Year 2017, Volume 2 , Issue 6, Pages 1 - 10 2017-10-15

Bilgi ve İletişim Teknolojileri (BIT) ve Yolsuzluk Düzeyi: Panel Veri Analizinden Ampirik Kanıt
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Corruption Level: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis

Cuneyt Koyuncu [1] , Mustafa Ünver [2]


Son yıllarda literatürde kamu ve özel sektörle ilişkili yolsuzluk problemlerinin çözümü üzerine yapılan çalışmalara olan ilginin arttığı görülmektedir. Diğer taraftan; günümüzde BİT’lerdeki (Bilgi İletişim Teknolojileri) dönüşüm ile ilişkili teknolojideki hızlı gelişme literatürde yapılan çalışmalardan gözlemlenmektedir. Bu süreçte, bu tür teknolojiler yolsuzluğa karşı uygulanan politikalara destek olmuştur. Bu desteğe ek olarak, BİT ve yolsuzluk arasındaki ilişkiyi inceleyen ampirik çalışmaların hala az bulunur olduğu görülmektedir. Bu bağlamda; 2002-2012 dönemi için 177 ülkede tek değişkenli ve çok değişkenli panel veri analizleri kullanan bu çalışma BİT teknolojilerinin, bir ülkenin yolsuzluk düzeyini azaltıp azaltmadığı konusuna odaklanmıştır. Çalışma, ülkelerin BİT teknolojilerindeki gelişmelerin kamu kurumları açısından yolsuzluk seviyesini belirlediğini varsaymaktadır. Ayrıca çalışma; internet, cep telefonu, bilgisayar ve sabit genişbandın dahil olduğu dört BİT göstergesi ve iki yolsuzluk endeksini modellerinde kullanmıştır. Analiz sonuçlarına göre; modellere dahil edilen BİT teknolojilerinin tüm çeşitlerinin iki yolsuzluk endeksinde bir azalışa neden olduğu gözlenmiştir. Diğer taraftan; çalışmadaki modellerin sağlamlığını kontrol etmek için dört araç değişken daha modellere dahil edilmiştir. Bu bağlamda; yoksulluk ve enflasyon değişkenlerinin yolsuzluk üzerinde istatistiksel olarak anlamlı pozitif yönde etkisi varken; ticari açıklık ve doğrudan yabancı sermaye yatırımları değişkenlerinin yolsuzluk üzerinde istatistiksel olarak anlamlı negatif yönde bir etkisinin olduğu sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. 

In recent years, there have been great interest for solving corruption problems associated with public and private sector. On the other hand, nowadays the rapid development of technology related to transformation in the ICT technologies is observed from many sources in the literature. In this process, implementations of anticorruption policies have been helped by these technologies. In addition to this support, the empirical analyses on relationships between ICT and corruption are still scarce. In this regard, this paper focuses whether ICT technologies reduces corruption, adopting univariate and multivariate models with panel data in 177 countries for the period 2002-2012. It assumes that developments in ICT technologies of countries determine greatly their level of corruption in terms of public institutions. Moreover, we employ four ICT indicators, including internet, cell phone, computer and fixed broadband and two corruption indexes. The results indicate that all of these technologies cause a decrease in the two corruption indexes. On the other hand, we also include four more instrumental variables to check the robust of our models. In this regard, the results showed that trade openness and FDI have a negative and statistically significant relationship with the corruption while poverty and inflation have a positive, statistically significant effect on the corruption.     

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Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Cuneyt Koyuncu
Institution: BİLECİK ŞEYH EDEBALİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Author: Mustafa Ünver
Institution: Kırıkkale University

Dates

Publication Date : October 15, 2017

Bibtex @research article { isrjournal322734, journal = {The Journal of International Scientific Researches}, issn = {2458-8725}, address = {}, publisher = {Salih YILDIZ}, year = {2017}, volume = {2}, pages = {1 - 10}, doi = {10.23834/isrjournal.322734}, title = {Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Corruption Level: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis}, key = {cite}, author = {Koyuncu, Cuneyt and Ünver, Mustafa} }
APA Koyuncu, C , Ünver, M . (2017). Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Corruption Level: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis. The Journal of International Scientific Researches , 2 (6) , 1-10 . DOI: 10.23834/isrjournal.322734
MLA Koyuncu, C , Ünver, M . "Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Corruption Level: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis". The Journal of International Scientific Researches 2 (2017 ): 1-10 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/isrjournal/issue/31368/322734>
Chicago Koyuncu, C , Ünver, M . "Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Corruption Level: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis". The Journal of International Scientific Researches 2 (2017 ): 1-10
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Corruption Level: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis AU - Cuneyt Koyuncu , Mustafa Ünver Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.23834/isrjournal.322734 DO - 10.23834/isrjournal.322734 T2 - The Journal of International Scientific Researches JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 10 VL - 2 IS - 6 SN - 2458-8725- M3 - doi: 10.23834/isrjournal.322734 UR - https://doi.org/10.23834/isrjournal.322734 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 The Journal of International Scientific Researches Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Corruption Level: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis %A Cuneyt Koyuncu , Mustafa Ünver %T Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Corruption Level: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis %D 2017 %J The Journal of International Scientific Researches %P 2458-8725- %V 2 %N 6 %R doi: 10.23834/isrjournal.322734 %U 10.23834/isrjournal.322734
ISNAD Koyuncu, Cuneyt , Ünver, Mustafa . "Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Corruption Level: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis". The Journal of International Scientific Researches 2 / 6 (October 2017): 1-10 . https://doi.org/10.23834/isrjournal.322734
AMA Koyuncu C , Ünver M . Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Corruption Level: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis. ISRjournal. 2017; 2(6): 1-10.
Vancouver Koyuncu C , Ünver M . Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Corruption Level: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis. The Journal of International Scientific Researches. 2017; 2(6): 10-1.