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Morphological Changes of Salicylic Acid Application on Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Seedling under Cold Condition

Year 2019, Volume 6, Issue 4, 342 - 349, 15.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.558442

Abstract

This project was developed to investigate the contribution of salicylic acid (SA) to the development of pepper seedlings grown in low temperature (0 0C) conditions. The research was carried out in the controlled plant growing cabinet in the research- investigation area of the Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Siirt University. As a vegetable material, Urartu F1 pepper type (capia) which is used in greenhouse cultivation has been used. As a dose of different salicylic acid; 0.01 and 0.05 mmol doses were applied. The dose of 0 mmol salicylic acid was used as a control group. Application frequency; It was applied 1 time, 2 times and 3 times.3 different cold application times were also investigated; 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours. The experiment was designed in randomized plots and 3 replications. In the pepper seedlings Rate of Lost Seedling Weight (ROLSW) and Rate of Lost Seedling Length (ROLSL) were investigated. At the end of the research; Both SA applications increased the ROLSW rate according to the control. The application of 0.01 ppm was the SA application with the highest ROLSW rate. The application of 0.01 ppm SA also increased the ROLSL rate compared to the control. The highest ROLSW and ROLSL rates were obtained from 24-hour cold application. There was no statistically significant difference between the frequencies of application.

References

  • [1]. Mitchell, P., Moyle, J. (1967). Acid-base titration across the membrane system of rat-liver mitochondria: Catalysis by uncouplers. Biochemical Journal, 104(2), 588.
  • [2]. Mercado, J.A., Reid, M.S., Valpuesta, V., Quesada, M.A. (1997). Metabolic changes and susceptibility to chilling stress in Capsicum annuum plants grown at suboptimal temperature. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 24, 759–767.
  • [3]. Ansari, M.S., Misra, N. (2007). Miraculous role of salicylic acid in plant and animal system. American Journal of Plant Physiology, 2(1), 51-58.
  • [4]. Jabbarzadeh, Z., Khosh-Khui, M., Salehi, H. (2009). The effect of foliar-applied salicylic acid on flowering of African violet. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(4), 4693-4696.
  • [5]. Kling, G. J., Meyer, Jr, M.M. (1983). Effects of phenolic compounds and indoleacetic acid on adventitious root initiation in cuttings of Phaseolus aureus, Acer saccharinum, and Acer griseum. HortScience, 18, 352-354.
  • [6]. Shettel, N.L., Balke, N.E. (1983). Plant growth response to several allelopathic chemicals. Weed Science, 31(3), 293-298.
  • [7]. Ferrarese, L., Livio, M., Freedman, W., Saha, A., Stetson, P.B., Ford, H.C., Madore, B.F. (1996). Discovery of a Nova in the Virgo Galaxy M100. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 468(2), L95.
  • [8]. Alvarez, M.E. (2000). Salicylic acid in the machinery of hypersensitive cell death and disease resistance. In Programmed Cell Death in Higher Plants, Springer, Dordrecht, Holland, 185-198.
  • [9]. Huang, Y.F., Chen, C. T., Kao, C.H. (1993). Salicylic acid inhibits the biosynthesis of ethylene in detached rice leaves. Plant Growth Regulation, 12(1-2), 79-82.
  • [10]. Srivastava, M.K., Dwivedi, U.N. (2000). Delayed ripening of banana fruit by salicylic acid. Plant Science, 158(1-2), 87-96.
  • [11]. Doares, S.H., Narváez-Vásquez, J., Conconi, A., Ryan, C.A. (1995). Salicylic acid inhibits synthesis of proteinase inhibitors in tomato leaves induced by systemin and jasmonic acid. Plant Physiology, 108(4), 1741-1746.
  • [12]. Ray, S. D. (1986). GA, ABA, phenol interaction in the control of growth: Phenolic compounds as effective modulators of GA-ABA interaction in radish seedlings. Biol. Planta, 28, 361-369.
  • [13]. Apte, P.V., Laloraya, M.M. (1982). Inhibitory action of phenolic compounds on abscisic acid-induced abscission. Journal of Experimental Botany, 33(4), 826-830.
  • [14]. Hayat, S., Ali, B., Ahmad, A. (2007). Salicylic acid: biosynthesis, metabolism and physiological role in plants. In: Hayat S, Ahmad A (eds) Salicylic acid: a plant hormone. Springer, Drodrecht, 1-14.
  • [15]. Anonymous, (2003). Siirt Tarım Master Planı. Tarım ve Köy İşleri Bakanlığı. Siirt Tarım İl Müdürlüğü.
  • [16]. Zielinski, M., Burke, L.A., Samokhvalov, A. (2015). Selective activation of C= C bond in sustainable phenolic compounds from lignin via photooxidation: experiment and density functional theory calculations. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 91(6), 1332-1339.
  • [17]. Canakci, S. (2011). Effects of salicylic acid on growth, biochemical constituents in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seedlings. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 14(4), 300.
  • [18]. Taşgin, E., Atící, Ö. Nalbantoğlu, B. (2003). Effects of salicylic acid and cold on freezing tolerance in winter wheat leaves. Plant Growth Regulation. 41(3), 231-236.
  • [19]. Al-Kraidi, E.H., Al-Dulaimy, R.M. (2017). Effect of spraying with salicylic acid and boron in some yield characteristics and its components for date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cvs. Zahdi and khestawi. Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 268-278.
  • [20]. El-Yazied, A.A. (2011). Effect of foliar application of salicylic acid and chelated zinc on growth and productivity of Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) under autumn planting. Research Journal of Agriculture And Biological Sciences, 7(6), 423-433.
  • [21]. Jassim, N.S., AL-Kooranee, J.T. (2012). Effect of Salicylic acid (SA) against the fungus Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid and development of charecoal Rot disease on Sunflower Helianthus Annuus L. Basrah Journal Agricultural Science, 25(2), 58-71.
  • [22]. Al-Hamdani, S.A., Al-Obeidi, Z.H., Al-Bayati, Y.Y. (2017). The effect of shading and spraying salicylic acid in 2-hoids tomato recipes by using verticai way of training method. Diyala Agricultural Sciences Journal, 9(2), 222-230.
  • [23]. Senaratna, T., Touchell, D., Bunn, E., Dixon, K. (2000). Acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin) and salicylic acid induce multiple stress tolerance in bean and tomato plants. Plant Growth Regulation, 30, 157–161.
  • [24]. Mercado, J.A., Reid, M.S., Valpuesta, V., Quesada, M.A., (1997). Metabolic changes and susceptibility to chilling stress in Capsicum annuum plants grown at suboptimal temperature. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 24, 759–767.
  • [25]. Shakirova, F.M., Sakhabutdinova, A.R., Bezrukova, M.V., Fatkhutdinova, R.A., Fatkhutdinova, D.R. (2003). Changes in the hormonal status of wheat seedlings induced by salicylic acid and salinity. Plant Science, 164(3), 317-322.
  • [26]. Al-Zyadi, Q.A., Mohammolad, S.O. (2018). Effect of planting date and salicylic acid spray on the growth of burdock plant (Arctium lappa L.) and its roots content of quercetin and arctiin compounds. Journal of Al-Muthanna for Agricultural Sciences, 6(1), 56-65.
  • [27]. Aziz, N.K., Saied, A.K.A., Edan, K.A., Ameen, S.K. (2015). Response of Narcissus plant (Narcissus poeticus) to foliar applications of plant growth regulators salicylic acid. Diyala Agricultural Sciences Journal, 7(1), 111-120.
  • [28]. Hameed, Z.H., Salloum, M.O., Kadhim, A.A., Fares, M.A.A. (2015). Effect of water stress and exogenous application of glycine and salicylic acid on the growth and production of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 13(2), 61-69.

Morphological Changes of Salicylic Acid Application on Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Seedling under Cold Condition

Year 2019, Volume 6, Issue 4, 342 - 349, 15.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.558442

Abstract

This project was developed to investigate the contribution of salicylic acid (SA) to the development of pepper seedlings grown in low temperature (0 0C) conditions. The research was carried out in the controlled plant growing cabinet in the research- investigation area of the Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Siirt University. As a vegetable material, Urartu F1 pepper type (capia) which is used in greenhouse cultivation has been used. As a dose of different salicylic acid; 0.01 and 0.05 mmol doses were applied. The dose of 0 mmol salicylic acid was used as a control group. Application frequency; It was applied 1 time, 2 times and 3 times.3 different cold application times were also investigated; 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours. The experiment was designed in randomized plots and 3 replications. In the pepper seedlings Rate of Lost Seedling Weight (ROLSW) and Rate of Lost Seedling Length (ROLSL) were investigated. At the end of the research; Both SA applications increased the ROLSW rate according to the control. The application of 0.01 ppm was the SA application with the highest ROLSW rate. The application of 0.01 ppm SA also increased the ROLSL rate compared to the control. The highest ROLSW and ROLSL rates were obtained from 24-hour cold application. There was no statistically significant difference between the frequencies of application.

References

  • [1]. Mitchell, P., Moyle, J. (1967). Acid-base titration across the membrane system of rat-liver mitochondria: Catalysis by uncouplers. Biochemical Journal, 104(2), 588.
  • [2]. Mercado, J.A., Reid, M.S., Valpuesta, V., Quesada, M.A. (1997). Metabolic changes and susceptibility to chilling stress in Capsicum annuum plants grown at suboptimal temperature. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 24, 759–767.
  • [3]. Ansari, M.S., Misra, N. (2007). Miraculous role of salicylic acid in plant and animal system. American Journal of Plant Physiology, 2(1), 51-58.
  • [4]. Jabbarzadeh, Z., Khosh-Khui, M., Salehi, H. (2009). The effect of foliar-applied salicylic acid on flowering of African violet. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(4), 4693-4696.
  • [5]. Kling, G. J., Meyer, Jr, M.M. (1983). Effects of phenolic compounds and indoleacetic acid on adventitious root initiation in cuttings of Phaseolus aureus, Acer saccharinum, and Acer griseum. HortScience, 18, 352-354.
  • [6]. Shettel, N.L., Balke, N.E. (1983). Plant growth response to several allelopathic chemicals. Weed Science, 31(3), 293-298.
  • [7]. Ferrarese, L., Livio, M., Freedman, W., Saha, A., Stetson, P.B., Ford, H.C., Madore, B.F. (1996). Discovery of a Nova in the Virgo Galaxy M100. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 468(2), L95.
  • [8]. Alvarez, M.E. (2000). Salicylic acid in the machinery of hypersensitive cell death and disease resistance. In Programmed Cell Death in Higher Plants, Springer, Dordrecht, Holland, 185-198.
  • [9]. Huang, Y.F., Chen, C. T., Kao, C.H. (1993). Salicylic acid inhibits the biosynthesis of ethylene in detached rice leaves. Plant Growth Regulation, 12(1-2), 79-82.
  • [10]. Srivastava, M.K., Dwivedi, U.N. (2000). Delayed ripening of banana fruit by salicylic acid. Plant Science, 158(1-2), 87-96.
  • [11]. Doares, S.H., Narváez-Vásquez, J., Conconi, A., Ryan, C.A. (1995). Salicylic acid inhibits synthesis of proteinase inhibitors in tomato leaves induced by systemin and jasmonic acid. Plant Physiology, 108(4), 1741-1746.
  • [12]. Ray, S. D. (1986). GA, ABA, phenol interaction in the control of growth: Phenolic compounds as effective modulators of GA-ABA interaction in radish seedlings. Biol. Planta, 28, 361-369.
  • [13]. Apte, P.V., Laloraya, M.M. (1982). Inhibitory action of phenolic compounds on abscisic acid-induced abscission. Journal of Experimental Botany, 33(4), 826-830.
  • [14]. Hayat, S., Ali, B., Ahmad, A. (2007). Salicylic acid: biosynthesis, metabolism and physiological role in plants. In: Hayat S, Ahmad A (eds) Salicylic acid: a plant hormone. Springer, Drodrecht, 1-14.
  • [15]. Anonymous, (2003). Siirt Tarım Master Planı. Tarım ve Köy İşleri Bakanlığı. Siirt Tarım İl Müdürlüğü.
  • [16]. Zielinski, M., Burke, L.A., Samokhvalov, A. (2015). Selective activation of C= C bond in sustainable phenolic compounds from lignin via photooxidation: experiment and density functional theory calculations. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 91(6), 1332-1339.
  • [17]. Canakci, S. (2011). Effects of salicylic acid on growth, biochemical constituents in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seedlings. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 14(4), 300.
  • [18]. Taşgin, E., Atící, Ö. Nalbantoğlu, B. (2003). Effects of salicylic acid and cold on freezing tolerance in winter wheat leaves. Plant Growth Regulation. 41(3), 231-236.
  • [19]. Al-Kraidi, E.H., Al-Dulaimy, R.M. (2017). Effect of spraying with salicylic acid and boron in some yield characteristics and its components for date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cvs. Zahdi and khestawi. Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 268-278.
  • [20]. El-Yazied, A.A. (2011). Effect of foliar application of salicylic acid and chelated zinc on growth and productivity of Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) under autumn planting. Research Journal of Agriculture And Biological Sciences, 7(6), 423-433.
  • [21]. Jassim, N.S., AL-Kooranee, J.T. (2012). Effect of Salicylic acid (SA) against the fungus Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid and development of charecoal Rot disease on Sunflower Helianthus Annuus L. Basrah Journal Agricultural Science, 25(2), 58-71.
  • [22]. Al-Hamdani, S.A., Al-Obeidi, Z.H., Al-Bayati, Y.Y. (2017). The effect of shading and spraying salicylic acid in 2-hoids tomato recipes by using verticai way of training method. Diyala Agricultural Sciences Journal, 9(2), 222-230.
  • [23]. Senaratna, T., Touchell, D., Bunn, E., Dixon, K. (2000). Acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin) and salicylic acid induce multiple stress tolerance in bean and tomato plants. Plant Growth Regulation, 30, 157–161.
  • [24]. Mercado, J.A., Reid, M.S., Valpuesta, V., Quesada, M.A., (1997). Metabolic changes and susceptibility to chilling stress in Capsicum annuum plants grown at suboptimal temperature. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 24, 759–767.
  • [25]. Shakirova, F.M., Sakhabutdinova, A.R., Bezrukova, M.V., Fatkhutdinova, R.A., Fatkhutdinova, D.R. (2003). Changes in the hormonal status of wheat seedlings induced by salicylic acid and salinity. Plant Science, 164(3), 317-322.
  • [26]. Al-Zyadi, Q.A., Mohammolad, S.O. (2018). Effect of planting date and salicylic acid spray on the growth of burdock plant (Arctium lappa L.) and its roots content of quercetin and arctiin compounds. Journal of Al-Muthanna for Agricultural Sciences, 6(1), 56-65.
  • [27]. Aziz, N.K., Saied, A.K.A., Edan, K.A., Ameen, S.K. (2015). Response of Narcissus plant (Narcissus poeticus) to foliar applications of plant growth regulators salicylic acid. Diyala Agricultural Sciences Journal, 7(1), 111-120.
  • [28]. Hameed, Z.H., Salloum, M.O., Kadhim, A.A., Fares, M.A.A. (2015). Effect of water stress and exogenous application of glycine and salicylic acid on the growth and production of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). Anbar Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 13(2), 61-69.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology
Published Date December
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Mohammed AHMED AHMED This is me
SIIRT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-1481-8298
Türkiye


Muhemet Zeki KARİPÇİN> (Primary Author)
SIIRT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-0105-6052
Türkiye


Fikret YAŞAR>
Van Yüzüncü Yıl University
0000-0001-6598-8580
Türkiye

Publication Date January 15, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 6, Issue 4

Cite

APA Ahmed Ahmed, M. , Karipçin, M. Z. & Yaşar, F. (2020). Morphological Changes of Salicylic Acid Application on Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Seedling under Cold Condition . International Journal of Secondary Metabolite , 6 (4) , 342-349 . DOI: 10.21448/ijsm.558442

International Journal of Secondary Metabolite (IJSM)

ISSN-e: 2148-6905