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Lise Öğrencilerinin Atletizm Sporuna Olan Farkındalıklarının Araştırılması: Bir Saha Çalışması - IAAF Dünya Atletizm Şampiyonası

Year 2018, Volume: 3 Issue: 1, 1 - 10, 05.04.2018
https://doi.org/10.23834/isrjournal.385986

Abstract

Bu çalışma
Uluslararası Atletizm Federasyonu tarafından düzenlenen Dünya Atletizm
Şampiyonasının ev sahibi şehirdeki lise öğrencileri üzerinde bu spora karşı bir
farkındalık yaratıp yaratmadığını ortaya koymayı amaçlamaktadır. Bunun için
turnuva öncesi ve sonrası olmak kaydıyla toplam 5265 öğrenci ile bir anket
çalışması gerçekleştirilmiştir. Sorular bu spora öğrencilerin aktif olarak
katılımcı ve izleyici olmaları durumuna göre iki grupta oluşturulmuştur.  Çalışmanın en temel bulgularından birisi
ortaya koymaktadır ki öğrencilerin atletizm etkinliklerine katılmasına en büyük
iki engel atletizme ilgilerinin ve zamanlarının olmayışıdır. Ayrıca, ankete
katılan öğrencilerin %25’inden fazlası atletizm tesissilerinin eksikliğinden ve
atletizm etkinliklerine nasıl katılacaklarını bilmeyişinden dolayı
katılamadığını bildirmiştir. Bir diğer önemli bulgu ise atletizme ilgisi olan
kız öğrencilerin atletizmi öğrenme ve katılma isteklerinin erkek öğrencilerden
çok daha fazla olmasıdır. Ayrıca söz konusu bu turnuvanın ankete katılan
öğrenciler üzerinde bu spora ait farkındalıklarını arttırdığı gözlemlenmiştir.
Dolayısıyla bu noktada yerel ve hükümet yöneticileri gençlerin sportif
faaliyetler katılımlarını arttırmak için bu tür turnuvaların bölgelerinde çokça
düzenlenmesini sağlamalıdırlar.

References

  • Allison, P. D. (2012). Logistic regression using SAS: Theory and application (2nd ed.). Car, NC: SAS Institute Inc.
  • Berber, S., Turco, D. M., & Tinaz, C. (2012). A love game? Tennis, tourism and Turkey. 2nd Interdisciplinary Tourism Research Conference, 24-29 April, Fethiye, Turkey, 106–111.
  • Chen, S., Synder, S. & Magner, M. (2010). The effects of sport participation on student-athletes’ and non-athlete students’ social life and ıdentity. Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 3, 176-193.
  • Deccio, C., & Baloglu, S. (2002). Nonhost community resident reactions to the 2002 Winter Olympics: The spillover impacts. Journal of Travel Research, 41(1), 46–56.
  • Giampiccoli, A., Lee, S. S., & Nauright, J. (2015). Destination South Africa: Comparing global sports mega-events and recurring localised sports events in South Africa for tourism and economic development. Current Issues in Tourism, 18(3), 229-248.
  • Goeldner, C. R., & Long, P. T. (1987). The role and impact of mega- events and attractions on tourism development in North America. Proceedings of the 37th congress of AIEST, 23-29 August, Calgary, Canada, 119–131.
  • Hiller, H. H. (1998). Assessing the impact of mega-events: A linkage model. Current Issues in Tourism, 1(1), 47-57.
  • Hohepa, M., Scragg, R., Schofield, G., Kolt, G. S., & Schaaf, D. (2007). Social support for youth physical activity: Importance of siblings, parents, friends and school support across a segmented school day. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 4(1), 54-62.
  • Kao, C., Turco, D. M. & Wu, C. (2010). Taipei residents’ perceptions of social impacts from the 2009 Summer Deaflympic Games. European Association for Sport Management (EASM) Conference, 15-18 September, Prague, Chezch Republic, 49.
  • Kim, M. K., Kim, S. K., Park, J. A., Carroll, M., Yu, J. G., & Na, K. (2017). Measuring the economic impacts of major sports events: the case of Formula One Grand Prix (F1). Asia pacific journal of tourism research, 22(1), 64-73.
  • Kim, S. S., & Petrick, J. F. (2005). Residents’ perceptions on impacts of the FIFA 2002 World Cup: The case of Seoul as a host city. Tourism Management, 26(1), 25-38.
  • King, C., Heo, J., Hji-Avgoustis, S., & Lee, I. (2012). Residents’ perceptions of sport tourism and quality of life: The case of Indianapolis. Journal of Tourism Challenges and Trends, 5(1), 9-20.
  • Kou I.T., Luo J.M., Chau K.Y. (2018) Impact factor of development of entertainment tourism in Macau—Industry perspective. In: V. Katsoni, & K. Velander (Eds), Innovative Approaches to Tourism and Leisure. Proceedings in Business and Economics (pp. 391-404). Doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-67603-6_30
  • Lee, C. K., & Taylor, T. (2005). Critical reflections on the economic impact assessment of a mega-event: The case of 2002 FIFA World Cup. Tourism Management, 26(4), 595-603.
  • Matsudo, S. M., Matsudo, V. R., Andrade, D. R., Araújo, T. L., Andrade, E., de Oliveira, L., & Braggion, G. (2004). Physical activity promotion: Experiences and evaluation of the Agita São Paulo Program using the ecological mobile model. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 1(2), 81-97.
  • Melnick, M. J. (1993). Searching for sociability in the stands: A theory of sports spectating. Journal of Sport Management, 7(1), 44-60
  • Mihalik, B. J., & Simonette, L. (1998). Resident perceptions of the 1996 Summer Olympic Games–Year II. Festival Management and Event Tourism, 5(1), 9–19.

  • Murphy, N. M., & Bauman, A. (2007). Mass sporting and physical activity events: Are they “bread and circuses” or public health interventions to increase population levels of physical activity?. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 4(2), 193-202.
  • Osborne, J.W. (2006). Bringing balance and technical accuracy to reporting odds ratios and the results of logistic regression analyses. Practical Assessment Research & Evaluation, 11(7), 1-6.
  • Pallant, J. (2013). SPSS survival manual. (5th ed.) New York, NY: McGraw-Hill International.
  • Ritchie, J. R. B., & Aitken, C. E. (1985). Olympulse II: Evolving resident attitudes toward the 1988 Olympic Winter Games. Journal of Travel Research, 23(1), 28–33.
  • Siegfried, J., & Zimbalist, A. (2006). The Economic impact of sports facilities, teams and mega-events. Australian Economic Review, 39(4), 420-27.
  • Slabbert, E., & Oberholzer, S. (2012). Residents’ perceptions of the impacts of the FIFA 2010 World Cup. International Conference on Tourism & Management Studies, 26-29 October, Algarve, Portugal, 1114-1117.
  • Tabachnick, B.G. & Fidell, L.S. (2013). Using multivariate statistics (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
  • Turco, D. M., & Dinu, M. S. (2009). The economic significance of a mountain tourism event: The case of the 2009 Ice Climbing World Cup finals in Buşteni, România. Journal of Tourism Challenges & Trends, 2(2), 11-20.
  • Waitt, G. (2003). Social impacts of the Sydney Olympics. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(1), 194–215.

  • Wakefield, K. L. (1995). The pervasive effects of social influence on sporting event attendance. Journal of Sport & Social Issues, 19(4), 335-351.
  • Wakefield, K. L., & Sloan, H. J. (1995). The effects of team loyalty and selected stadium factors on spectator attendance. Journal of Sport Management, 9(2), 153-172.

High School Students’ Awareness of Track and Field: The Case of the IAAF World Indoor Track and Field Championships

Year 2018, Volume: 3 Issue: 1, 1 - 10, 05.04.2018
https://doi.org/10.23834/isrjournal.385986

Abstract

This
study aims to analyze the effect of the
IAAF World Indoor Track and Field Championships on high school students’
awareness of the sports of track and field in the host city, Istanbul Turkey.
Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were
applied to the data collected from total 5,262 high school students
before and after the event. Two groups of questions were asked of the students as participants and spectators.
The main empirical findings indicate that the most significant factors that inhibit high school students’ ability to
participate in track and field activities are lack of interest and time. Also, more
than 25 percent of the students said that factors keep them from participating in
track and field are lack of knowledge of how to participate and lack of access
to a track/facility. Additionally, it was
observed that female students who are interested in track and field would like to learn and participate in these
activities more so than their male peers. Another significant finding is that this tournament considerably increased
awareness of both female and male students. At this point, this study tries to
draw attention to the importance of sponsoring this kind of sports organization
for students and encouraging local and governmental sports authorities to host
events in their cities. 

References

  • Allison, P. D. (2012). Logistic regression using SAS: Theory and application (2nd ed.). Car, NC: SAS Institute Inc.
  • Berber, S., Turco, D. M., & Tinaz, C. (2012). A love game? Tennis, tourism and Turkey. 2nd Interdisciplinary Tourism Research Conference, 24-29 April, Fethiye, Turkey, 106–111.
  • Chen, S., Synder, S. & Magner, M. (2010). The effects of sport participation on student-athletes’ and non-athlete students’ social life and ıdentity. Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 3, 176-193.
  • Deccio, C., & Baloglu, S. (2002). Nonhost community resident reactions to the 2002 Winter Olympics: The spillover impacts. Journal of Travel Research, 41(1), 46–56.
  • Giampiccoli, A., Lee, S. S., & Nauright, J. (2015). Destination South Africa: Comparing global sports mega-events and recurring localised sports events in South Africa for tourism and economic development. Current Issues in Tourism, 18(3), 229-248.
  • Goeldner, C. R., & Long, P. T. (1987). The role and impact of mega- events and attractions on tourism development in North America. Proceedings of the 37th congress of AIEST, 23-29 August, Calgary, Canada, 119–131.
  • Hiller, H. H. (1998). Assessing the impact of mega-events: A linkage model. Current Issues in Tourism, 1(1), 47-57.
  • Hohepa, M., Scragg, R., Schofield, G., Kolt, G. S., & Schaaf, D. (2007). Social support for youth physical activity: Importance of siblings, parents, friends and school support across a segmented school day. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 4(1), 54-62.
  • Kao, C., Turco, D. M. & Wu, C. (2010). Taipei residents’ perceptions of social impacts from the 2009 Summer Deaflympic Games. European Association for Sport Management (EASM) Conference, 15-18 September, Prague, Chezch Republic, 49.
  • Kim, M. K., Kim, S. K., Park, J. A., Carroll, M., Yu, J. G., & Na, K. (2017). Measuring the economic impacts of major sports events: the case of Formula One Grand Prix (F1). Asia pacific journal of tourism research, 22(1), 64-73.
  • Kim, S. S., & Petrick, J. F. (2005). Residents’ perceptions on impacts of the FIFA 2002 World Cup: The case of Seoul as a host city. Tourism Management, 26(1), 25-38.
  • King, C., Heo, J., Hji-Avgoustis, S., & Lee, I. (2012). Residents’ perceptions of sport tourism and quality of life: The case of Indianapolis. Journal of Tourism Challenges and Trends, 5(1), 9-20.
  • Kou I.T., Luo J.M., Chau K.Y. (2018) Impact factor of development of entertainment tourism in Macau—Industry perspective. In: V. Katsoni, & K. Velander (Eds), Innovative Approaches to Tourism and Leisure. Proceedings in Business and Economics (pp. 391-404). Doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-67603-6_30
  • Lee, C. K., & Taylor, T. (2005). Critical reflections on the economic impact assessment of a mega-event: The case of 2002 FIFA World Cup. Tourism Management, 26(4), 595-603.
  • Matsudo, S. M., Matsudo, V. R., Andrade, D. R., Araújo, T. L., Andrade, E., de Oliveira, L., & Braggion, G. (2004). Physical activity promotion: Experiences and evaluation of the Agita São Paulo Program using the ecological mobile model. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 1(2), 81-97.
  • Melnick, M. J. (1993). Searching for sociability in the stands: A theory of sports spectating. Journal of Sport Management, 7(1), 44-60
  • Mihalik, B. J., & Simonette, L. (1998). Resident perceptions of the 1996 Summer Olympic Games–Year II. Festival Management and Event Tourism, 5(1), 9–19.

  • Murphy, N. M., & Bauman, A. (2007). Mass sporting and physical activity events: Are they “bread and circuses” or public health interventions to increase population levels of physical activity?. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 4(2), 193-202.
  • Osborne, J.W. (2006). Bringing balance and technical accuracy to reporting odds ratios and the results of logistic regression analyses. Practical Assessment Research & Evaluation, 11(7), 1-6.
  • Pallant, J. (2013). SPSS survival manual. (5th ed.) New York, NY: McGraw-Hill International.
  • Ritchie, J. R. B., & Aitken, C. E. (1985). Olympulse II: Evolving resident attitudes toward the 1988 Olympic Winter Games. Journal of Travel Research, 23(1), 28–33.
  • Siegfried, J., & Zimbalist, A. (2006). The Economic impact of sports facilities, teams and mega-events. Australian Economic Review, 39(4), 420-27.
  • Slabbert, E., & Oberholzer, S. (2012). Residents’ perceptions of the impacts of the FIFA 2010 World Cup. International Conference on Tourism & Management Studies, 26-29 October, Algarve, Portugal, 1114-1117.
  • Tabachnick, B.G. & Fidell, L.S. (2013). Using multivariate statistics (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
  • Turco, D. M., & Dinu, M. S. (2009). The economic significance of a mountain tourism event: The case of the 2009 Ice Climbing World Cup finals in Buşteni, România. Journal of Tourism Challenges & Trends, 2(2), 11-20.
  • Waitt, G. (2003). Social impacts of the Sydney Olympics. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(1), 194–215.

  • Wakefield, K. L. (1995). The pervasive effects of social influence on sporting event attendance. Journal of Sport & Social Issues, 19(4), 335-351.
  • Wakefield, K. L., & Sloan, H. J. (1995). The effects of team loyalty and selected stadium factors on spectator attendance. Journal of Sport Management, 9(2), 153-172.

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Muhittin Cavusoglu
University of South Florida
United States


Serdar Ongan
St.Mary's College of Maryland
United States


Cihan Cobanoglu
University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee
United States

Publication Date April 5, 2018
Submission Date December 11, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2018 Volume: 3 Issue: 1

Cite

APA
Cavusoglu, M., Ongan, S., & Cobanoglu, C. (2018). High School Students’ Awareness of Track and Field: The Case of the IAAF World Indoor Track and Field Championships. The Journal of International Scientific Researches, 3(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.23834/isrjournal.385986