Research Article
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Year 2019, Volume: 2 Issue: 2, 30 - 34, 23.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.33438/ijdshs.636964

Abstract

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References

  • Balyi, I. (2001). Sport system building and long-term athlete development in Canada: the situation and solutions. Coaches Report, 8(1), 25-28
  • Bell, J.F., Daniels, S. (1990). Are summer-born children disadvantaged? The birthdate effect in education. Oxford Rev. Educ.16:67-80.
  • Bisanz, J., Morrison, F.J., Dunn (1995). M. Effects of age and schooling on the acquisition of elementary quantitative skills. Dev Psychol. 1995;31:221-36.
  • Bompa, T.O. (2011). Training Theory and Method (Perioding), 4. baskı. Çev. İ Keskin, AB Tuner, H Küçükgöz. Der. Tanju Bağırgan. Sports Publishing and Bookstore, Ankara, s 266-84.
  • Crane, J. & Temple, V. (2015). A systematic review of dropout from organized sport among children and youth. Eur Phys Educ Rev. 2015;21:114-31.
  • Demirci N, Toptaş Demirci (2016).The Evaluation of Rough and Fine Motor Skills of Disabled Children Having Learning Difficulties. Inonu Unıversıty, Journal Of Physıcal Educatıon And Sport Scıences, 3(1), 47-57.
  • Toptaş Demirci P, Demirci N (2018). The Effects of Game and Physıcal Actıvıty Lessons In Children Wıth Learning Dısabilities. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 24, 3, 47–55.
  • Dhuey, E. & Lipscomb, S. (2010). Disabled or young? Relative age and special education diagnoses in schools. Econ Educ Rev. 29:857-72.
  • Dutil, C., Tremblay, M.S., Longmuir, P.E., Barnes, J.D., Belanger, K. & Chaput, J.P. (2018). Influence of the relative age effect on children's scores obtained from the Canadian assessment of physical literacy. Public Health, 18(Suppl 2):1040.
  • Ersanlı, K. (2005). Our behavior is development and learning. 1st edition, Samsun, Eser offset printing. 318,28-32.
  • Gülgösteren E, Toptaş Demirci P and Ziyagil M.A. (2018). The Effects of Rhythm and Dance Training on the Levels of Daily Living Activities in Trainable Mentally Handicapped Children. Int J Disabil Sports Health Sci;1(2);15-23.
  • İmamoğlu, M., & Ziyagil, M.A. (2017). The role of relative age effect on fundamental movement skills in boys and girls. New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences. 84-89. (Tam Metin Bildiri/Sözlü Sunum)(Yayın No:3828516).
  • Kunst, G., Florescu, C. (1971). The Main Factors for Performance in Wrestling. Bucharest, National Sports Council.
  • Leblanc, J., Dickson, L. (2011). Children and Sports.. Der. GK Gül, Çev. D. Erben. Tanju Bağırgan Sports Publishing and Bookstore, s 117. Ankara.
  • Mirzeoğlu, D. (2013). Basics of education (pedagogy). Introduction to sport sciences. 1st edition, Ankara, Spor publishing house and bookstore. S.110.
  • Morrow, R.L., Garland, E.J., Wright, J.M., Maclure, M., Taylor, S., Dormuth, C.R. (2012). Influence of relative age on diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children. Can Med Assoc J. 184:755-62.
  • Nonis, K.P. & Yee Jernice, T.S. (2014). The gross motor skills of children with mild learning disabilities. Internatıonal journal of special education, Vol 29, No: 2, 1-6.
  • Patalay, P., Belsky, J., Fonagy, P, Vostanis, P., Humphrey, N., Deighton, J., Wolpert, M. (2015). The extent and specificity of relative age effects on mental health and functioning in early adolescence. J Adolesc Health. 2015;57:475-81.
  • Tepeli, K. (2007). Standardization of test gross motor skills for Turkey, Selcuk University Institute of Social Sciences, Konya, Doktora Tezi.
  • Thompson, A.H., Barnsley, R.H., Battle, J. (2004).The relative age effect and the development of self-esteem. Educ Res. 2004;46:313-20.
  • Ulrich, D. A. The test of gross motor development (2nd edition). Austin, TX: PRO-ED Publishers. 2000.

The Effect of Relative Age Effect on Physical Characteristics And Fundamental Movement Skills In Intellectual Disabled Boys

Year 2019, Volume: 2 Issue: 2, 30 - 34, 23.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.33438/ijdshs.636964

Abstract

Abstract



The aim of this
study was to investigate whether physical characteristics and fundamental
movement skills were differentiated by relative age effect.
 Material and Methods: Data
were collected from the 60 Intellectual Disabled boys with a mean age of
6,94±0,58 years at Mersin City Center Izem Rehabilitation Center in February,
March and April 2018. The age of the participants was calculated in months and
divided into three groups as 71-76 months, 77-84 months and 85-93 months. Basic
movement skill levels have been determined by the Test of Gross Motor
Development (TGMD). Kruskall Wallis test was used to test differences among
groups because data did not show normal distribution.
Statistical significance was accepted as P <0.05.
Results: The findings of this study showed that there was no significant
difference between the three groups in terms of mean body height, body weight
and body mass index in the Intellectual Disabled boys who do not participate in
physical and sportive activity program. In addition, there is no significant
difference between the three groups in both locomotor and object control
skills. Participants received low scores in the skills of gallop, two hand
strike, catching and kicking while the three groups in the sprint, hop, leap
and throw had zero points. All three groups demonstrated only positive
performance in kicking.  Conclusion: Fundamental
movement skills are not differentiated in boys with intellectual disabled due
to the relative age effect. It seems that they had only the ability to
demonstrate the skill of kicking the ball with the foot.

References

  • Balyi, I. (2001). Sport system building and long-term athlete development in Canada: the situation and solutions. Coaches Report, 8(1), 25-28
  • Bell, J.F., Daniels, S. (1990). Are summer-born children disadvantaged? The birthdate effect in education. Oxford Rev. Educ.16:67-80.
  • Bisanz, J., Morrison, F.J., Dunn (1995). M. Effects of age and schooling on the acquisition of elementary quantitative skills. Dev Psychol. 1995;31:221-36.
  • Bompa, T.O. (2011). Training Theory and Method (Perioding), 4. baskı. Çev. İ Keskin, AB Tuner, H Küçükgöz. Der. Tanju Bağırgan. Sports Publishing and Bookstore, Ankara, s 266-84.
  • Crane, J. & Temple, V. (2015). A systematic review of dropout from organized sport among children and youth. Eur Phys Educ Rev. 2015;21:114-31.
  • Demirci N, Toptaş Demirci (2016).The Evaluation of Rough and Fine Motor Skills of Disabled Children Having Learning Difficulties. Inonu Unıversıty, Journal Of Physıcal Educatıon And Sport Scıences, 3(1), 47-57.
  • Toptaş Demirci P, Demirci N (2018). The Effects of Game and Physıcal Actıvıty Lessons In Children Wıth Learning Dısabilities. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 24, 3, 47–55.
  • Dhuey, E. & Lipscomb, S. (2010). Disabled or young? Relative age and special education diagnoses in schools. Econ Educ Rev. 29:857-72.
  • Dutil, C., Tremblay, M.S., Longmuir, P.E., Barnes, J.D., Belanger, K. & Chaput, J.P. (2018). Influence of the relative age effect on children's scores obtained from the Canadian assessment of physical literacy. Public Health, 18(Suppl 2):1040.
  • Ersanlı, K. (2005). Our behavior is development and learning. 1st edition, Samsun, Eser offset printing. 318,28-32.
  • Gülgösteren E, Toptaş Demirci P and Ziyagil M.A. (2018). The Effects of Rhythm and Dance Training on the Levels of Daily Living Activities in Trainable Mentally Handicapped Children. Int J Disabil Sports Health Sci;1(2);15-23.
  • İmamoğlu, M., & Ziyagil, M.A. (2017). The role of relative age effect on fundamental movement skills in boys and girls. New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences. 84-89. (Tam Metin Bildiri/Sözlü Sunum)(Yayın No:3828516).
  • Kunst, G., Florescu, C. (1971). The Main Factors for Performance in Wrestling. Bucharest, National Sports Council.
  • Leblanc, J., Dickson, L. (2011). Children and Sports.. Der. GK Gül, Çev. D. Erben. Tanju Bağırgan Sports Publishing and Bookstore, s 117. Ankara.
  • Mirzeoğlu, D. (2013). Basics of education (pedagogy). Introduction to sport sciences. 1st edition, Ankara, Spor publishing house and bookstore. S.110.
  • Morrow, R.L., Garland, E.J., Wright, J.M., Maclure, M., Taylor, S., Dormuth, C.R. (2012). Influence of relative age on diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children. Can Med Assoc J. 184:755-62.
  • Nonis, K.P. & Yee Jernice, T.S. (2014). The gross motor skills of children with mild learning disabilities. Internatıonal journal of special education, Vol 29, No: 2, 1-6.
  • Patalay, P., Belsky, J., Fonagy, P, Vostanis, P., Humphrey, N., Deighton, J., Wolpert, M. (2015). The extent and specificity of relative age effects on mental health and functioning in early adolescence. J Adolesc Health. 2015;57:475-81.
  • Tepeli, K. (2007). Standardization of test gross motor skills for Turkey, Selcuk University Institute of Social Sciences, Konya, Doktora Tezi.
  • Thompson, A.H., Barnsley, R.H., Battle, J. (2004).The relative age effect and the development of self-esteem. Educ Res. 2004;46:313-20.
  • Ulrich, D. A. The test of gross motor development (2nd edition). Austin, TX: PRO-ED Publishers. 2000.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Sports Medicine
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Erkan GÜLGÖSTEREN

Mehmet Akif ZİYAGİL

Project Number yok
Publication Date December 23, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019 Volume: 2 Issue: 2

Cite

APA GÜLGÖSTEREN, E., & ZİYAGİL, M. A. (2019). The Effect of Relative Age Effect on Physical Characteristics And Fundamental Movement Skills In Intellectual Disabled Boys. International Journal of Disabilities Sports and Health Sciences, 2(2), 30-34. https://doi.org/10.33438/ijdshs.636964
AMA GÜLGÖSTEREN E, ZİYAGİL MA. The Effect of Relative Age Effect on Physical Characteristics And Fundamental Movement Skills In Intellectual Disabled Boys. International Journal of Disabilities Sports &Health Sciences. December 2019;2(2):30-34. doi:10.33438/ijdshs.636964
Chicago GÜLGÖSTEREN, Erkan, and Mehmet Akif ZİYAGİL. “The Effect of Relative Age Effect on Physical Characteristics And Fundamental Movement Skills In Intellectual Disabled Boys”. International Journal of Disabilities Sports and Health Sciences 2, no. 2 (December 2019): 30-34. https://doi.org/10.33438/ijdshs.636964.
EndNote GÜLGÖSTEREN E, ZİYAGİL MA (December 1, 2019) The Effect of Relative Age Effect on Physical Characteristics And Fundamental Movement Skills In Intellectual Disabled Boys. International Journal of Disabilities Sports and Health Sciences 2 2 30–34.
IEEE E. GÜLGÖSTEREN and M. A. ZİYAGİL, “The Effect of Relative Age Effect on Physical Characteristics And Fundamental Movement Skills In Intellectual Disabled Boys”, International Journal of Disabilities Sports &Health Sciences, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 30–34, 2019, doi: 10.33438/ijdshs.636964.
ISNAD GÜLGÖSTEREN, Erkan - ZİYAGİL, Mehmet Akif. “The Effect of Relative Age Effect on Physical Characteristics And Fundamental Movement Skills In Intellectual Disabled Boys”. International Journal of Disabilities Sports and Health Sciences 2/2 (December 2019), 30-34. https://doi.org/10.33438/ijdshs.636964.
JAMA GÜLGÖSTEREN E, ZİYAGİL MA. The Effect of Relative Age Effect on Physical Characteristics And Fundamental Movement Skills In Intellectual Disabled Boys. International Journal of Disabilities Sports &Health Sciences. 2019;2:30–34.
MLA GÜLGÖSTEREN, Erkan and Mehmet Akif ZİYAGİL. “The Effect of Relative Age Effect on Physical Characteristics And Fundamental Movement Skills In Intellectual Disabled Boys”. International Journal of Disabilities Sports and Health Sciences, vol. 2, no. 2, 2019, pp. 30-34, doi:10.33438/ijdshs.636964.
Vancouver GÜLGÖSTEREN E, ZİYAGİL MA. The Effect of Relative Age Effect on Physical Characteristics And Fundamental Movement Skills In Intellectual Disabled Boys. International Journal of Disabilities Sports &Health Sciences. 2019;2(2):30-4.


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