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## Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters

#### Blessıng Ngozı Goodluck ALIEMEKE [1] , M. OLADEİNDE [2]

Sand casting is reputed for the manufacture of engine components as a result of its ease of operation. An assemblage of process parameters at optimal conditions leads to enhanced mechanical properties of automobile engine components. The Response Surface Methodology Design of experiment created an experimental layout for the sand casting process parameters and the various levels as applied in the production of engine pistons at the foundry. The Box-Behnken Design provided a matrix of 27 experiments to be conducted. Multiple linear Regression technique was employed to develop a mathematical model for the hardness of the aluminium alloy. The developed model was inputted into the evolutionary Genetic Algorithm tool box as an objective model. The optimal levels determined from the Genetic algorithm were used to carry out actual experiment in the foundry and the result was similar to the predicted hardness value of the developed model. Statistical ANOVA test conducted showed that the mathematical model was adequate with a R2 value of 81.02% and R2 (adjusted) value of 60.07%. The developed model has a p-value of 0.016 which indicates that the model was significant. The optimal values obtained for pouring temperature, vibration frequency, vibration time and runner size are 700oC, 31.52Hz, 59.998sec and 469.69mm2 respectively.
sand casting, Box-Behnken, Genetic algorithm, Statistical ANOVA
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Primary Language en Engineering Makaleler Orcid: 0000-0003-2681-3790Author: Blessıng Ngozı Goodluck ALIEMEKE (Primary Author)Institution: AUCHI POLYTECHNICCountry: Nigeria Author: M. OLADEİNDE Institution: University of Benin, NigeriaCountry: Nigeria Auchi Polytechnic, Nigeria 1 Publication Date : October 31, 2020
 Bibtex @research article { ijet714473, journal = {International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET}, issn = {2149-0104}, eissn = {2149-5262}, address = {}, publisher = {İstanbul Gelisim University}, year = {2020}, volume = {6}, pages = {25 - 36}, doi = {10.19072/ijet.714473}, title = {Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters}, key = {cite}, author = {Alıemeke, Blessıng Ngozı Goodluck and Oladei̇nde, M.} } APA Alıemeke, B , Oladei̇nde, M . (2020). Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters . International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET , 6 (2) , 25-36 . DOI: 10.19072/ijet.714473 MLA Alıemeke, B , Oladei̇nde, M . "Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters" . International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 6 (2020 ): 25-36 Chicago Alıemeke, B , Oladei̇nde, M . "Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters". International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 6 (2020 ): 25-36 RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters AU - Blessıng Ngozı Goodluck Alıemeke , M. Oladei̇nde Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.19072/ijet.714473 DO - 10.19072/ijet.714473 T2 - International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 25 EP - 36 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - 2149-0104-2149-5262 M3 - doi: 10.19072/ijet.714473 UR - https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.714473 Y2 - 2020 ER - EndNote %0 International Journal of Engineering Technologies Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters %A Blessıng Ngozı Goodluck Alıemeke , M. Oladei̇nde %T Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters %D 2020 %J International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET %P 2149-0104-2149-5262 %V 6 %N 2 %R doi: 10.19072/ijet.714473 %U 10.19072/ijet.714473 ISNAD Alıemeke, Blessıng Ngozı Goodluck , Oladei̇nde, M. . "Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters". International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 6 / 2 (October 2020): 25-36 . https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.714473 AMA Alıemeke B , Oladei̇nde M . Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters. IJET. 2020; 6(2): 25-36. Vancouver Alıemeke B , Oladei̇nde M . Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters. International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET. 2020; 6(2): 25-36. IEEE B. Alıemeke and M. Oladei̇nde , "Box-Behnken Design Optimization of Sand Casting Process Parameters", International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 25-36, Oct. 2020, doi:10.19072/ijet.714473

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