In this paper, energy poverty and as a result of this energy import dependency and its possible negative results have been examined by taking European Union (EU) into consideration. This analysis has two aims: the first one is questioning the European Unions’ energy security from supply perspective and the second one is investigating the solutions produced by European Union to get away or at least to reduce its energy import dependency. To guarantee its energy supply security at affordable price and to attain its targets about energy security, some action plans has been being put into practice at energy technologies by the Union, especially about renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency. By analyzing them this study aims to give a perspective for other energy dependent countries such as Turkey. Because, as an imported energy depended country, Turkey has same supply security risks with European Union. Modeling the strategies developed and experienced by the EU at renewable energy and energy efficiency, to cope with energy import dependency, might give Turkey an opportunity to minimize drawbacks of its own import dependency problem.
Energy Security, European Union, Strategic Energy Technology Plan, Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency