Year 2015, Volume 2 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 15 2015-03-02

Physico-Chemical Features and Subsurface Nature of Coastal Dunes on Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey

Mustafa Avcıoğlu [1] , Ahmet Evren Erginal [2] , Muhammed Zeynel Öztürk [3] , Alper Demirci [4] , Yunus Levent Ekinci [5] , Murat Türkeş [6] , Ersin Karabacak [7] , Ali Sungur [8] , Hasan Özcan [9] , Rezzan Ekinci [10] , Gülsen Erginal [11]


We studied the composition, vegetation cover, wind regime characteristics and subsurface nature of a coastal dune field on the west coast of Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey. Performing Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) technique, we determined that dune sands with a thickness of ~11-13 m cover the underlying Miocene basement, as confirmed by an abrupt increase in resistivity as from lithological boundary. The results demonstrate that foredune terraces and ridges differ from swales from various points of view. The foredune sands are characterized by average contents of over 82% medium to fine-sized angular sands, especially quartz (85%), based on X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) data, CaCO3 (1.15%) and organic matter (0.19%). On the other hand, swales are composed on average of 59% medium to fine sands, a mixture of silt and clay (13%), very coarse sands and small-size gravels (28%). In addition to the different grain size distribution, swale sediments have conspicuously lesser amounts of SiO2 (78%), higher amounts of CaCO3 (5.6%) and organic matter (0.8%). Wind climatology analysis showed the predominance of a northerly (mainly NNE) near surface wind circulation over Bozcaada throughout the year with high wind speeds of maximum 7.4 m/s. Nevertheless, the existing sand transport and associated development of foredune forms and blowouts in the dune field relates considerably to the bimodal distribution of northerly winds (NNW and NNE). Although the coastal dune area is capped by a variety of dune plants, blowout development is highly active, in particular, on the northeast section of the dune field.

Dune sand, electrical resistivity, wind climatology, Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey
  • Bate, G., Ferguson, M. (1996). Blowouts in coastal foredunes. Landscape and Urban Planning, 34 (3-4), 215-224.
  • Bouyoucos, G.J. (1951). A recalibration of the hydrometer method for making mechanical analysis of soils. Agronomy Journal 43, 434-438.
  • Cooper, W.S. (1958). Coastal sand dunes of Oregon and Washington. Geological Society of America Memoir 72. Waverly Press, Inc. Baltimore, MD.
  • Davis, P.H. (1965-1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Volumes 1-9. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Erginal, A.E., Ekinci, Y.L., Demirci, A., Avcıoğlu, M., Öztürk, M.Z., Türkeş, M., Yiğitbaş, E. (2013). Depositional characteristics of carbonate-cemented fossil eolian sand dunes: Bozcaada Island, Turkey. Journal of Coastal Research 29 (1), 78-85.
  • Erginal, A.E., Kıyak, N.G., Özcan, H. (2009). Optically Stimulated Luminescence to date coastal dunes and a possible Tsunami layer on the Kavak delta (Saros Gulf, NW Turkey). Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 18 (3), 465-474.
  • Erguvanlı, K. (1955). Geological study of the Bozcaada Island. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 6, 399–401 (in French).
  • Fraser, G.S., Bennett, S.W., Olyphant, G.A., Bauch, N.J., Ferguson, V., Gellasch, C.A., Millard, C.L., Mueller, B., O’malley, P.J., Way, N., Woodfield, M.C. (1998). Windflow circulation patterns in a coastal dune blowout, south coast of Lake Michigan. Journal of Coastal Research 14 (2), 451–460.
  • Grewelling, T., Peech, M. (1960). Chemical Soil Test. Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, New York.
  • Hamidi, N., Kayaalp, N. (2008). Estimation of the amount of suspended sediment in the Tigris River using artificial neural networks. Clean- Air Soil Water, 36 (4), 380-386.
  • Hesp, P. (2002). Foredunes and blowouts: initiation, geomorphology and dynamics. Geomorphology, 48 (1-3), 245-268.
  • Hugenholtz, C.H., Wolfe, S.A. (2009). Form- flow interactions of an eolian saucer blowout. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 34 (7), 919-928.
  • Kalafatçıoğlu, A. (1963). Geology of the environs of Ezine and Bozcaada; age of limestones and serpanites. Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration 60, 60-69 (in Turkish).
  • Karabacak, E., Erginal, A.E., Özmen, H. (2008). Flora and mapping of dune vegetation of the Bozcaada-Batıburnu area. Symposium of Bozcaada Values, Abstracts Book, Aynalı Pazar Yayınevi, Bozcaada, 183-191 (in Turkish).
  • Kıyak, N.G., Erginal, A.E. (2009). Optical Stimulated Luminescence dating study of eolianite on the Island of Bozcaada, Turkey: preliminary results. Journal of Coastal Research, 26 (4), 673-680.
  • Loke, M.H., Barker, R.D. (1996). Rapid least- squares inversion of apparent resistivity pseudosections using a quasi-Newton method. Geophysical Prospecting 44 (1), 131-152.
  • Özcan, H., Akbulak, C., Kelkit, A., Tosunoğlu, M., Uysal, I. (2009a). Ecotourism potential and management of Kavak Delta. Journal of Coastal Research 25 (3), 781–787.
  • Özcan, H., Erginal, A.E., Akbulak, C., Sungur, A., Bozcu, M. (2009b). Physico-chemical characteristics of coastal dunes on the Saros Gulf, Turkey. Journal of Coastal Research 26 (1), 132-142.
  • Özhan, E. (2005). Coastal area management in Turkey. Priority Actions Programme Regional Activity Centre (PAP/RAC). Coastal Area Management in Turkey, Split.
  • Öztürk, F. (1996). Suspended sediment yields of rivers in Turkey. In: Erosion and Sediment Yield: Global and Regional Perspectives. Proceedings of the Exeter Symposium: 65-71.
  • Şahin, A.D. (2008). A Review of Research and Development of Wind Energy in Turkey. Clean-Soil Air Water 36 (9), 734-742.
  • Schlicting E, Blume E. (1966). Bodenkundliches practicum. Hamburg und Berlin: Verlag Paul Parey.
  • Soil Survey Staff, (1993). Soil Conservation Service National Soil Survey Handbook Part 618, Title 430-VI, US Dept of Ag. (USDA), US Govt Printing Office, Washington DC.
  • Serteser, A. (2004). Assessment of coastal dunes in Ceyhan Delta (Adana) with regards to vegetation and soil relatioships. V. National Conference on Turkey's Coastal and Marine Areas, Abstracts Book, 1, 17-24 (in Turkish).
  • Sesli, F.A., Karslı, F., Çölkesen, I., Akyol, N. (2009). Monitoring the changing position of coastlines using aerial and satellite image data: an example from the eastern coast of Trabzon, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 153, 391-403.
  • Smith, H.T.U. (1960). Physiography and photo interpretation of coastal sand dunes. Final Report Contract NONR - 2242(00), Office of Naval Research, Geographical Branch.
  • Thornthwaite, C.W. (1948). An Approach toward a rational classification of climate. Geography Review, 38, 55-94.
  • Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A., Moore, D.M., Valentine, D.H. (1964-1980). Flora Europaea Volume 1-5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Türkeş, M. (1996). Spatial and temporal analysis of annual rainfall variations in Turkey. International Journal of Climatology, 16 (9),1057-1076.
  • Türkeş, M. (1998). Influence of geopotential heights, cyclone frequency and Southern Oscillation on rainfall variations in Turkey. International Journal of Climatology, 18 (6), 649-680.
  • Türkeş, M., Erlat, E. (2005). Climatological responses of winter precipitation in Turkey to variability of the North Atlantic Oscillation during the period 1930-2001. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 81 (1-2), 45-69.
  • Türkeş, M., Koç, T., Sarış, F. (2009). Spatiotemporal variability of precipitation total series over Turkey. International Journal of Climatology 29 (8), 1056-1074.
  • Uslu, T. (1989). Geographical Information on Turkish Coastal Dunes. European Union for Dune Conservation and Coastal Management Publications, Leiden.
  • Wang, S., Hasi, E., Zhang, J., Zhang, P. (2007). Geomorphological significance of air flow over saucer blowout of the Hulun Buir sandy grassland. Journal of Desert Research 2007 (5), 745-749.
  • Willmott, C.J. (1977). Watbug: A Fortran IV Algorithm for Calculating the Climatic Water Budget. Newark, Delaware: Water Resources Center, University of Delaware.
  • Yu, Jian Zhen, Xiao-Feng Huang, Jinhui Xu, and Min Hu. (2005)"When aerosol sulfate goes up, so does oxalate: Implication for the formation mechanisms of oxalate." Environmental science & technology 39 (1), 128-133.
  • Zuo, Yuegang, and Juerg Hoigne. (1992) "Formation of hydrogen peroxide and depletion of oxalic acid in atmospheric water by photolysis of iron (III)-oxalato complexes." Environmental Science & Technology 26, no. 5: 1014-1022.
Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Mustafa Avcıoğlu

Author: Ahmet Evren Erginal

Author: Muhammed Zeynel Öztürk

Author: Alper Demirci

Author: Yunus Levent Ekinci

Author: Murat Türkeş

Author: Ersin Karabacak

Author: Ali Sungur

Author: Hasan Özcan

Author: Rezzan Ekinci

Author: Gülsen Erginal

Dates

Publication Date : March 2, 2015

Bibtex @research article { ijegeo303171, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2015}, volume = {2}, pages = {1 - 15}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.303171}, title = {Physico-Chemical Features and Subsurface Nature of Coastal Dunes on Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Avcıoğlu, Mustafa and Erginal, Ahmet Evren and Öztürk, Muhammed Zeynel and Demirci, Alper and Ekinci, Yunus Levent and Türkeş, Murat and Karabacak, Ersin and Sungur, Ali and Özcan, Hasan and Ekinci, Rezzan and Erginal, Gülsen} }
APA Avcıoğlu, M , Erginal, A , Öztürk, M , Demirci, A , Ekinci, Y , Türkeş, M , Karabacak, E , Sungur, A , Özcan, H , Ekinci, R , Erginal, G . (2015). Physico-Chemical Features and Subsurface Nature of Coastal Dunes on Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 2 (1) , 1-15 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.303171
MLA Avcıoğlu, M , Erginal, A , Öztürk, M , Demirci, A , Ekinci, Y , Türkeş, M , Karabacak, E , Sungur, A , Özcan, H , Ekinci, R , Erginal, G . "Physico-Chemical Features and Subsurface Nature of Coastal Dunes on Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 2 (2015 ): 1-15 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijegeo/issue/28164/303171>
Chicago Avcıoğlu, M , Erginal, A , Öztürk, M , Demirci, A , Ekinci, Y , Türkeş, M , Karabacak, E , Sungur, A , Özcan, H , Ekinci, R , Erginal, G . "Physico-Chemical Features and Subsurface Nature of Coastal Dunes on Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 2 (2015 ): 1-15
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Physico-Chemical Features and Subsurface Nature of Coastal Dunes on Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey AU - Mustafa Avcıoğlu , Ahmet Evren Erginal , Muhammed Zeynel Öztürk , Alper Demirci , Yunus Levent Ekinci , Murat Türkeş , Ersin Karabacak , Ali Sungur , Hasan Özcan , Rezzan Ekinci , Gülsen Erginal Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.303171 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.303171 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 15 VL - 2 IS - 1 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.303171 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.303171 Y2 - 2015 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics Physico-Chemical Features and Subsurface Nature of Coastal Dunes on Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey %A Mustafa Avcıoğlu , Ahmet Evren Erginal , Muhammed Zeynel Öztürk , Alper Demirci , Yunus Levent Ekinci , Murat Türkeş , Ersin Karabacak , Ali Sungur , Hasan Özcan , Rezzan Ekinci , Gülsen Erginal %T Physico-Chemical Features and Subsurface Nature of Coastal Dunes on Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey %D 2015 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 2 %N 1 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.303171 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.303171
ISNAD Avcıoğlu, Mustafa , Erginal, Ahmet Evren , Öztürk, Muhammed Zeynel , Demirci, Alper , Ekinci, Yunus Levent , Türkeş, Murat , Karabacak, Ersin , Sungur, Ali , Özcan, Hasan , Ekinci, Rezzan , Erginal, Gülsen . "Physico-Chemical Features and Subsurface Nature of Coastal Dunes on Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 2 / 1 (March 2015): 1-15 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.303171
AMA Avcıoğlu M , Erginal A , Öztürk M , Demirci A , Ekinci Y , Türkeş M , Karabacak E , Sungur A , Özcan H , Ekinci R , Erginal G . Physico-Chemical Features and Subsurface Nature of Coastal Dunes on Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2015; 2(1): 1-15.
Vancouver Avcıoğlu M , Erginal A , Öztürk M , Demirci A , Ekinci Y , Türkeş M , Karabacak E , Sungur A , Özcan H , Ekinci R , Erginal G . Physico-Chemical Features and Subsurface Nature of Coastal Dunes on Bozcaada Island, NW Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2015; 2(1): 15-1.