Year 2017, Volume 4 , Issue 1, Pages 54 - 62 2017-03-01

Investigation of Climate Change Impact on Salt Lake by Statistical Methods

Osman Orhan [1] , Sefa Yalvaç [2] , Semih Ekercin [3]


The main purpose of this paper is to investigate climate change impact that have been occurred on Salt Lake located in the central Anatolia is one of the area that has been faced to extinction. In order to monitor current status of the Salt Lake, Landsat satellite images has been obtained between the year of 2000 and 2014 (for the months of February, May, August and November). Satellite images has been processed by using ArcGIS and ERDAS softwares and the water surface area has been determined. The time series of water surface areas has been analyzed with auto-correlation method and repeated pattern has been detected. The seasonal part of the time series which period is 1 year and causes about 400 km² fluctuations has been removed with Moving Average filter, successfully. As a result of filtration process, non-seasonal time series of water surface area of Salt Lake were obtained. It is understood from the non-seasonal time series that the water surface area showed variability between 2000 and 2010 and after 2010 it is stable until 2014. In order to explain the variability, meteorological data (precipitation and temperature) of the surrounding area has been acquired from the related service. The cross-correlation analyses has been performed with the movement of the water surface area and meteorological time series. As a result of analysis, the relationship between water surface changes in Salt Lake and meteorological data have correlated up to 80%. Consequently, several conclusion have been detected that the topography of the region play a direct role of the correlation coefficients and the water surface changes are effected from the environmental events that is occurred in the south of Salt Lake sub-Basin.

Salt Lake, Climate Change, Shrinkage of lake, Correlation Analysis
  • AAT.(2007): All About Turkey. Available at: http://www.allaboutturkey.com/tuzlake.htm, (Accessed 27.11.2014). Birkett, C.M. (2000): Synergistic remote sensing of Lake Chad: variability of basin inundation. Remote Sens Environ. 72: 218–236.
  • Booth, E., Mount, J. and Viers, J. H. (2006): Hydrologic variability of the Cosumnes River floodplain. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, 4(2):1-19.
  • Du, Y., Cai, S., Zhang and X., Zhao, Y.(2001): Interpretation of the environmental change of Dongting Lake, middle reach of Yangtze River, China, by 210Pb measurement and satellite image analysis. Geomorphology. 41:171–181.
  • Dube, O. (2001): Remote sensing, climate change and landuse impacts in semi-arid lands of Southern Africa. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2001. IGARSS apos;01. IEEE 2001 International. 6: 2686–2688.
  • Dunn, P. F. (2014). Measurement and data analysis for engineering and science. CRC press.
  • Gazioğlu C., Burak,S., Alpar, B., Türker, A. and Barut, IF. (2010): Foreseeable impacts of sea level rise on the southern coast of the Marmara Sea (Turkey), Water Policy.Vol.12(6): 932-943.
  • Kantarci, M. D. (2005): Forest ecosystems knowledge, Istanbul University published book no: 4594. Forest Faculty published no: 488, Istanbul (in Turkish).
  • Kiage, L.M., Liu, K.B., Walker, N.D., Lam, N. and Huh, O.K. (2007): Recent land-cover/use change associated with land degradation in the Lake Baringo catchment, Kenya, East Africa: evidence from Landsat TM and ETM+. Int J Remote Sens. 28(19),4285–4309.
  • Legesse, D. and Ayenew, T. (2006): Effect of improper water and land resource utilization on the central main Ethiopian rift lakes. Quat Int. 148,8–18.
  • Mcfeeters, S.K. (1996): The use of normalized difference water index (NDWI) in the delineation of open water features. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 17:1425–1432.
  • Medina, C.E., Enri, J.G. and Villares, A.P. (2008): Water level fluctuations derived Ftom ENVISAT Radar Altimeter (RA-2) and in-situ measurements in subtropical waterbody: Lake Izabel (Guatemala). Remote Sens Environ. 112: 3604–3617.
  • Mercier, F., Cazenave, A. and Maheu, C. (2002): Interannual lake level fluctuations (1993–1999) in Africa from Topex/Poseidon: connections with ocean–atmosphere interactions over the Indian Ocean. Glob Planet Changes. 32:141–163.
  • Moln’ar, P., Burlando, P. and Ruf, W.(2002): Integrated catchment assessment of riverine landscape dynamics. Aquat Sci. 64:129–140.
  • Orhan, O,. Ekercin, E, and Dadaser-Celik, F. (2014): Use of Landsat Land Surface Temperature and Vegetation Indices for Monitoring Drought in the Salt Lake Basin Area, Turkey. The Scientific World Journal. 2014, 11.
  • Penny, D. and Kealhofer, L. (2005): Microfossil evidence of land-use intensification in north Thailand. J Archaeol Sci. 32,69–82.
  • Piwowar, J. M. and Ledrew, E. F. (2002): ARMA time series modelling of remote sensing imagery: A new approach for climate change studies. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 23: 5225–5248.
  • Pozdnyakov, D., Korosov, A., Grassl, H. and Pettersson, L. (2005): An advanced algorithm for operational retrieval of water quality from satellite data in the visible. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 26: 2669–2687.
  • Simav Ö, Şeker DZ. and Gazioğlu C (2013) Coastal inundation due to sea level rise and extreme sea state and its potential impacts: Çukurova Delta case. Turkish J Earth sci 22:671–680.
  • Yalvaç, S. (2016): Detecting Land Subsidence in Konya Closed Basin by Means of GNSS Time Series, University of Selcuk).
  • Yang, X. and Lu, X. (2014): Drastic change in China's lakes and reservoirs over the past decades. Scientific Reports. 4, Article number:6041.
  • Yıldırım, U,. Erdoğan, S, and Uysal, M, (2011): Changes in the Coastline and Water Level of the Aksehir and Eber Lakes Between 1975 and 2009. Water Resources Management. 25:941–962.
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Osman Orhan
Institution: Selçuk University, Engineering Faculty, Department of Geomatic Engineering
Country: Turkey


Author: Sefa Yalvaç
Institution: Selçuk University, Engineering Faculty, Department of Geomatic Engineering
Country: Turkey


Author: Semih Ekercin
Institution: Aksaray University, Department of Geomatic Engineering
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : March 1, 2017

Bibtex @research article { ijegeo306493, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2017}, volume = {4}, pages = {54 - 62}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.306493}, title = {Investigation of Climate Change Impact on Salt Lake by Statistical Methods}, key = {cite}, author = {Orhan, Osman and Yalvaç, Sefa and Ekercin, Semih} }
APA Orhan, O , Yalvaç, S , Ekercin, S . (2017). Investigation of Climate Change Impact on Salt Lake by Statistical Methods. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 4 (1) , 54-62 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.306493
MLA Orhan, O , Yalvaç, S , Ekercin, S . "Investigation of Climate Change Impact on Salt Lake by Statistical Methods". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 (2017 ): 54-62 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijegeo/issue/28173/306493>
Chicago Orhan, O , Yalvaç, S , Ekercin, S . "Investigation of Climate Change Impact on Salt Lake by Statistical Methods". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 (2017 ): 54-62
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of Climate Change Impact on Salt Lake by Statistical Methods AU - Osman Orhan , Sefa Yalvaç , Semih Ekercin Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306493 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.306493 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 54 EP - 62 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306493 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.306493 Y2 - 2016 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics Investigation of Climate Change Impact on Salt Lake by Statistical Methods %A Osman Orhan , Sefa Yalvaç , Semih Ekercin %T Investigation of Climate Change Impact on Salt Lake by Statistical Methods %D 2017 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.306493 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.306493
ISNAD Orhan, Osman , Yalvaç, Sefa , Ekercin, Semih . "Investigation of Climate Change Impact on Salt Lake by Statistical Methods". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 / 1 (March 2017): 54-62 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.306493
AMA Orhan O , Yalvaç S , Ekercin S . Investigation of Climate Change Impact on Salt Lake by Statistical Methods. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2017; 4(1): 54-62.
Vancouver Orhan O , Yalvaç S , Ekercin S . Investigation of Climate Change Impact on Salt Lake by Statistical Methods. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2017; 4(1): 62-54.