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Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)”

Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 1, 9 - 19, 07.05.2021
https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.839666

Abstract

A rapidly growing demand and shortage of electric energy require mankind to efficiently use it, recuperate and store it from the existing system, when possible, for further applications whenever the need arises. Electric trains figure among big energy consumers and among different railway transportation services; light rail transit trains are characterized by frequent stoppings to entrain and detrain passengers. In their operation, traction drives are made to keep on braking in order to meet their service requirements between closely spaced passenger stations. The modern service braking system used is regenerative braking, which acts as an electric energy generator during the braking period. The objective of this paper is to estimate the magnitude of regenerative energy that can be recuperated as a percentage of train energy consumption on East-West (Ayat to Tolhailoch) and West-East (Tolhailoch-Ayat) directions of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit. Mathematical equations have been used to calculate the energy consumed between stations followed by the quantification of regenerative energy at each passenger station. Considering the current average running speed (24km/h) of the line, it resulted that 26.31% and 28.18% of energy consumption for East-West and West-East directions respectively are saved through regenerative braking energy recuperation. From the above results, it was observed that the magnitude of regenerative energy strongly depends on the speed at which the train is running and the efficiencies of inverter and traction induction motor. 

References

  • A. M. Mahdiyeh Khodaparastan, "Modeling and Simulation of Regenerative Braking Energy in DC Electric Rail Systems," p. 1.
  • J. C. M. B. E. D. Nima Ghaviha, "Review of Application of Energy Storage Devices in Railway," 2016.
  • P. Sharma, "Regenerative Braking-Methods to Efficiently Use Regenerated Energy," Journal of Electrical & Electronic Systems, vol. 4, no. 2, p. 1, 2015.
  • H. C. K. H. A. a. B. K. Ibrahim Sengor, "Determination of Potential Regenerative Braking Energy in Railway Systems: A Case Study for Istanbul M1A Light Metro Line," Journal of Automation and Control Engineering, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 1, 2017.
  • T. T. a. Y. W. Shuai Su, "Evaluation of Strategies to Reducing Traction," energies, 2016.
  • S. F. a. B. K. S. S. S. Fazel, "Energy-efficient Emplacement of Reversible DC Traction Power Substations in Irban Rail Transport through Regenerative Energy Recovery," International Journal of Railway Research, 2015.
  • R. A. S. a. K. R. P. M. G. Read, "Are Flywheels Right for Rail?," International Journal of Railway, 2009.
  • J. L. J. d. S. J. A. a. H. B. M. Hedlund, "Flywheel energy storage for automotive applications," energies, 2015..
  • S. H. P. T. Tosaphol Ratniyomchai, "Recent developments and applications of energy," IET Electrical Systems in Transportation, 2013.
  • S. M. J. D. H. a. M. T. C. R. F. Thelen, "A 2MW flywheel for hybrid locomotive power".
  • C. Lamontagne, "Advanced Wayside Energy Storage Systems for Rail Transit".
  • L. Caputo, Control of Energy Storage devices for Rail Vehicles, 1996.
  • H. Hayashiya, "Recent Trend of Regenerative Energy Utilization in Traction," Urban Rail Transit, p. 4, 2017.
  • A. Oberhofer, "Energy Storage Technologies & Their Role in Renewable Integration," 2012.
  • P. Sharma, "Reversible Substation in DC Traction," Journal of Advance Research in Electrical & Electronics Engineering, vol. 2, no. 4, 2015.
  • M. A. S. Chandra, Railway Engineering, Oxford University press, 2007.
  • T. B.L, A textbook of Electrical Technology, Volume III.
  • O. D. M. Mahmoud Saleh, "Quantitative Analysis of Regenerative Energy in Electric Rail Traction Systems," ReasearchGate, 2017.
  • T. N. Andualem Aklilu, "Analysis of the Spatial Accessibility of Addis Ababa’s Light Rail: The Case of East–West Corridor," Urban Rail Transit, p. 5, 2018.

Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 1, 9 - 19, 07.05.2021
https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.839666

Abstract

References

  • A. M. Mahdiyeh Khodaparastan, "Modeling and Simulation of Regenerative Braking Energy in DC Electric Rail Systems," p. 1.
  • J. C. M. B. E. D. Nima Ghaviha, "Review of Application of Energy Storage Devices in Railway," 2016.
  • P. Sharma, "Regenerative Braking-Methods to Efficiently Use Regenerated Energy," Journal of Electrical & Electronic Systems, vol. 4, no. 2, p. 1, 2015.
  • H. C. K. H. A. a. B. K. Ibrahim Sengor, "Determination of Potential Regenerative Braking Energy in Railway Systems: A Case Study for Istanbul M1A Light Metro Line," Journal of Automation and Control Engineering, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 1, 2017.
  • T. T. a. Y. W. Shuai Su, "Evaluation of Strategies to Reducing Traction," energies, 2016.
  • S. F. a. B. K. S. S. S. Fazel, "Energy-efficient Emplacement of Reversible DC Traction Power Substations in Irban Rail Transport through Regenerative Energy Recovery," International Journal of Railway Research, 2015.
  • R. A. S. a. K. R. P. M. G. Read, "Are Flywheels Right for Rail?," International Journal of Railway, 2009.
  • J. L. J. d. S. J. A. a. H. B. M. Hedlund, "Flywheel energy storage for automotive applications," energies, 2015..
  • S. H. P. T. Tosaphol Ratniyomchai, "Recent developments and applications of energy," IET Electrical Systems in Transportation, 2013.
  • S. M. J. D. H. a. M. T. C. R. F. Thelen, "A 2MW flywheel for hybrid locomotive power".
  • C. Lamontagne, "Advanced Wayside Energy Storage Systems for Rail Transit".
  • L. Caputo, Control of Energy Storage devices for Rail Vehicles, 1996.
  • H. Hayashiya, "Recent Trend of Regenerative Energy Utilization in Traction," Urban Rail Transit, p. 4, 2017.
  • A. Oberhofer, "Energy Storage Technologies & Their Role in Renewable Integration," 2012.
  • P. Sharma, "Reversible Substation in DC Traction," Journal of Advance Research in Electrical & Electronics Engineering, vol. 2, no. 4, 2015.
  • M. A. S. Chandra, Railway Engineering, Oxford University press, 2007.
  • T. B.L, A textbook of Electrical Technology, Volume III.
  • O. D. M. Mahmoud Saleh, "Quantitative Analysis of Regenerative Energy in Electric Rail Traction Systems," ReasearchGate, 2017.
  • T. N. Andualem Aklilu, "Analysis of the Spatial Accessibility of Addis Ababa’s Light Rail: The Case of East–West Corridor," Urban Rail Transit, p. 5, 2018.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Jean Marie Vianney NKURUNZIZA This is me
Rwanda Polytechnic - IPRC Musanze
0000-0002-5150-3631
Rwanda


Jean D'amour NIZEYIMANA This is me
Rwanda Standards Board
0000-0002-6517-2116
Rwanda


Pacifique TURABIMANA (Primary Author)
Rwanda Polytechnic_IPRC Gishari
0000-0003-2422-9056
Rwanda

Supporting Institution Rwanda Polytechnic and Addis Ababa University
Project Number 4
Thanks We always thank our institution for the way equipped the labs for encouraging research.
Publication Date May 7, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ijet839666, journal = {International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET}, issn = {2149-0104}, eissn = {2149-5262}, address = {}, publisher = {İstanbul Gelisim University}, year = {2021}, volume = {7}, pages = {9 - 19}, doi = {10.19072/ijet.839666}, title = {Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)”}, key = {cite}, author = {Nkurunzıza, Jean Marie Vianney and Nızeyımana, Jean D'amour and Turabımana, Pacifique} }
APA Nkurunzıza, J. M. V. , Nızeyımana, J. D. & Turabımana, P. (2021). Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)” . International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET , 7 (1) , 9-19 . DOI: 10.19072/ijet.839666
MLA Nkurunzıza, J. M. V. , Nızeyımana, J. D. , Turabımana, P. "Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)”" . International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 7 (2021 ): 9-19 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijet/issue/61784/839666>
Chicago Nkurunzıza, J. M. V. , Nızeyımana, J. D. , Turabımana, P. "Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)”". International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 7 (2021 ): 9-19
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)” AU - Jean Marie Vianney Nkurunzıza , Jean D'amour Nızeyımana , Pacifique Turabımana Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.19072/ijet.839666 DO - 10.19072/ijet.839666 T2 - International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 9 EP - 19 VL - 7 IS - 1 SN - 2149-0104-2149-5262 M3 - doi: 10.19072/ijet.839666 UR - https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.839666 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)” %A Jean Marie Vianney Nkurunzıza , Jean D'amour Nızeyımana , Pacifique Turabımana %T Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)” %D 2021 %J International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET %P 2149-0104-2149-5262 %V 7 %N 1 %R doi: 10.19072/ijet.839666 %U 10.19072/ijet.839666
ISNAD Nkurunzıza, Jean Marie Vianney , Nızeyımana, Jean D'amour , Turabımana, Pacifique . "Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)”". International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET 7 / 1 (May 2021): 9-19 . https://doi.org/10.19072/ijet.839666
AMA Nkurunzıza J. M. V. , Nızeyımana J. D. , Turabımana P. Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)”. IJET. 2021; 7(1): 9-19.
Vancouver Nkurunzıza J. M. V. , Nızeyımana J. D. , Turabımana P. Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)”. International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET. 2021; 7(1): 9-19.
IEEE J. M. V. Nkurunzıza , J. D. Nızeyımana and P. Turabımana , "Quantitative Estimation of Railway Vehicle Regenerative Energy Saving: “A Case of Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (AALRT)”", International Journal of Engineering Technologies IJET, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 9-19, May. 2021, doi:10.19072/ijet.839666

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