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Gürgen Ağacı Talaşı Dolgulu Epoksi Matrisli Kompozit Yapıların Mekanik Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi

Year 2023, Volume: 7 Issue: 1, 1 - 5, 20.08.2023

Abstract

Doğal elyaf dolgulu polimer kompozitlere olan ilgi, yüksek performansları, önemli işleme avantajları, düşük maliyetleri ve düşük bağıl yoğunlukları nedeniyle hızla artıyor. Bu çalışmada gürgen talaşı dolgulu epoksi matrisli kompozitlerin mekanik özellikleri incelenmiştir. Matris malzemesi olarak ısı ile sertleşen epoksi reçinesi tercih edilmiştir. Dolgu olarak yerel mobilya üreticilerinden doğal atık olarak ortaya çıkan gürgen ağacı talaşı kullanılmıştır. Talaş, eleklerden elenerek 0-150 mikron boyut aralığında hazırlanmış olup reçineye ağırlıkça % 5-10-15-20 oranlarında ilave edilmiştir. % 20 talaş ilavesi ile reçine doyuma ulaştığı için numune hazırlanması sonlandırılmıştır. Epoksinin çok iyi yapışma özelliği sebebiyle kalıp olarak Teflon malzemesi tercih edilmiştir. Hazırlanan karışım tamamen sertleşmesi için 180oC’de 3 saat kür işlemi uygulanmıştır. Numunelerin çekme, sertlik, darbe gibi mekanik özellikleri incelenmiştir. Kırık yüzeylerin incelenmesi SEM görüntüleri ile yapılmıştır. Çalışma sonunda ağırlıkça % 15 gürgen talaşı ilavesinin epoksi matrisli kompozitlerde mekanik özelliklere olumlu tesir ettiği, talaş katkı oranının ideal olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Numune yapısında homojen bir şekilde karışım olduğu SEM görüntülerinden de anlaşılmıştır.

References

  • [1] Lubin G, (1982), Handbook of Composites, New York, Van Nostrand,.
  • [2] Bismarck A, Mishra S, Lampke T, (2005) Natural Fibers, Biopolymers and Bio-composites, edited by A K Mohanty, M Misra, L T Drzal, Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, 37.
  • [3] Sabu, T., Kuruvilla J.; Kumar, M., Goda, K., Sreekala M. S. (2012). Introduction to Polymer Composites, Polymer Composites, Volume 1, First Edition, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co 209.
  • [4] Kartal İ, (2020) “Effect of hornbeam sawdust size on the mechanical properties of polyethylene composites” Emerging Materials Research Volume 9 Issue 3, 979-984
  • [5] Kartal, İ., Naycı, G. and Demirer, H. (2019). “Investigation of the Mechanical Properties of Chestnut/Hornbeam Sawdust Filled Vinyl Ester Composites”. European Journal of Science and Technology, (16), 723-728.
  • [6] Kartal İ., Naycı G., Demirer H., (2020) The effect of chestnut wood flour size on the mechanical properties of vinyl ester composites, Emerging Materials Research, 9(3), 960-965,
  • [7] Şengör İ., Cesur S., Kartal İ., Oktar F. N., Ekren N., İnan A. T., Gündüz O., (2018) “Fabrication and Characterization of Hazelnut ShellPowder with Reinforced Polymer CompositeNanofibers", ICNMA: 2018 20th International Conference on Nanostructured Materials and Applications, Zurich, Switzerland, 13 – 14 September
  • [8] Kartal İ., Gülşah Naycı G., and Demirer H, (2019) “Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Glass and Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Vinylester Composites” Multidisciplinary Studies and Innovative Technologies, Volume 3, Number: 1, 34 - 37
  • [9] Demirer H., Kartal İ., Yıldırım A., Büyükkaya K., (2018) “The Utilisability of Ground Hazelnut Shell as Filler in Polypropylene Composites”, Acta Phys. Pol. A 134, 254-256
  • [10] Kamdem, D. P., Jiang, H., Cui, W., Freed, J., and Matuana, L. M. (2004). “Properties of wood plastic composites made of recycled HDPE and wood flour from CCA-treated wood removed from service,” Composite Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 35(3), 347-355. DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2003.09.013
  • [11] Deka, B. K., Baishya, P., and Maj, T. K. (2014). “Synergistic effect of SiO2, ZnO and nanoclay on mechanical and thermal properties of wood polymer nanocomposite,” Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials 27(4), 464-480. DOI: 10.1177/0892705712452739
  • [12] Ashori, A. (2008). “Wood-plastic composites as promising green-composites for automotive industries,” Bioresource Technol. 99, 4661-4667.
  • [13] Marcovich, N.-E., Reboredo, M.-M., and Aranguren, M.-I. (1996). “Composites from sawdust and unsaturated polyester,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 61(1), 119-124.
  • [14] Daimler Chrysler awarded for banana fiber use in Mercedes A Class, http://www.netcomposites.com/news. Nowember 2005
  • [15] Hintermann M, `Automotive exterior parts from natural fibers', RIKO-2005, Hannover, Germany, November 2005.
  • [16] Buttlar H B, `Natural fiber reinforced construction materials for SMC applications', RIKO-2005, Hannover, Germany, November 2005.
  • [17] Kartal İ, (2019) “Investigation of Wear Properties of Toughened Epoxy Resin using Silane Terminated Urethane”, Vol. 135, Acta Physica Polonica A No. 5, 1100-1101
  • [18] Kartal İ., Boztoprak Y., Bilici M. K., Çakır M., "Investigation of Wear Properties of Epoxy-Polyester Mixtures\", 13th International Metallurgy and Materials Congress, Istanbul, Turkey, 9 - 12 November 2006
  • [19] Bilyeu, B., Brostow, W., and Menard, K. P. (1999). “Epoxy thermosets and their applications. I: Chemical structures and applications,” Journal of Materials Education 21(5&6), 281-286.
  • [20] Khan, M., Abas, M., Noor, S., Salah, B., Saleen, W., and Khan, R. (2021). “Experimental and statistical analysis of sawmill wood waste composite properties for practical applications,” Polymers 13 (4038), 1-19. [21] https://bitkievreni.com/gurgen-agacinin-tarihi-ve-kulturel-onemi/ Nisan 2023
  • [22] Uğur Eskier, https://www.makaleler.com/gurgen-agacinin-ozellikleri-nelerdir, Nisan 2023
  • [23] Lette, M. J., Elhadji Babacar, L. Y., Ndiaye, D., Takasaki, A., and Okabe, T. (2018). “Evaluation of sawdust and rice husks as fillers for phenolic resin based wood polymer composites,” Journal of Composite Materials 8(3), 124-137 DOI: 10.4236/ojcm.2018.83010
  • [24] Huda, M. S., Drzal, L. T., Misra, M., and Mohanty, A. K. (2006). “Wood-fiber-reinforced poly(lactic acid) composites: Evaluation of the physicomechanical and morphological properties,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 102, 4856-4869.
  • [25] Kumara, R., Kumarb, K., Sahooc, P., and Bhowmika, S. (2014). “Study of mechanical properties of wood dust reinforced epoxy composite,” Procedia Materials Science 6, 551-556.

Year 2023, Volume: 7 Issue: 1, 1 - 5, 20.08.2023

Abstract

References

  • [1] Lubin G, (1982), Handbook of Composites, New York, Van Nostrand,.
  • [2] Bismarck A, Mishra S, Lampke T, (2005) Natural Fibers, Biopolymers and Bio-composites, edited by A K Mohanty, M Misra, L T Drzal, Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, 37.
  • [3] Sabu, T., Kuruvilla J.; Kumar, M., Goda, K., Sreekala M. S. (2012). Introduction to Polymer Composites, Polymer Composites, Volume 1, First Edition, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co 209.
  • [4] Kartal İ, (2020) “Effect of hornbeam sawdust size on the mechanical properties of polyethylene composites” Emerging Materials Research Volume 9 Issue 3, 979-984
  • [5] Kartal, İ., Naycı, G. and Demirer, H. (2019). “Investigation of the Mechanical Properties of Chestnut/Hornbeam Sawdust Filled Vinyl Ester Composites”. European Journal of Science and Technology, (16), 723-728.
  • [6] Kartal İ., Naycı G., Demirer H., (2020) The effect of chestnut wood flour size on the mechanical properties of vinyl ester composites, Emerging Materials Research, 9(3), 960-965,
  • [7] Şengör İ., Cesur S., Kartal İ., Oktar F. N., Ekren N., İnan A. T., Gündüz O., (2018) “Fabrication and Characterization of Hazelnut ShellPowder with Reinforced Polymer CompositeNanofibers", ICNMA: 2018 20th International Conference on Nanostructured Materials and Applications, Zurich, Switzerland, 13 – 14 September
  • [8] Kartal İ., Gülşah Naycı G., and Demirer H, (2019) “Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Glass and Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Vinylester Composites” Multidisciplinary Studies and Innovative Technologies, Volume 3, Number: 1, 34 - 37
  • [9] Demirer H., Kartal İ., Yıldırım A., Büyükkaya K., (2018) “The Utilisability of Ground Hazelnut Shell as Filler in Polypropylene Composites”, Acta Phys. Pol. A 134, 254-256
  • [10] Kamdem, D. P., Jiang, H., Cui, W., Freed, J., and Matuana, L. M. (2004). “Properties of wood plastic composites made of recycled HDPE and wood flour from CCA-treated wood removed from service,” Composite Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 35(3), 347-355. DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2003.09.013
  • [11] Deka, B. K., Baishya, P., and Maj, T. K. (2014). “Synergistic effect of SiO2, ZnO and nanoclay on mechanical and thermal properties of wood polymer nanocomposite,” Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials 27(4), 464-480. DOI: 10.1177/0892705712452739
  • [12] Ashori, A. (2008). “Wood-plastic composites as promising green-composites for automotive industries,” Bioresource Technol. 99, 4661-4667.
  • [13] Marcovich, N.-E., Reboredo, M.-M., and Aranguren, M.-I. (1996). “Composites from sawdust and unsaturated polyester,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 61(1), 119-124.
  • [14] Daimler Chrysler awarded for banana fiber use in Mercedes A Class, http://www.netcomposites.com/news. Nowember 2005
  • [15] Hintermann M, `Automotive exterior parts from natural fibers', RIKO-2005, Hannover, Germany, November 2005.
  • [16] Buttlar H B, `Natural fiber reinforced construction materials for SMC applications', RIKO-2005, Hannover, Germany, November 2005.
  • [17] Kartal İ, (2019) “Investigation of Wear Properties of Toughened Epoxy Resin using Silane Terminated Urethane”, Vol. 135, Acta Physica Polonica A No. 5, 1100-1101
  • [18] Kartal İ., Boztoprak Y., Bilici M. K., Çakır M., "Investigation of Wear Properties of Epoxy-Polyester Mixtures\", 13th International Metallurgy and Materials Congress, Istanbul, Turkey, 9 - 12 November 2006
  • [19] Bilyeu, B., Brostow, W., and Menard, K. P. (1999). “Epoxy thermosets and their applications. I: Chemical structures and applications,” Journal of Materials Education 21(5&6), 281-286.
  • [20] Khan, M., Abas, M., Noor, S., Salah, B., Saleen, W., and Khan, R. (2021). “Experimental and statistical analysis of sawmill wood waste composite properties for practical applications,” Polymers 13 (4038), 1-19. [21] https://bitkievreni.com/gurgen-agacinin-tarihi-ve-kulturel-onemi/ Nisan 2023
  • [22] Uğur Eskier, https://www.makaleler.com/gurgen-agacinin-ozellikleri-nelerdir, Nisan 2023
  • [23] Lette, M. J., Elhadji Babacar, L. Y., Ndiaye, D., Takasaki, A., and Okabe, T. (2018). “Evaluation of sawdust and rice husks as fillers for phenolic resin based wood polymer composites,” Journal of Composite Materials 8(3), 124-137 DOI: 10.4236/ojcm.2018.83010
  • [24] Huda, M. S., Drzal, L. T., Misra, M., and Mohanty, A. K. (2006). “Wood-fiber-reinforced poly(lactic acid) composites: Evaluation of the physicomechanical and morphological properties,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 102, 4856-4869.
  • [25] Kumara, R., Kumarb, K., Sahooc, P., and Bhowmika, S. (2014). “Study of mechanical properties of wood dust reinforced epoxy composite,” Procedia Materials Science 6, 551-556.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

İlyas KARTAL
MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TEKNOLOJİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-9677-477X
Türkiye


Zerrin ÖZCAN This is me
MEB, Başakşehir Şehit Muhammed Eymen Demirci İlkokulu
0009-0004-2184-3186
Türkiye

Early Pub Date July 2, 2023
Publication Date August 20, 2023
Submission Date April 14, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 7 Issue: 1

Cite

IEEE
İ. KARTAL and Z. ÖZCAN, “Gürgen Ağacı Talaşı Dolgulu Epoksi Matrisli Kompozit Yapıların Mekanik Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi”, IJMSIT, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2023.