Volume: 4 Issue: 2, 8/24/22

Year: 2022

Research Articles

International Journal of Science Letters is a multidisciplinary journal and accepts

·                     original research articles,

·                     review,

·                     case report,

·                     short communication,

·                     editorial letter,

·                     erratum.

International Journal of Science Letters (IJSL) is the official journal of Amasya University Central Research Laboratory.


International Journal of Science Letters (IJSL) is to publish original research articles related to the highest scientific value in all science fields. Moreover, IJSL also includes reviews, case reports, short communication, editorial letter and erratum to the editor that are related to recently published articles.


The journal is a peer-reviewed, nonprofit scientific periodical. After the preliminary evaluation of the journal management board, it is accepted with the approval of at least two reviewers. Two English-language issues have been published each year in February and August.


Processing and publication are free of charge for this journal. No fees are requested from the authors at any point throughout the evaluation and publication process. All manuscripts must be submitted via the online submission system. The journal guidelines, technical information, and the required forms are available on the journal’s web page.


All expenses of the journal are covered by Amasya University Central Research Laboratory. Potential advertisers should contact the Editorial Office. Advertisement images are published only upon the Editor-in-Chief’s approval.


Statements or opinions expressed in the manuscripts published in the journal reflect the views of the author(s) and not the opinions of Amasya University Central Research Laboratory, editors, editorial board, and/or publisher; the editors, editorial board, and publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such materials.


All published content is available online, free of charge at ijsl@amasya.edu.tr. Printed copies of the journal are distributed to the members of Amasya University Central Research Laboratory, free of charge.


Amasya University Central Research Laboratory holds the international copyright of all the content published in the journal.

For Authors

International Journal of Science Letters is an International Journal is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal which is published two times per year. Papers can be written in English.

International Journal of Science Letters is a double-blind peer-reviewed.

Please, delete your names, emails etc. before you send the manuscript.

Each paper is checked for similarity (plagiarism) by Ithenticate system (not more than 30% without References).

Authors have to submit proposed corrections within 30 days. Otherwise, the article will be rejected.

This journal is free (no article submission or processing charges) and open-access journal.

All submitted papers will be pre-screened by Editor to determine suitability for further review (e.g. correct format, the area of interest etc.) Papers deemed suitable will be peer-reviewed by at least two reviewers. In case of delay on behalf of a viewer, the reviewer may be substituted by another. In case of excessive delay, the paper will be reviewed by members of the Editorial Board. Submitted articles cannot have been previously published nor be forthcoming in an archival journal or book. 

For Editors

International Journal of Science Letters is an International Journal is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal which is published two times per year. Papers can be written in English. Scientific and original articles are published in the journal.

In the same issue, one author cannot send more than two articles.

Articles which will be published in the journal should be proper with writing and linguistic rules. Scientific, linguistic and even ethical responsibilities of the articles published in this journal belong to the author(s).

Author(s) should prepare their article proper to publication rules of the journal and ethical rules. Articles which are not proper to rules are not evaluated. Articles published or submitted for publication elsewhere are not evaluated.

Articles sent to the journal are presented the evaluation of at least two referees by editorial board decision. Articles sent to the journal are published by editorial board decision after the referees’ positive opinion is taken.

During the layout process is running, author(s) should reply to the messages which are about controlling and editing article, within the specified period. If author(s) don’t reply to the messages within the specified period, their article is postponed to the following issue.

Articles that completed their evaluation process, are published considering their arrival date.




A. Publication policy

International Journal of Science Letters (IJSL) is published two issues per year: February and August. The journal publishes original research articles in all science fields.

The language of the journal is English. Manuscripts submitted to the journal must be original and not be published anywhere (except research results presented and printed as abstract in the conference books) or not being considered for publication elsewhere.

Authors are responsible for the scientific content of the published manuscript. If an Ethics Committee Report is required to conduct a research on animals and humans, it is mandatory that the Ethics Committee Report has to be scanned and uploaded as a pdf file. Otherwise, the article is returned to the author at the preliminary examination and other stages.

Authors’ ORCID information should be written.

Submissions are expected to include a copy of the Research Ethics Board’s decision if necessary. Revisions in the manuscript or the order of authors are not allowed once a revised manuscript is accepted for publication.

Each submitted manuscript is pre-reviewed by the journal’s editor(s) for its suitability for the International Journal of Science Letters. The manuscript may be rejected before the peer review stage if it does not fit the scope of the journal. Also, the manuscript is sent back to the author in case it is not well-written. Checking of the manuscript by a native English speaker is recommended if it is written in English. If the manuscript is found to be suitable for peer review after the first evaluation made by the editorial office, it is sent to at least two reviewers.

Authors can not withdraw the articles during the evaluation process. If necessary, during preview (approximately 5 days after submission), authors can withdraw the articles.

Manuscripts needing revision are electronically forwarded to the author(s). The author(s) should consider the reviewer's comments very carefully and explain each comment or criticisms one by one; they should also prepare a detailed explanation in case the author(s) do(es)n’t agree with the reviewer’s critics. The article is considered as a new submission, if it is not revised and returned to the editor within 30 days. The editor makes a final decision after consulted revisions and corrections made by author(s).


B. Manuscript format


A title page should be prepared for the manuscripts, but is required to be uploaded separately to journal’s online manuscript submission system on as a supplementary file. All information on this page should be written both in English. Title page should include the following: The title of the manuscript written in lower case, list of author(s) in the order and without academic titles, the names and addresses of the institutional affiliation (s) where all or most of the research has been done during the period. Also, the name, telephone and fax numbers and email address of the corresponding author must be given.


Preparing the manuscript


Main text, uploaded on manuscript evaluation system for referee evaluation, should start with the title of the manuscript, but must not include the names of author(s) and their address(es).

All manuscripts should be typewritten on A4 page with 2.5 cm margins on all sides and double spaced, using Microsoft Word 2007 (or upper versions) in Times New Roman style with 12 pt. All pages and also lines in each page of the manuscript should be numbered.


The manuscript should be organized as following: Manuscript Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and/or Discussion, Conclusion (optional), Acknowledgement (if necessary), Abbreviations and/or symbols (if necessary), References, Figures (pictures, drawings, graphs, maps etc.) and Tables. Figures and Tables should be given after references. Section names of the manuscript should be written with bold letters.

It is essential that authors prepare manuscripts according to the journal’s established format and style by checking the recent issues published. Main headings should be numbered in the order, written with bold letters and each words in the main headings should be started with capital letters. Subheadings should be written with lower case as italic. Paragraph indents should be 0.5 cm.

The authors should fill in the copyright transfer form during submission (bf04/002a/4458/5cdd771cd4561.pdf). 


Title of the Manuscript


Title of the manuscript should be concise, informative, centered and not exceed more than three lines. Titles should be bold, 14 pt and written with lower case except for proper nouns. Abbreviations and the authors for scientific taxonomic names should not be used in the title.

Main headings (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and/or Discussion, Conclusion) in the manuscript should be numbered in the order, written with 12 pt and bold letters as just first letters of the each words in the main headings should be written with capital letters. Subheadings should be written with 12 pt lower case as italic but not bold.



Abstract and Keywords


The abstract should contain less than 250 words. Abstract should provide a brief summary of the research, including the purpose, methods, results, and major conclusions. Literature citations should be avoided in the abstract. Following the abstract, 3-6 keywords should be given in alphabetical order. The first letter of the keywords should be written in capital letters, each keyword should be separated with a comma, not used in the title, but describing the study and useful for a literature search.


1. Introduction


This part should precisely represent the aim of the research, the hypothesis to be tested, and explain the general approach and objectives by giving related published literature.



2. Results and/or Discussion


Results should be presented as concise and explanatory without interpretation, and complicated results should be explained by supporting with tables or figures. In statistical analysis, factors found to be significant should be presented by giving the details of experimental designs and statistical comparison methods. Editor may not consider the manuscript to evaluate when statistical analysis is wrong or insufficient. Results should be discussed comparing with the previous study results.


3. Conclusion


Obtained results should be presented as shortly and clearly by providing the reader scientific knowledge and practical contributions with a clear understanding of representative data obtained from the experiments. Duplicative words and sentences which are used in results and discussion sections or introduction should be avoided.


4. Material and Methods


Materials and Methods used in the study should be given under this heading. If subheading would be given, it should be numbered with the main heading number (for example 2.1.) and written in italic. A clear description of current, new or modified methods should be given to provide sufficient information and to allow someone to repeat the work. If a previously published method is used, relevant literature should be cited.




If necessary, a short acknowledgement for the help of all individuals or funding sources that have made a significant contribution during research and producing the manuscript should be expressed in this section.




All references cited in the text should also exist in the reference list (and vice versa). The reference list should be organized alphabetically by considering the authors’ surname. References in the text should be written according to the author-year concept and arranged for years (Yilmaz, 2010; Engelen et al., 2018; Rowland and Kuper, 2018). References from the same year but with different authors should be arranged alphabetically (Engelen et al., 2018; Rowland and Kuper, 2018).


More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication. If more than 5 authors, you can use et al.

            Web references are recommended to be limited.


Authors should not be cited unpublished results and personal communications unless it is necessary. Footnotes should be avoided. If necessary, they may be given shortly at the end of the page where their positions are indicated by asterisk in the text by separating a horizontal straight line.


Reference to a journal article


Arumuganathan, K., Earle, E. 1991. Nuclear DNA content of some important plant species, Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 9: 208.

Burgers, A.P., Peng, L.S., Muniz, J.A., McClung, A.C., Martin, M.J. et al. 2019. Clocked atom delivery to a photonic crystal waveguide, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(2): 459-465.


Peksen, E. 2007. Non-destructive leaf area estimation model for faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Sci Hort, 113: 322-328.


Reference to a conference paper


Aktas, Y., Kaya, M. Biotechnology Applications. XIV International Life Science Congress, 15-17 November 2017, p. 90-93.


Reference to a thesis


Açıkgöz, S. 1984. The identification of viruses on Phaseolus vulgaris L. and their distribution and damages in Erzincan ve Erzurum regions. PhD Thesis. Ataturk University, Institute of Science, Erzurum, Turkey.

Reference to a book


South, J., Blass, B. 2001. The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London.


Reference to a chapter in an edited book


Farooq, M., Siddique, K.H.M., 2015. Conservation agriculture: concepts, brief history and impacts on agricultural systems. In: Farooq, M., Siddique, K.H.M. (Eds). Conservation Agriculture. Springer International Publishing Switzerland. pp. 3-17.


Reference to a paper or report available on the web


Internet Related Technologies, Java Applets in Education, http://tech.irt.org/articles/js151, (June 2001).


Figures and Tables


All illustrations (graphics, photographs, electronic artworks etc.) and tables should be given after the references section in the text. The size of figures or tables should be maximum 16x20 cm for single column fitting, and the figure or table width should be maximum 8 cm for double column fitting. Figure files should be provided in high resolution. Color or grayscale photographs (halftones) are required to be in JPEG or TIFF format min 300 dpi.

Vertical rules should be avoided in the tables. Each table and figure should be cited in the text, and they should be numbered consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text (e.g. Table 1, Figure 1). Figure captions and table titles are required to be short and informative and also written with lower case. Figure captions, table titles and data presented in the tables and figures should be written with Times New Roman style in 12 pt font size. All symbols, abbreviations or any notes used in the tables should be explained below the table with a font size of 10 pt and marked with asterisk. Table titles should be placed over the tables, and figure captions should be given at the bottom of the figures. Figures should not be framed with a line. If any abbreviation used in the figure of table, meaning of this abbreviation should be given under the figure or table. Figure and table captions and also footnotes should not be ended with full stop. The point must be used as a decimal separator instead of comma in numerical values or means given in the tables and text.


Abbreviations and symbols


Non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided in the article, if essential; they should be defined in their first mention (e.g., live weight gain (LWG). Using of International System of Units (SI) are preferred.





SI (The International System of Units) should be used in all manuscripts. Use point (.) as a decimal mark (for example 1.25). The use of slash (/) should be avoided in units and leave a space between units (e.g. ms-1 instead of m/s, Js-1 instead of J/s, kgms-2 instead of kgm/s2). Also leave a space between numbers and symbols (e.g. 4 kgNha-1, 3 kgm-1s-2, 20 Nm,  1000 s-1, 100 kPa, 22 °C and 29 %, bp instead of base pair etc.), except for the symbols of degree, minute and second (°, ′ and ″). They should be used after numbers (10°, 45', 60" etc.). Abbreviation for liter should be “L” instead of “l”. Symbols must not end with full stop unless they are at the end of sentence (kg instead of kg.).




All equations should be numbered, and the numbers of equations should be placed in right side of the equation as right-aligned and written in the brackets. To write an equation in Word program, math processor should be used, and the main characters in 12 pt, variables in italics and math characters in regular styles should appear in the article.


Equations should be numbered consecutively in the text [(.... related model is given in (1)], if they cited in the text.

Ethical standards for publication exist to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public trust in scientific findings, and that people receive credit for their ideas. In addition, the authors are encouraged to follow the ethic guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) which can be viewed on the COPE website.

International Journal of Science Letters (IJSL) is an electronic peer-reviewed international journal trying to have the highest standards of publication ethics. For that, we affirm the following principles of the Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement.

If malpractice is discovered at any time even after the publication, the articles not in accordance with these standards will be removed from the publication. IJSL is checking all papers in a double-blind peer-review process. We also check for plagiarisms, research fabrication, falsification, and improper use of any organisms in research. We will also report any cases of suspected plagiarism or duplicate publishing. IJSL reserves the right to use plagiarism detecting software to screen submitted papers at all times.

Author’s responsibilities

The author or authors must guarantee that they have written a unique study. Moreover, they must make sure that the article has not been submitted and evaluated elsewhere at the same time. Literature of the other researchers, all contributors and sources (including online sites) should be appropriately credited and referenced. All submitted manuscripts should be edited for language. All references should be cited without been copied or plagiarized. If needed, any financial sources or another conflict of interest should be disclosed. In order to correct the paper, any significant error or inaccuracy in the published works should be notified by the related authors. An author agrees to the license agreement before submitting the article. All articles must be submitted using the online submission procedure. Submitting a paper simultaneously to more than one publication at a time is a violation of publications' ethics.

Editorial responsibilities

Editors along with Editor-in-Chief and Editorial Board have publication decisions. Editors must guarantee a fair double-blind peer-review of the submitted articles for publication. They have to prevent any potential conflict of interests between the author and editors and reviewers. They have to guarantee the confidentiality of submitted articles before publishing. Editor-in-Chief will coordinate the work of the editors.

Peer review/responsibility for the reviewers

They have to review the manuscripts based on content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief, or political philosophy of the authors. They have to guarantee the confidentiality of submitted articles before publishing. They have to report any plagiarisms, research fabrication, falsification, and improper use of any organisms in research to the editors and/or the Editor-in-Chief. They have to review the papers objectively and state their opinions clearly in the forms and on the paper. A reviewer having inadequate time or feeling unqualified should notify the editors as soon as possible and excuse her/himself from the review process.


All journals published by IJSL are committed to publishing only original material, i.e., material that has neither been published elsewhere nor is under review elsewhere. Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized from a manuscript by other authors, whether published or unpublished, will incur plagiarism sanctions. Manuscripts are checked by Ithenticate Plagiarism System.

Duplicate Submission

Manuscripts that are found to have been published elsewhere, or to be under review elsewhere, will incur duplicate submission/publication sanctions. If authors have used their own previously published work or work that is currently under review, as the basis for a submitted manuscript, they are required to cite the previous work and indicate how their submitted manuscript offers novel contributions beyond those of the previous work.

Citation Manipulation

Submitted manuscripts that are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author’s work or articles published in a particular journal, will incur citation manipulation sanctions.

Data Fabrication and Falsification

Submitted manuscripts that are found to have either fabricated or falsified experimental results, including the manipulation of images, will incur data fabrication and falsification sanctions.

Improper Author Contribution or Attribution

All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. It is important to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians.

Redundant Publications

Redundant publications involve the inappropriate division of study outcomes into several articles.


In the event that there are documented violations of any of the above-mentioned policies in any journal, regardless of whether or not the violations occurred in a journal published by IJSL, the following sanctions will be applied:

Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript.

Immediate rejection of every other manuscript submitted to any journal published by IJSL by any of the authors of the infringing manuscript.

The prohibition against all of the authors for any new submissions to any journal published by IJSL, either individually or in combination with other authors of the infringing manuscript, as well as in combination with any other authors. This prohibition will be imposed for a minimum of 36 months.

Prohibition against all of the authors from serving on the Editorial Board of any journal published by IJSL.

In cases where the violations of the above policies are found to be particularly egregious, the publisher reserves the right to impose additional sanctions beyond those described above.