Year 2020, Volume 7 , Issue 2, Pages 42 - 49 2020-06-08

Numerical simulation of flow over NACA 0015 airfoil with different turbulence models

Neslihan AYDIN [1] , Mehmet Erman ÇALIŞKAN [2] , İrfan KARAGÖZ [3]


Airfoils in various types are widely used in many devices subjected to fluid flows such as aircrafts, vehicles, turbines etc. Therefore, analyzing the fluid flow around an airfoil is one of the important subjects in fluid mechanics. In this study, the conservation equations of two dimensional compressible flow over standard airfoils were solved by using different numerical techniques. After a mesh independence study, applied mathematical model, numerical techniques and obtained results are confirmed with experimental results given in literature. Three different turbulence models, namely the k-w spalarat almaras and the reynolds stress models were used in the solutions. The performances of turbulence models were evaluated under the results obtained. The verified numerical model was also applied to the flow over different types of blades, including a special airfoil design. Velocity and pressure fields obtained around these airfoils were analyzed, and their aerodynamic performances in terms of the lift and drag coefficients were compared to each other at different angles of attack.
Renewable energy, Computational fluid dynamics, Airfoils, Turbulence models, Lift and drag coefficients
  • H. Başak , H. Demirhan , Examination of Airfoil Profile Yield Inspired by The Fins of Humpback Whale with CFD Analysis , Journal of Gazi Engineering Sciences, 2017, 3(2):15-20.
  • I. Şahin, A. Acir, Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Lift and Drag Performances of NACA0015 Wind Turbine Airfoil, IJMMM 2015 Vol.3(1): 22-25 ISSN: 1793-8198.
  • L.B. Streher,, “Large-eddy simulations of the flow around a NACA0012 airfoil at different angles of attack”,Physics, Fluid Dynamics thesis, Helmut-Schmidt-Universitat der Bundeswehr, Hamburg, May 2017.
  • A. H. Mutaib, A. AL-Khateeb, M. K. Khashan, F. Kamil, Computational Study of Flow Characteristics Over High Lift Airfoil at Various Angles of Attack, Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research & Developments (JMERD) 42(1) (2019) 90-9.
  • T. Ahmed, Md. T. Amin, S.M. R. Islam, S. Ahmed, Computational Study of Flow Around a NACA 0012 Airfoil Flapped at Different Flap Angles with Varying Mach Numbers, Global Journal of Researches in Engineering General Engineering Vol.13(4)(2013):5-16.
  • A. A. Matyushenko, E. V. Kotov, A. V. Garbaruk, Calculations of Flow Around Airfoils Using Two Dimensional RANS: An Analysis of the Reduction in Accuracy,St. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics Vol.3(4) (2017):15-21.
  • J. Holden, T. M. Caley, M. G. Turner, Maple Seed Performance as a Wind Turbine, Conference: AIAA SciTech 2015, At Kissimmee, FL, Volume: AIAA 2015-1304. DOI: 10.2514/6.2015-1304.
  • Y. A. Çengel, J. M. Cimbala, Solutions Manual for Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals and Applications Second Edition, McGraw-Hill, 2010.
  • B. Apaçoğlu, “Cfd Analyses of Uncontrolled and Controlled Laminar and Turbulent Flows Over A Circular Cylinder”, Mechanical Engineering Master thesis, TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Ankara 2010.
  • ANSYS FLUENT 13.0 Lecture 06 Turbulence User Guide,2013.
  • P.R.Spalart, S.R. Almaras, A One-Equation Turbulence Model for Aerodynamic Flows. 1992. AIAA Paper 92-0439.
  • H. B. Ekmekci, “Modification Of A Computational Fluid Dynamics Model (Ansys-Fluent) For The Purpose Of River Flow And Sediment Transport Modeling”, Master of Science in Civil Engineering Thesis, The Graduate School of Engineering and Sciences of İzmir Institute of Technology, İzmir, July, 2015.
  • F.Kaya, İ. Karagöz, Investigation into the Suitability of Turbulence Models in Swirling Flows, Uludag University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering Vol 12(1) (2007):85-96.
  • B.E. Launder, D.B. Spalding, The Numerical Computation of Turbulent Flows. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 3, (1974) 269-289.
  • D.C. Wilcox, Turbulence Modeling for CFD. 2006, DCW Industries, Inc.
  • R. E Sheldahl, P. C. Klimas, Aerodynamic characteristics of seven symmetrical airfoil sections through 180-degree angle of attack for use in aerodynamic analysis of vertical axis wind turbines (No. SAND-80-2114). Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA). (1981).
  • Y. Khichine, M. Sriti, Boundary Layer and Mesh Refinement on Aerodynamic Performances of Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT), International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Vol 2 (2017):119-125.
  • D. C. Eleni, T. I. Athanasios, M. P. Dionissios, Evaluation of the Turbulence Models for the Simulation of the Flow over a National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) 0012 Airfoils, Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research Vol. 4(3), pp. 100-111, March 2012.
Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering, Mechanical
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3650-0886
Author: Neslihan AYDIN (Primary Author)
Institution: ULUDAG UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF ENGINEERING
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6123-9627
Author: Mehmet Erman ÇALIŞKAN
Institution: ULUDAG UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7442-2746
Author: İrfan KARAGÖZ
Institution: ULUDAG UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : February 21, 2020
Acceptance Date : May 10, 2020
Publication Date : June 8, 2020

Bibtex @research article { ijeat692291, journal = {International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies}, issn = {}, eissn = {2548-060X}, address = {editor.ijeat@gmail.com}, publisher = {İlker ÖRS}, year = {2020}, volume = {7}, pages = {42 - 49}, doi = {10.31593/ijeat.692291}, title = {Numerical simulation of flow over NACA 0015 airfoil with different turbulence models}, key = {cite}, author = {Aydın, Neslihan and Çalışkan, Mehmet and Karagöz, İrfan} }
APA Aydın, N , Çalışkan, M , Karagöz, İ . (2020). Numerical simulation of flow over NACA 0015 airfoil with different turbulence models . International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies , 7 (2) , 42-49 . DOI: 10.31593/ijeat.692291
MLA Aydın, N , Çalışkan, M , Karagöz, İ . "Numerical simulation of flow over NACA 0015 airfoil with different turbulence models" . International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies 7 (2020 ): 42-49 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijeat/issue/54795/692291>
Chicago Aydın, N , Çalışkan, M , Karagöz, İ . "Numerical simulation of flow over NACA 0015 airfoil with different turbulence models". International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies 7 (2020 ): 42-49
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Numerical simulation of flow over NACA 0015 airfoil with different turbulence models AU - Neslihan Aydın , Mehmet Çalışkan , İrfan Karagöz Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.31593/ijeat.692291 DO - 10.31593/ijeat.692291 T2 - International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 42 EP - 49 VL - 7 IS - 2 SN - -2548-060X M3 - doi: 10.31593/ijeat.692291 UR - https://doi.org/10.31593/ijeat.692291 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies Numerical simulation of flow over NACA 0015 airfoil with different turbulence models %A Neslihan Aydın , Mehmet Çalışkan , İrfan Karagöz %T Numerical simulation of flow over NACA 0015 airfoil with different turbulence models %D 2020 %J International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies %P -2548-060X %V 7 %N 2 %R doi: 10.31593/ijeat.692291 %U 10.31593/ijeat.692291
ISNAD Aydın, Neslihan , Çalışkan, Mehmet , Karagöz, İrfan . "Numerical simulation of flow over NACA 0015 airfoil with different turbulence models". International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies 7 / 2 (June 2020): 42-49 . https://doi.org/10.31593/ijeat.692291
AMA Aydın N , Çalışkan M , Karagöz İ . Numerical simulation of flow over NACA 0015 airfoil with different turbulence models. IJEAT. 2020; 7(2): 42-49.
Vancouver Aydın N , Çalışkan M , Karagöz İ . Numerical simulation of flow over NACA 0015 airfoil with different turbulence models. International Journal of Energy Applications and Technologies. 2020; 7(2): 42-49.