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ASSESSMENT OF THE LEVEL OF RISK PERCEPTIONS AND RELATED PARAMETERS FOR THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 1, 91 - 101, 29.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.33457/ijhsrp.1053188

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Assessment of risk perception in communities in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic is essential for organizing effective interventions. The study aims to determine the level of COVID-19 risk perception and the factors associated with risk perception. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study in which 452 participants, who were employees of Eskisehir Osmangazi University, were included between December-2020 and January-2021. The COVID-19 risk perception level was assessed with nine questions by modifying the COVID-19 Instant Monitoring Turkey protocol study questions. The prepared questionnaire included variables of sociodemographic characteristics, transmission risk status, preparedness, self-efficacy, compliance with protective behaviors, actionism(ineffective protection behavior), and confidence in information sources/tools. The 25th percentile and lower scores were evaluated as having low risk perception. The study data were evaluated with univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The participants had a mean age of 38.51±9.66 years (46.9% females, 53.1% males). The median COVID-19 risk perception score was 42(Interquartile range: 35-50). In this study, the low COVID-19 risk perception frequency was 26.3%. Being 40 years old and older (OR;%95CI: 1.76;1.12-2.76), the low level of compliance with protective behaviors (1.75;1.09-2.76) and low level of confidence in information sources/tools (2.37;1.49-3.78) were predictive for having a low level of risk perception of COVID-19. Those with a low COVID-19 risk perception were more likely to agree that the restrictions being applied were exaggerated (p=0.001). The most trusted sources of information about COVID-19 were the statements of health professionals and official institutions (p<0.001). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: A low-level risk perception was detected in one out of every four people in the study group. COVID-19 risk perception of individuals should be monitored since it is related to many parameters in epidemic management.

References

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  • 2. Zhong Y, Liu W, Lee T-Y, Zhao H, Ji J. Risk perception, knowledge, information sources and emotional states among COVID-19 patients in Wuhan, China. Nurs Outlook 2021; 69(1):13-21.
  • 3. Velikonja NK, Erjavec K, Verdenik I, Hussein M, Velikonja VG. Association between preventive behaviour and anxiety at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in Slovenia. SJPH 2020; 60(1):17-24.
  • 4. Ahorsu DK IV, Lin CY, Timpka T, Broström A, Updegraff JA, Arestedt K, et al. Associations between fear of COVID-19, mental health, and preventive behaviours across pregnant women and husbands: an actor-partner interdependence modelling. Int J Ment Health Addict 2020:1-15.
  • 5. Yang H, Bin P, He A. Opinions from the epicenter: An online survey of university students in Wuhan amidst the COVID-19 outbreak1. J Chin Gov 2020 Apr 2; 5(2):234-48.
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  • 7. Goodwin R WJ, Tuicomepee A, Suttiwan P, Watakakosol R. . Anxiety and public responses to covid-19: Early data from Thailand. J Psychiatr Res 2020; 129:118-21.
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  • 11. Rosi A, van Vugt FT, Lecce S, Ceccato I, Vallarino M, Rapisarda F, et al. Risk Perception in a Real-World Situation (COVID-19): How It Changes From 18 to 87 Years Old. Front Psychol 2021; 12:528.
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  • 13. Peres D, Monteiro J, Almeida M, Ladeira R. Risk perception of COVID-19 among Portuguese healthcare professionals and the general population. J Hosp Infect 2020; 105(3):434-7.
  • 14. Rubaltelli E, Tedaldi E, Orabona N, Scrimin S. Environmental and psychological variables influencing reactions to the COVID‐19 outbreak. Br J Health Psychol 2020; 25(4):1020-38.
  • 15. Kuang J, Ashraf S, Das U, Bicchieri C. Awareness, risk perception, and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic in communities of Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Environ Res 2020; 17(19):7177.
  • 16. Siegrist M, Luchsinger L, Bearth A. The Impact of trust and risk perception on the acceptance of measures to reduce COVID‐19 cases. Risk Anal 2021; 41(5):787-800.
  • 17. Ye M, Lyu Z. Trust, risk perception, and COVID-19 infections: Evidence from multilevel analyses of combined original dataset in China. Soc Sci Med 2020; 265:113517.
  • 18. Kucukkarapinar M, Karadag F, Aslan S, Budakoglu I, Yay A, Ucar O. Turkish COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) Wave-1 (17.07-31.07.2020). PsychArchives 2020.
  • 19. Kamran A, Isazadehfar K, Heydari H, Azgomi RND, Naeim M. Risk perception and adherence to preventive behaviours related to the COVID-19 pandemic: a community-based study applying the health belief model. BJPsych Open. 2021;7(4).
  • 20. Guastafierro E, Toppo C, Magnani FG, Romano R, Facchini C, Campioni R, et al. Older Adults’ Risk Perception during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Lombardy Region of Italy: A Cross-sectional Survey. J Gerontol Soc Work 2021:1-14.
  • 21. Pasion R, Paiva TO, Fernandes C, Barbosa F. The AGE effect on protective behaviors during the COVID-19 outbreak: sociodemographic, perceptions and psychological accounts. Front Psychol 2020; 11:2785.
  • 22. Dryhurst S, Schneider CR, Kerr J, Freeman AL, Recchia G, Van Der Bles AM, et al. Risk perceptions of COVID-19 around the world. J Risk Res 2020; 23(7-8):994-1006.
  • 23. Yıldırım M, Güler A. Factor analysis of the COVID-19 Perceived Risk Scale: A preliminary study. Death Stud. 2020:1-8.
  • 24. Tversky A, Kahneman D. Availability: a heuristic for judging frequency and probability, in Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases, eds D. Kahneman, P. Slovic, and A. Tversky (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). 1982. pp. 163-89.

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 1, 91 - 101, 29.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.33457/ijhsrp.1053188

Abstract

References

  • 1. Barrios JM, Hochberg Y. Risk perception through the lens of politics in the time of the covid-19 pandemic. NBER 2020. Report No.: 0898-2937.
  • 2. Zhong Y, Liu W, Lee T-Y, Zhao H, Ji J. Risk perception, knowledge, information sources and emotional states among COVID-19 patients in Wuhan, China. Nurs Outlook 2021; 69(1):13-21.
  • 3. Velikonja NK, Erjavec K, Verdenik I, Hussein M, Velikonja VG. Association between preventive behaviour and anxiety at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in Slovenia. SJPH 2020; 60(1):17-24.
  • 4. Ahorsu DK IV, Lin CY, Timpka T, Broström A, Updegraff JA, Arestedt K, et al. Associations between fear of COVID-19, mental health, and preventive behaviours across pregnant women and husbands: an actor-partner interdependence modelling. Int J Ment Health Addict 2020:1-15.
  • 5. Yang H, Bin P, He A. Opinions from the epicenter: An online survey of university students in Wuhan amidst the COVID-19 outbreak1. J Chin Gov 2020 Apr 2; 5(2):234-48.
  • 6. Wise T, Zbozinek TD, Michelini G, Hagan CC, Mobbs D. Changes in risk perception and self-reported protective behaviour during the first week of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. Royal Society Open Sci 2020; 7(9):200742.
  • 7. Goodwin R WJ, Tuicomepee A, Suttiwan P, Watakakosol R. . Anxiety and public responses to covid-19: Early data from Thailand. J Psychiatr Res 2020; 129:118-21.
  • 8. Samadipour E, Ghardashi F, Aghaei N. Evaluation of risk perception of Covid-19 disease: A community-based participatory study. Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2020:1-8.
  • 9. COVID-19 Snapshot MOnitoring (COSMO)2020. Available from: https://www.psycharchives.org/handle/20.500.12034/2397.
  • 10. Karadag F, Aslan S, Budakoglu I, Kucukkarapinar M, Yay A, Ucar O. Turkey COVID-19 Snapshot MOnitoring (COSMO Turkey): Monitoring knowledge, risk perceptions, preventive behaviours, and public trust in the current coronavirus outbreak in Turkey. PsychArchieves 2020.
  • 11. Rosi A, van Vugt FT, Lecce S, Ceccato I, Vallarino M, Rapisarda F, et al. Risk Perception in a Real-World Situation (COVID-19): How It Changes From 18 to 87 Years Old. Front Psychol 2021; 12:528.
  • 12. Kucukkarapinar M, Karadag F, Aslan S, Budakoglu I, Ucar O, Yay A, et al. Turkish COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) Wave-1,2,3 (17.07-31.07.2020; 01.08-15.08.2020; 16.08-31.08.2020). PsychArchives 2020.
  • 13. Peres D, Monteiro J, Almeida M, Ladeira R. Risk perception of COVID-19 among Portuguese healthcare professionals and the general population. J Hosp Infect 2020; 105(3):434-7.
  • 14. Rubaltelli E, Tedaldi E, Orabona N, Scrimin S. Environmental and psychological variables influencing reactions to the COVID‐19 outbreak. Br J Health Psychol 2020; 25(4):1020-38.
  • 15. Kuang J, Ashraf S, Das U, Bicchieri C. Awareness, risk perception, and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic in communities of Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Environ Res 2020; 17(19):7177.
  • 16. Siegrist M, Luchsinger L, Bearth A. The Impact of trust and risk perception on the acceptance of measures to reduce COVID‐19 cases. Risk Anal 2021; 41(5):787-800.
  • 17. Ye M, Lyu Z. Trust, risk perception, and COVID-19 infections: Evidence from multilevel analyses of combined original dataset in China. Soc Sci Med 2020; 265:113517.
  • 18. Kucukkarapinar M, Karadag F, Aslan S, Budakoglu I, Yay A, Ucar O. Turkish COVID-19 Snapshot Monitoring (COSMO) Wave-1 (17.07-31.07.2020). PsychArchives 2020.
  • 19. Kamran A, Isazadehfar K, Heydari H, Azgomi RND, Naeim M. Risk perception and adherence to preventive behaviours related to the COVID-19 pandemic: a community-based study applying the health belief model. BJPsych Open. 2021;7(4).
  • 20. Guastafierro E, Toppo C, Magnani FG, Romano R, Facchini C, Campioni R, et al. Older Adults’ Risk Perception during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Lombardy Region of Italy: A Cross-sectional Survey. J Gerontol Soc Work 2021:1-14.
  • 21. Pasion R, Paiva TO, Fernandes C, Barbosa F. The AGE effect on protective behaviors during the COVID-19 outbreak: sociodemographic, perceptions and psychological accounts. Front Psychol 2020; 11:2785.
  • 22. Dryhurst S, Schneider CR, Kerr J, Freeman AL, Recchia G, Van Der Bles AM, et al. Risk perceptions of COVID-19 around the world. J Risk Res 2020; 23(7-8):994-1006.
  • 23. Yıldırım M, Güler A. Factor analysis of the COVID-19 Perceived Risk Scale: A preliminary study. Death Stud. 2020:1-8.
  • 24. Tversky A, Kahneman D. Availability: a heuristic for judging frequency and probability, in Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases, eds D. Kahneman, P. Slovic, and A. Tversky (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). 1982. pp. 163-89.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Public Environmental and Occupational Health
Journal Section Article
Authors

Selva Dilan GÖLBAŞI KOÇ> (Primary Author)
Eskisehir Osmangazi University Public Health Department
0000-0002-9567-3544
Türkiye


Selma METİNTAS>
Eskisehir Osmangazi University Public Health Department
0000-0002-5002-5041
Türkiye


Ali KILINÇ>
Eskisehir Osmangazi University Public Health Department
0000-0002-0577-8570
Türkiye


Sevda SUNGUR>
Eskisehir Osmangazi University Public Health Department
0000-0002-0186-0331
Türkiye


Alaettin ÜNSAL>
Eskisehir Osmangazi University Public Health Department
0000-0001-8353-1605
Türkiye


Didem ARSLANTAS>
Eskisehir Osmangazi University Public Health Department
0000-0002-5263-3710
Türkiye


Muhammed Fatih ÖNSÜZ>
Eskisehir Osmangazi University Public Health Department
0000-0001-7234-3385
Türkiye

Publication Date April 29, 2022
Application Date January 4, 2022
Acceptance Date April 4, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 1

Cite

IEEE S. D. Gölbaşı Koç , S. Metintas , A. Kılınç , S. Sungur , A. Ünsal , D. Arslantas and M. F. Önsüz , "ASSESSMENT OF THE LEVEL OF RISK PERCEPTIONS AND RELATED PARAMETERS FOR THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC", International Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 91-101, Apr. 2022, doi:10.33457/ijhsrp.1053188

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