The elaboration of the present paper starts from the idea of the interdependence between the state of health of the population and the economy of a state, namely, that, on the one hand, the financial resources existing in the health sector can improve the health of the population and, on the other hand, healthy people will have labour, an aspect that contributes to economic growth. Thus, the main hypothesis on which the work is based is that a way of efficiently financing the healthcare sector can lead, in the long run, to improving the health of the population. The main purpose of this article is to analyse the financing modalities of the health sector in the EU Member States as well as the percentage contribution of each form of funding to the types of services provided to the population; the analysis of this aspect is useful given that the way in which the health sector finances directly influences the range and quality of health services provided to the population. The research methodology used combines the qualitative and quantitative method; the qualitative method supports the revision of the specialized literature, which is based on a series of largely conceptual studies, international studies, which present a fundamental theoretical orientation related to the concept, policies and financing modalities of the health sector. The quantitative method is based on grouping method, comparison method, indicator method, data analysis methods using statistical techniques such as graphs and tables; the data required for quantitative analysis were collected from official sources, www.ec.europa.eu. Health system financing accounts for more than 10% of GDP in the most developed countries, so one of the conclusions is that the choice of funding method determines the type of organization of the health system, who has access to health care, the cost of such care, productive efficiency and, last but not least, the quality of the services offered.
Economy, Financing, Health Sector