Volume: 7 Issue: 3, 10/15/22

Year: 2022


Research Article

8. LiDAR modeling to determine the height of shade canopy tree in cocoa agrosystems as available habitat for wildlife

The International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences (IJEG) publishes original and innovative contributions in geomatics applications ranging from the integration of instruments, methodologies, and technologies and their respective uses in the environmental sciences, engineering, and other natural sciences. Geomatics is a branch of science that widely applied in many scientific disciplines.  IJEG aims to cover the entirety of Geomatics and Geosciences, including their application domains. IJEG strives to encourage scientists to publish experimental, theoretical, and computational results as detailed as possible so that results can be easily reproduced. There is no restriction on paper length.

Areas covered in IJEG include


Remote Sensing

Geographical Information Systems


Land Management



Unmanned aerial vehicles applications for mapping

Close range photogrammetry applications


Parameter estimation and modelling

Agricultural applications using GIS and Remote sensing

All Applications of Geomatics Engineering


You can use this template. Please upload this word document to the system.

When you upload the revised manuscript, please upload a response sheet separately.

Abstract should be at most 300 words. Key words that will consist of at least 3 and maximum 5 words should be written on the left side. Mathematical expressions should not be included in essence. Cambria, 9 font size

Content should be written in 2 columns with Cambria 10 font size. The first line of each paragraph should be written by 0.5 cm indentation.
The article should begin with an introduction section, which includes the ideas and the basic objectives and approaches of the article, combining scientific knowledge, evidence-based information and logical discussions in different disciplines. This section should be written considering all readers. Technical terms, symbols and abbreviations should be defined when first used in the article.
The main sections of the manuscript are “introduction”, “method” “results” “discussion” and “conclusion” and they should be written in 10 font size, justify, bold and capital letters.
All the empty lines should have 8 font size.
This template explains how to design the manuscript. If the author (s) uses this template file, no settings change will be required since settings such as font and size, line spacing, spaces before paragraphs, indents, etc. are made in styles. If you want to avoid problems when copy and paste texts or with the text format, you can use “Applying styles to the article” section which is at the end of template.

The second level headings should be written with left aligned, 10 font size, first character capital, bold. Each paragraph should seperate with one line from former paragraph. You can delete this section and write the article text without disturbing the formatting. No spaces should be left between paragraphs in the text.

Tables should be numbered and the title of the table should be written in 10 pt. Table title should not be bold or italic. The table number should be followed by a dot and the table name should be written. No dot should be placed after the table name is written. Please do not use vertical lines in Tables.
In-table values / inscriptions should be 9 pt. No spaces should be left between the table title and the table. Tables should be specified in the text with the number of tables. Tables should be used in the text or on the following page. Related notes and references should be indicated at the bottom of the table after “Note:” or “Source:”. The space between the text and the table before and after the table must be 1 row.

Citation in text should be as;
One citation [1]
Consecutive citations [1-5]
Non-Consecutive citations [2,5]
Non-consecutive Three or more citations [1,3, 6-11]

Bibliography should be prepared in accordance with the APA 6 Publication Manual publication guidelines. For more information; See http://www.apa.org.
You can use Springer-SocPsych (numeric, brackets) citation style in Mendeley.
References should be written with 10 pt including title. The paragraph indent is 0.5 cm hanging from the right.
The second and subsequent lines of each bibliography should be indented 0.5 cm inward as shown in this text.
Thesis should be written as Master’s Thesis or Doctoral Thesis in the reference list.

References should be written like this. Please do not use any web-site [URL] as a citation. Do not put an empty line between references.

[1] Pellicani, R., Spilotro, G., & van Westen, C. J. (2016). Rockfall trajectory modeling combined with heuristic analysis for assessing the rockfall hazard along the Maratea SS18 coastal road (Basilicata, Southern Italy). Landslides, 13(5), 985–1003. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10346-015-0665-3
[2] Alptekin, A., Çelik, M. Ö., Doğan, Y., & Yakar, M. (2019). Mapping of a rockfall site with an unmanned aerial vehicle. Mersin Photogrammetry Journal, 1(1), 12-16.
[3] Alptekin, A., & Yakar, M. (2020). Heyelan bölgesinin İHA kullanarak modellenmesi. Türkiye İnsansız Hava Araçları Dergisi, 2(1), 17-21.
[4] Maune, D. F. (2001) Digital elevation model technologies and applications: The DEM User manual. The American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. ISBN:1-57083-064-9
[5] Ulvi, A., Varol, F. i., & Yiğit, A. Y. (2019). 3D modeling of cultural heritage: the example of Muyi Mubarek Mosque in Uzbekistan (Hz. Osman’s Mushafi). International Congress on Cultural Heritage and Tourism (ICCHT), 115-123, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.
[6] Yakar, M. (2011). Using close range photogrammetry to measure the position of inaccessible geological features. Experimental Techniques, 35(1), 54-59.

Publication Ethics
IJEG follows certain ethical standards for publication, existing to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public trust in scientific findings, and due credit for original ideas. IJEG is connected to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), abides by its Code of Conduct, and aims to adhere to its Best Practice Guidelines.
Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. Retrieved from https://publicationethics.org/files/Code_of_conduct_for_journal_editors_Mar11.pdf

Authors who submit papers to IJEG certify that his or her work is original and is not published or under publication consideration elsewhere. In addition, authors confirm that submitted papers have not been copied or plagiarized, in whole or in part, from other papers or studies. Authors certify that he or she does not have potential conflicts of interest or partial benefits associated with his or her papers.
IJEG will check for plagiarism in all submitted articles prior to publication. If plagiarism is detected at any stage of the publication process, the author will be instructed to rewrite the manuscript. Every submission will be scanned by iThenticate® to prevent plagiarism. If any manuscript is 30% plagiarized the article will be rejected and the author will be notified. We strongly recommend that authors check paper content before submitting for publication. Plagiarism can be checked by using free online software, like (FREE PLAGARISM CHECKER at http://www.quetext.com/.)
IJEG is committed to objective and fair blind peer reviews of submitted papers and the prevention of any actual or potential conflicts of interest between writers and reviewers.

Authors must confirm the following:

1. Manuscripts must be the original work of the submitting author.
2. Submitted manuscripts must be unpublished.
3. There should be no conflict of interest. If it exists, it must be clearly stated.
4. Authors should cite all data sources used in the preparation of the manuscript.
Please note: It is unethical to submit a manuscript to more than one journal concurrently.

Reviewers must confirm the following:

1. Manuscripts are reviewed fairly based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenship or political view of the author(s).
2. Any observed conflict of interest during the review process must be sent to the editor.
3. Information pertaining to the manuscript is kept confidential.
4. Information that may be a cause for rejection of publication must be sent to the editor.

Editors must confirm the following:

1. Manuscripts are reviewed fairly based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenship or political view of the author(s.)
2. Information pertaining to manuscripts is kept confidential.
3. Any observed conflict of interest pertaining manuscripts must be disclosed.
Please note: The Editorial Board takes responsibility for making publication decisions on submitted manuscripts based on the reviewer’s evaluation of the manuscript, policies of the journal editorial board, and legal efforts to prevent plagiarism, libel, and copyright infringement
Note: Author should make corrections in 2 months, otherwise paper will rejected.


Peer Review Policy
The author(s) of the present study and the article accept(s) the ethical responsibilities that fit the PUBLICATION ETHICS. Each author is responsible for the content of his or her article. Articles submitted for publication are checked by the Turnitin (Professional Plagiarism Prevention) program. If an article contains plagiarism or self-plagiarism in more than 30% of the manuscript, it will be returned to the author for appropriate citation and correction.

• Submission of the same manuscript to different journals will not be accepted.
• Submissions with contents outside the scope of IJEG will not be considered for review.
• Submissions will have a blind peer review.
• All papers are expected to have original content. They should not have been previously published or under review.
• The journal requires a minimum of three independent referees. All submissions are subject to a blind peer review.
• Publication decisions are made by the journal's Editor-in-Chief on the basis of the referees' reports.
• Submitted papers and referee reports are archived whether they are published or not and are not returned.
• Authors who want to discontinue the publication process after submission to IJEG have to apply to the editorial board in a written correspondence.
• Authors are responsible for the writing quality of his or her papers.
• The IJEG journal is free of charge and will not pay any copyright fee to authors.

Open Access Copyright Policy

Open access (OA) journals are scholarly journals that are available online "without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself.” Open Access (OA) provides unlimited access and reuseability of research publications online for free. Therefore, the open access therefore creates the network for reaching the widest possible audience, sharing the entire papers and building upon them.
The International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences (IJEG) has signed the Budapest Open Access Initiative and shows its “openness” clearly in a standardized form.
IJEG also supports the Budapest Open Access Initiative definition of ''Open Access,'' which is defined as:
“It has free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.”
Articles published in IJEG will be Open-Access articles distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License
Ijeg is licenced by Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

You can find information about CC-BY-SA please click https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode

A signed Copyright Assignment Form must be submitted with any paper. You can download Copyright Assignment Form from this link.


Author hereby transfer your copyright to us (the publisher). In particular, this means that you grant us the non-exclusive right, for the full term of copyright and any renewals/extensions thereof, both to reproduce and distribute your article (including the abstract) ourselves throughout the world in printed, electronic or any other medium”

Archieving Policy (LOCKSS)
The LOCKSS system has permission to collect, preserve, and serve this Archival Unit.
The International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences is using the LOCKKS archiving system.
The LOCKSS Program, based on the program used at Stanford University Libraries, provides libraries and publishers with award-winning, low-cost, open source digital preservation tools to preserve and provide access to persistent and authoritative digital content.
The LOCKSS Program (https://www.lockss.org/) is an open-source, library-led digital preservation system built on the principle that “lots of copies keep stuff safe.” The LOCKSS Program develops and supports libraries using an open source peer-to-peer digital preservation software.
The LOCKSS system allows librarians to access to the e-content to which they subscribe, restoring the print purchase model with which librarians are familiar.
The Global LOCKSS Network preserves today's e-journals and e-books for tomorrow's readers. The Global LOCKSS Network is a proven preservation approach that uniquely empowers both libraries and publishers. It enhances a library's value by restoring library collections via a locally installed "LOCKSS box", which is essentially a digital bookshelf. The Global LOCKSS Network enhances a publisher's value by preserving the original published artifact, including branding, historical context, and underlying files. It protects the publisher's interest by driving all reader traffic to their web site. The Global LOCKSS Network is administered and managed by the Stanford University Libraries LOCKSS Program. See the LOCKSS Program website for additional information, http://www.lockss.org/lockss/Home.
A detailed explanation of what sets the LOCKSS software apart and how preservation works in the LOCKSS network (e.g. technical infrastructure, security) can be found in the following link: https://www.lockss.org/about/how-it-works/.
IJEG LOCKSS data can be found in the following link: http://dergipark.gov.tr/ijeg/lockss-manifest.

Complaint Policy
Complaints are welcome as they provide an opportunity for improvement. Responses to complaints should be quick, helpful, and constructive. Please address complaints with a volume number, issue number, paper ID, paper title, and page number.
The International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences (IJEG) accepts the following complaints:
• Authorship complaints
• Plagiarism complaints
• Multiple, duplicate, and concurrent publications or simultaneous submissions
• Allegations of research errors and fraud
• Research standards violations
• Undisclosed conflicts of interest
• Reviewer bias or competitive/harmful acts by reviewers

Policy for Handling Complaints
If the Journal receives a complaint that any contribution to the Journal infringes intellectual property rights or contains material inaccuracies, libelous materials, or otherwise unlawful materials, the Journal will investigate the complaint. An investigation may include a request that the parties involved substantiate their claims (the Journal will make a good faith determination whether to remove the allegedly wrongful material). A decision not to remove material should represent the Journal's belief that the complaint is without sufficient foundation, or if well‐founded, that a legal defense or exemption may apply. The Journal will document its investigation and decision. We strive to ensure that IJEG s of the highest quality and is free from errors. However, we accept that occasionally mistakes might happen.

Editorial Complaints Policy
The Managing Editor and staff of IJEG will make every endeavor to resolve issues as soon as possible in the most appropriate way, offering a right of reply when necessary. We will investigate complaints in a blame-free manner, looking to see how systems can be improved to prevent mistakes occurring.

Guiding Principles
Our general approach to complaints is that they are a rare but inevitable part of a process that involves putting together complex material at great speed. Despite rare mistakes, we will spend effort to treat complaints with urgency. Timely solutions can prevent the escalation of problems. All substantial errors and complaints are referred to senior executives within the editorial staff.
The procedure outlined below aims to be fair to the submitting authors who have complaints as well asthe things they complain about. All complaints will be acknowledged within three working days if by email. If possible, a definitive response will be made within two weeks. If impossible, an interim response will be given within two weeks. Interim responses will be provided until the complaint is resolved. Escalated complaints are sent to the editor.

How to Make a Complaint
Complaints about editorial content should be made as soon as possible after publication, preferably by email to: myakar@mersin.edu.tr

Article Correction Policy

The online, published version of an article is considered the final and complete version. Even though it is possible to correct this version, our policy (in common with other publishers) is not to do so, except in very rare circumstances.
The only typographical errors that can be corrected are: author names, affiliations, article titles, abstracts, and keywords. In such cases, an erratum or corrigendum would be necessary as well (see below) so that there is a record of the difference between the online and print versions.
We can publish a correction to your article if there is a serious error, for example with regard to scientific accuracy, or if your reputation or that of the journal would be affected. We do not publish corrections that do not affect the contribution in a material way or significantly impair the reader’s understanding of the contribution (such as a spelling mistake or a grammatical error).
Please send an email to engineeringandgeoscience@gmail.com in the event a correction is needed.

An erratum will be used if an important error has been found during the publication process of the journal article. Errors requiring an erratum include: an error that affects the publication record, the scientific integrity of the paper, the reputation of the authors or of the journal, and errors of omission (e.g. failure to make factual proof corrections requested by authors within the deadline provided by the journal and within journal policy).
Erratas are not published for typing errors except where an error is significant (for example, an incorrect unit.) A significant error in a figure or table is corrected by the publication of a newly- corrected figure or table as an erratum. The figure or table is republished only if the editor considers it necessary.

A corrigendum is a notification of a significant error made by the authors of the article. All authors must sign a corrigenda that is submitted for publication.
In cases where co-authors disagree, the editors will take advice from independent peer-reviewers and impose the appropriate amendment; noting the dissenting author(s) in the text of the published version.

An addendum is a notification of a peer-reviewed addition of information to a paper. An example is a response to a reader’s request for clarification. Addenda do not contradict the original publication. If the author inadvertently omits significant information, the information can be published as an addendum after peer review.
Addenda are published only rarely and only when the editors decide that the addendum is crucial to the reader’s understanding of a significant part of the published contribution.

International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences is completely free.