Year 2017, Volume 4 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 7 2017-03-01

Combination of Satellite Images and Numerical Model for the State Followed the Coast of the Bay of Bejaia-Jijel

Bachari Nour El Islam [1] , Houma Fouzia [2] , Amarouche Khalid [3]


Bay of Bejaia-Jijel extends over a length of 100 km with the presence of the ports, the beaches of rivers that discharge of the bay. This area characterized by strong economic activity, namely tourism and fisheries. However, severe erosion, high hydrodynamic activity and significant silting of ports affect this bay. Hence, the interest of this study, which tries to explain these phenomena, based on multisource data with multitasking models. First, we developed an algorithm that can convert satellite images in coastline vector. This technique applied to three images LANDSAT TM and OLI sensed in 1987, 2011; 2015. The multi-temporal monitoring coastlines show that the region suffered severe erosion. This erosion is 4.6 m / year for the period of 1987/2011 and 1.5 m / year for the period 2011/2015. To explain this phenomenon we interested to do a study of hydrodynamics using the SWAN software. We used a long time series of wind speed and direction to discern extreme cases in the region. For maximum wind, the significant wave height recorded very high values and a very active orbital current with a speed that exceeds 0.7 m / s. Numerical modelling has allowed us to explain the erosion but does not explain the speed difference coastline. To find the explanation of erosion speed difference between the two periods we consulted the administrative archive of the region. In the archive, the number of authorized hourglasses is, 12 in the 90s, but 36 quarries operate haphazardly. In this period the balance of suspended matter is completely unbalanced which promotes erosion. After 2008, these quarries were closed therefore the balance of the suspended material has improved and consequently coastal erosion has decreased.

Numerical modeling, image processing, hydrodynamics
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Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Bachari Nour El Islam
Institution: Laboratoire Océanographie Spatiale Faculté des Sciences Biologiques, Université Houari Boumediene

Author: Houma Fouzia
Institution: Laboratoire Océanographie Spatiale Faculté des Sciences Biologiques, Université Houari Boumediene

Author: Amarouche Khalid
Institution: Ecole National des Supérieure des Sciences de la mer et de l’aménagement du littoral Campus Universitaire Dely Ibrahim Bois des Cars

Dates

Publication Date : March 1, 2017

Bibtex @research article { ijegeo306486, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2017}, volume = {4}, pages = {1 - 7}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.306486}, title = {Combination of Satellite Images and Numerical Model for the State Followed the Coast of the Bay of Bejaia-Jijel}, key = {cite}, author = {El Islam, Bachari Nour and Fouzia, Houma and Khalid, Amarouche} }
APA El Islam, B , Fouzia, H , Khalid, A . (2017). Combination of Satellite Images and Numerical Model for the State Followed the Coast of the Bay of Bejaia-Jijel. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 4 (1) , 1-7 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.306486
MLA El Islam, B , Fouzia, H , Khalid, A . "Combination of Satellite Images and Numerical Model for the State Followed the Coast of the Bay of Bejaia-Jijel". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 (2017 ): 1-7 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijegeo/issue/28173/306486>
Chicago El Islam, B , Fouzia, H , Khalid, A . "Combination of Satellite Images and Numerical Model for the State Followed the Coast of the Bay of Bejaia-Jijel". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 (2017 ): 1-7
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Combination of Satellite Images and Numerical Model for the State Followed the Coast of the Bay of Bejaia-Jijel AU - Bachari Nour El Islam , Houma Fouzia , Amarouche Khalid Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306486 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.306486 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 7 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306486 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.306486 Y2 - 2016 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics Combination of Satellite Images and Numerical Model for the State Followed the Coast of the Bay of Bejaia-Jijel %A Bachari Nour El Islam , Houma Fouzia , Amarouche Khalid %T Combination of Satellite Images and Numerical Model for the State Followed the Coast of the Bay of Bejaia-Jijel %D 2017 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306486 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.306486
ISNAD El Islam, Bachari Nour , Fouzia, Houma , Khalid, Amarouche . "Combination of Satellite Images and Numerical Model for the State Followed the Coast of the Bay of Bejaia-Jijel". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 / 1 (March 2017): 1-7 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.306486
AMA El Islam B , Fouzia H , Khalid A . Combination of Satellite Images and Numerical Model for the State Followed the Coast of the Bay of Bejaia-Jijel. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2017; 4(1): 1-7.
Vancouver El Islam B , Fouzia H , Khalid A . Combination of Satellite Images and Numerical Model for the State Followed the Coast of the Bay of Bejaia-Jijel. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2017; 4(1): 7-1.