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Soil Properties and Mineral Nutrients of Clementine Mandarine (Citrus reticulata Blanco) Grown in the Koycegiz Region of Mugla Province

Year 2019, Volume 6, Issue 4, 323 - 332, 15.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.639215

Abstract

Soil properties of the samples from orchards and the nutrients (macro- and microelements) in the clementine mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco), widely grown in the Köyceğiz region of Muğla Province Turkey, were studied. Mandarin tree leaves and soil samples were collected from 10 different orchards. The soil samples were analyzed for its pH, CaCO3, EC, sand, organic matter, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu) and boron (B) while leaves were analyzed for its macro- and microelements. The results obtained from soil analysis showed suitable amount of calcium carbonate and EC. Analysis of the soil showed that organic matter, N, K and Mn were insufficient in all orchards, while Fe was higher in amount. Slight alkaline, strong alkaline and neutral pHs were determined in the orchards. Besides, the leaf samples collected from the orchards reflected deficient amount of N and Ca while higher amount of Mg and Fe.

References

  • [1]. Çetinkaya, O., Sümer, A., Sungur, A., Adiloğlu, S., Akbulak, C. (2010). Aşağı Kara Menderes Havzası Topraklarının Alınabilir Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn Durumu ve Yersel Dağılımı, 5. Bitki Besleme ve Gübre Kongresi, 15-17 Eylül, İzmir, Türkiye, 695.
  • [2]. Sönmez, S., Orman, Ș., Çıtak, S., Oğuz, I.K., Kalkan, H., Uras, D.S., Ok, H., Özsayın Çıtak, S., Yılmaz, E., Sonmez, N.K., Kaplan, M. (2014). Determination of nutritional status of citrus orchards in Kumluca and Finike regions, Akdeniz Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 27(1), 51-59.
  • [3]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (2017). (http://faostat.fao.org) (Access Time: 29.05.2017).
  • [4]. Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu (TÜİK) (2016). Bitkisel Üretim İstatistikleri.
  • [5]. Anonim (2004). Muğla İli Bahçe Bitkileri Meyve Üretimi, Muğla Valiliği İl Çevre ve Orman Müdürlüğü, Çevre Durum Raporu, Muğla.
  • [6]. T.C. Gıda Tarım Ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı (2012). Tarım Bülteni, Haziran 2012, 77, 1-16.
  • [7]. Güney Ege Kalkınma Ajansı (GEKA) (2009). Muğla İli Narenciye Yatırım Raporu.
  • [8]. Chapman, H.D. (1973). Diagnostic criteria for plants and soils, Riverside, Division of Agricultural Sciences, University of California, 610-621.
  • [9]. Kacar, B., İnal, A. (2008). Bitki Analizleri. 1. Basım, Nobel Yayın Dağıtım, Ankara, 892.
  • [10]. Bouyoucos, G.J. (1952). A recalibration of the hydrometer for making mechanic analysis of soils. Agron., Jour., 43, 434-438.
  • [11]. Jackson, M.L. (1958). Soil Chemical Analysis. PrenticeHall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N. H., 141-146.
  • [12]. Walkey, A., Black, L.A. (1934). An examination of the degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science, 37, 29-38.
  • [13]. Allison, L.E., Moodie C.D. (1965) Carbonate, Methods of soil analysis. Wisconsin, U.S.A., 9, 1379-1400.
  • [14]. Keeney, D.R., Bremner, J.M. (1967). Use of coleman model 29A analyzer for total nitrogen analysis of soils. Soil Science, 104, 358-363.
  • [15]. Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S., Dean, L.A. (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate (No:939). US. Dept. of Agriculture.
  • [16]. Thomas, G.T. (1982). Exchangeable cations, U.S.A., Methods of soil analysis, 9, 159-165.
  • [17]. Lindsay, W.L., Norvell, W.A. (1978). Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Sci Soc Am J., 42, 421-428.
  • [18]. Less, R. (1971). Laboratory Handbook of Methods of Food Analiysis. Leonard Hill Boks, London.
  • [19]. Kacar, B. (1972). Bitki ve Toprağın Kimyasal Analizleri (II. Bitki Analizleri). Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları, Ankara.
  • [20]. Mendilcioğlu K. (2000). Subtropik İklim Meyveleri. Ege Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fak., Ders Notları, İzmir.
  • [21]. Waters, W.E., NeSmith, J., Geraldson, C.M., Woltz, S.S. (1972). The interpretation of soluble salt tests and soil analysis by different produces. Florida, Flower Grower, 9(4), 5.
  • [22]. Anonymous (1988). Yaprak ve Toprak Analiz Metotları II. T.C. Tarım ve Köyişleri Bakanlığı Zeytincilik Araştırma Enstitüsü, Bitki Besleme Bölümü, s. 26, İzmir.
  • [23]. Saatci, N., Mur, B.Y. (2000). Relationships between the concentrations of iron, macro and micro nutrients in Satsuma Mandarine leaves (Citrus reticulata Blanco). J. Plant Nutr., 23 (11-12), 1745-1750.
  • [24]. Hakerlerler, H., Anaç, D., Okur, B., Saatçi, N. (1994). Gümüldür ve Balçova’daki satsuma mandarin bahçelerinde ağır metal kirliliğinin araştırılması. Ege Üni. Arş. Fonu, Proje No: 92, İzmir, 47.
  • [25]. Li, Y., Han, M.Q., Lin, F., Ten, Y., Lin, J., Zhu, D.H., Guo, P., Weng, Y.B., Chen, L.S. (2015). Soil chemical properties, ‘Guanximiyou’ pummelo leaf mineral nutrient status and fruit quality in the southern region of Fujian province, China. J Soıl Scı Plant Nut., 15(3), 615-628.
  • [26]. Kılıç, C. (1997). Gümüldür Büyük Alan Mevkiindeki Turunçgil Bahçelerinin Beslenme Durumunun İncelenmesi. MSc Thesis, Ege University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science, Department of Soil Science, İzmir, 85.
  • [27]. Surwase, S.A., Kadu, P.R., Patil, D.S. (2016). Soil micronutrient status and fruit quality of orange orchards in kalmeshwar tahsil district nagpur. Journal Of Global Biosciences, 5(1), 3523-3533.
  • [28]. Sezen, Y. (1995). Gübreler ve Gübreleme. Atatürk Üniv., Yay. No: 679, Zir. Fak. Yay. No: 303, Ders Kitapları Serisi No: 55, Erzurum.
  • [29]. Papadakis, I.E., Protopapadakis, E., Dimassi, K.N., Therios, I.N. (2004). Nutritional status, yield, and fruit quality of ‘‘encore’’ mandarin trees grown in two sites of an orchard with different soil properties. J. Plant Nutr., 27(9), 1505–1515.
  • [30]. Cakmak, I., Cinar, A., Önelge, N., Derici, R., Torun, B., (2003), Çukuorva bölgesinde turunçgil bahçelerinin mineral beslenme düzeyinin toprak ve yaprak analizleriyle irdelenmesi, TUBİTAK, TOGTAG/TARP- 2667-1 numaralı Araştırma Projesi, 108.
  • [31]. Toplu, C., Uygur, V., Kaplankiran, M., Demirkeser, T.H., Yildiz, E. (2010). Leaf mineral composition of ‘nova’, ‘robinson’ and ‘fremont’ mandarin cultivars on different rootstocks. J. Plant Nutr., 33(4), 602-612.
  • [32]. Jian, S., Qing, Li, M., Xiezhong, C. (2014). Newhall navel orange leaf mineral nutrient contents of suitable value research. Gardening Journal, 41(6), 16.
  • [33]. Erdal, İ., Kepenek, K., Kızılgöz, İ. (2005). Effect of elemental sulphur and sulphur containing waste on the iron nutriton of strawberry plants grown in a calcareous soil. Biol Agric Hortic., 23(3), 263-272.
  • [34]. Ranjha, A. M., Akram, M., Mehdi, S.M., Sadiq, M., Sarfraz, M., Hassan G. (2002). Nutritional status of Citrus Orchards in Sahiwal District. J. Biol. Sci., 2(7), 453-458.
  • [35]. Kaplankıran, M., Demirkeser, T.H., Toplu, C., Ülbegi, E., Uysal, M. (1999). Valensiya portakallarında anaç kalem ilişkilerinin yapraklardaki bitki besin maddelerine etkileri. Türkiye III. Ulusal Bahçe Bitkileri Kongresi, 14-17 Eylül, Ankara, 93-97.
  • [36]. Aybaba, Ş. (2010). Gemlik zeytin çeşidinde dal eğme ile birlikte yapraktan bor ve çinko uygulamalarının meyve verimi ve kalite üzerine etkisi, MSc Thesis, Çukurova University, Institute Of Natural And Applied Sciences, Department Of Horticulture, Adana, 63.
  • [37]. Anonim. (1980). Soil and Plant Testing and Analysis as a Basis of Fertilizer Recommendations. F.A.O., Soils Bulletin, 38 (2), 95.

Soil Properties and Mineral Nutrients of Clementine Mandarine (Citrus reticulata Blanco) Grown in the Koycegiz Region of Mugla Province

Year 2019, Volume 6, Issue 4, 323 - 332, 15.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.639215

Abstract

Soil properties of the samples from orchards and the nutrients (macro- and microelements) in the clementine mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco), widely grown in the Köyceğiz region of Muğla Province Turkey, were studied. Mandarin tree leaves and soil samples were collected from 10 different orchards. The soil samples were analyzed for its pH, CaCO3, EC, sand, organic matter, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu) and boron (B) while leaves were analyzed for its macro- and microelements. The results obtained from soil analysis showed suitable amount of calcium carbonate and EC. Analysis of the soil showed that organic matter, N, K and Mn were insufficient in all orchards, while Fe was higher in amount. Slight alkaline, strong alkaline and neutral pHs were determined in the orchards. Besides, the leaf samples collected from the orchards reflected deficient amount of N and Ca while higher amount of Mg and Fe.

References

  • [1]. Çetinkaya, O., Sümer, A., Sungur, A., Adiloğlu, S., Akbulak, C. (2010). Aşağı Kara Menderes Havzası Topraklarının Alınabilir Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn Durumu ve Yersel Dağılımı, 5. Bitki Besleme ve Gübre Kongresi, 15-17 Eylül, İzmir, Türkiye, 695.
  • [2]. Sönmez, S., Orman, Ș., Çıtak, S., Oğuz, I.K., Kalkan, H., Uras, D.S., Ok, H., Özsayın Çıtak, S., Yılmaz, E., Sonmez, N.K., Kaplan, M. (2014). Determination of nutritional status of citrus orchards in Kumluca and Finike regions, Akdeniz Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 27(1), 51-59.
  • [3]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (2017). (http://faostat.fao.org) (Access Time: 29.05.2017).
  • [4]. Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu (TÜİK) (2016). Bitkisel Üretim İstatistikleri.
  • [5]. Anonim (2004). Muğla İli Bahçe Bitkileri Meyve Üretimi, Muğla Valiliği İl Çevre ve Orman Müdürlüğü, Çevre Durum Raporu, Muğla.
  • [6]. T.C. Gıda Tarım Ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı (2012). Tarım Bülteni, Haziran 2012, 77, 1-16.
  • [7]. Güney Ege Kalkınma Ajansı (GEKA) (2009). Muğla İli Narenciye Yatırım Raporu.
  • [8]. Chapman, H.D. (1973). Diagnostic criteria for plants and soils, Riverside, Division of Agricultural Sciences, University of California, 610-621.
  • [9]. Kacar, B., İnal, A. (2008). Bitki Analizleri. 1. Basım, Nobel Yayın Dağıtım, Ankara, 892.
  • [10]. Bouyoucos, G.J. (1952). A recalibration of the hydrometer for making mechanic analysis of soils. Agron., Jour., 43, 434-438.
  • [11]. Jackson, M.L. (1958). Soil Chemical Analysis. PrenticeHall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N. H., 141-146.
  • [12]. Walkey, A., Black, L.A. (1934). An examination of the degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science, 37, 29-38.
  • [13]. Allison, L.E., Moodie C.D. (1965) Carbonate, Methods of soil analysis. Wisconsin, U.S.A., 9, 1379-1400.
  • [14]. Keeney, D.R., Bremner, J.M. (1967). Use of coleman model 29A analyzer for total nitrogen analysis of soils. Soil Science, 104, 358-363.
  • [15]. Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S., Dean, L.A. (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate (No:939). US. Dept. of Agriculture.
  • [16]. Thomas, G.T. (1982). Exchangeable cations, U.S.A., Methods of soil analysis, 9, 159-165.
  • [17]. Lindsay, W.L., Norvell, W.A. (1978). Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Sci Soc Am J., 42, 421-428.
  • [18]. Less, R. (1971). Laboratory Handbook of Methods of Food Analiysis. Leonard Hill Boks, London.
  • [19]. Kacar, B. (1972). Bitki ve Toprağın Kimyasal Analizleri (II. Bitki Analizleri). Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları, Ankara.
  • [20]. Mendilcioğlu K. (2000). Subtropik İklim Meyveleri. Ege Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fak., Ders Notları, İzmir.
  • [21]. Waters, W.E., NeSmith, J., Geraldson, C.M., Woltz, S.S. (1972). The interpretation of soluble salt tests and soil analysis by different produces. Florida, Flower Grower, 9(4), 5.
  • [22]. Anonymous (1988). Yaprak ve Toprak Analiz Metotları II. T.C. Tarım ve Köyişleri Bakanlığı Zeytincilik Araştırma Enstitüsü, Bitki Besleme Bölümü, s. 26, İzmir.
  • [23]. Saatci, N., Mur, B.Y. (2000). Relationships between the concentrations of iron, macro and micro nutrients in Satsuma Mandarine leaves (Citrus reticulata Blanco). J. Plant Nutr., 23 (11-12), 1745-1750.
  • [24]. Hakerlerler, H., Anaç, D., Okur, B., Saatçi, N. (1994). Gümüldür ve Balçova’daki satsuma mandarin bahçelerinde ağır metal kirliliğinin araştırılması. Ege Üni. Arş. Fonu, Proje No: 92, İzmir, 47.
  • [25]. Li, Y., Han, M.Q., Lin, F., Ten, Y., Lin, J., Zhu, D.H., Guo, P., Weng, Y.B., Chen, L.S. (2015). Soil chemical properties, ‘Guanximiyou’ pummelo leaf mineral nutrient status and fruit quality in the southern region of Fujian province, China. J Soıl Scı Plant Nut., 15(3), 615-628.
  • [26]. Kılıç, C. (1997). Gümüldür Büyük Alan Mevkiindeki Turunçgil Bahçelerinin Beslenme Durumunun İncelenmesi. MSc Thesis, Ege University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science, Department of Soil Science, İzmir, 85.
  • [27]. Surwase, S.A., Kadu, P.R., Patil, D.S. (2016). Soil micronutrient status and fruit quality of orange orchards in kalmeshwar tahsil district nagpur. Journal Of Global Biosciences, 5(1), 3523-3533.
  • [28]. Sezen, Y. (1995). Gübreler ve Gübreleme. Atatürk Üniv., Yay. No: 679, Zir. Fak. Yay. No: 303, Ders Kitapları Serisi No: 55, Erzurum.
  • [29]. Papadakis, I.E., Protopapadakis, E., Dimassi, K.N., Therios, I.N. (2004). Nutritional status, yield, and fruit quality of ‘‘encore’’ mandarin trees grown in two sites of an orchard with different soil properties. J. Plant Nutr., 27(9), 1505–1515.
  • [30]. Cakmak, I., Cinar, A., Önelge, N., Derici, R., Torun, B., (2003), Çukuorva bölgesinde turunçgil bahçelerinin mineral beslenme düzeyinin toprak ve yaprak analizleriyle irdelenmesi, TUBİTAK, TOGTAG/TARP- 2667-1 numaralı Araştırma Projesi, 108.
  • [31]. Toplu, C., Uygur, V., Kaplankiran, M., Demirkeser, T.H., Yildiz, E. (2010). Leaf mineral composition of ‘nova’, ‘robinson’ and ‘fremont’ mandarin cultivars on different rootstocks. J. Plant Nutr., 33(4), 602-612.
  • [32]. Jian, S., Qing, Li, M., Xiezhong, C. (2014). Newhall navel orange leaf mineral nutrient contents of suitable value research. Gardening Journal, 41(6), 16.
  • [33]. Erdal, İ., Kepenek, K., Kızılgöz, İ. (2005). Effect of elemental sulphur and sulphur containing waste on the iron nutriton of strawberry plants grown in a calcareous soil. Biol Agric Hortic., 23(3), 263-272.
  • [34]. Ranjha, A. M., Akram, M., Mehdi, S.M., Sadiq, M., Sarfraz, M., Hassan G. (2002). Nutritional status of Citrus Orchards in Sahiwal District. J. Biol. Sci., 2(7), 453-458.
  • [35]. Kaplankıran, M., Demirkeser, T.H., Toplu, C., Ülbegi, E., Uysal, M. (1999). Valensiya portakallarında anaç kalem ilişkilerinin yapraklardaki bitki besin maddelerine etkileri. Türkiye III. Ulusal Bahçe Bitkileri Kongresi, 14-17 Eylül, Ankara, 93-97.
  • [36]. Aybaba, Ş. (2010). Gemlik zeytin çeşidinde dal eğme ile birlikte yapraktan bor ve çinko uygulamalarının meyve verimi ve kalite üzerine etkisi, MSc Thesis, Çukurova University, Institute Of Natural And Applied Sciences, Department Of Horticulture, Adana, 63.
  • [37]. Anonim. (1980). Soil and Plant Testing and Analysis as a Basis of Fertilizer Recommendations. F.A.O., Soils Bulletin, 38 (2), 95.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology
Published Date December
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Mahmut YILDIZTEKİN> (Primary Author)
Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University
0000-0002-0206-0117
Türkiye


Semir KUZU This is me
MUGLA SITKI KOCMAN UNIVERSITY, INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE
0000-0002-0206-0117
Türkiye

Supporting Institution BAP (Scientific Research Projects) Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University Muğla Turkey
Project Number BAP-2015/078
Thanks We are thankful to the BAP (Scientific Research Projects) Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University Muğla Turkey (Project No: BAP-2015/078) for their financial support. Also, the authors would like to thank Prof. Dr. Atilla Levent TUNA for technical writing assistance.
Publication Date January 15, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 6, Issue 4

Cite

APA Yıldıztekin, M. & Kuzu, S. (2020). Soil Properties and Mineral Nutrients of Clementine Mandarine (Citrus reticulata Blanco) Grown in the Koycegiz Region of Mugla Province . International Journal of Secondary Metabolite , 6 (4) , 323-332 . DOI: 10.21448/ijsm.639215

International Journal of Secondary Metabolite (IJSM)

ISSN-e: 2148-6905