe. Health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) policy audit tool (PAT) - version.
  • World Health Organization (2017). Montevideo roadmap 2018–2030 on NCDs as sustainable development priority. Geneva:.
  • World Health Organization (2018). Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Scientific Report, February 2018, Part D: Integrating the Evidence. Visit https://health.gov/paguidelines/second-edition/ report.aspx to access the entire report.WHO and United Nations. Global plan for the decade of action for road safety 2011–2020. Geneva:
  • World Health Organization; 2011 (http://www.who.int/ roadsafety/decade_of_action/plan/en/).
There are 42 citations in total.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Sports Medicine
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Nevzat Demirci

İrfan Yıldırım This is me

Pervin Toptaş Demirci

Yasin Ersöz

Publication Date December 25, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018 Volume: 1 Issue: 2

Cite

APA Demirci, N., Yıldırım, İ., Toptaş Demirci, P., Ersöz, Y. (2018). Why Should We Do Physical Activity? More Active People for a Healthier World. International Journal of Disabilities Sports and Health Sciences, 1(2), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.33438/ijdshs.488292
AMA Demirci N, Yıldırım İ, Toptaş Demirci P, Ersöz Y. Why Should We Do Physical Activity? More Active People for a Healthier World. International Journal of Disabilities Sports &Health Sciences. December 2018;1(2):1-14. doi:10.33438/ijdshs.488292
Chicago Demirci, Nevzat, İrfan Yıldırım, Pervin Toptaş Demirci, and Yasin Ersöz. “Why Should We Do Physical Activity? More Active People for a Healthier World”. International Journal of Disabilities Sports and Health Sciences 1, no. 2 (December 2018): 1-14. https://doi.org/10.33438/ijdshs.488292.
EndNote Demirci N, Yıldırım İ, Toptaş Demirci P, Ersöz Y (December 1, 2018) Why Should We Do Physical Activity? More Active People for a Healthier World. International Journal of Disabilities Sports and Health Sciences 1 2 1–14.
IEEE N. Demirci, İ. Yıldırım, P. Toptaş Demirci, and Y. Ersöz, “Why Should We Do Physical Activity? More Active People for a Healthier World”, International Journal of Disabilities Sports &Health Sciences, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 1–14, 2018, doi: 10.33438/ijdshs.488292.
ISNAD Demirci, Nevzat et al. “Why Should We Do Physical Activity? More Active People for a Healthier World”. International Journal of Disabilities Sports and Health Sciences 1/2 (December 2018), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.33438/ijdshs.488292.
JAMA Demirci N, Yıldırım İ, Toptaş Demirci P, Ersöz Y. Why Should We Do Physical Activity? More Active People for a Healthier World. International Journal of Disabilities Sports &Health Sciences. 2018;1:1–14.
MLA Demirci, Nevzat et al. “Why Should We Do Physical Activity? More Active People for a Healthier World”. International Journal of Disabilities Sports and Health Sciences, vol. 1, no. 2, 2018, pp. 1-14, doi:10.33438/ijdshs.488292.
Vancouver Demirci N, Yıldırım İ, Toptaş Demirci P, Ersöz Y. Why Should We Do Physical Activity? More Active People for a Healthier World. International Journal of Disabilities Sports &Health Sciences. 2018;1(2):1-14.

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