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Bacterial Biodiversity of Industrial Soils from Aydın and Trabzon Province

Year 2017, Volume 4, Issue 2, 90 - 98, 01.07.2017
https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.288229

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine bacterial biodiversity of industrial soils from Aydın and Trabzon Province using morphological, cultural, biochemical and molecular methods. Factory wastes, detergents, pesticides and gasoline are accepted as pollutants to the environment. In this study a total of 65 samples which can tolerate xylene, acetone, chloroform and methanol were acquired. According to the Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology morphological, cultural and biochemical tests, 48 of these samples were found to be Bacillus sp. and 17 of them were found to be Pseudomonas sp. For molecular identification 16S rDNA-PCR method was used. Seven different genera and a total of sixteen species were found as a result of the study.

References

  • Reddy, C.S., Ghai, R., Rashmi, K., Kalai, V.C. (2003). Polyhydroxyalkanoates: an overview. Bioresource Technol., 87(2): p.137-146.
  • Hafez, E.E., Elbestawy, E. (2008). Molecular Chracterization of Soil Microorganisms: effect of industrial pollution on distribution and biodiversity. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 25: p.215-224.
  • Wolters, V. (2001). Biodiversity of soil animals and its function. Eur J Soil Biol., 37: p.221-227.
  • Cragg, R.G., Bardgett, R.D. (2001). How changes in soil faunal diversity and composition within a trophic group influence decomposition processes. Soil Biol Biochem., 33: p. 2073-2081.
  • De Deyn, G.B., Raaijmakers, C.E., Zoomer, H.R., Berg M.P., Rulter, P.C., Verhoef, H.A., Bezemer , T.M., Van derPutten, W.H. (2003). Soil invertebrate fauna enhances grassland succession and diversity. Nature, 422: p.711–713.
  • Bardgett, R.D. (2005). The biology of soil: a community and ecosystem approach. Oxford University Press Inc, New York.
  • Young, A. & Young, R. (2001). Soils in the Australian landscape, Oxford University Press, Melbourne p.105.
  • Agarwal, A., Liu, Y. (2015). Remediation technologies for oil-contaminated sediments. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 101: p. 483-490.
  • Mann, D.K., Hurt, T.M., Malkos, E., Sims, J., Twait S. and Wachter, G. (1996). Onsite treatment of petroleum, oil, and lubricant (POL)-contaminated soils at Illinois Corps of Engineers lake sites. US Army Corps of Engineers Technical Report No. A862603 p.14-24.
  • Bergey, D. H., Holt, J.G. (1994). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. Ninth edition. Williams & Wilkins, p.1860-1937.
  • De Boer, S.H., & Ward, L.J. (1995). PCR detection of Erwinia carotovora subsp atroseptica associated with potato tissue. Phytopathology. vol. 85, no. 8: p.854-858.
  • Jiang, H., Dong, H., Zhang, G., Yu, B., Chapman, L.R., Fields, M.W. (2006). Microbial Diversity in Water and Sediment of Lake Chaka, an Athalassohaline Lake in Northwestern China, Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 72 (6): p.3832-3845
  • Felsenstein, J. (1985). Confidence limits on phylogenies: An approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39: p. 783-791.
  • Nei M. and Kumar S. (2000). Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Kumar, S., Stecher, G., and Tamura, K. (2016). MEGA7: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets. Molecular Biology and Evolution (accepted manuscript).
  • Borneman, J., Triplett, E.W. (1997). Molecular microbial diversity in soils from eastern Amazonia: evidence for unusual microorganisms and microbial population shifts associated with deforestation. Appl Environ Microbiol. 63(7): p. 2647-53.
  • Jesus, E., Marsh, T.L., Tiedje, J.M., Moreira F.M.S. (2009). Changes in Land Use Alter the Structure of Bacterial Communities in Western Amazon Soils. The ISME Journal, 3: p. 1004-1011.
  • Funke, G., von Graevenitz, A., Clarridge III, J.E., Bernard, K.A. (1997). Clinical microbiology of coryneform bacteria. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 10: p. 125–159.

Bacterial Biodiversity of Industrial Soils from Aydın and Trabzon Province

Year 2017, Volume 4, Issue 2, 90 - 98, 01.07.2017
https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.288229

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine bacterial biodiversity of industrial soils from Aydın and Trabzon Province using morphological, cultural, biochemical and molecular methods. Factory wastes, detergents, pesticides and gasoline are accepted as pollutants to the environment. In this study a total of 65 samples which can tolerate xylene, acetone, chloroform and methanol were acquired. According to the Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology morphological, cultural and biochemical tests, 48 of these samples were found to be Bacillus sp. and 17 of them were found to be Pseudomonas sp. For molecular identification 16S rDNA-PCR method was used. Seven different genera and a total of sixteen species were found as a result of the study.

References

  • Reddy, C.S., Ghai, R., Rashmi, K., Kalai, V.C. (2003). Polyhydroxyalkanoates: an overview. Bioresource Technol., 87(2): p.137-146.
  • Hafez, E.E., Elbestawy, E. (2008). Molecular Chracterization of Soil Microorganisms: effect of industrial pollution on distribution and biodiversity. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 25: p.215-224.
  • Wolters, V. (2001). Biodiversity of soil animals and its function. Eur J Soil Biol., 37: p.221-227.
  • Cragg, R.G., Bardgett, R.D. (2001). How changes in soil faunal diversity and composition within a trophic group influence decomposition processes. Soil Biol Biochem., 33: p. 2073-2081.
  • De Deyn, G.B., Raaijmakers, C.E., Zoomer, H.R., Berg M.P., Rulter, P.C., Verhoef, H.A., Bezemer , T.M., Van derPutten, W.H. (2003). Soil invertebrate fauna enhances grassland succession and diversity. Nature, 422: p.711–713.
  • Bardgett, R.D. (2005). The biology of soil: a community and ecosystem approach. Oxford University Press Inc, New York.
  • Young, A. & Young, R. (2001). Soils in the Australian landscape, Oxford University Press, Melbourne p.105.
  • Agarwal, A., Liu, Y. (2015). Remediation technologies for oil-contaminated sediments. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 101: p. 483-490.
  • Mann, D.K., Hurt, T.M., Malkos, E., Sims, J., Twait S. and Wachter, G. (1996). Onsite treatment of petroleum, oil, and lubricant (POL)-contaminated soils at Illinois Corps of Engineers lake sites. US Army Corps of Engineers Technical Report No. A862603 p.14-24.
  • Bergey, D. H., Holt, J.G. (1994). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. Ninth edition. Williams & Wilkins, p.1860-1937.
  • De Boer, S.H., & Ward, L.J. (1995). PCR detection of Erwinia carotovora subsp atroseptica associated with potato tissue. Phytopathology. vol. 85, no. 8: p.854-858.
  • Jiang, H., Dong, H., Zhang, G., Yu, B., Chapman, L.R., Fields, M.W. (2006). Microbial Diversity in Water and Sediment of Lake Chaka, an Athalassohaline Lake in Northwestern China, Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 72 (6): p.3832-3845
  • Felsenstein, J. (1985). Confidence limits on phylogenies: An approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39: p. 783-791.
  • Nei M. and Kumar S. (2000). Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Kumar, S., Stecher, G., and Tamura, K. (2016). MEGA7: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets. Molecular Biology and Evolution (accepted manuscript).
  • Borneman, J., Triplett, E.W. (1997). Molecular microbial diversity in soils from eastern Amazonia: evidence for unusual microorganisms and microbial population shifts associated with deforestation. Appl Environ Microbiol. 63(7): p. 2647-53.
  • Jesus, E., Marsh, T.L., Tiedje, J.M., Moreira F.M.S. (2009). Changes in Land Use Alter the Structure of Bacterial Communities in Western Amazon Soils. The ISME Journal, 3: p. 1004-1011.
  • Funke, G., von Graevenitz, A., Clarridge III, J.E., Bernard, K.A. (1997). Clinical microbiology of coryneform bacteria. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 10: p. 125–159.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology
Published Date July
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Bahadır TÖRÜN This is me
ADNAN MENDERES UNIV


Rabia Gizem KALYONCU This is me


Esin POYRAZOĞLU ÇOBAN This is me
ADNAN MENDERES UNIV


H. Halil BIYIK>

Publication Date July 1, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 4, Issue 2

Cite

APA Törün, B. , Kalyoncu, R. G. , Poyrazoğlu Çoban, E. & Bıyık, H. H. (2017). Bacterial Biodiversity of Industrial Soils from Aydın and Trabzon Province . International Journal of Secondary Metabolite , 4 (2) , 90-98 . DOI: 10.21448/ijsm.288229

International Journal of Secondary Metabolite (IJSM)

ISSN-e: 2148-6905