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A Description on Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Dimensions of Attitudes of University Students towards Disasters

Year 2017, Volume 6, Issue 1, 114 - 127, 25.02.2017

Abstract

In Turkey, an adequate level of awareness has not yet been achieved about consciousness and attitude towards disasters, and especially earthquakes which require attention because of their economic and social consequences. This study aims to explore Afyon Kocatepe University students’ attitudes towards disasters by incorporating cognitive, affective and behavioral dimensions of attitude. The study further investigates the relationship between dimensions and individual characteristics of participants. In this quantitative research, descriptive statistics, as well as T-Test, Variance Analysis and Explanatory Factor Analysis of the scale developed for the purposes of this research will be presented. The internal consistency of the scale is reported by high Cronbach’s Alpha values. The results reveal that participants have an inadequate knowledge level about disasters, high level of fear and anxiety, and inadequate ideal behaviors. In addition, some individual characteristics are found to impact on the dimensions of attitude. 

References

  • Adem, Ö. (2011). The relationship between earthquake knowledge and earthquake attitudes of disaster relief staffs. Disaster Advances, 4(1), 19-24.
  • Baytiyeh, H. & Öcal, A. (2016). High school students’ perceptions of earthquake disaster: A comparative study of Lebanon and Turkey. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 18, 56-63.
  • Gerdan, S. (2014). Determination of Disaster Awareness, Attitude Levels and Individual Priorities at Kocaeli University. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 55, 159-176.
  • Hurnen, F. & McClure, J. (1997). The Effect of Increased Earthquake Knowledge on Perceived Preventability of Earthquake Damage, Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies, 1(3).
  • IFRC (2015). World Disasters Report 2015, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Geneva, Switzerland. 01/02/2017 tarihinde https://ifrc-media.org/interactive/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/1293600-World-Disasters-Report-2015_en.pdf adresinden alındı.
  • IFRC (2017). What is a disaster? 01/02/2017 tarihinde http://www.ifrc.org/en/what-we-do/disaster-management/about-disasters/what-is-a-disaster/ adresinden alındı.
  • Karanci, A. N., Aksit, B. & Dirik, G. (2005). Impact of a community disaster awareness training program in Turkey: Does it influence hazard-related cognitions and preparedness behaviors. Social Behavior and Personality 33(3), 243-258.
  • Katastrophenhilfe, D. Act Alliance DRR Report. 01/02/2017 tarihinde https://www.diakonie-katastrophenhilfe.de/fileadmin/mediapool/1_Ueber-uns/ACTAlliance_An_ounce_of_Prevention.pdf adresinden alındı.
  • Kılcı, F., Kara, B. Y. & Bozkaya, B. (2015). Locating temporary shelter areas after an earthquake: A case for Turkey. European Journal of Operational Research, 243(1), 323-332.
  • Liel, A. B. (2004). Proposals to Improve the Earthquake Resistance of Turkey’s Housing. Development Planning Unit. University College London.
  • Maskrey, A. (1989). Disaster Mitigation: A Community Based Approach, Oxfam, Oxford.
  • Owen, J. (2005). Tsunami Family Saved by Schoolgirl's Geography Lesson. National Geographic News. 01/02/2017 tarihinde http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/01/0118_050118_tsunami_geography_lesson.html adresinden alındı.
  • Ozkazanc, S. & Yuksel, U. D. (2015). Evaluation of disaster awareness and sensitivity level of higher education students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197, 745-753.
  • Özer, M. H. (2008). Günümüz İtibariyle Sivil Toplum Kuruluşlarının İktisadi ve Sosyal Fonksiyonları. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 7(26), 86-97.
  • Özmen, B., Nurlu, M. & Güler, H. (1997). Inspection of earth quake zones of Turkey with geographical information systems (in Turkish). Directorate of Disaster Operations, Department of Earthquake Research.
  • Özmen, B., Nurlu, M., Kuterdem, K. & Temiz, A. (2005). Directorate of disaster operations, earthquake sympozium. (in Turkish). Kocaeli, Turkey: Grand Yükseliş Hotel.
  • Rüstemli, A. & Karancı, A.N. (1999). Correlates of Earthquake Cognitions and Preparedness Behavior in a Victimized Population, The Journal of Social Psychology, 139(1), 91–101.
  • Smith, M.B. (1968). Attitude Change International Encyclopedia of The Social Sciences. Crowell and Mac Millan.

Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Bilişsel, Duyuşsal ve Davranışsal Boyutta Afetlere Yönelik Tutumlarına İlişkin Bir Betimleme

Year 2017, Volume 6, Issue 1, 114 - 127, 25.02.2017

Abstract

Türkiye’de gerek ekonomik, gerek sosyal sonuçlarıyla dikkat çeken başta depremler olmak üzere afetlere yönelik tutum ve bilinç konularında maalesef henüz yeterli farkındalık düzeyine ulaşılamadığı görülmektedir. Söz konusu ihtiyaçtan yola çıkan bu çalışma, Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi öğrencilerinin afetlere yönelik tutumlarını, bilişsel, duyuşsal ve davranışsal boyutlarıyla değerlendirerek, öğrencilerin söz konusu boyutlardaki tutumlarının bireysel özellikleriyle ilişkisini incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Nicel nitelikte olan bu araştırmada, betimleyici istatistiklerin yanı sıra T Testi, Varyans Analizi ve oluşturulan ölçeğe ilişkin Açıklayıcı Faktör Analizi’ne bir arada yer verilmiştir. Öğrencilerin afetlerle ilgili yetersiz bilgi düzeyini, yüksek korku ve kaygı düzeyini, ideal davranışların yetersizliğini ortaya koyan çalışmada, ayrıca tutumun boyutları üzerinde etkili olan bazı bireysel farklılıklar da belirlenmiştir. 

References

  • Adem, Ö. (2011). The relationship between earthquake knowledge and earthquake attitudes of disaster relief staffs. Disaster Advances, 4(1), 19-24.
  • Baytiyeh, H. & Öcal, A. (2016). High school students’ perceptions of earthquake disaster: A comparative study of Lebanon and Turkey. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 18, 56-63.
  • Gerdan, S. (2014). Determination of Disaster Awareness, Attitude Levels and Individual Priorities at Kocaeli University. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 55, 159-176.
  • Hurnen, F. & McClure, J. (1997). The Effect of Increased Earthquake Knowledge on Perceived Preventability of Earthquake Damage, Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies, 1(3).
  • IFRC (2015). World Disasters Report 2015, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Geneva, Switzerland. 01/02/2017 tarihinde https://ifrc-media.org/interactive/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/1293600-World-Disasters-Report-2015_en.pdf adresinden alındı.
  • IFRC (2017). What is a disaster? 01/02/2017 tarihinde http://www.ifrc.org/en/what-we-do/disaster-management/about-disasters/what-is-a-disaster/ adresinden alındı.
  • Karanci, A. N., Aksit, B. & Dirik, G. (2005). Impact of a community disaster awareness training program in Turkey: Does it influence hazard-related cognitions and preparedness behaviors. Social Behavior and Personality 33(3), 243-258.
  • Katastrophenhilfe, D. Act Alliance DRR Report. 01/02/2017 tarihinde https://www.diakonie-katastrophenhilfe.de/fileadmin/mediapool/1_Ueber-uns/ACTAlliance_An_ounce_of_Prevention.pdf adresinden alındı.
  • Kılcı, F., Kara, B. Y. & Bozkaya, B. (2015). Locating temporary shelter areas after an earthquake: A case for Turkey. European Journal of Operational Research, 243(1), 323-332.
  • Liel, A. B. (2004). Proposals to Improve the Earthquake Resistance of Turkey’s Housing. Development Planning Unit. University College London.
  • Maskrey, A. (1989). Disaster Mitigation: A Community Based Approach, Oxfam, Oxford.
  • Owen, J. (2005). Tsunami Family Saved by Schoolgirl's Geography Lesson. National Geographic News. 01/02/2017 tarihinde http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/01/0118_050118_tsunami_geography_lesson.html adresinden alındı.
  • Ozkazanc, S. & Yuksel, U. D. (2015). Evaluation of disaster awareness and sensitivity level of higher education students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197, 745-753.
  • Özer, M. H. (2008). Günümüz İtibariyle Sivil Toplum Kuruluşlarının İktisadi ve Sosyal Fonksiyonları. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 7(26), 86-97.
  • Özmen, B., Nurlu, M. & Güler, H. (1997). Inspection of earth quake zones of Turkey with geographical information systems (in Turkish). Directorate of Disaster Operations, Department of Earthquake Research.
  • Özmen, B., Nurlu, M., Kuterdem, K. & Temiz, A. (2005). Directorate of disaster operations, earthquake sympozium. (in Turkish). Kocaeli, Turkey: Grand Yükseliş Hotel.
  • Rüstemli, A. & Karancı, A.N. (1999). Correlates of Earthquake Cognitions and Preparedness Behavior in a Victimized Population, The Journal of Social Psychology, 139(1), 91–101.
  • Smith, M.B. (1968). Attitude Change International Encyclopedia of The Social Sciences. Crowell and Mac Millan.

Details

Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Ayça Hatice TÜRKAN This is me
AFYON KOCATEPE UNIV
Türkiye


İbrahim KILIÇ>
AFYON KOCATEPE UNIV
Türkiye

Publication Date February 25, 2017
Application Date February 6, 2017
Acceptance Date February 25, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

APA Türkan, A. H. & Kılıç, İ. (2017). Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Bilişsel, Duyuşsal ve Davranışsal Boyutta Afetlere Yönelik Tutumlarına İlişkin Bir Betimleme . İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi , 6 (1) , 114-127 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/itobiad/issue/27443/290145

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