Year 2018, Volume , Issue 67, Pages 17 - 30 2019-11-26

Executive Decree Authority in Turkey Before the Constitutional Amendments of 2017: In Light of the Turkish Constitutional Court’s Retreat
2017 Anayasa Değişiklikleri Öncesinde Türkiye’de Yürütmenin Kararname Yetkisi: Anayasa Mahkemesi Kararları Işığında

Volkan Aslan [1]


Since the incorporation of decree powers into the Turkish constitutional system in 1971, the Constitutional Court (the Court) had adopted a disposition which has tended to construe decree powers in a narrow margin. In this context, the Court looked for additional conditions besides the conditions set in the constitution for the empowerment of executive with decree powers: the tripartite test which required that the empowerment should be urgent, necessary and important. The Court acted in a similar way for emergency decrees by examining them - although the supervision of emergency decrees is prohibited in the constitution. Thanks to this attitude, decree powers both in ordinary times and emergencies were restricted and used with aims solely seen necessary to abolish the reasons which caused the usage of decrees. However, the Court changed its case law regarding decree powers and opened the way for the possibility of executive influence on law making. For ordinary decrees, it abandoned the practice of looking for “extra” conditions not present in the constitution’s text in 2011. With its judgment in late 2016, the Court gave up controlling emergency decrees as well. This retreat by the Court has greatly influenced the recent inflation of executive dominance in Turkey.

Kanun hükmünde kararname çıkarma yetkisinin 1971 yılında anayasal dayanağa kavuşmasından bu yana Anayasa Mahkemesi (Mahkeme) kararname yetkisini oldukça dar yorumlama eğilimine sahip olmuştur. Bu çerçevede Mahkeme, kararname çıkarılması amacıyla yetki yasası çıkarılabilmesi için anayasada öngörülmeyen şartların varlığını aramış ve yetkilendirmenin acil, gerekli ve önemli olması gerektiğine hükmetmiştir. Mahkeme olağanüstü hâl kararnameleri ile ilgili olarak da benzer bir tutum takınmış; anayasada yasak olmasına rağmen bu kararnamelerin denetimini gerçekleştirmiştir. Böylelikle hem olağan hem de olağanüstü dönemlerde kararname yetkisinin bu yetkinin kullanılmasına neden olan sebeplerle ilgili olarak kullanılması sağlanmaya çalışılmıştır. Ancak Mahkeme 2011 ve 2016 yıllarında verdiği kararlarla söz konusu içtihatlarından dönmüştür. 2011 yılında verilen kararla, yetkilendirme için olması gerektiği varsayılan acillik, gereklilik ve önemli olma gibi koşulların artık aranmayacağına hükmedilmiş; 2016 yılında verilen kararla da olağanüstü hâl kararnamelerinin denetiminin yapılamayacağı kararlaştırılmıştır. Mahkeme’nin söz konusu içtihat değişikliklerinin son zamanlarda görülen, yönetimde yürütme organının ön plana çıkması olgusunun temel sebeplerinden birisi olduğu düşünülmektedir.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Law
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1136-7556
Author: Volkan Aslan (Primary Author)
Institution: ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution The author received no grant support for this work.
Dates

Publication Date : November 26, 2019

Bibtex @research article { iuafdi649068, journal = {Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul}, issn = {0578-9745}, eissn = {2687-4113}, address = {}, publisher = {Istanbul University}, year = {2019}, volume = {}, pages = {17 - 30}, doi = {10.26650/annales.2018.67.0002}, title = {Executive Decree Authority in Turkey Before the Constitutional Amendments of 2017: In Light of the Turkish Constitutional Court’s Retreat}, key = {cite}, author = {Aslan, Volkan} }
APA Aslan, V . (2019). Executive Decree Authority in Turkey Before the Constitutional Amendments of 2017: In Light of the Turkish Constitutional Court’s Retreat. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul , (67) , 17-30 . DOI: 10.26650/annales.2018.67.0002
MLA Aslan, V . "Executive Decree Authority in Turkey Before the Constitutional Amendments of 2017: In Light of the Turkish Constitutional Court’s Retreat". Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul (2019 ): 17-30 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/iuafdi/issue/50315/649068>
Chicago Aslan, V . "Executive Decree Authority in Turkey Before the Constitutional Amendments of 2017: In Light of the Turkish Constitutional Court’s Retreat". Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul (2019 ): 17-30
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Executive Decree Authority in Turkey Before the Constitutional Amendments of 2017: In Light of the Turkish Constitutional Court’s Retreat AU - Volkan Aslan Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.26650/annales.2018.67.0002 DO - 10.26650/annales.2018.67.0002 T2 - Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 17 EP - 30 VL - IS - 67 SN - 0578-9745-2687-4113 M3 - doi: 10.26650/annales.2018.67.0002 UR - https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2018.67.0002 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul Executive Decree Authority in Turkey Before the Constitutional Amendments of 2017: In Light of the Turkish Constitutional Court’s Retreat %A Volkan Aslan %T Executive Decree Authority in Turkey Before the Constitutional Amendments of 2017: In Light of the Turkish Constitutional Court’s Retreat %D 2019 %J Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul %P 0578-9745-2687-4113 %V %N 67 %R doi: 10.26650/annales.2018.67.0002 %U 10.26650/annales.2018.67.0002
ISNAD Aslan, Volkan . "Executive Decree Authority in Turkey Before the Constitutional Amendments of 2017: In Light of the Turkish Constitutional Court’s Retreat". Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul / 67 (November 2019): 17-30 . https://doi.org/10.26650/annales.2018.67.0002
AMA Aslan V . Executive Decree Authority in Turkey Before the Constitutional Amendments of 2017: In Light of the Turkish Constitutional Court’s Retreat. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul. 2019; (67): 17-30.
Vancouver Aslan V . Executive Decree Authority in Turkey Before the Constitutional Amendments of 2017: In Light of the Turkish Constitutional Court’s Retreat. Annales de la Faculté de Droit d’Istanbul. 2019; (67): 30-17.