Year 2018, Volume 5 , Issue 4, Pages 153 - 160 2018-12-31

Simulation and optimization of reactive packed distillation column for biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalyst

Suleyman Karacan [1] , Mehmet Tuncay Cagatay [2]


It is important to simulate a process to see how its production would be in real time. However, there is a few simulation study in literature on continuous flow-biodiesel production in reactive distillation (RD) column. In this study, simulation and optimization of continuous flow-biodiesel (FAME) production in RD column packed with cheaper heterogeneous basic CaO catalyst by using Aspen HYSYS 3.2 software was investigated to contribute to the literature. In study, low-priced waste cooking oil (WCO) and methanol were fed separately into first stage at top of RD column. In the literature, transesterification was considered as pseudo-first order forward reaction, and activation energy (Ea) and frequency factor (A0) for WCO of 79 kj/mol and 2.98 x 1010 min-1 were determined, respectively. After discovering composition of WCO by GC, a set pseudo-first order forward reaction based on triglyceride (as tripalmitin, tristearin, triolein and trilinolein) were written to the simulator. The developed model using General NRTL fluid package was simulated to converge by Sparse Continuation Solver. After simulation, optimum conditions were determined by Optimizer tool and Box algorithm. In the optimization, objective function was selected so as to maximize the sum of conversion and mole fraction of m-oleate in bottom product. As a result, optimum values were determined as reflux ratio of 0.1, reboiler duty of 17.9 W, total feed flow rate of 11.2x10-4 kgmol/hour and methanol/WCO molar ratio of 6.42 for maximum conversion of 99.97% and mole fraction of 70.69%. Consequently, good results were very compatible with literature, thus showing suitability of suggested model, economically feasible biodiesel production and Aspen HYSYS 3.2 capability of handling this process successfully.

Reactive distillation column, Aspen HYSYS, Biodiesel production
  • [1] Donato, A.G., Gonçalves, J.A., Peres, J.S., Ramos, A.L.S., Ribeiro de Melo Jr., A.L.D.C.A, Antunes, O.A.C., Furtado, N.C. and Taft, C.A., 2009, “The use of acids, niobium oxide, and zeolite catalysts for esterification reactions”, J. Phys. Org. Chem, 22, 709–716.
  • [2] Srivastava, A. and Prasad, R., 2000, “Triglycerides-based diesel fuels”, Renew. Sustainable Energy Rev., 4, 111–133.
  • [3] Zhang Y., Dube M.A., McLean D.D. and Kates M.,2003, “Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil: 1. Process design and technological assessment”, Bioresource Technology, 89, 1-16.
  • [4] Sharma, Y.C., Singh, B. and Upadhyay, S.N., 2008, “Advancements in development and characterization of biodiesel A review”. Fuel, 87, 2355–2373.
  • [5] Kouzu, M., Kasuno, T., Tajika, M., Sugimoto, Y., Yamanaka, S. and Hidaka, J., 2008, “Calcium oxide as a solid base catalyst for transesterification of soybean oil and its application to biodiesel production”, Fuel, 87, 2798–2806.
  • [6] DiSerio, M., Tesser R., Pengmei, L. and Santacesaria, E., 2008, “Heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production”, Energy Fuels, 22, 201–217.
  • [7] Muhammad A. B, Bello K., Tambuwal A. D. and Aliero A. A., 2015, “Assessment and Optimization of Conversion of L. siceraria Seed Oil into Biodiesel using CaO on Kaolin as Heterogeneous Catalyst”, International Journal of Chemical Technology, 7 , 1-11.
  • [8] S. Niju, K. M. Meera Sheriffa Begum, and N. Anantharaman, 2016, “Clam shell catalyst for continuous production of biodiesel”, Internatıonal journal of green energy, 13, 1314–1319
  • [9] Oguz H., Celik Tolu M., 2018, “A Review: Optimisation Analysis of Biodiesel Production from Vegetable Oil by Using Biobased CaO as Catalyst”, 7th International Conference on Advanced Technologies (ICAT’18), April 28- May 1 2018, vol 1, 851-855, Antalya Turkey.
  • [10] Buasri A., Chaiyut N., Loryuenyong V., Wongweang C., Khamsrisuk S., 2013, “Application of eggshell wastes as a heterogeneous catalyst for biodiesel production,” Sust Energy, 1, 7-13.
  • [11] Kulkarni, M.G. and Dalai, A.K.,2006, “Waste cooking oil – an economical source for biodiesel: a review”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 45, 2901–2913.
  • [12] Harmsen G.J., 2007, “Reactive distillation: the front-runner of industrial process intensification a full review of commercial applications, research, scale-up, design and operation”, Chem. Eng. Process., 46, 774–780.
  • [13] Martín, M. and Grossmann I.E., 2012, “Simultaneous optimization and heat integration for biodiesel production from cooking oil and algae”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res,. 51, 7998−8014.
  • [14] Karacan, S. and Karacan, F., 2014, “Simulation of reactive distillation column for biodiesel production at optimum conditions”, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 39, 1705-1710.
  • [15] Vujicic, D.J., Comic, D., Zarubica, A., Micic, R. and Boskovi, G., 2010, “ Kinetics of biodiesel synthesis from sunflower oil over CaO heterogeneous catalyst”, Fuel, 89,2054–2061.
  • [16] Birla, A., Singh, B., Upadhyay, S.N. and Sharma, Y.C., 2012, “Kinetics studies of synthesis of biodiesel from waste frying oil using a heterogeneous catalyst derived from snail shell”, Bioresource Technology, 106, 95–100.
Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering, Chemical
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Author: Suleyman Karacan (Primary Author)
Institution: ANKARA UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Author: Mehmet Tuncay Cagatay

Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2018

Bibtex @research article { ijeat438001, journal = {International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies}, issn = {}, eissn = {2548-060X}, address = {editor.ijeat@gmail.com}, publisher = {İlker ÖRS}, year = {2018}, volume = {5}, pages = {153 - 160}, doi = {10.31593/ijeat.438001}, title = {Simulation and optimization of reactive packed distillation column for biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalyst}, key = {cite}, author = {Karacan, Suleyman and Cagatay, Mehmet Tuncay} }
APA Karacan, S , Cagatay, M . (2018). Simulation and optimization of reactive packed distillation column for biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalyst. International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies , 5 (4) , 153-160 . DOI: 10.31593/ijeat.438001
MLA Karacan, S , Cagatay, M . "Simulation and optimization of reactive packed distillation column for biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalyst". International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies 5 (2018 ): 153-160 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijeat/issue/42280/438001>
Chicago Karacan, S , Cagatay, M . "Simulation and optimization of reactive packed distillation column for biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalyst". International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies 5 (2018 ): 153-160
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Simulation and optimization of reactive packed distillation column for biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalyst AU - Suleyman Karacan , Mehmet Tuncay Cagatay Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.31593/ijeat.438001 DO - 10.31593/ijeat.438001 T2 - International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 153 EP - 160 VL - 5 IS - 4 SN - -2548-060X M3 - doi: 10.31593/ijeat.438001 UR - https://doi.org/10.31593/ijeat.438001 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies Simulation and optimization of reactive packed distillation column for biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalyst %A Suleyman Karacan , Mehmet Tuncay Cagatay %T Simulation and optimization of reactive packed distillation column for biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalyst %D 2018 %J International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies %P -2548-060X %V 5 %N 4 %R doi: 10.31593/ijeat.438001 %U 10.31593/ijeat.438001
ISNAD Karacan, Suleyman , Cagatay, Mehmet Tuncay . "Simulation and optimization of reactive packed distillation column for biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalyst". International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies 5 / 4 (December 2019): 153-160 . https://doi.org/10.31593/ijeat.438001
AMA Karacan S , Cagatay M . Simulation and optimization of reactive packed distillation column for biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalyst. IJEAT. 2018; 5(4): 153-160.
Vancouver Karacan S , Cagatay M . Simulation and optimization of reactive packed distillation column for biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalyst. International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies. 2018; 5(4): 160-153.