Research Article
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A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads

Year 2017, Volume 4, Issue 1, 17 - 24, 01.03.2017
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.306488

Abstract

Several studies worldwide have been developed that seek to explain the occurrence of traffic accidents from different perspectives. The analyses have addressed legal perspectives, technical attributes of vehicles and infrastructure as well as the psychological, behavioral and socio-economic components of the road system users. Recently, some analysis techniques based on the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have been used, which allow the generation of spatial distribution maps, models and risk estimates from a spatial perspective. Sometimes analyses of traffic accidents are performed using quantitative statistical techniques, which place significant importance on the evolution of accidents. Studies such as those in references have shown that conventional statistical models are sometimes inadequate to model the frequency of traffic accidents, as they may provide erroneous inferences. GIS approach has been used to explore different spatial and temporal visualization technologies to reveal accident patterns and significant factors relating to vehicle crashes, or as a management system for accident analysis and the determination of hot spots. This paper examines the relationship between urban road accidents and variables related to road infrastructure, environment and traffic volumes. Some accident-prone sections in the city of Kocaeli are specifically identified by GIS tools. Urban road accidents in Kocaeli are a serious problem and it is believed that accidents can be related to infrastructure characteristics. The study aimed to establish the relationship between urban road accidents and the road infrastructure variables and revealed some possible accident prone locations for the period of 2013 and 2015 in Kocaeli city.

References

  • AASHTO. (2004). A Policy of Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), Washington, D.C.
  • Afukaar FK, Antwi P, Ofosu-Amaah S.(2003): Pattern of road traffic injuries in Ghana: Implications for control. Inj Control Saf Promot;10:69–76.
  • Bener, A. (2005). The Neglected Epidemic: Road Traffic Accidents in a Developing Country, State of Qatar, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 12 (1), March, pp. 45-47.
  • Boots, B.N. and Getis, A. (1988). Point pattern analysis. Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA.
  • Cantillo,V., Garcés, P. and Márquez, L. (2016). Factors influencing the occurrence of traffic accidents in urban roads: A combined GIS-Empirical Bayesian approach, DYNA 83 (195), pp. 21-28. February, Medellín. ISSN 0012-7353 Printed, ISSN 2346-2183 Online
  • Demirel, A. and Akgungor, A.P. (2002): The Importance of Reports in The Accident Analyses, Problems in Application and Recommendations for Solution, Gazi University, International Traffic and Road Safety Congress, Ankara, Türkiye (in Turkish).
  • Erdoğan, S. Yılmaz, İ., Baybura, T. and Güllü, M (2008). Geographical information systems aided traffic accident analysis system case study: City of Afyonkarahisar. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 40:174–181.
  • Flahaut, B. (2004). Impact of infrastructure and local environment on road unsafety: Logistic modeling with spatial autocorrelation. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 36, pp. 1055-1066.
  • Getis, A. and Ord, J.K. (1992). The Analysis of Spatial Association by Use of Distance Statistics. Geographical Analysis. 24, pp. 189–206.
  • Holder Y, Peden M, Krug E., Lund J, Gururaj G. and Kobusingye O. (2001). Injury surveillance guidelines. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2001.
  • Hong, S. and Oguchie, T. (2005). Evaluation of Highway Geometric Design and Analysis of Actual Operating Speed. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 6, pp. 1048-1061.
  • Jacobs G, Aaron-Thomas A. (2000): Astrop A. Estimating global road fatalities. TRL Report 445. London:Transport Research Laboratory.
  • Liang, L.Y., Mo’soem, D.M. and Hua, L.T. (2005). Traffic accident application using geographic information system. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies. 6, pp.3574–3589.
  • Mungnimit, S. (2001). Road Traffic Accident Losses. Transport and Communications Policy and Planning Bureau, Ministry of Transport and Communications, Thailand.
  • Obaidat, M.T. and Ramadan, T.M. (2012). Traffic Accidents at Hazardous Locations of Urban Roads. Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, Volume 6, No. 4,
  • Okabe, A. and Yamada, I. (2010). The K-Function Method on a Network and Its Computational Implementation. Geographical Analysis. 33, 271–290.
  • Ripley, B.D. (1981). Spatial Statistics. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
  • TRIP. (2009). Future Mobility in West Virginia: Meeting the State’s Need for Safe and Efficient Mobility, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.

Year 2017, Volume 4, Issue 1, 17 - 24, 01.03.2017
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.306488

Abstract

References

  • AASHTO. (2004). A Policy of Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), Washington, D.C.
  • Afukaar FK, Antwi P, Ofosu-Amaah S.(2003): Pattern of road traffic injuries in Ghana: Implications for control. Inj Control Saf Promot;10:69–76.
  • Bener, A. (2005). The Neglected Epidemic: Road Traffic Accidents in a Developing Country, State of Qatar, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 12 (1), March, pp. 45-47.
  • Boots, B.N. and Getis, A. (1988). Point pattern analysis. Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA.
  • Cantillo,V., Garcés, P. and Márquez, L. (2016). Factors influencing the occurrence of traffic accidents in urban roads: A combined GIS-Empirical Bayesian approach, DYNA 83 (195), pp. 21-28. February, Medellín. ISSN 0012-7353 Printed, ISSN 2346-2183 Online
  • Demirel, A. and Akgungor, A.P. (2002): The Importance of Reports in The Accident Analyses, Problems in Application and Recommendations for Solution, Gazi University, International Traffic and Road Safety Congress, Ankara, Türkiye (in Turkish).
  • Erdoğan, S. Yılmaz, İ., Baybura, T. and Güllü, M (2008). Geographical information systems aided traffic accident analysis system case study: City of Afyonkarahisar. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 40:174–181.
  • Flahaut, B. (2004). Impact of infrastructure and local environment on road unsafety: Logistic modeling with spatial autocorrelation. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 36, pp. 1055-1066.
  • Getis, A. and Ord, J.K. (1992). The Analysis of Spatial Association by Use of Distance Statistics. Geographical Analysis. 24, pp. 189–206.
  • Holder Y, Peden M, Krug E., Lund J, Gururaj G. and Kobusingye O. (2001). Injury surveillance guidelines. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2001.
  • Hong, S. and Oguchie, T. (2005). Evaluation of Highway Geometric Design and Analysis of Actual Operating Speed. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 6, pp. 1048-1061.
  • Jacobs G, Aaron-Thomas A. (2000): Astrop A. Estimating global road fatalities. TRL Report 445. London:Transport Research Laboratory.
  • Liang, L.Y., Mo’soem, D.M. and Hua, L.T. (2005). Traffic accident application using geographic information system. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies. 6, pp.3574–3589.
  • Mungnimit, S. (2001). Road Traffic Accident Losses. Transport and Communications Policy and Planning Bureau, Ministry of Transport and Communications, Thailand.
  • Obaidat, M.T. and Ramadan, T.M. (2012). Traffic Accidents at Hazardous Locations of Urban Roads. Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, Volume 6, No. 4,
  • Okabe, A. and Yamada, I. (2010). The K-Function Method on a Network and Its Computational Implementation. Geographical Analysis. 33, 271–290.
  • Ripley, B.D. (1981). Spatial Statistics. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
  • TRIP. (2009). Future Mobility in West Virginia: Meeting the State’s Need for Safe and Efficient Mobility, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.

Details

Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Murat Selim Çepni>
Kocaeli University, Engineering Faculty, Department of Geomatic Engineering
0000-0002-9349-6417
Türkiye


Ozan Arslan>
Kocaeli University, Engineering Faculty, Department of Geomatic Engineering
0000-0003-1441-2965
Türkiye

Publication Date March 1, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 4, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ijegeo306488, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2017}, volume = {4}, number = {1}, pages = {17 - 24}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.306488}, title = {A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads}, key = {cite}, author = {Çepni, Murat Selim and Arslan, Ozan} }
APA Çepni, M. S. & Arslan, O. (2017). A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 4 (1) , 17-24 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.306488
MLA Çepni, M. S. , Arslan, O. "A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads" . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 (2017 ): 17-24 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijegeo/issue/28173/306488>
Chicago Çepni, M. S. , Arslan, O. "A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 (2017 ): 17-24
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads AU - Murat SelimÇepni, OzanArslan Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306488 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.306488 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 17 EP - 24 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306488 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.306488 Y2 - 2016 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads %A Murat Selim Çepni , Ozan Arslan %T A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads %D 2017 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306488 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.306488
ISNAD Çepni, Murat Selim , Arslan, Ozan . "A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 / 1 (March 2017): 17-24 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.306488
AMA Çepni M. S. , Arslan O. A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2017; 4(1): 17-24.
Vancouver Çepni M. S. , Arslan O. A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2017; 4(1): 17-24.
IEEE M. S. Çepni and O. Arslan , "A GIS Approach to Evaluate Infrastructure Variables Influencing the Occurrence of Traffic Accidents in Urban Roads", International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 17-24, Mar. 2017, doi:10.30897/ijegeo.306488

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