Year 2019, Volume 6 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 7 2019-03-25

Generation unit sizing, economic analysis of grid connected and standalone PV power plant

Maher Al-Maghalseh [1]


This paper presents a design for a grid connected PV system with the capacity of 1.5 MVA, as well as a standalone PV system with the capacity of 50 kVA in the West Bank industrial zone, Palestine. The factors affecting the design and size of the system are also presented and evaluated. To ensure adequate, reliable and economical system design, over and under sizing energy has been avoided. Furthermore, a numerical analysis will be carried out to evaluate the effects of the grid-connected system on the network, with respect to the voltage profile, power flow, and energy losses. The results have shown a good enhancement in the total energy losses and voltage profile in reference to load and generation capacity. However, the voltage profile is enhanced on buses located close to the proposed PV plant while the profile enhancements decrease when moving closer to the source buses. The maximum increase in voltage profile is 0.4% which is satisfactory in our case. Furthermore, the power losses were clearly decreased with installed of PV systems. Finally, an economic analysis for both systems will be presented. It was found that the total income of the project is expected to be around $616,923 per year. Further, the payback period is expected to be .5 years and the Net Present Value (NPV) is about $3,885,125.91. The Internal Rate of Return (IRR) for the project during a 20-year lifespan is about 26%.

Distribution Generation (DGs), PV, Grid connected, Standalone, PV economic analysis
  • D. G. f. Sonnenenergie, Planning and Installing Photovoltaic Systems: A Guide for Installers, Architects and Engineers. Earthscan, 2008.
  • M. Al-Maghalseh, "Experimental Study to Investigate the Effect of Dust, Wind Speed and Temperature on the PV Module Performance," Jordan Journal of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, vol. 12, no. 2, 2018.
  • H. Guda and U. Aliyu, "Design of a Stand-Alone Photovoltaic System for a Residence in Bauchi," International Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 34-44, 2015.
  • M. M. Al-Maghalseh, "The Impacts of Distribution Generators Size and Location on Power Efficiency and Voltage Profile in Radial LV Networks."
  • L. Luo et al., "Optimal siting and sizing of distributed generation in distribution systems with PV solar farm utilized as STATCOM (PV-STATCOM)," Applied Energy, vol. 210, pp. 1092-1100, 2018/01/15/ 2018.
  • S. Freitas, T. Santos, and M. C. Brito, "Impact of large scale PV deployment in the sizing of urban distribution transformers," Renewable Energy, vol. 119, pp. 767-776, 2018/04/01/ 2018.
  • J. Abushnaf and A. Rassau, "Impact of energy management system on the sizing of a grid-connected PV/Battery system," The Electricity Journal, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 58-66, 2018/03/01/ 2018.
  • S. Das and A. K. Akella, "Power Flow Control of PV-Wind-Battery Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Stand-Alone Application," International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 36-43, 2018.
  • S. Mandal, B. K. Das, and N. Hoque, "Optimum sizing of a stand-alone hybrid energy system for rural electrification in Bangladesh," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 200, pp. 12-27, 2018.
  • N. Hamrouni, M. Jraidi, A. Dhouib, and A. Cherif, "Design of a command scheme for grid connected PV systems using classical controllers," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 143, pp. 503-512, 2017/02/01/ 2017.
  • H. Maammeur, A. Hamidat, L. Loukarfi, M. Missoum, K. Abdeladim, and T. Nacer, "Performance investigation of grid-connected PV systems for family farms: case study of North-West of Algeria," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 78, pp. 1208-1220, 2017/10/01/ 2017.
  • H. A. Kazem, A. H. A. Al-Waeli, M. T. Chaichan, A. S. Al-Mamari, and A. H. Al-Kabi, "Design, measurement and evaluation of photovoltaic pumping system for rural areas in Oman," Environment, Development and Sustainability, journal article vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1041-1053, June 01 2017.
  • M. Al-Maghalseh, S. Odeh, and A. Saleh, "Optimal sizing and allocation of DGs for real power loss reduction and voltage profile improvement in radial L.V networks," in 2017 14th International Conference on Smart Cities: Improving Quality of Life Using ICT & IoT (HONET-ICT), 2017, pp. 21-25.
  • R. Hasan, S. Mekhilef, M. Seyedmahmoudian, and B. Horan, "Grid-connected isolated PV microinverters: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 67, pp. 1065-1080, 2017/01/01/ 2017.
  • A. Kyritsis et al., "Evolution of PV systems in Greece and review of applicable solutions for higher penetration levels," Renewable Energy, vol. 109, pp. 487-499, 2017/08/01/ 2017.
  • R. H. Ashique, Z. Salam, M. J. Bin Abdul Aziz, and A. R. Bhatti, "Integrated photovoltaic-grid dc fast charging system for electric vehicle: A review of the architecture and control," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 69, pp. 1243-1257, 2017/03/01/ 2017.
  • S. Wagh and P. Walke, "REVIEW ON WIND-SOLAR HYBRID POWER SYSTEM," 2017.
  • J. P. Ram, T. S. Babu, and N. Rajasekar, "A comprehensive review on solar PV maximum power point tracking techniques," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 67, pp. 826-847, 2017/01/01/ 2017.
  • M. M. Al-Maghalseh, A. K. Abutemeha, and M. Iyadiyyeh, "Modeling a hybrid system for electrical generation and wastewater treatment using photovoltaic and fuel cells," (in English), Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 100, pp. 250-257, 2017.
  • M. M. A. Al-Maghalseh, "Evaluating the Reliability worth Indices of Electrical Medium Voltage Network: Case Study," Procedia Computer Science, vol. 130, pp. 744-752, 2018/01/01/ 2018.
  • M. M. Al-Maghalseh and E. M. Maharmeh, "Economic and Technical Analysis of Distributed Generation Connection: A Wind Farm Case Study," Procedia Computer Science, vol. 83, pp. 790-798, 2016.
  • M. Al-Maghalseh and W. Saleh, "Design and cost analysis of biogas based power plant: Jenin perspective," in 2017 14th International Conference on Smart Cities: Improving Quality of Life Using ICT & IoT (HONET-ICT), 2017, pp. 31-35.
  • M. Al-Maghalseh, "Techno-economic assessment of biogas energy from animal wastes in central areas of Palestine: Bethlehem perspective," International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 119-126.
Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering, Mechanical
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Author: Maher Al-Maghalseh (Primary Author)
Institution: Palestine Polytechnic University (PPU)
Country: Palestine, State of


Dates

Publication Date : March 25, 2019

Bibtex @research article { ijeat444091, journal = {International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies}, issn = {}, eissn = {2548-060X}, address = {editor.ijeat@gmail.com}, publisher = {İlker ÖRS}, year = {2019}, volume = {6}, pages = {1 - 7}, doi = {10.31593/ijeat.444091}, title = {Generation unit sizing, economic analysis of grid connected and standalone PV power plant}, key = {cite}, author = {Al-Maghalseh, Maher} }
APA Al-Maghalseh, M . (2019). Generation unit sizing, economic analysis of grid connected and standalone PV power plant. International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies , 6 (1) , 1-7 . DOI: 10.31593/ijeat.444091
MLA Al-Maghalseh, M . "Generation unit sizing, economic analysis of grid connected and standalone PV power plant". International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies 6 (2019 ): 1-7 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijeat/issue/44144/444091>
Chicago Al-Maghalseh, M . "Generation unit sizing, economic analysis of grid connected and standalone PV power plant". International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies 6 (2019 ): 1-7
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Generation unit sizing, economic analysis of grid connected and standalone PV power plant AU - Maher Al-Maghalseh Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31593/ijeat.444091 DO - 10.31593/ijeat.444091 T2 - International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 7 VL - 6 IS - 1 SN - -2548-060X M3 - doi: 10.31593/ijeat.444091 UR - https://doi.org/10.31593/ijeat.444091 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies Generation unit sizing, economic analysis of grid connected and standalone PV power plant %A Maher Al-Maghalseh %T Generation unit sizing, economic analysis of grid connected and standalone PV power plant %D 2019 %J International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies %P -2548-060X %V 6 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31593/ijeat.444091 %U 10.31593/ijeat.444091
ISNAD Al-Maghalseh, Maher . "Generation unit sizing, economic analysis of grid connected and standalone PV power plant". International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies 6 / 1 (March 2019): 1-7 . https://doi.org/10.31593/ijeat.444091
AMA Al-Maghalseh M . Generation unit sizing, economic analysis of grid connected and standalone PV power plant. IJEAT. 2019; 6(1): 1-7.
Vancouver Al-Maghalseh M . Generation unit sizing, economic analysis of grid connected and standalone PV power plant. International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies. 2019; 6(1): 7-1.