Year 2017, Volume 4 , Issue 2, Pages 128 - 138 2017-05-15

An Evaluation of Vanadium Enrichment in the Eastern Shelf Sediments of the Turkish Black Sea

Selma Ünlü [1] , Bedri Alpar [2]


This paper presents an evaluation of the spatial distribution of vanadium level, its enrichment and possible sources in the bottom sediment along the shelf of the Turkish Black Sea. In April 2006, vanadium concentrations were measured along the measurement profiles (20, 50 and 100 m) using ICP-MS. The vanadium levels ranged from 40 to 315 µg g-1, usually within the range of typical and background values (Cf<1), except the one offshore the Yeşilırmak River (315.2 µg g-1), revealing significant riverine inputs and geographical conditions (Cf>3). The concentrations decrease gradually with water depth, implying the dominance of anthropogenic sources such as industrial wastes, agricultural effluents, sewage discharge, and port activities. The vanadium levels had not significant correlations with the physicochemical parameters (sediment texture, water content, TOC) and TPH level in the sediment. At the eastern basin, a serious vanadium enrichment (Cf>6-9) was observed in October 2010, implying some important regional and seasonal contributions; which may be natural or anthropogenic. Biogeochemical processes, eutrophication, wave-based erosion, abnormal current circulations, bottom morphology and influence of other substances in the environment may be other regulating factors to this enrichment. Continuous monitoring and further studies are required for a detailed description of vanadium mobility and for assessment of the main controlling processes associated with vanadium enrichment in the eastern Black Sea basin.

Vanadium, Petroleum Hydrocarbon, Marine Sediment, Contamination Factor, Black Sea
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Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Selma Ünlü

Author: Bedri Alpar

Dates

Publication Date : May 15, 2017

Bibtex @research article { ijegeo312661, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2017}, volume = {4}, pages = {128 - 138}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.312661}, title = {An Evaluation of Vanadium Enrichment in the Eastern Shelf Sediments of the Turkish Black Sea}, key = {cite}, author = {Ünlü, Selma and Alpar, Bedri} }
APA Ünlü, S , Alpar, B . (2017). An Evaluation of Vanadium Enrichment in the Eastern Shelf Sediments of the Turkish Black Sea. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 4 (2) , 128-138 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.312661
MLA Ünlü, S , Alpar, B . "An Evaluation of Vanadium Enrichment in the Eastern Shelf Sediments of the Turkish Black Sea". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 (2017 ): 128-138 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijegeo/issue/29218/312661>
Chicago Ünlü, S , Alpar, B . "An Evaluation of Vanadium Enrichment in the Eastern Shelf Sediments of the Turkish Black Sea". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 (2017 ): 128-138
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - An Evaluation of Vanadium Enrichment in the Eastern Shelf Sediments of the Turkish Black Sea AU - Selma Ünlü , Bedri Alpar Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.312661 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.312661 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 128 EP - 138 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.312661 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.312661 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics An Evaluation of Vanadium Enrichment in the Eastern Shelf Sediments of the Turkish Black Sea %A Selma Ünlü , Bedri Alpar %T An Evaluation of Vanadium Enrichment in the Eastern Shelf Sediments of the Turkish Black Sea %D 2017 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.312661 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.312661
ISNAD Ünlü, Selma , Alpar, Bedri . "An Evaluation of Vanadium Enrichment in the Eastern Shelf Sediments of the Turkish Black Sea". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 4 / 2 (May 2017): 128-138 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.312661
AMA Ünlü S , Alpar B . An Evaluation of Vanadium Enrichment in the Eastern Shelf Sediments of the Turkish Black Sea. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2017; 4(2): 128-138.
Vancouver Ünlü S , Alpar B . An Evaluation of Vanadium Enrichment in the Eastern Shelf Sediments of the Turkish Black Sea. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2017; 4(2): 138-128.