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Chromium Phytotoxicity Test of Metal Coating Wastewaters

Year 2018, Volume: 1 Issue: 2, 50 - 57, 02.04.2018

Abstract



Metals are deformed by
some mechanisms such as oxidation and corrosion. In order to protect metals
from deformation and effect of some agents, metal coating method may be used.
Hot galvanizing, thermal spraying, electroplating and sherardizing are some of
these methods and they depend on the type of metal which will be coated to
protect to metal materials. Zinc, nickel, brass, chrome, gold, cadmium, copper,
brass, and silver are the main materials used for metal coating process.
Chromium may be the most deteriorating one within these metals because it has
negative impacts on both human and other livings. It is found in the
environment in many forms and mined in different countries. Especially chromium
+6 is considered as carcinogenic and may lead to health problems such as
allergic reactions, nose irritations and nosebleed, stomach ulcer, weakened
immune system, genetic material alteration, stomach ulcer, kidney and liver
function disorders and death. Therefore, metal



coating wastewaters
including high concentrations of chrome should be cleaned and treatment is
necessary. In this study wastewater containing chrome produced by metal coating
industry was analysed by using some plant species. In this study, the reaction
of some plant species was investigated against different concentrations of chrome
solution. Main plants used for the tests are Lepidium sativum and Lemna
minor
. Examining the negative effects of chrome which may harm plants and
offering more accurate wastewater treatment techniques against chromium
wastewater is possible with this method. There is significant relation between
chromium concentration and toxic level on plant germination and growth rate.
Moreover, variance analysis was applied to the results taken from experimental
study in laboratory condition with selected level of chromium level and the significance
importance was determined with our results.



References

  • [1] Welch, E. B., 1992, Ecological Effects of Wastewater, E&FN Spon, NY.
  • [2] Lam P.K.S., Wut P.F., Chan A.C.W., Wu R.S.S., 1999, Individual and combined effects of Cd and Cu on the growth response of Chlorella vulgaris. Environ Toxicol 14:347–353.
  • [3] Cho D.Y., Lee, S., Park, S., Chung, A., 1994) Studies on the biosorption of heavy metals onto Chlorella vulgaris J. Environ. Sci. Health A, 29 (2) pp. 389–409.
  • [4] Sternberg, A. and Claussen, K., 2003, Lead and nickel removal using Microspora and Lemna minor. Bio. Technol., 89: 41-48.
  • [5] Bermejo J.E., 1994, Neglected horticultural crops. In: Hernando Bermejo JE, Leon J (eds), Neglected Crops: 1492 From a Different Perspective, Plant Production and Protection Series No. 26. Rome, Italy: FAO, pp 303–332.
  • [6] Rahmani, G.N.H., Sternberg, S.P.K., 1999, Bioremoval of lead from water using Lemna minor. Biores. Technol., 70: 225–230.
  • [7] American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environ ment Federation, 1992, Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater, Section 8211, Toxicity Test Procedures Using Common Duckweed, Lemna minor, 18th edition, Washington DC.
  • [8] Miller, R.L., Brewer, J.D., 2003, The A-Z of Social Research: A Dictionary of Key Social Science Research Concepts, SAGE Publications Ltd., pp 09-12.
  • [9] Dursun, S., 1994, The Effects of Sulphur Pollution On Soil Fungi and Decomposition of Tree Leaf Litters, Thesis of Philosophiae Doctor, University of Wales, Collage of Cardiff, 53.
Year 2018, Volume: 1 Issue: 2, 50 - 57, 02.04.2018

Abstract

References

  • [1] Welch, E. B., 1992, Ecological Effects of Wastewater, E&FN Spon, NY.
  • [2] Lam P.K.S., Wut P.F., Chan A.C.W., Wu R.S.S., 1999, Individual and combined effects of Cd and Cu on the growth response of Chlorella vulgaris. Environ Toxicol 14:347–353.
  • [3] Cho D.Y., Lee, S., Park, S., Chung, A., 1994) Studies on the biosorption of heavy metals onto Chlorella vulgaris J. Environ. Sci. Health A, 29 (2) pp. 389–409.
  • [4] Sternberg, A. and Claussen, K., 2003, Lead and nickel removal using Microspora and Lemna minor. Bio. Technol., 89: 41-48.
  • [5] Bermejo J.E., 1994, Neglected horticultural crops. In: Hernando Bermejo JE, Leon J (eds), Neglected Crops: 1492 From a Different Perspective, Plant Production and Protection Series No. 26. Rome, Italy: FAO, pp 303–332.
  • [6] Rahmani, G.N.H., Sternberg, S.P.K., 1999, Bioremoval of lead from water using Lemna minor. Biores. Technol., 70: 225–230.
  • [7] American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environ ment Federation, 1992, Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater, Section 8211, Toxicity Test Procedures Using Common Duckweed, Lemna minor, 18th edition, Washington DC.
  • [8] Miller, R.L., Brewer, J.D., 2003, The A-Z of Social Research: A Dictionary of Key Social Science Research Concepts, SAGE Publications Ltd., pp 09-12.
  • [9] Dursun, S., 1994, The Effects of Sulphur Pollution On Soil Fungi and Decomposition of Tree Leaf Litters, Thesis of Philosophiae Doctor, University of Wales, Collage of Cardiff, 53.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Environmental Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Şükrü Dursun

Zeynep Cansu Ayturan

Publication Date April 2, 2018
Submission Date April 18, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018 Volume: 1 Issue: 2

Cite

APA Dursun, Ş., & Ayturan, Z. C. (2018). Chromium Phytotoxicity Test of Metal Coating Wastewaters. International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling, 1(2), 50-57.
AMA Dursun Ş, Ayturan ZC. Chromium Phytotoxicity Test of Metal Coating Wastewaters. Int. j. environ. pollut. environ. model. April 2018;1(2):50-57.
Chicago Dursun, Şükrü, and Zeynep Cansu Ayturan. “Chromium Phytotoxicity Test of Metal Coating Wastewaters”. International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling 1, no. 2 (April 2018): 50-57.
EndNote Dursun Ş, Ayturan ZC (April 1, 2018) Chromium Phytotoxicity Test of Metal Coating Wastewaters. International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling 1 2 50–57.
IEEE Ş. Dursun and Z. C. Ayturan, “Chromium Phytotoxicity Test of Metal Coating Wastewaters”, Int. j. environ. pollut. environ. model., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 50–57, 2018.
ISNAD Dursun, Şükrü - Ayturan, Zeynep Cansu. “Chromium Phytotoxicity Test of Metal Coating Wastewaters”. International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling 1/2 (April 2018), 50-57.
JAMA Dursun Ş, Ayturan ZC. Chromium Phytotoxicity Test of Metal Coating Wastewaters. Int. j. environ. pollut. environ. model. 2018;1:50–57.
MLA Dursun, Şükrü and Zeynep Cansu Ayturan. “Chromium Phytotoxicity Test of Metal Coating Wastewaters”. International Journal of Environmental Pollution and Environmental Modelling, vol. 1, no. 2, 2018, pp. 50-57.
Vancouver Dursun Ş, Ayturan ZC. Chromium Phytotoxicity Test of Metal Coating Wastewaters. Int. j. environ. pollut. environ. model. 2018;1(2):50-7.
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