Research Article
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Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern

Year 2015, Volume 2, Issue 2, 1 - 15, 03.08.2015
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.303537

Abstract

The Gaziköy–Saros region is located in the western part of the North Anatolian Fault Zone (NAFZ), Turkey, which is one of the major active strike-slip faults recognized in the world. The morphological characteristics of this region were shaped by the nature of the fault. By means of combination techniques of remotely sensed and Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data a 3-D (three-dimensional) model can be generated. Afterwards, the produced 3-D model of the study region can be effectively used in examining the aforesaid features and various other associated analyses. In this study,  the DEM data is obtained by  digitizing 1/25,000 scaled maps and Landsat 5 TM data. A novel method is used to define the region’s geomorphology through merged digital elevation model (DEM) and remotely sensed data. The morphometric analyses of our study identified five erosion surfaces and indicated that the active faults contributed to the morphological development of the study area. Moreover, another hypothesis derived from our study is that the formation of the elevated areas was caused by fault compressional force components and formation’s linear features were produced by the strike-slips.

References

  • Altın, B.N., 1992. Işıklar (Ganos) Dağı ve Çevresinin Noetektonik Dönem Jeomorfolojik Tektonik Gelişimi, Doktora Tezi, İstabul Üniversitesi, Deniz Bilimleri ve Coğrafya Enstitüsü, İstanbul(in Turkish).
  • Okay, A., Tuysuz, O., and Kaya, S.,2004. From transpression to transtension: Changes in Morphology and Structure around a bend ob the North Anatolian Fault in the Marmara region, Tectonophysics, 391, 259-282.
  • Borwn, D.G, Bian, L., and Walsh, S.J., 1993. Response of A Distributed Watershed Erosion Model to Variations in Input Data Aggregation Levels, Comput. Geosci., 19 (4), 499-509.
  • Cooke, U.R., and Doornkamp, J.C.,1990. Geomorphology in Environmental Management, A New Introduction, Second Edition, (Valrendon Press), Oxford, UK.
  • Curran, P.J., 1985. Principles of Remote Sensing, Longman Scientific and Technical.
  • Donmez, Y., 1990. Trakya’nın Bitki Coğrafyası, İstanbul Üniversitesi Coğ.Enstitüsü Yay., 51, İstanbul(in Turkish).
  • Eldeniz, S., 1996. Keşan-Malkara-Koru Dağı Dolayının Jeomorfolojisi, Doktora Tezi, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Deniz Bilimleri ve İşletmeciliği Enstitüsü, İstanbul(in Turkish).
  • Erol, O., 1979. Türkiye’de Neojen ve Kuaterner Aşınım Dönemleri, Bu Dönemlerin Aşınım Yüzeyleri ile Yaşıt(Korelan) Tortullara Göre Belirlenmesi, TJD, 8, 1-40(in Turkish).
  • Erol, O., 1983. Türkiye’nin Genç Tektonik ve Jeomorfolojik Gelişimi, TJD,11,1-22(in Turkish).
  • Erol, O., 1991. Geomorphological Evolution of Taurus Mountains, Turkey, Zeitschr für Geom.N-F.Supp. Bd. 82, 99-109.
  • Erol, O., 1993. Ayrintili Jeomorfoloji Haritalari Cizim Yontemleri, IU., Deniz Bilimleri ve Cografya Enstitusu Bulteni, No:10, Istanbul(in Turkish).
  • Erol, O., and Cetin, O., 1995. Marmara Denizinin Genc Miyosen-Holosendeki Evrimi (Bazı Yeni Radyometrik Yas Verilerinin Isıgı Altinda Bir Yorum), IU Jeoloji, İzmit Körfezi Kuvaterner İstifi, Editör Prof.Dr.Engin Meriç, İstanbul, 313-342(in Turkish).
  • Guo, H.D., 2010. Understanding global natural disaster and the role of earth observation. International Journal of Digital Earth, 3(3), 221-230.
  • Kaya, S., 1999. Uydu Görüntüleri ve Sayısal Arazi Modeli Kullanılarak Kuzey Anadolu Fayı Gelibolu-Işıklar Dağı Kesiminin Jeomorfolojik-Jeolojik Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi, İTÜ Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi, 114 sayfa, İstanbul(in Turkish).
  • Kaya, S., Tuysuz, O., and Muftuoglu, O., 2004. Tracing the Geometry of an Active Fault Using Remote Sensing and Digital Elevation Model: Ganos Segment, North Anatolian Fault Zone, Turkey, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 19- 25, 3843-3855.
  • Kaya, S., Seker, D.Z., Kabdasli, S., Musaoglu, N., Yuasa, A., and Shrestha, M., 2006. Monitoring Turbid Fresh Water Plume Characteristics by Means of remotely Sensing Data, Hydrological Processes, 11- 20, 2429-2440.
  • Kaya S., 2007. Multitemporal Analysis of Rapid Urban Growth in Istanbul Using Remotely Sensing Data, Environmental Engineering Science, 2-24, 228-233.
  • Lillesand, T.M., and Kiefer, R.W., 1987. Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John-Wiley and Sons., Canada.
  • Loye, A., Jaboyedoff, M., and Padrazzini, A.,2009. Identification of potential roclfall source areas at a regional scale using a DEM-based geomorphometric analysis, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 9,1643-1653.
  • McClusky, S.C., Balassaian, S., Barka, A.A.,Demir, C.,Ergintav, S., Georgiev, I., Gurkan, O., Hamburger, M., Hurst, K., Kahle, H., Kastens, L.,Kekelidze, G., King, R.W., Kotzev, V., Lenk, O., Mahmoud, S., Mishin, A., Nadariya, M., Ouzounis, A., Paradissis, D., Peter, Y., Prilepin, M., Reilinger, R., Sanli, I., Seeger, H., Taeleb, A., Toksoz, M.N., and Veis, G.,2000. Global Positioning System constraints on plate kinematics and dynamics in the eastern Mediterranean and Caucasus. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105,5695–5719.
  • Rockwell, T., Barka, A.A., Dawson, T., Akyüz, S., and Thorup, T., 2001. Paleoseismology of the Gaziko¨y-Saros of the North Anatolia fault, northwestern Turkey: comparison of the historical and Paleoseismic records, implications of regional seismic hazard, and models of earthquake recurrence, Journal of Seismology, 5, 443-448.
  • Seker, D.Z., Kaya, S., Musaoglu, N., Kabdasli, S., Yuasa, A., and Duran, Z., 2005. Investigation of Meandering in Filyos River by Means of Satellite Sensor Data, Hydrological Processes, 7-19, 1497-1508.
  • Siyako, M., Bürkan, A., and Okay, A.İ., 1989. Biga ve Gelibolu Yarımadalarının Tersier Jeoloji ve Hidrokarbon Olanakları, TPJD.Bül., C.1-3, Sayfa 183-199, Ankara(in Turkish).
  • Straub, C., and Kahle, H., 1997. Recent crustal deformation and strain accumulation in the Marmara Sea region, NW Anatolia referred from repeated GPS measurements, In Active Tectonics of Northwestern Anatolia-The Marmara Project, edited by C. Schindler and M. Pfister (Zurich: Vdf Hochschulverlag AG der ETH), 417–447.
  • Summerfield, M.A.,2000. Geomorphology and Global Tectonics, Edited by Michael A. Summerfield, Department of Geography, University of Edinburgh, John Wiley & Sons, UK.
  • Tuysuz, O., Barka, A. A., and Yigitbas, E., 1998. Geology of the Saros Graben and its implications for the evolution of the North Anatolian Fault in the Ganos-Saros region, Northwestern Turkey, Tectonophysics, 293, 105–126.
  • Walsh, S.J., Butler, D.R, and Malanson, G.P., 1998. An Overview of Scale, Pattern,Process Relationships in Geomorphology: A Remote Sensing and GIS Perspective, Geomorphology, 21, 183-205.
  • Wong, H.K., Lüdmann, T., Uluğ, A., and Görür, N., 1995. The Sea of Marmara: a palate boundary sea in an escape tectonic regime, Tectonophysiscs, 244, 231-250.
  • Yaltırak, C., and Alpar, B., 2002. Kinematics and evolution of the northern branch of he North Anatolian Fault (Ganos fault) between the Sea of Marmara and the Gulf of Saros, Marine Geology, 190, 351-366.
  • Yaltırak, C.,1996. Ganos Fay sisteminin tektonik tarihi, Türkiye Petrol Jeologlari Dernegi Bülteni, 8, 137-150(in Turkish).

Year 2015, Volume 2, Issue 2, 1 - 15, 03.08.2015
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.303537

Abstract

References

  • Altın, B.N., 1992. Işıklar (Ganos) Dağı ve Çevresinin Noetektonik Dönem Jeomorfolojik Tektonik Gelişimi, Doktora Tezi, İstabul Üniversitesi, Deniz Bilimleri ve Coğrafya Enstitüsü, İstanbul(in Turkish).
  • Okay, A., Tuysuz, O., and Kaya, S.,2004. From transpression to transtension: Changes in Morphology and Structure around a bend ob the North Anatolian Fault in the Marmara region, Tectonophysics, 391, 259-282.
  • Borwn, D.G, Bian, L., and Walsh, S.J., 1993. Response of A Distributed Watershed Erosion Model to Variations in Input Data Aggregation Levels, Comput. Geosci., 19 (4), 499-509.
  • Cooke, U.R., and Doornkamp, J.C.,1990. Geomorphology in Environmental Management, A New Introduction, Second Edition, (Valrendon Press), Oxford, UK.
  • Curran, P.J., 1985. Principles of Remote Sensing, Longman Scientific and Technical.
  • Donmez, Y., 1990. Trakya’nın Bitki Coğrafyası, İstanbul Üniversitesi Coğ.Enstitüsü Yay., 51, İstanbul(in Turkish).
  • Eldeniz, S., 1996. Keşan-Malkara-Koru Dağı Dolayının Jeomorfolojisi, Doktora Tezi, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Deniz Bilimleri ve İşletmeciliği Enstitüsü, İstanbul(in Turkish).
  • Erol, O., 1979. Türkiye’de Neojen ve Kuaterner Aşınım Dönemleri, Bu Dönemlerin Aşınım Yüzeyleri ile Yaşıt(Korelan) Tortullara Göre Belirlenmesi, TJD, 8, 1-40(in Turkish).
  • Erol, O., 1983. Türkiye’nin Genç Tektonik ve Jeomorfolojik Gelişimi, TJD,11,1-22(in Turkish).
  • Erol, O., 1991. Geomorphological Evolution of Taurus Mountains, Turkey, Zeitschr für Geom.N-F.Supp. Bd. 82, 99-109.
  • Erol, O., 1993. Ayrintili Jeomorfoloji Haritalari Cizim Yontemleri, IU., Deniz Bilimleri ve Cografya Enstitusu Bulteni, No:10, Istanbul(in Turkish).
  • Erol, O., and Cetin, O., 1995. Marmara Denizinin Genc Miyosen-Holosendeki Evrimi (Bazı Yeni Radyometrik Yas Verilerinin Isıgı Altinda Bir Yorum), IU Jeoloji, İzmit Körfezi Kuvaterner İstifi, Editör Prof.Dr.Engin Meriç, İstanbul, 313-342(in Turkish).
  • Guo, H.D., 2010. Understanding global natural disaster and the role of earth observation. International Journal of Digital Earth, 3(3), 221-230.
  • Kaya, S., 1999. Uydu Görüntüleri ve Sayısal Arazi Modeli Kullanılarak Kuzey Anadolu Fayı Gelibolu-Işıklar Dağı Kesiminin Jeomorfolojik-Jeolojik Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi, İTÜ Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi, 114 sayfa, İstanbul(in Turkish).
  • Kaya, S., Tuysuz, O., and Muftuoglu, O., 2004. Tracing the Geometry of an Active Fault Using Remote Sensing and Digital Elevation Model: Ganos Segment, North Anatolian Fault Zone, Turkey, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 19- 25, 3843-3855.
  • Kaya, S., Seker, D.Z., Kabdasli, S., Musaoglu, N., Yuasa, A., and Shrestha, M., 2006. Monitoring Turbid Fresh Water Plume Characteristics by Means of remotely Sensing Data, Hydrological Processes, 11- 20, 2429-2440.
  • Kaya S., 2007. Multitemporal Analysis of Rapid Urban Growth in Istanbul Using Remotely Sensing Data, Environmental Engineering Science, 2-24, 228-233.
  • Lillesand, T.M., and Kiefer, R.W., 1987. Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John-Wiley and Sons., Canada.
  • Loye, A., Jaboyedoff, M., and Padrazzini, A.,2009. Identification of potential roclfall source areas at a regional scale using a DEM-based geomorphometric analysis, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 9,1643-1653.
  • McClusky, S.C., Balassaian, S., Barka, A.A.,Demir, C.,Ergintav, S., Georgiev, I., Gurkan, O., Hamburger, M., Hurst, K., Kahle, H., Kastens, L.,Kekelidze, G., King, R.W., Kotzev, V., Lenk, O., Mahmoud, S., Mishin, A., Nadariya, M., Ouzounis, A., Paradissis, D., Peter, Y., Prilepin, M., Reilinger, R., Sanli, I., Seeger, H., Taeleb, A., Toksoz, M.N., and Veis, G.,2000. Global Positioning System constraints on plate kinematics and dynamics in the eastern Mediterranean and Caucasus. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105,5695–5719.
  • Rockwell, T., Barka, A.A., Dawson, T., Akyüz, S., and Thorup, T., 2001. Paleoseismology of the Gaziko¨y-Saros of the North Anatolia fault, northwestern Turkey: comparison of the historical and Paleoseismic records, implications of regional seismic hazard, and models of earthquake recurrence, Journal of Seismology, 5, 443-448.
  • Seker, D.Z., Kaya, S., Musaoglu, N., Kabdasli, S., Yuasa, A., and Duran, Z., 2005. Investigation of Meandering in Filyos River by Means of Satellite Sensor Data, Hydrological Processes, 7-19, 1497-1508.
  • Siyako, M., Bürkan, A., and Okay, A.İ., 1989. Biga ve Gelibolu Yarımadalarının Tersier Jeoloji ve Hidrokarbon Olanakları, TPJD.Bül., C.1-3, Sayfa 183-199, Ankara(in Turkish).
  • Straub, C., and Kahle, H., 1997. Recent crustal deformation and strain accumulation in the Marmara Sea region, NW Anatolia referred from repeated GPS measurements, In Active Tectonics of Northwestern Anatolia-The Marmara Project, edited by C. Schindler and M. Pfister (Zurich: Vdf Hochschulverlag AG der ETH), 417–447.
  • Summerfield, M.A.,2000. Geomorphology and Global Tectonics, Edited by Michael A. Summerfield, Department of Geography, University of Edinburgh, John Wiley & Sons, UK.
  • Tuysuz, O., Barka, A. A., and Yigitbas, E., 1998. Geology of the Saros Graben and its implications for the evolution of the North Anatolian Fault in the Ganos-Saros region, Northwestern Turkey, Tectonophysics, 293, 105–126.
  • Walsh, S.J., Butler, D.R, and Malanson, G.P., 1998. An Overview of Scale, Pattern,Process Relationships in Geomorphology: A Remote Sensing and GIS Perspective, Geomorphology, 21, 183-205.
  • Wong, H.K., Lüdmann, T., Uluğ, A., and Görür, N., 1995. The Sea of Marmara: a palate boundary sea in an escape tectonic regime, Tectonophysiscs, 244, 231-250.
  • Yaltırak, C., and Alpar, B., 2002. Kinematics and evolution of the northern branch of he North Anatolian Fault (Ganos fault) between the Sea of Marmara and the Gulf of Saros, Marine Geology, 190, 351-366.
  • Yaltırak, C.,1996. Ganos Fay sisteminin tektonik tarihi, Türkiye Petrol Jeologlari Dernegi Bülteni, 8, 137-150(in Turkish).

Details

Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Şinasi Kaya>
Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Geomatics, 34469, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey
Türkiye


Okan Tüysüz This is me
Istanbul Technical University, Institute of Eurasian Earth Sciences, 34469, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey
Türkiye

Publication Date August 3, 2015
Published in Issue Year 2015, Volume 2, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ijegeo303537, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2015}, volume = {2}, number = {2}, pages = {1 - 15}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.303537}, title = {Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern}, key = {cite}, author = {Kaya, Şinasi and Tüysüz, Okan} }
APA Kaya, Ş. & Tüysüz, O. (2015). Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 2 (2) , 1-15 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.303537
MLA Kaya, Ş. , Tüysüz, O. "Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern" . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 2 (2015 ): 1-15 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijegeo/issue/28165/303537>
Chicago Kaya, Ş. , Tüysüz, O. "Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 2 (2015 ): 1-15
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern AU - ŞinasiKaya, OkanTüysüz Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.303537 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.303537 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 15 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.303537 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.303537 Y2 - 2015 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern %A Şinasi Kaya , Okan Tüysüz %T Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern %D 2015 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 2 %N 2 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.303537 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.303537
ISNAD Kaya, Şinasi , Tüysüz, Okan . "Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 2 / 2 (August 2015): 1-15 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.303537
AMA Kaya Ş. , Tüysüz O. Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2015; 2(2): 1-15.
Vancouver Kaya Ş. , Tüysüz O. Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2015; 2(2): 1-15.
IEEE Ş. Kaya and O. Tüysüz , "Using Digital Elevation Model and Remotely Sensed Data in Determining the Geomorphological and Morphometric Features: Gaziköy-Saros Region, Northwestern", International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 1-15, Aug. 2015, doi:10.30897/ijegeo.303537