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## An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes

#### Cenker Aktemur [1]

Energy is gaining great prominence and priority regarding improvement the level of prosperity by completing the economic development of countries. Natural gas is becoming one of the most important energy sources in the world because of the low level of greenhouse gas emissions resulting from the burning of natural gas. For that reason, natural gas consumption is increasing rapidly in the world. Natural gas, which is the main raw material of various chemical products, meets a significant part of the world energy consumption. It is an obvious fact that natural gas is the second most considerable non-renewable fossil fuel-based energy source, after crude oil. This study deals with reviewing natural gas systems considering each aspect. In this context, natural gas as an energy source along with its historical development was briefly given first. Then, status of world natural gas market with regard to geographical distribution of natural gas reserves, consumption, production, lifetime and storage are investigated in all parts of the world. After this exploration of natural gas as primary energy source, pollution caused by natural gas is reviewed since it is utilized in many areas like residential buildings, vehicles and industry. Beside all these, available pipelines delivering natural gas to consumers and planned pipeline projects to be constructed in the near future are reported. Lastly, the use of liquefied natural gas and compressed natural gas as alternative energy source are discussed.

natural gas, non-renewable energy, primary energy, fossil fuel
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Subjects Engineering Articles Author: Cenker AktemurInstitution: Eastern Mediterranean, UniversityCountry: Turkey Publication Date : September 26, 2017
 Bibtex @review { ijet300750, journal = {International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET}, issn = {2149-0104}, eissn = {2149-5262}, address = {}, publisher = {İstanbul Gelisim University}, year = {2017}, volume = {3}, pages = {91 - 104}, doi = {10.19072/ijet.300750}, title = {An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes}, key = {cite}, author = {Aktemur, Cenker} } APA Aktemur, C . (2017). An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes . International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET , 3 (3) , 91-104 . DOI: 10.19072/ijet.300750 MLA Aktemur, C . "An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes" . International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 3 (2017 ): 91-104 Chicago Aktemur, C . "An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes". International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 3 (2017 ): 91-104 RIS TY - JOUR T1 - An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes AU - Cenker Aktemur Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.19072/ijet.300750 DO - 10.19072/ijet.300750 T2 - International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 91 EP - 104 VL - 3 IS - 3 SN - 2149-0104-2149-5262 M3 - doi: 10.19072/ijet.300750 UR - https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.300750 Y2 - 2017 ER - EndNote %0 International Journal of Engineering Technologies An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes %A Cenker Aktemur %T An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes %D 2017 %J International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET %P 2149-0104-2149-5262 %V 3 %N 3 %R doi: 10.19072/ijet.300750 %U 10.19072/ijet.300750 ISNAD Aktemur, Cenker . "An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes". International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 3 / 3 (September 2017): 91-104 . https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.300750 AMA Aktemur C . An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes. IJET. 2017; 3(3): 91-104. Vancouver Aktemur C . An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes. International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET. 2017; 3(3): 91-104. IEEE C. Aktemur , "An Overview of Natural Gas as an Energy Source for Various Purposes", International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 91-104, Sep. 2017, doi:10.19072/ijet.300750

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